• Title, Summary, Keyword: 행정적.제도적 지원방안

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Study on the Solution to the Excessively Transferring Labor Forces in China's New Rural Building (중국 신 농촌 건설에 있어서 농촌 잉여 노동력에 대한 해결방안 연구)

  • Wang, Yong-Le;Fan, Ping;Sim, Moon-Bo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.222-234
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    • 2009
  • How to make use of the surplus labor force is the key problem referring to success or failure of new rural building in China. The purpose of the paper is to know exactly that what the problems to the development in the rural area, especially the problem of the rural labor force. The way to solve rural labor force question is to protect the rights of peasants, eliminate the extant city and rural's partitioning pattern and give them the same treatment. Firstly, it should dominate the city and rural economic society's development; Secondly, it should dominate the markets in city and rural, and speed up the fair competition in employment; Thirdly, it should dominate the infrastructural facilities in city and rural; Fourthly, it should dominate the education and social enterprises in city and rural; Fifthly, it should dominate the social security system in city and rural. It should also enlarge the investment of funding, science technology, talented person and management. This is the only way to solve the problem of rural labor force outlet.

Influence of Tax Officials' Occupational Stress on Job Satisfaction and Psychological Well-being (세무공무원이 경험하는 직무스트레스가 직무만족과 심리적 웰빙에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Soon-Bok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.298-305
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship among the factors of tax officials' occupational stress, job satisfaction and psychological well-being. It also aims to provide the effective management ways of tax officials' job. The result of the study showed that the factors of their occupational stress in performing their duties had negative effects on their job satisfaction, the higher their job satisfaction degree was, the higher their psychological well-being was and it could improve the efficiency of the tax administration performance. It also had the positive effects to improve tax payers' satisfaction degree of taxation service. Therefore, the welfare expansion considering the tax officials' roles and importance, wage supplement from provincial governments and institutionalized supplement to improve their job satisfaction are needed for the increase of the efficiency of taxation service.

동서 광역개발 협력체계구축 방안 - 광양만, 진주권 개발을 중심으로 -

  • Mun, Deok-Hyeong
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
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    • v.2
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    • pp.59-79
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    • 1998
  • 전라남도와 경상남도는 강 하나를 사이에 둔 아주 가까운 이웃이며, 주민생활권이나 지역경제권이 상로연계성을 갖고 있다. 뿐만아니라 사회, 경제 문화와 보유자원의 여러 측면에서도 상로 본완적 성격을 갖고 있는 지역이다. 따라서 대승적 차원에서 볼 때 국토의 균형박전을 도모하고 진정한 동서화합을 위해 상로연계성을 갖고 있는 광양만, 진주권 광역새발을 공동으로 추진하여 동시화합의 대전기를 마련하는 계기로 삼아야 할 것이다. 이러한 차원에서 동서지역의 광역개발 필요성을 요약하면, 첫째, 최근 일정지역의 행정구역을 넘어서 인구와 물자 및 자원의 이용이 활발하게 이러나고 있어 통합적 계획 및 집행이 요구된고 있다. 따라서 광양만 진주권개발은 2개도에 걸쳐 광역개발권역을 설정한 우리나라 최초의 시범적인 계획으로써 세계적인 관심을 보이고 있다. 둘째, 국가경쟁력을 강화하기 위한 신산업지대의 조성과 연계교통망의 구축이 요망된다. 셋째 국토균형발전을 위해 수도권에 대응한 지방거점 도시권의 육성이 팽배하며, 넷째, 중북투자를 피하고 상호보완적인 기능을 극대화하여 진정한 동서화합에 대한 시대적 여청이 증대되고 있는 시절이다. 따라서 광양만 진주권 광역개발의 기본구상은 우선 경제적 물리적통합으로 실절적인 동서이익을 보색하는 차원에서 추진되어야 한다. 그리고 광양함을 국제물류의 중심지로 확충하고 주변지역에 대규모 물류 유통 및 국제기능을 유치하여 국제적 교류거점으로서의 기반 조성을 강화 하여야 한다. 또한 국제관광벨트 및 신산업지대의 형성과 함께 세계화 고속화에 걸맞는 교통기반시설을 정비하는 한편 자연친화적인 개발전략을 이룩함으로써 지구촌 경제하에시 지역균형개발과 지역의 국제경쟁역 확보차원에서 실현되어야 한다. 나아가 과양만권과 진주권의 경제 사회적인 통합을 달성함으로써 국민적 염원인 동서화합의 장으로 승화 발전 시킬 수 있도록 공간구조 및 기능의 분담배분이 요구된다. 기능은 동시지역을 연결하는 통합적인 기능 분담으로 과양만은 생산 및 물류지원기능의 강화와 전주 사천권은 첨단산업 연구 및 지원기능의 강화차원에서 배분이 요구된다. 이러한 광역개발계획이 세계적으로 추진될 때에 진정한 동서화합은 가능할 것이다. 따라서 진정한 도서화합을 유도하기 위해서는 광역개발을 실펀하기 위한 제도적인 협력체계의 구축이 요구된다. 동서지역의 광영개발을 위한 협력체계의 구축 방안은 첫째, 양 지역간에 협약제도르 도입함으로써 광역개발의 집행력을 강화하여야 한다. 즉, 개별 개발사업별로는 협약이 체결됨으로써 자치단체간의 역활분담이 분명하고 여차별 예산의 확보는 물론 사업시행이 구체화 될 수 있기 때문이다. 둘째는 양 자치단체간의 광역행정을 진담하는 기구의 절차가 필요한다. 광역개발 계획 추진 뿐만아니라 실질적으로 양권역이 공존공영을 위해 필요한 사업들을 추진 할 수 있도록 협의회 기능을 보완한 새로운 전담기구의 설치가 필요하다. 셋째. 광양만 진주권 광역개발 계획은 동서지역의 화합이라는 상징적인 의미를 지니고 있다. 따라서 중앙정부는 동서지역간의 진정한 화합을 유도하기 위해 제주도개발 특별법과 같은 �G동서지역개발 특별법�H을 제정하여 종합적이고 체계적인 개발을 유도 하여야 한다. 지역발전을 이룩할 수 있도록 자속적인 노력이 필요하다.

