• Title, Summary, Keyword: 핵심어 추출

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A Classification of Endings for an Efficient Morphological Analysis of Korean (고성능 한국어 형태소 분석을 위한 어미 분류)

  • Eun, Zong-Zin;Park, Sun-Young
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2000
  • 한국어 형태소 분석에서 가장 중요한 부분 중 하나가 바로 용언구(서술어)를 분석하는 것이다. 형태소 분석 뿐만 아니라 구문 분석, 의미 분석 단계에서도 정확한 용언구 분석은 매우 중요한 작업 중의 하나이다. 또한, 용언구에는 [체언+지정사+어미] 패턴도 포함되므로, 정보검색기의 핵심 모듈인 명사 추출기(색인기)의 성능에도 용언구의 분석은 높은 비중을 차지한다. 본 논문에서는 용언구 분석의 정확성을 높이고, 견고하면서 속도도 향상시킬 수 있는 방법으로 새로운 어미 분류를 제안하고자 한다.

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A Similarity-based Dialogue Modeling with Case Frame and Word Embedding (격틀과 워드 임베딩을 활용한 유사도 기반 대화 모델링)

  • Lee, Hokyung;Bae, Kyoungman;Ko, Youngjoong
    • 한국어정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 격틀과 워드 임베딩을 활용한 유사도 기반 대화 모델링을 제안한다. 기존의 유사도 기반 대화 모델링 방법은 형태소, 형태소 표지, 개체명, 토픽 자질, 핵심단어 등을 대화 말뭉치에서 추출하여 BOW(Bag Of Words) 자질로 사용하였기 때문에 입력된 사용자 발화에 포함된 단어들의 주어, 목적어와 같은 문장성분들의 위치적 역할을 반영할 수 가 없다. 또한, 의미적으로 유사하지만 다른 형태소를 가지는 문장 성분들의 경우 유사도 계산에 반영되지 않는 형태소 불일치 문제가 존재한다. 이러한 문제점을 해결하기 위해서, 위치적 정보를 반영하기 위한 문장성분 기반의 격틀과 형태소 불일치 문제를 해결하기 위한 워드 임베딩을 활용하여 개선된 유사도 기반 대화 모델링을 제안한다. 개선된 유사도 기반 대화 모델링은 MRR 성능 약 92%의 성능을 나타낸다.

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A Similarity-based Dialogue Modeling with Case Frame and Word Embedding (격틀과 워드 임베딩을 활용한 유사도 기반 대화 모델링)

  • Lee, Hokyung;Bae, Kyoungman;Ko, Youngjoong
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 격틀과 워드 임베딩을 활용한 유사도 기반 대화 모델링을 제안한다. 기존의 유사도 기반 대화 모델링 방법은 형태소, 형태소 표지, 개체명, 토픽 자질, 핵심단어 등을 대화 말뭉치에서 추출하여 BOW(Bag Of Words) 자질로 사용하였기 때문에 입력된 사용자 발화에 포함된 단어들의 주어, 목적어와 같은 문장성분들의 위치적 역할을 반영할 수 가 없다. 또한, 의미적으로 유사하지만 다른 형태소를 가지는 문장 성분들의 경우 유사도 계산에 반영되지 않는 형태소 불일치 문제가 존재한다. 이러한 문제점을 해결하기 위해서, 위치적 정보를 반영하기 위한 문장성분 기반의 격틀과 형태소 불일치 문제를 해결하기 위한 워드임베딩을 활용하여 개선된 유사도 기반 대화 모델링을 제안한다. 개선된 유사도 기반 대화 모델링은 MRR 성능 약 92%의 성능을 나타낸다.

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A Study on the Computational Model of Word Sense Disambiguation, based on Corpora and Experiments on Native Speaker's Intuition (직관 실험 및 코퍼스를 바탕으로 한 의미 중의성 해소 계산 모형 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Sung;Choe, Jae-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.303-321
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    • 2006
  • According to Harris'(1966) distributional hypothesis, understanding the meaning of a word is thought to be dependent on its context. Under this hypothesis about human language ability, this paper proposes a computational model for native speaker's language processing mechanism concerning word sense disambiguation, based on two sets of experiments. Among the three computational models discussed in this paper, namely, the logic model, the probabilistic model, and the probabilistic inference model, the experiment shows that the logic model is first applied fer semantic disambiguation of the key word. Nexr, if the logic model fails to apply, then the probabilistic model becomes most relevant. The three models were also compared with the test results in terms of Pearson correlation coefficient value. It turns out that the logic model best explains the human decision behaviour on the ambiguous words, and the probabilistic inference model tomes next. The experiment consists of two pans; one involves 30 sentences extracted from 1 million graphic-word corpus, and the result shows the agreement rate anong native speakers is at 98% in terms of word sense disambiguation. The other pm of the experiment, which was designed to exclude the logic model effect, is composed of 50 cleft sentences.

