• Title, Summary, Keyword: 협력학습

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Online Collaborative Learning according to Learning Task Types (학습과제 유형에 따른 온라인 협력학습)

  • Lee, Sung-Ju;Kwon, Jae-Hwan
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2010
  • As the computer and the communication technology are an unity, the collaborative learning based on constructivism is emphasized more than learning by forming external representation. Especially, online has characteristics not only to facilitate collaborative activities but to make students collaborators. In online collaborative learning, learning task is an integrated element in course design and an important portion deciding learning design, learning environment and learning process. Thus this study explored collaborative learning model according to the learning task type.

Design and Implementation of Collaborative Learning Management System Based on SCORM (SCORM 기반의 협력학습지원 시스템 설계 및 구현)

  • Cho, Eun-Sook;Han, Jac-Il
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.351-356
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    • 2007
  • 현재의 사실상 국제 이러닝 표준으로 자리 잡은 SCORM 2004 기술규격은 '단일 사용자 콘텐츠 학습' 환경의 '웹 기반 자기 주도적 학습'에 근거하고 있다. 즉, 학습자 그룹을 포함한 협력적인 학습과정 설계가 가능하도록 하는 규격 부분이 부재한 상태이다. 이에 SCORM 규격을 기반으로 하여 협력학습 콘텐츠를 개발하는 연구가 활발히 진행되어 왔으나, 협력학습 콘텐츠를 탑재하는 플랫폼 즉, 협력학습을 지원하기 위한 학습관리 시스템의 표준화에 대한 연구는 거의 이루어지지 않은 실정이다. 따라서, 본 논문에서는 이러닝 협력학습의 표준화를 주도하고 있는 국제 이러닝 표준기구인 ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36의 연구 자료를 토대로 협력학습을 지원 가능한 방안을 제안하여 SCORM 2004 규격의 실행환경에 협력학습과 관련된 데이터모델을 추가하여 협력학습지원 시스템을 설계하고 구현하고자 한다.

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Diagnosis and Scheduling Agent Systems for Collaborative Learning (협력학습을 위한 진단과 스케줄링 에이전트 시스템)

  • 한선관
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.83-96
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    • 2000
  • 본연구는 웹 상에서 원격 협력 학습을 위한 수준별 협력 학습자 진단 및 스케줄링 에이전트의 설계와 구현에 관한 연구이다. 원격 협력 학습은 동일한 학습내용에 흥미를 갖는 아동이 동시에 학습할 수 있는 환경이 필요하며 학습자의 지식 또한 비슷한 수준이어야 효과적인 협력학습을 할 수 있다. 분산 환경의 이질적인 학습자를 모으기 위해서는 좀 더 자율적이고 지능적인 시스템이 필요하며 학습자에 대한 지식을 표현하는 학습자 모델이 요구된다. 이를 위해 에이전트 시스템이 적절하게 사용될수 있으며 학습자의 수준을 판단하기 위한 진단 에이전트와 협력학습이 가능한 여러명의 학습자들을 알맞은 시간과 서버에 연결하는 스케줄링 에이전트를 웹 기반 지능형 교수 시스템에 접목하였다. 학습자 수준을 진단하는 진단 에이전트는 확신도를 높이기 위해 3-모수 로지스틱 확신공식과 시간 가중치 확신인자 공식을 적용하여 신뢰도를 높였다 또한 협력학습의 스케줄링을 위해 다양한 제약조건들의 최적해를 구하기 위해 제약 만족 문제(CSP)로 스케줄링 에이전트를 모델링하였다 본 연구에서 설계 구현한 협력학습자 진단 및 스케줄링 에이전트의 효율성을 살펴보기 위해 여러명의 학습자를 대상으로 실험하였다. 실험을 통해 각 학습자의 지식 수준 진단과 다수의 학습자가 적절한 협력학습을 하기 위한 스케줄링이 매우 효율적으로 이루어짐을 볼 수 있었다.

