• Title/Summary/Keyword: 해저지형

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인공어초가 설치된 지역의 해저지형 측정

  • 신현옥;김승철;김호상;김창길
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • 2001.05a
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    • pp.35-36
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 해저지형 측정시스템을 이용하여 인공어초가 설치된 통영항 근처의 해저지형을 측정하였다. 인공어초는 해저의 지형 및 저질을 파악한 후 적정위치에 설치되어져야 한다. 본 조사에서는 이미 인공어초가 설치되어진 지역의 해저지형을 조사하여 인공어초가 측정되어진 해저지형에 대해 어떠한 형태로 설치되어져 있는지 조사하였다. 향후 인공어초 설치 시 적정지점을 정하는데 주요한 초기 기초 조사 방법으로써 본 해저지형시스템 사용의 가능성을 제시하고자 한다. (중략)

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Rotation Transformation Technic for Enhancement of Seabed Modeling (해저지형의 모델링 개선을 위한 회전변환기법 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Moon
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • 2011.05a
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    • pp.412-415
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    • 2011
  • 최근 빈번히 발생하는 자연재해는 육상과 해상에 걸쳐 광범위하게 발생한다. 이러한 자연재해를 모니터링하고 관리하기 위해서는 지형에 대한 측량과 모델링이 필요하다. 특히 최근에는 해상에서 돌발적인 사고가 빈번히 발생하고 있어, 해저지형에 대한 정밀 측량과 지형모델링이 필요하다. 그러나 해저지형을 측량하기 위해 많이 사용되는 측량 시스템으로 MBES 시스템이 있으나 MBES 자료는 해저지형의 특성에 의해 오류를 포함하고 있어 측량결과에 대한 신뢰도가 감소될 수 있다. 따라서 이 연구에서는 MBES를 이용한 해저지형 측량 자료를 모델링 시 회전변환기법을 적용하는 연구를 시도하여 회전변환기법의 활용성을 분석하였다.

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Numerical Analysis of the Ocean Tidal Current Considering Sea Bottom Topography (해저지형을 고려한 조류유동의 수치해석)

  • B.S. Yoon;.H. Rho
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.70-82
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    • 1995
  • A multi-layer simulation program is developed to estimate the ocean current considering sea bottom geometry. The so-called $\sigma$ coordinate system is introduced in vertical direction to describe sea bottom topography more accurately and effectively. Leapfrog scheme combined with Euler backward scheme is used to reduce computation error which may be possibly accumulated in time evolution by Leapfrog scheme alone. In this paper, very simple examples of rectangular basins with various bottom geometries were taken and the effect of sea bottom geometry on vertical structure of the ocean tidal current and its direction were investigated. Through comparisons between the present three dimensional calculation in which bottom topography is directly taken into consideration and the two dimensional calculation in which depth average concept is employed, it was found that magnitude of surface current and its direction could be largely affected by the sea bottom topography, particularly in shallow region with complex bottom shape.

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Comparison and Analysis on the Geophysical data Using Bathymetric Surveying Product (해저지형 측량성과를 이용한 지구물리자료 비교분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Cheol;Choi, Yun-Soo;Park, Byung-Moon
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2009
  • The information of ocean topology is the fundamental source which is necessary for understanding the ocean, producing nautical charts and delimiting maritime boundaries. An echo sounder is being used generally to collect undersea bathymetric data, but an indirect method such as geophysical data acquired by satellites is being used recently. In this study, the outputs of ocean surveying for the production of the Basic Maps of the Sea in 1996 and 1997 in the East Sea and the bathymetric data produced by geophysical data are compared and analyzed. The study areas are Ulleung Plateau, Ulleung Basin and the southern area of Ulleung Basin which have different geophysical characteristics. Through this study, we found that the bathymetric data acquired by an indirect method using satellite is similar to the field surveying results in general configuration of ocean floor and average depth. However, the minimum square error is about 100m in 1700m depth, and it has been observed a local error up to 1000m. In addition, it has been found that the detailed undulation of ocean topology is shown on the gravity data which is acquired by the research vessel.

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자란만의 해저지형 및 인공어초의 분포 조사 연구

  • 김승철;신현옥
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • 2001.10a
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    • pp.61-62
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구에서는 인공어초사업의 효율성 향상에 기여하고, 우리나라 연안어업의 체계적인 관리와 발전을 위하여 필요할 것으로 예상되는 GIS (Geographic Information System) 정보망 구축에 필요한 정밀음향측심시스템에 관하여 연구하였으며, 이 시스템의 유용성을 확인하기 위하여 정치망어장의 해저지형과 인공어초 투입해역의 해저지형을 조사 분석하는 현장실험을 수행하였다. (중략)

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A Study on a Post-Processing Technique for MBES Data to Improve Seafloor Topography Modeling (해저지형 모델링 향상을 위한 MBES자료 후처리 기법 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Moon;Kim, Eung-Nam
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2011
  • Three dimensional modeling for seafloor topography is essential to monitoring displacements in underwater structures as well as all sorts of disasters along the shore. MBES is a system that is capable of high-density water depth measurement for seafloor topography and is in broad uses for gathering 3D data and detecting displacements. MBES data, however, contain random errors that take place in the equipment offset and surveying process and require systematic researches on the correction of wrong depth measurements. Thus this study set out to propose a post-processing technique to eliminate an array of random errors taking place after equipment offset correction and basic noise correction in the MBES system and analyze its applicability to seafloor topography modeling by applying it to the subject area.

