• Title/Summary/Keyword: 환자분류체계

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The Severity of the Pediatric Patients admitted at NICU using Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (환자분류체계를 이용한 NICU 입원 환아의 중증도)

  • Kim, Moon-Sil;Moon, Sun-Young;Lee, Kyoung-Sook;Jeong, Yu-Kyoung;Kim, Shin-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 2002
  • This study was attempted to help in explore new direction about classification of the severity of the pediatric patients admitted at NICU. Data were collected from 230 patients who admitted at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of 3 University hospitals and 1 General hospital during 7 months period from september 1, 2000 to April 30, 2001. The results were as follows: 1. The degree of severity of the pediatric patients admitted at NICU shown ranged 1-102 and averaged 17.7. 2. With the respect to the severity of the pediatric patients admitted at NICU, there were statistically significant relation in passing day(s) to admission(r=-.153, p=.020), hospital day(s)(r-.501, p=.000), gestational age(r=-.354, p=.000), birth weight(r=-.280, p=.000), Apgar score at 1 min and at 5 min(4=-.340, p=.000; r=-.322, p=.000), present body weight(r=-.151, p=.023). 3. The severity of the pediatric patients according to general characteristics, there were significant difference in admitting day of the patients(t=2.339, p=.020), Apgar score at 1min and 5min(F=7.893, p=.000; t=3.568, p=.001).

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A Study for Formulating Criteria of Patient Classification System Based OR the Analysis of Direct Nursing Activities (직접 간호활동 분석을 기초로 한 환자분류체계의 기준 설정을 위한 연구)

  • 김조자;박지원
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.9-23
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    • 1987
  • Nursing service, as the largest user of labor resources, has become concerned about appropriate allocation of staffing resources. Therefore, this project was designed to measure quantitatively the direct nursing care provided to patients and to develop a new patient classification system based on the direct nursing care activities. The initial step in the development of the classification instrument was to identify the content of direct nursing activities. The frequency with which these activities were carried out, the total time spent in carrying them out and the average time for one performance of each of the nursing activities was calculated. The next step was to select the items for the classification instrument taking into account these direct nursing activities. A list of 40 items was prepared. These items were then classified into 8 major categories: personal hygiene, moving & exercise, nutrition & elimination, observation, medication, treatment, collecting specimens and other care activities for severity ill patients. Each item was assigned a value unit based on the average time required by the nursing staff to complete the specific item. The third step was to determine the practicality of the items and value units, so an attempt was made to establish content validity for these items and units by obtaing a consensus from 8 head nurses, representing eight different departments. The 4th step was to conducted a pilot study to establish the score range for the classification boundaries. For this purpose an instrument was designed using the list of items and value units and a prepared classification criteria as a guideline to validate the patient classification. A judgment group consisting of 52 supervisory nurses and head nurses were asked to select the proper patient to fit each classification criteria and to fill out the instrument for each patient. The total value unit and the frequency for each classification group was calculated. According to the frequency distribution, the score range for the classification group was determined as follows : 0~15 for groupI, 16~30 for group II, 31~50 for group III, and above 51 for group IV. Finally a patient classification form was developed.

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The study of critical indicator development for establishing patient classification system in the Intensive Care Unit (중환자실에서의 환자분류체계 확립을 위한 결정지표 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kil-Youb;Jang, Keum-Seoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.475-488
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to establish a basis of patient classification in the ICU by selecting the determination critical indicator of special nursing activities that show high interrilation with daily total nursing care time. Method : This study is composed of the six steps. The first step is the listing direct nursing activities in the ICU. The last step is the determination indicator of each group were selected on the basis of their relationship to the daily total nursing care time of each patient classification group and each nursing activity. Result : Result shows that: 1. direct nursing activities in the ICU are 149 items of 13 territories. 2. the average time and frequency for each direct nursing activities 3. total direct nursing care time of 42 patients in ICU for 2 days. According to the results of the Cluster analysis, the first group is 10 people, the second group is 13 people, the third group is 16 people, the fourth group is 3 people. 4. Determination critical indicator is the item that is r>0.6(p<0.05) of Pearson Correlation between each patient daily total nursing care time and 149 items of nursing activities. The nursing activities selected were as follows: 2 items in the first group, 17 items in the second group. 16 items in the third group, 8 items in the fourth group. Conclusion : This study can help future studies which measure nursing activities standard time or assigns value to nursing activities time.

