• Title, Summary, Keyword: 화색변이체

Search Result 11, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Isolation of a Leucoanthocyanidin Dioxygenase (LDOX) Gene from a Spray-type Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema × grandiflorum) and Its Colored Mutants (스프레이형 국화와 화색변이체로부터 Leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase (LDOX) 유전자의 분리)

  • Chung, Sung-Jin;Lee, Geung-Joo;Lee, Hye-Jung;Kim, Jin-Baek;Kim, Dong-Sub;Kang, Si-Yong
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.818-827
    • /
    • 2010
  • A full-length cDNA and genomic DNA of a $leucoanthocyanidin$ $dioxygenase$ ($DgLDOX$) gene was isolated from the petals of chrysanthemum 'Argus', and comparative features of the gene among three flower color mutants derived from a gamma-ray mutagenesis were characterized. The cDNA coding region of the gene was 1068 bp and was translated into 356 amino acids accordingly. The genomic DNA size was 1346 bp for 'Argus', while three mutants revealed ranges of 1363 to 1374 bp. A single intron between two coding exons for the $DgLDOX$ gene was found, of which size was 112 bp for 'Argus', but 128 or 137 bp for three flower color mutants, indicating that a genomic insertion in the intron occurred during the gamma-ray mutagenesis. DNA blot analysis revealed the $DgLDOX$ gene presenting as a single copy in the chrysanthemum genome. The $DgLDOX$ gene was expressed in both 'Argus' of light-pink color and two purple color mutants (AM1 and AM3) but had very weak expression in only white color mutant (AM2). The results demonstrated that variations in the flower color of the mutants might be associated with changes in the amino acid moieties in the coding exons or fragment insertions in the intron of the $DgLDOX$ gene, which potentially resulted in less expression of the gene in the white colored mutant.

Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Flavonoid 3'-Hydroxylase (F3'H) Gene from a Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum) and Its Gamma-ray Irradiated Mutants (감마선 처리에 의한 스프레이형 국화 화색변이체로부터 Flavonoid 3'-Hydroxylase(F3'H) 유전자의 분리 및 특성 구명)

  • Chung, Sung-Jin;Lee, Geung-Joo;Kim, Jin-Baek;Kim, Dong-Sub;Kim, Sang-Hoon;Kang, Si-Yong
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.162-170
    • /
    • 2012
  • The objectives of this study were to isolate and the sequence of novel $F3'H$ gene related to an anthocyanin pathway, and to confirm the expression patterns of the gene involved in the flower color variations of chrysanthemum mutants. In this study, we isolated the full-length cDNAs and the genomic DNAs of an $F3'H$ gene from a wild type (WT) chrysanthemum (cv. Argus) and its three color mutants. The sequence analysis revealed a putative open reading frame of 1,527 bp that encodes a polypeptide of 509 amino acids. Sequence homology ranged from 97% to 99% between 'Argus' and its three color mutants. The sequence analysis from the genomic DNA revealed that the chrysanthemum $DgF3'H$ gene consisted of three exons and two introns spanning a 3,830 bp length. The sizes of the gene for three mutants ranged from a shorter size of 3,828 bp to a longer size of 3,838 bp when compared to the size of WT. The total size of the two introns was 2,157 bp for WT, but those for three color mutants ranged from 2,154 bp to 2,159 bp. A result of an RT-PCR analysis indicated that the color variations of the mutants AM1 and AM2 can be partly explained by the structural modification derived from the sequencial changes in the gene caused by gamma ray. A Southern blot analysis revealed that the $DgF3'H$ gene existing as multiple copies in the chrysanthemum genome. A systemic study will be further needed to provide a genetic mechanism responsible for the color mutation and to uncover any involvement of genetic elements for the expression of the $DgF3'H$ gene for the color variation in chrysanthemum.

Characteristics Comparison of Mutants Induced through Gamma Irradiation in 'Kardinal' Rose (감마선 조사로 유기한 장미 '카디날' 돌연변이체의 특성 비교)