Surface sediment migration modelling construction using ArcGIS spatial analysis; Jungangcheontoe Sand Bar in Macrotidal Channel of outer Asan Bay, KOREA (ArcGIS 공간분석을 접목한 천해 퇴적물 이동 모델링 구축; 황해 아산만 중앙 천퇴 연구)

  • Park, Seong-Eun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • 2010.06a
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    • pp.277-278
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 황해 아산만 중앙천퇴(Surface Sediment)에서 최근 대규모 방조제 건설과 연안 준설로 인해 야기된 해저지형변화에 대한 연구이다. 이러한 해저지형변화는 해도상의 수심정보를 왜곡시킴으로써 국제항을 출입하는 대형선박의 안전항해에 위험요소로 작용할 수 있어, 안전한 항해수로 확보 및 해양사고 저감 대책 마련이 시급하다. 이러한 맥락에서 근본적인 중앙천퇴 지형변화의 원인, 해저지형변화의 양상을 파악하는 것이 이 연구의 일차적인 목적이다. 더 나아가 장 단기 해저지형변화 예측을 통해, 궁극적으로 항해 위험요소 저감 대책 및 정책 마련 시 과학적인 핵심기반기술을 제공하는 것이다. 결국 GIS 기반의 해저지형 공간 분석을 토대로 기존의 미시적인 데이터에 의거한 퇴적환경 연구결과를 객관화하고 정량적인 근거를 제시하는 도구로 활용할 것이다.

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Gravity-Geologic Prediction of Bathymetry in the Drake Passage, Antarctica (Gravity-Geologic Method를 이용한 남극 드레이크 해협의 해저지형 연구)

  • 김정우;도성재;윤순옥;남상헌;진영근
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.273-284
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    • 2002
  • The Gravity-Geologic Method (GGM) was implemented for bathymetric determinations in the Drake Passage, Antarctica, using global marine Free-air Gravity Anomalies (FAGA) data sets by Sandwell and Smith (1997) and local echo sounding measurements. Of the 6548 bathymetric sounding measurements, two thirds of these points were used as control depths, while the remaining values were used as checkpoints. A density contrast of 9.0 gm/㎤ was selected based on the checkpoints predictions with changes in the density contrast assumed between the seawater and ocean bottom topographic mass. Control depths from the echo soundings were used to determine regional gravity components that were removed from FAGA to estimate the gravity effects of the bathymetry. These gravity effects were converted to bathymetry by inversion. In particular, a selective merging technique was developed to effectively combine the echo sounding depths with the GGM bathymetiy to enhance high frequency components along the shipborne sounding tracklines. For the rugged bathymetry of the research area, the GGM bathymetry shows correlation coefficients (CC) of 0.91, 0.92, and 0.85 with local shipborne sounding by KORDI, GEODAS, and a global ETOPO5 model, respectively. The enhanced GGM by selective merging shows imploved CCs of 0.948 and 0.954 with GEODAS and Smith & Sandwell (1997)'s predictions with RMS differences of 449.8 and 441.3 meters. The global marine FAGA data sets and other bathymetric models ensure that the GGM can be used in conjunction with shipborne bathymetry from echo sounding to extend the coverage into the unmapped regions, which should generate better results than simply gridding the sparse data or relying upon lower resolution global data sets such as ETOPO5.

Laboratory Studies on Three-Dimensional Morphology in a Narrow Wave Tank (3차원 해저지형변환에 관한 조파 수조에서의 실험적 연구)

  • Oh, Tae-Myoung;Robert G. Dean
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.375-388
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    • 1994
  • When conducting movable bed tests in a narrow wave tank, the hydrodynamics and morphology are assumed to be two-dimensional; hence, any three-dimensional patterns such as cross-tank variations of the profiles are neglected or averaged to represent the mean profiles at the measuring time. In this paper, six movable bed tests were carried out with a fairly fine sand to investigate (1) whether or not three-dimensional features can occur in relatively narrow wave tanks, and (2) various possible interrelationships and causes of the three-dimensionality. These movable bed studies suggested that there was a relatively slow feedback between the hydrodynamics and the morphology that led to initiation and growth of 3-D morphological features, resulting in cross-tank profile variations under certain stages of profile development, especially when the profile approached an equilibrium with overall stability.

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해저지형측정 시스템에 관한 연구 - II -측정 데이터의 처리-

  • 신현옥;김승철;황보규;강경미
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • 2000.05a
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    • pp.35-36
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    • 2000
  • 해저지형에 관한 정보는 어류의 이동 경로나 정치성 어장 위치의 적절성 등을 판단하는데 중요하게 사용될 뿐만 아니라 선박의 항로, 해양구조물의 건설과도 관련이 있는 귀중한 정보이다. 이 정보는 음향 측심기, DGPS 수신기, 퍼스널 컴퓨터 및 측량용 소프트웨어로 구성되는 시스템을 사용하여 얻었다. 여기서는 현장에서 측정한 해저지형 관련 데이터의 처리에 관해 언급하였다. (중략)

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