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Development of Patient Classification System in Long-term Care Hospitals (요양병원 환자분류체계 개발)

  • Lee, Ji-Yun;Yoon, Ju-Young;Kim, Jung-Hoe;Song, Seong-Hee;Joo, Ji-Soo;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.229-240
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To develop the patient classification system based on the resource utilization for reimbursement of long-term care hospitals in Korea. Method: Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (HIRA) conducted a survey in July 2006 that included 2,899 patients from 35 long-term care hospitals. To calculate resource utilization, we measured care time of direct care staff (physicians, nursing personnel, physical and occupational therapists, social workers). The survey of patient characteristics included ADL, cognitive and behavioral status, diseases and treatments. Major category criteria was developed by modified delphi method from 9 experts. Each category was divided into 2-3 groups by ADL using tree regression. Relative resource use was expressed as a case mix index (CMI) calculated as a proportion of mean resource use. Result: This patient classification system composed of 6 major categories (ultra high medical care, high medical care, medium medical care, behavioral problem, impaired cognition and reduced physical function) and 11 subgroups by ADL score. The differences of CMI between groups were statistically significant (p<.0001). Homogeneity of groups was examined by total coefficient of variation (CV) of CMI. The range of CV was 29.68-40.77%. Conclusions: This patient classification system is feasible for reimbursement of long-term care hospitals.

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The Study of Critical Indicators Development for Establishing Patient Classification System in the ER (응급실의 환자분류체계 확립을 위한 결정지표 개발 연구)

  • Seong, Young-Hee;Seong, Il-Sun;Lee, Seung-Ja;Kim, Jeong-Ha;Moon, Yu-Jeong;Choe, Yeong-Mi;Lee, Jee-Hyang
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.444-453
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify critical indicators for the development of efficient patient classification system in a emergency room. Method: This study involved following five steps. Step 1. Selection of the lists direct nursing services in the ER. Step 2. Measurement of the time of direct nursing services from Aug. 31st to Nov. 30th, 2005. Step 3. Classification of the patients according to the nursing care time. Step 4. The determination the critical indicators for different patient classes. Result: Determinate indicators were as follow: 3 items in the first group (vital sign checking, IV route starting, blood sampling), 3 items in the second group (vital sign checking, fluid infusion, blood sampling), 9 items in the third group (I/O checking, $O_{2}$ inhalation, suction, fluid infusion, IV bolus, Central catheter preparation & management, blood sampling, intubation preparation & management, postmortem management), 7 items in the fourth group (EKG monitoring, BP monitoring, $O_{2}$ inhalation, fluid infusion, using the specific drugs, CPR, postmortem management). Conclusion: This study can help future studies which measure nursing services standard time or assigns value to emergency nursing services.

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The Development of patient classification system for hemodialysis (혈액투석환자 중증도 분류체계 개발)

  • Kim, Moon-Sil;Yoon, Ji-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.633-643
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : This study was conducted to develop a patient classification system for hemodialysis and to test its validity and reliability. Method : The process of the system development was as below. The lists of hemodialysis nursing activities were collected from literature and hemodialysis practice guideline and they were classified into 10 factors and 16 elements. And then, 4 classification levels were identified for each element. The content validity and interrater reliability of developed patient classification system were tested. Result & Conclusion : 10 factors of patient classification system for hemodialysis were consisted of psychosocial support, mobility, access, teaching, assessment, stability, supportive therapy, test, general nursing during hemodialysis, hemodialysis room management. According to validity and reliability results and experts' opinions, 4 classification levels revised to 3 classification levels and 2 elements were deleted. Finally, patient classification system were consisted of 10 factors, 14 elements, 3 classification levels, 3 categories.