  • Koh, Gab-Cheon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.5
    • /
    • pp.456-460
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to compare the pattern of mutant variation and to evaluate the characteristics of mutants obtained by gamma irradiation in rose 'Kardinal'. Forty four rooted cuttings of 'Kardinal' were irradiated at 70 Gy gamma-ray dose from a $^{60}Co$ source to induce mutants in 2002. The irradiated plants were planted in field, and observed spotting of petal color mutants from 2002 to 2004. Four different kinds of mutant twigs with each different color flower were obtained from the irradiated 'Kardinal' with red petal. After being identified to be a stable mutant from 2004 to 2008, each mutant line propagated by cutting was hydroponic-cultured to evaluate the characteristics in the greenhouse from 2008 to 2009. Four mutant lines obtained from 'Kardinal' with red petal (Red group, 44A, 45B) include KA1 with light pink petal (Red group, 55B-55D), KA2 with pink petal (Red group, 63A-63B), KA3 with deep pink (Red purple, N57A-N57C), and KA4 with orange red (Red group, 43A-43B). Diameters of each flower in four mutant lines were different from 'Kardinal'. The line KA1 was 9.5 cm wide, and it showed the smallest diameter when compared to other mutants. While the line KA2 was the largest one with 12.5 cm 'Kardinal'. Petal number per flower was also variable among the mutants. The line KA2 had 39.8 petals being the largest number among the mutants, while the line KA1 was the lowest one compared to 35.5 petals of 'Kardinal'. Petal color was measured by using colorimeter. Brightness (L) measured at each petal of four mutants increased more than 'Kardinal'. CIE Lab values, a and b decreased more than 'Kardinal' at the petal color of three mutants except the line KA4. Characteristics of shoot, leaf, etc. from four mutants were also different from the ones of 'Kardinal'. The line KA1 was shortest in shoot, node and peduncle length, and lowest in prickle number. The reverse side of leaves was reddish green color in 'Kardinal' as well as the line KA4, but green color in the line KA1, KA2, and KA3.

Segregation in flower color and flower type of intraspecific hybrids in Hibiscus syriacus L. (Hibiscus syriacus L.의 종내일대잡종(種內一代雜種)의 화색(花色)과 화형(花型)의 분리현상(分離現象))

  • Kim, Chung Suk;Lee, Suk Koo;Jang, Suk Seong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.46 no.1
    • /
    • pp.53-56
    • /
    • 1980
  • We observed performance of segregation in flower color and type of hybrids which obtained from crossing of intra species in Hibiscus syriacus. Obtained results were followings. 1. The purple flower was dominance to the white one and this was presumed that was owing to cytoplasmic heredity. 2. Single and double petal of flower was presumed that was originated from factors of Ss and dd. 3. There was not variation in flower color and type of $F_1$ hybrid between 4 n and 2 n Hibiscus syriacus. 4. There were many variation of flower color among $F_1$ hybrids which abtained in open pollination of Hibiscus syriacus. 5. We could observe many flowers variegated with red color among $F_1$ hybrids which obtained in crossing between double petal flowers of Hibiscus syriacus.

  • PDF

Development of a New Coreopsis Variety 'Uridream Pink' by Gamma-ray Irradiation (감마선 조사에 의한 코레옵시스 신품종 'Uridream Pink' 육성)

  • Park, Kong-Young;Hwang, Hyeon-Jeong;Chae, Won-Byoung;Choi, Geun-Won
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.32 no.6
    • /
    • pp.906-911
    • /
    • 2014
  • A new coreopsis cultivar, 'Uridream Pink', was developed by mutation breeding using gamma-ray irradiation. Rooted cuttings of 'Uridream 01', developed at Uriseed Company, were exposed to various gray ranges of gamma-rays from a $^{60}CO$ source for 24 h in 2009 at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute. Using gamma-rays with the range of 10-100 Gy, a chimeric mutant with pastel pink flowers was induced at 30 Gy from 'Uridream 01', which blooms red-purple flowers (Red-purple group, 59A). Clones that produced flowers with modified pink color were separated from the chimeric mutant and fixed by more than three rounds of cutting back from 2009 to 2010. The separated mutant clones with modified pink color were found to bloom flowers with marketable color and be free of any abnormal plant characteristics. The typical color of the flowers was pastel pink (Red-purple group, 67B), and the clones were registered as 'Uridream Pink' at the Korea Seed and Variety Service (plant variety protection number: 4410). Although the size of flowers and leaves of 'Uridream Pink' are smaller than those of 'Uridream 01', the number of flowers per plant is greater. 'Uridream Pink' can be used as both a pot and a garden plant because of its long blooming period from late spring to late autumn.

Color Shifting Cultivar 'Jeolseigain' of Lilium x formolongi Hort. from Interspecific Crosses with L. brownii var. colchesteri (당나리와의 교잡에 의한 화색변이계 신나팔나리 '절세가인' 육성)

  • Kim, Ji Young;Kim, Jong Hwa
    • FLOWER RESEARCH JOURNAL
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.86-90
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, we conducted interspecific hybridization between Lilium x formolongi 'Raizan Herald' and L. brownii var. colchesteri 'KDD' to introduce desirable characteristics of L. brownii into L. formolongi. Twenty three seedlings were obtained by cut style pollination and subsequent ovary slice culture. All of the 23 lines represented yellow color at anthesis, a characteristic of L. brownii var. cochesteri. We selected the line 'RHBr 7' among the 23 lines after evaluations of important cut flower characteristics; flower morphology, plant appearance, flowering date, and fragrance etc. Further characteristic evaluations were surveyed for two years following UPOV manual. This selected 'RHBr 7' line shows a color shift from yellow (light yellow, RHS 14D) to white (white, RHS 155D) during the first day of anthesis. Also, this line shows medium plant height (about 1 m), bigger flower size, thick stem, broad leaves, dark grey leaf color, and noble fragrance. The color shifting characteristic was same in a vase of 'RHBr 7' cut flowers. The single and side facing flower has dark brown pollens. This selected 'RHBr 7' line was named as 'Jeolseigain' at 2013 and registered to the Korean Seed & Variety Service at 2015 for variety protection (No. 5445).