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Collaborative Learning Supporting Agent for Facilitating Peer Interaction (상호작용 촉진을 위한 협력학습지원 에이전트)

  • Suh Hee-Jeon;Moon Kyung-Ae
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartA
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    • v.12A no.6
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    • pp.547-556
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    • 2005
  • Online collaborative teaming, which has emerged as a new type of education in knowledge-based society, is being discussed actively in the areas of action learning at companies and project-based learning and inquiry-based learning at schools. It regards as an effective method for improving learners practical and highly advanced problem solving abilities, and for stimulating their absorption into learning through pursuing common goals of learning together. Different from individual learning, however, collaborative learning involves complicated processes such as organizing teams, setting common goals, performing tasks and evaluating the outcome of team activities .Thus, it is difficult for a teacher to promote and evaluate the whole process of collaborative learning, and it is necessary to develop systems to support collaborative learning. Therefore, in order to monitor and promote interaction among learners in the process of collaborative learning, the present study developed an extensible collaborative teaming supporting agent (ECOLA) in online learning environments.

Educational Effects and Learners' Experiences during Collaborative Learning (협력학습의 교육적 효과 및 학습자들의 수업 경험)

  • Lee, Soon-Deok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.243-254
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of collaborative learning and explore the learners' experiences in three dimensions: cognition, emotion and motivation. Another purpose of this study was to make an in-depth examination of learners' experiences during collaborative learning. Data were collected from 44 students at N university who participated in collaborative learning for 7 weeks. The results were as follows: First, collaborative learning had significant effects on the higher group of collaborative tendencies on academic achievements. Second, collaborative learning had no significant effects on their epistemological beliefs, the higher group of collaborative tendencies and the lower beliefs involving simple knowledge and tentative knowing. Finally, learners amassed cognitive, emotional, and motivational experience during collaborative learning. We suggest that the for the effective implementation of collaborative learning.

Scorm-based Sequencing & Navigation Model for Collaborative Learning (Scorm 기반 협력학습을 위한 시퀀싱 & 네비게이션 모델)

  • Doo, Chang-Ho;Lee, Jun-Seok
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we propose a Scorm-based Sequencing & Navigation Model for Collaborative Learning. It is an e-Learning process control model that is used to efficiently and graphically defining Scorm's content aggregation model and its sequencing prerequistites through a formal approach. To define a process based model uses the expanded ICN(Information Control Net) model. which is called SCOSNCN(SCO Sequencing & Navigation Control Net). We strongly believe that the process-driven model delivers a way of much more convenient content aggregating work and system, in terms of not only defining the intended sequence and ordering of learning activities, but also building the runtime environment for sequencing and navigation of learning activities and experiences.

A Study on the Development of Collaborative Learning Model and Behavioral Elements in e-Learning Environment (e-Learning 환경에서의 협력학습을 위한 학습모형 및 학습행위요소 개발)

  • Lee, Insook;Leem, Junghoon;Sung, Eunmo;Jin, Sunghee
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2006
  • This study intends to present essential models for collaborative learning in e-learning environment as well as to analyze learning behavior elements appearing in collaborative learning activities. In order to achieve goal of the study, the researchers analyzed existing cooperative learning models for face-to-face classroom, collaborative activity models based on instructional theory, and the structures and activities elements of learning community and collaborative activity models focusing on e-learning environment. As a result of the study, the researchers produced a generalizable collaborative learning model for e-learning which include general collaborative learning model, and further analyzed specific learning behaviors performed by learners while they proceed in this model based learning processes. The adequacy of this model and reliability of learning behavior elements were tested through experts' review meetings. The research result, suggesting generalizable collaborative learning model as well as learning behaviors elements which might occur within e-learning based collaborative learning, might work as a foundational model for software infrastructure and e-learning solution business. Moreover, its value might be maximized if its being used for enhancing learning content interoperability and reuse as well as for establishing international standardization for collaborative technology.