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Relationship Between Prevalence of Allergic Diseases and Recognition of Food Nutrition Labeling (알레르기 질환 진단 경험과 식품 영양표시 인지의 관련성)

  • Han, Yun-su;Jung, Woo-young;Hwang, Yun-tae;Kim, Ji-yeon;Lee, Yejin;Kwon, Ohwi;Noh, Jin-won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.434-444
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    • 2019
  • Prevalence of allergic diseases is influenced by environment and dietary life. It is key to improve daily food life to relieve them. Food nutrition labeling is useful to do it by offering nutrition information. The purpose of the study is to find relationship between experience of diagnosis of allergic diseases and recognition of food nutrition labeling. The data of 4,928 people with experience on diagnosis allergic rhinitis, asthma, atopic dermatitis of 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey was used. According to the result of binary logistic regression analysis, those who had experience in being diagnosed with an allergy showed high awareness in food labels. There were differences between allergy diagnosis groups and allergy non-diagnosis in affecting factors of residence, income level, subjective health status and body-shape perception. Support measures are needed to enhance access and convenience to nutrition education and nutrition labeling to support nutrition labeling utilization.

A Study on Countermeasure against Trauma and PTSD of Police Officers -Focused on In-depth Interview with Targets- (경찰공무원의 심리적 외상(Trauma)과 외상후 스트레스 장애(PTSD) 대응 방안에 관한 연구 -대상자 심층면접을 중심으로-)

  • Kang, Gil-Ju;Lee, Sang-Yeol
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.56
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    • pp.31-54
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to provide psychological welfare promotion method of police officers who experience trauma and PTSD due to police activity in local community while handling various accidents and protecting civil life and safety at the forefront of the national disaster accident site. For this objective, following countermeasure was presented through trauma/PTSD-related literature and in-depth interview with police officers who experienced trauma and PTSD. First, psychological examination is required to be performed positively and realistically for the police officers. As police officers have high emotional labor stress not only by physical burden but also by civil service, a regular psychological examination shall be established systematically together with physical rest. Second, proper action for the regular psychological examination result of the police officers is required. Third, a psychological support system for the police officers is required to be established and for this objective, expansion of police-operated mindful accompanying center and its devoted operation are required to be performed. Fourth, an opportunity of getting rid of stress of police officers shall be provided and for this objective, required budget for activating club activity is required to be allocated and activity condition should be created.

A Study on the Legal System of Village Enterprises in the United States and Japan (미국과 일본 마을기업의 법 제도에 관한 연구)

  • Du, CheongLin;Kwon, Ju-Hyoung;Choi, Ho-Gyu
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2020
  • Recently, developed countries have been suffering from a weakening sense of community due to low birthrate, aging population, rapid population movement, rapid urbanization, and industrialization. As a result, participation in local autonomy of residents in advanced countries such as the U.S. and Japan is forming community organizations at the regional level. The purpose of this study is to study the legal system of American and Japanese village enterprises. We would also like to analyze the legal system of village enterprises in the United States and Japan and examine the examples of the legal system of village enterprises in the United States and Japan. Specifically, the first is to consider the concept, background, and type of village enterprise based on prior research. Second, review the institutional characteristics of American and Japanese village enterprises. Third, I would like to analyze the cases of legal systems for village businesses such as Seattle City in the U.S. and Setaga Baseball in Tokyo, Japan. Fourth, suggest implications according to the results of the study. The results of the study suggested the following. First, the village development project should be set up and subdivided into dedicated administrative organizations. This should establish a segmented administrative organization system to support village development by establishing branch offices to support administrative services tailored to each region. Second, the village-building project should secure independent financial resources. In other words, there is an excuse to seek ways to continuously secure independent funds without relying on the administration financially for the village development project. Third, village-building should be carried out in phases. The government should support the activities of residents and promote continuous projects through phased project implementation. Fourth, a foundation must be laid for the universities and specialized high schools in the community to operate programs for regional innovation, such as social innovation.