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Trends Analysis on Research Articles of the Sharing Economy through a Meta Study Based on Big Data Analytics (빅데이터 분석 기반의 메타스터디를 통해 본 공유경제에 대한 학술연구 동향 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-youn
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to conduct a comprehensive meta-study from the perspective of content analysis to explore trends in Korean academic research on the sharing economy by using the big data analytics. Comprehensive meta-analysis methodology can examine the entire set of research results historically and wholly to illuminate the tendency or properties of the overall research trend. Academic research related to the sharing economy first appeared in the year in which Professor Lawrence Lessig introduced the concept of the sharing economy to the world in 2008, but research began in earnest in 2013. In particular, between 2006 and 2008, research improved dramatically. In order to grasp the overall flow of domestic academic research of trends, 8 years of papers from 2013 to the present have been selected as target analysis papers, focusing on titles, keywords, and abstracts using database of electronic journals. Big data analysis was performed in the order of cleaning, analysis, and visualization of the collected data to derive research trends and insights by year and type of literature. We used Python3.7 and Textom analysis tools for data preprocessing, text mining, and metrics frequency analysis for key word extraction, and N-gram chart, centrality and social network analysis and CONCOR clustering visualization based on UCINET6/NetDraw, Textom program, the keywords clustered into 8 groups were used to derive the typologies of each research trend. The outcomes of this study will provide useful theoretical insights and guideline to future studies.

Forecasting the Future Korean Society: A Big Data Analysis on 'Future Society'-related Keywords in News Articles and Academic Papers (빅데이터를 통해 본 한국사회의 미래: 언론사 뉴스기사와 사회과학 학술논문의 '미래사회' 관련 키워드 분석)

  • Kim, Mun-Cho;Lee, Wang-Won;Lee, Hye-Soo;Suh, Byung-Jo
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.37-64
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to forecast the future of the Korean society via a big data analysis. Based upon two sets of database - a collection of 46,000,000 news on 127 media in Naver Portal operated by Naver Corporation and a collection of 70,000 academic papers of social sciences registered in KCI (Korea Citation Index of National Research Foundation) between 2005-2017, 40 most frequently occurring keywords were selected. Next, their temporal variations were traced and compared in terms of number and pattern of frequencies. In addition, core issues of the future were identified through keyword network analysis. In the case of the media news database, such issues as economy, polity or technology turned out to be the top ranked ones. As to the academic paper database, however, top ranking issues are those of feeling, working or living. Referring to the system and life-world conceptual framework suggested by $J{\ddot{u}}rgen$ Habermas, public interest of the future inclines to the matter of 'system' while professional interest of the future leans to that of 'life-world.' Given the disparity of future interest, a 'mismatch paradigm' is proposed as an alternative to social forecasting, which can substitute the existing paradigms based on the ideas of deficiency or deprivation.

Document Summarization Based on Sentence Clustering Using Graph Division (그래프 분할을 이용한 문장 클러스터링 기반 문서요약)

  • Lee Il-Joo;Kim Min-Koo
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
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    • v.13B no.2
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2006
  • The main purpose of document summarization is to reduce the complexity of documents that are consisted of sub-themes. Also it is to create summarization which includes the sub-themes. This paper proposes a summarization system which could extract any salient sentences in accordance with sub-themes by using graph division. A document can be represented in graphs by using chosen representative terms through term relativity analysis based on co-occurrence information. This graph, then, is subdivided to represent sub-themes through connected information. The divided graphs are types of sentence clustering which shows a close relationship. When salient sentences are extracted from the divided graphs, summarization consisted of core elements of sentences from the sub-themes can be produced. As a result, the summarization quality will be improved.