Induction of Petal Color Mutants through Gamma Ray Irradiation in Rooted Cuttings of Rose (장미 삽목묘의 감마선 처리에 의한 화색 돌연변이체 유기)

  • Koh, Gab-Cheon;Kim, Min-Za;Kang, Si-Yong
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.796-801
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to establish a system for mutation breeding by irradiation of gamma-ray in $Rosa$ $hybrida$ Hort. The rooted cuttings of two roses, 'Spidella' and 'Cabernet' were irradiated with different gamma-ray doses (0, 30, 50, 70, 90, 110, 130, 150 and 170 Gy) from a $^{60}Co$ source to reveal an optimal dose for induction of mutants. The irradiated plants were planted in a greenhouse, and investigated on the appearance of petal color mutants and shoot growth by gamma ray dose. The 50% lethal doses ($LD_{50}$) of plant were 110 Gy for 'Spidella' and 150 Gy for 'Cabernet', respectively. The 50% decrease dose of shoot length was observed at 70-90 Gy dose for 'Spidella', and 110 Gy dose for 'Cabernet'. Solid, chimeric and mosaic petal mutants with various colors were induced from pink petal of 'Spidella' and red petal of 'Cabernet' when 30-170 Gy dose was irradiated. The mutants obtained from 'Spidella' had white, ivory, pinky ivory, light pink and deep pink petal colors. The mutants obtained from 'Cabernet' had pink, deep pink, purple red (magenta), orange red and purple petal colors. It was suitable to irradiate 70-90 Gy dose for 'Spidella' and 90-110 Gy dose for 'Cabernet' for the induction of various mutants considering plant survival rate, shoot growth and mutant occurrence rate.

Expression Analysis of Flower Color Related Genes in Spray-type 'ARTI-purple' Developed by Gamma-ray Mutagenesis (감마선 변이체 스프레이 국화 'ARTI-purple'의 화색 관련 유전자 발현 분석)

  • Sung, Sang Yeop;Lee, Yu-Mi;Kim, Sang Hoon;Ha, Bo-Keun;Kang, Si-Yong;Kim, Jin-Baek;Kim, Hong Gi;Kim, Dong Sub
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.147-152
    • /
    • 2012
  • Anthocyanins are major plant pigment and produced through phenylpropanoid pathway. In this study, anthocyanin biosynthesis mechanisms of chrysanthemum flowers were studied using 'Argus' and flower color mutant 'ARTI-purple' which were induced by 40 Gy gamma irradiation ($Co^{60}$). And, three chrysanthemums, 'Ford', 'Yeonja' and 'Orando' were additionally used as the check varieties to understand the relationship between flower color and expression patterns of genes. The expression patterns of the anthocyanin biosynthetic genes were matched with the flower color of the check varieties. High anthocyanin concentration of 'Orando' showed the high expression of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes. In the white flower of 'Ford', expressions of CHI, DFR and ANS were not identified. Despite different flower color, 'Argus' and 'ARTI-purple' showed different expression patterns compared with the check varieties. From the dot blot analysis, we screened the seven genes showing the different expressions between 'Argus' and 'ARTI-purple'.

A New Cultivar of Gypsophila paniculata 'Double Shine' with Bright Colored Flower and Strong Stem (줄기가 강하고 밝은 화색의 절화용 안개꽃 '더블샤인' 육성)

  • Cheong, Dong-Chun;Choi, Chang-Hak;Song, Young-Ju;Lim, Hoi-Chun;Kim, Jeong-Man;Lee, Jin-Je;Lee, Jung-Soo
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.93-96
    • /
    • 2012
  • 'Double Shine', a cultivar of Gypsophila paniculata was newly developed for the cut flowers by Jeollabuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services. It has morphological characteristics of the spreading plant type, double florets of many petals and two pistils, emarginate petal tip and cup shaped calyx. Also 'Double Shine' has several traits such as strong flower stalk, bright colored flower, narrow branching angle and more or less resistance to powdery mildew and pest injury. Furthermore, 'Double Shine' produced higher primary branches, and longer flower stalk length with internodal length and than did a check variety 'Bristol Fairy' during summer cultivation in subalpine areas. Blooming of 'Double Shine' was delayed by 16 days, its floret had broader width, compared to 'Bristol Fairy'. Moreover, 'Double Shine' produced normal flowers with two pistils and 8.5 stamens, with little production of malformed flowers in the high temperature condition.