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A Study on Web Based Intelligent Tutoring System for Collaborative Learning : A Case of Scheduling Agents Systems for Figure Learning (협력학습을 위한 웹 기반 지능형 교수 시스템에 관한 연구 : 도형학습을 위한 스케줄링 에이전트 시스템을 중심으로)

  • 한선관;김세형;조근식
    • Proceedings of the Korea Inteligent Information System Society Conference
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구는 Web상에서 원격 협력 학습을 위한 수준별 학습자 모집 스케줄링 에이전트의 설계와 구현에 관해 제안한다. 본 시스템의 구조는 원격 교사 모듈과 여러 명의 학습자, 그리고 이를 연결해 주는 스케줄링 Agents, 학습자를 진단할 수 있는 진단 Agent로 구성된다. 컴퓨터가 분산환경으로 발전됨에 따라서 교육의 변화도 가속화되었고, 지식의 공유와 정보의 공유가 원격 협력학습에 의하여 절실히 필요하게 되었다. 원격 협력 학습에서의 학습자는 동일한 과목과 주제에 흥미를 느끼는 여러 명의 아동이 동시에 학습할 수 있는 상황이 필요하며, 선행 지식 또한 비슷한 수준이어야 동일한 주제로 학습의 효과가 있다. 이런 학습자를 판단하기 위해서 진단 Agent가 학습자를 진단하며 스케줄링 Agents의 학습자 지식에 추가한 후 스케줄링 Agents가 학습자의 기본 사항과 요구 내용을 추론하여 비슷한 수준의 학습자를 연결한다. 교사 모듈은 전통적인 ITS의 구조의 교수 학습 모듈, 전문가모듈로 구성되어 교수 학습을 할 수 있다. 이렇게 여러 명의 학습자를 연결하여 협력학습을 하기 위해서는 학습자간의 요구사항과 지식 수준 그리고 학습 가능한 시간이 같아야 하는데 이를 위해 시간을 자원으로 하는 동적 자원 스케줄링(Dynamic Resource Scheduling)으로 모델링 하였다. 본 연구에서 도형학습을 기반으로 하는 실험을 통해 구현한 원격 협력학습을 위한 지능형 스케줄링 에이전트를 평가하였다.

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Development and Application of Blended Learning Strategy for Collaborative Learning (협력학습을 위한 혼합학습 전략 개발 및 적용)

  • Ku, Jin-Hui;Choi, Won-Sik
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.267-285
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    • 2009
  • The collaborative learning has been considered as an efficient teaching model and under the recent basic learning environment, even face-to-face classroom circumstance rapidly increases the courses of blended learning which utilize the merits of e-learning environment. Nonetheless, the study on the strategy for systematic blended learning is quite scarce. In this study, the survey was done for developing the blended learning strategy, based on the collaborative learning model at the face-to-face environment and judging the satisfaction on the courses which the model was applied to. The survey consists of demographic questions, satisfaction in the whole courses, satisfaction in the collaborative learning under the blended learning environment and satisfaction in the blended learning strategy and support tools applied to each step of the learning. The result of this study is as follows. First, in response to the question that the blended learning can complement the face-to-face classroom courses, the respondents represented average 4.09 at 5-point Likert scale. And to the question whether the collaborative learning is more efficient under the blended learning environment than the face-to-face classroom, the response corresponds to 4.06 scale on the average. Second, as for the satisfaction in the blended learning strategy and support tools applied to the each step of the blended learning, the satisfaction degree is analyzed as high as over 4.0 on the average toward all the questions. Third, regarding the support tools used for the blended learning strategy, the learners consider the tools as most helpful in order of chatting, team community, mail & note and archive. Lastly, I would like to suggest that the study result should be highly reflected in constructing the collaborative learning module of learning control system in the future.

Learning Presence Factors Affecting Learning Outcomes in Facebook-based Collaborative Learning Environments (페이스북 기반 협력학습 성과를 예측하는 학습실재감 요인 규명)

  • Lee, Jeongmin;Oh, Seungeun
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.305-316
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    • 2013
  • Despite the potential implications of Facebook use, there is a distinct lack of empirically derived theory for designing learning environment. This may be because Facebook is a social tool and there has been limited opportunity for exploratory research regarding Facebook based learning. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate learning presence factors affecting learning outcomes in Facebook-based collaborative learning. Forty two college students participated in the Facebook-based collaborative learning activity, and the data from thirty nine were used for step-wise multiple regression analysis. In addition focus group interview was conducted to examine learning presence of Facebook-based collaborative learning. The results reported that cognitive presence predicted significantly learning outcomes, however, social and emotional presence did not predict learning outcomes. The implication of this study and future research were discussed in this research.