An Analytical Study on Research Trends of Collection Development and Management (장서개발관리 분야 최근 연구동향 분석에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, You Mi;Park, Ok Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.105-131
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the development direction of future scholarship by analyzing recent research trends in collection development and management field using keyword network analysis. Data was collected from four journals in library and information science field during period of 2003 to 2017. Related articles of Collection Development and Management field were retrieved, and author keywords were extracted from selected papers. Keyword network analysis using NetMiner4 program was performed based on frequency analysis, connection-centered analysis, and parametric analysis. The analysis covers all sections from 2003 to 2017 to look at the changes in research over time, and three sections on five-year basis. As a result, main keywords such as 'open access', 'institutional repository' and 'academic journals' were identified, and topics to be continuously researched were identified.

Analysis of Research Trends of 'Word of Mouth (WoM)' through Main Path and Word Co-occurrence Network (주경로 분석과 연관어 네트워크 분석을 통한 '구전(WoM)' 관련 연구동향 분석)

  • Shin, Hyunbo;Kim, Hea-Jin
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.179-200
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    • 2019
  • Word-of-mouth (WoM) is defined by consumer activities that share information concerning consumption. WoM activities have long been recognized as important in corporate marketing processes and have received much attention, especially in the marketing field. Recently, according to the development of the Internet, the way in which people exchange information in online news and online communities has been expanded, and WoM is diversified in terms of word of mouth, score, rating, and liking. Social media makes online users easy access to information and online WoM is considered a key source of information. Although various studies on WoM have been preceded by this phenomenon, there is no meta-analysis study that comprehensively analyzes them. This study proposed a method to extract major researches by applying text mining techniques and to grasp the main issues of researches in order to find the trend of WoM research using scholarly big data. To this end, a total of 4389 documents were collected by the keyword 'Word-of-mouth' from 1941 to 2018 in Scopus (www.scopus.com), a citation database, and the data were refined through preprocessing such as English morphological analysis, stopwords removal, and noun extraction. To carry out this study, we adopted main path analysis (MPA) and word co-occurrence network analysis. MPA detects key researches and is used to track the development trajectory of academic field, and presents the research trend from a macro perspective. For this, we constructed a citation network based on the collected data. The node means a document and the link means a citation relation in citation network. We then detected the key-route main path by applying SPC (Search Path Count) weights. As a result, the main path composed of 30 documents extracted from a citation network. The main path was able to confirm the change of the academic area which was developing along with the change of the times reflecting the industrial change such as various industrial groups. The results of MPA revealed that WoM research was distinguished by five periods: (1) establishment of aspects and critical elements of WoM, (2) relationship analysis between WoM variables, (3) beginning of researches of online WoM, (4) relationship analysis between WoM and purchase, and (5) broadening of topics. It was found that changes within the industry was reflected in the results such as online development and social media. Very recent studies showed that the topics and approaches related WoM were being diversified to circumstantial changes. However, the results showed that even though WoM was used in diverse fields, the main stream of the researches of WoM from the start to the end, was related to marketing and figuring out the influential factors that proliferate WoM. By applying word co-occurrence network analysis, the research trend is presented from a microscopic point of view. Word co-occurrence network was constructed to analyze the relationship between keywords and social network analysis (SNA) was utilized. We divided the data into three periods to investigate the periodic changes and trends in discussion of WoM. SNA showed that Period 1 (1941~2008) consisted of clusters regarding relationship, source, and consumers. Period 2 (2009~2013) contained clusters of satisfaction, community, social networks, review, and internet. Clusters of period 3 (2014~2018) involved satisfaction, medium, review, and interview. The periodic changes of clusters showed transition from offline to online WoM. Media of WoM have become an important factor in spreading the words. This study conducted a quantitative meta-analysis based on scholarly big data regarding WoM. The main contribution of this study is that it provides a micro perspective on the research trend of WoM as well as the macro perspective. The limitation of this study is that the citation network constructed in this study is a network based on the direct citation relation of the collected documents for MPA.

An Experimental Study on Automatic Summarization of Multiple News Articles (복수의 신문기사 자동요약에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Kwang;Chung, Young-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2006
  • This study proposes a template-based method of automatic summarization of multiple news articles using the semantic categories of sentences. First, the semantic categories for core information to be included in a summary are identified from training set of documents and their summaries. Then, cue words for each slot of the template are selected for later classification of news sentences into relevant slots. When a news article is input, its event/accident category is identified, and key sentences are extracted from the news article and filled in the relevant slots. The template filled with simple sentences rather than original long sentences is used to generate a summary for an event/accident. In the user evaluation of the generated summaries, the results showed the 54.l% recall ratio and the 58.l% precision ratio in essential information extraction and 11.6% redundancy ratio.