Management and Recycling of the Animal Fat Residue (동물성 지방의 재활용 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Cheon;Lee, Si-Jin;Shin, Hang-Sik;Song, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.287-298
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    • 1993
  • In this study, generation characteristics and distribution situation of the animal fat residue were investigated to identify it's management problems and to propose alternatives for the recycling and final disposal. Generation sources were the meat distribution net-work including about 170 slaughterhouses, 280 meat-packing plants, thousands of meat shops and restaurants etc. The daily total amount of the animal fat residue is about 700 ton/day. More than 60% of the generation sources were concentrated in Seoul metropolitan area. The residue was collected by about 300 men using old-fashioned devices like handcarts, bike and auto bike, transported to the recycling plants by about 60 collection agencies. The residue was processed to produce by-products such as grease, tallow, animal feed ingredient in the recycling plants. At present, however, a great number of unlicensed, and mostly small rendering processors without having pollution control facilities do the unlawful business. These small, old fashioned and unorganized businesses are creating environmental problems by disposing the waste in improper ways such as open burning and dump. Improvement of the distribution network, the large-scale plants, and the estabilishing proper infrastructures were suggested to overcome the problems for the sound fat residues reprocessing industry.

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The Police's Public Safety Infra Construction Plans for the Protection of Victims of Sexual Violence (경찰의 성폭력 범죄피해자 보호를 위한 치안인프라 구축방안)

  • Kim, Hyun-Dong;Jo, Hyun-Bin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.715-723
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    • 2013
  • Following the social consensus for the need to stop sexual violence, the government has amended juvenile sex protection laws to impose fees on education practitioners who do not report sexual crimes against women, and amended the 'domestic violence prevention and victim protection laws' (2012. 2) so that the police can investigate on site. However, regardless of these wide efforts, the reality is that sexual crimes against the socially weak do not seem to be dwindling, raising concerns of the effectiveness of such amendments. Generally sexual crimes are hard to prove, and even if reports are filed, most cases are dropped with non-prosecution disposition. Victims are usually limited to women and children and this leads to secondary victims. As this thesis states, developed countries have a more systematic protection methods than our country. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis lies on the construction of public safety infrastructure for the protection of sexual abuse victims (enhancing safety protocols with related organizations, implementing a bill of rights for the victims, prevention-centered police education, amendments to current law) to limit human rights violations and criminal injuries.

Science Teachers' Difficulties and Solutions of Free Semester Science Assessment (자유학기제 과학과 평가에서 과학 교사가 겪는 어려움과 해결방안)

  • Kim, Yura;Choi, Aeran
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.63 no.3
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    • pp.166-182
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    • 2019
  • This study examined teachers' difficulties that they encountered free semester science assessment and their problem solutions. Fifteen science teachers who had experiences of free semester teaching and assessment were selected by convenience sampling in this study. The participant teachers mentioned difficulties of accurate scoring in student self/peer assessment and suggested solutions of providing studetns with detailed assessment criteria and opportunities to practice assessment. The participant teachers mentioned a lack of objective assessment criteria for affective domain and suggested solutions of providing criteria prior to assessment and developing assessment framework. The participant teachers mentioned a lack of assessment tools and references for perforamnce assesement. The participant teachers mentioned difficulties of a large teacherstudent ratio for providng feedbacks to students and suggested solutions of decreasing teacher-student ratio and teaching load. The participant teachers mentioned difficulties of identifying student characteristics for assessment reporting and suggested solutions of decreaing teacher work load. The participant teachers mentioned a lack of teacher understanding of process based assessment and inactive attitude to performance assessment and suggested solutions of professional learning community and improving teacher perceptions on performance assessment. The participant teachers mentioned difficulties of a large teacher-student ratio and a lack of time for implementing assessment methods that they learned from professional development programs. With both teacher self-efforts and systematic support, these problems would be solved and success of free semester assessment would be achieved.

Understanding Life Experiences of Social workers : A Photo Voice Study (사회복지사의 삶, 그리고… : 포토보이스 방법의 적용)

  • Seo, Dong Myung;Lee, Woon Hee;Sim, Jung Won
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.241-252
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    • 2018
  • This study explored the life of social workers by applying the photo Voice research method. Participants selected three themes through group discussions and shared the daily life of a social worker through photos they prepared in relation to each topic. Through this process, they shared their own experiences on 'difficulties related to work activities,' 'factors that create positive aspects that motivate social workers,' and 'factors that create negative aspects that demotivate social workers.' Using these three themes and 11 sub-themes, the participants shared their own experiences as social workers in the workplace. In order to improve the quality of life of social workers, we proposed amendments to related laws such as the Labor Standards Act, and also proposed legislative and institutional measures such as the enactment of policies related to personal safety threats.