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Development of patient classification tool using the computerizing system (환자 분류도구 전산 개발;간호활동 중심으로)

  • Kang, Myung-Ja;Kim, Jeoung-Hwa;Kim, Young-Shil;Park, Hung-Suk;Lee, Hae-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2001
  • This study was a methodological research to develop computerized patient classification system. The subjects of this investigation were 435 inpatients except redundant data and outliers in P University Hospital from January 18, 2000 to January 24, 2000. The data was analyzed by discrimination analysis and adopted discriminant variables were 1) sum of frequency for the nursing activities, 2) the number of nursing activities that do not need to consider intensity of the activities, and 3) total hours of nursing activities that need to consider their intensities. Discriminant function developed by this study classified the patients into 4 groups; class I, 251 ; class II, 125 ; class III, 39 ; class IV, 20. The Hit ratio was 89.23. Based on this study, following suggestions can be made for the future research 1. Inclusive patient classification system, which includes more expanded direct nursing care factors, need to be developed and examined. 2. This developed classification system can be utilized to evaluate patient distribution and to estimate adequate numbers of nursing staffs in each nursing unit.

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A Study on the Validity Test of Patient Classification System for Optimal Nursing Manpower of Hospital in China (중국 일 종합병원에서 적정 간호인력 추정을 위한 환자분류체계의 타당성 검증)

  • Song, Young-Sun;Lee, Dong-Mei
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to setup the basis on hospital and national nursing manpower estimation accurately according to apply patient classification system of Song's study to China hospital system. Method: This study was surveyed to 964 patients at surgical and medical ward on Yanbian University Hospital in China from 17th to 31th January, 2005. Results: There was study results to test hypotheses for estimating optimal nursing manpower as follows. First, a trimodel classification scheme was developed which suggested three categories of patients as minimal care(category 1), moderate care(category 2), intensive care(category 3). Second, there was not significant difference with nursing time by sex. Third, there was not significant difference with nursing time by medical wards. Fourth, there was not significant difference with average nursing care time for each category of patients. Category 1 was estimated to spend average 19.59minutes for patients, Category 2 was about 35.68 minutes, Category 3 was 72.07minutes respectively. Total nursing hours was 62,610 minutes. Conclusion: Patient classification system of Song's study is validity for optimal nursing manpower of hospital in China.

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Estimation of nursing costs by Patient Classification System(PCS) in general nursing units (일반간호단위의 환자 분류군별 간호원가 산정연구)

  • Park, Hung-Ho;Song, Mi-Sook;Sung, Young-Hee;Sim, Won-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.379-389
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The objective of our study was to figure out costs of nursing services in general nursing units based on the PCS in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee schedule. Method: The data were collected from 8 hospitals from September 9 to October 8, 2002. The costs of nursing services in general nursing units was analyzed by nursing hours based on the nursing intensity. The inpatient in the general nursing units were classified by Park's PCS tool(2000). Results: The distribution of patients by PCS ranged from class I to Class III in general nursing units. The higher PCS in general nursing units consumed more nursing hours. As a result, the higher nursing intensity, the more the daily average nursing costs in general nursing units. Conclusion: We found that the higher PCS, the more the daily average nursing costs in general nursing units. In conclusion, our study provides the evidence to refine the current nursing fee schedule that it does not differentiated from the volume of nursing services based on the nursing hours.

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Study for Revision of the Korean Patient Classification System (한국형 환자분류체계의 개정연구)

  • Song, Kyung Ja;Choi, Woan Heui;Choi, Eun Ha;Cho, Sung-Hyun;Yu, Mi;Park, Mi Mi;Lee, Joongyub
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.113-126
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to revise the KPCS-1 and to standardize the three patient classification systems for general ward, ICU and NICU. The actual utilization of the KPCS-1 score and each nursing activity was evaluated and the relationships between KPCS-1 score and nursing related variables were reviewed. Methods: The 47,711 KPCS-1 scores of 6,931 patients who discharged from $1^{st}$ to $30^{th}$ April 2017 were analyzed and the statistical significance between KPCS-1 score and nursing related variables was reviewed by Generalized Estimating Equation. The revision of the KPCS-1 was carried out by Partial Least Square model. The 3 patient classification systems (KPCS-1,KPCSC and KPCSN) were standardized by professional reviews. Results: KPCS-1 was a valid instrument to express nursing condition adequately and was revised as a new version which has 34 nursing activity items. The names and terminologies of pre-existing 3 patient classification systems developed by KHNA were standardized as KPCS-GW, KPCS-ICU, KPCS-NICU. Conclusion: KPCS-1 was a valid instrument to represent diverse nursing conditions precisely and was revised as a 34-item KPCS-GW. The terminologies of the other patient classification systems by KHNA were standardized as KPCS-ICU and KPCS-NICU.