• Title, Summary, Keyword: 해안단구

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Marine terrace and its implications to paleoenvironment during the Quaternary at Suje-ri - Suryum-ri of the East coast of Gyeongju, SE Korea (한반도 남동부 경주시 수제리-수렴리의 해안단구와 제4기 환경변화)

  • HWANG, Sangill;SHIN, Jaeryul;YOON, Soon-Ock
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 2012
  • During the last few decades, the ever-increasing knowledge of coastal morphogenic processes has made marine terraces the most recognizable, widespread and scientifically reliable records to determine both qualitatively and quantitatively the vertical movements that have affected the tectonically active coastal regions during the Quaternary. This study first aims to address the marine terrace records from Suje-ri to Suryum-ri along the coast of Gyeongju, SE Korea. Eight distinct flights of terraces, including HH YC, elevated up to 160 m above present sea level have been mapped along the coast of the study areas, and are designated $L_{II}$ to HH YC from the youngest to oldest. Based on the elevation of paleo-shoreline and inferred formation age for HH YC uplift rate since the middle Pleistocene has been estimated at 0.23 mm/year. Establishing the nature and timing of the uplift history derived from marine terraces provide a better understanding of neotectonic framework for explain enigmatic, complex landscape evolution in the Korean peninsula.

Fluvial Terraces of the Lower Yeongsan River, Southwestern Coastal Region of Korean Peninsula (영산강 하류 지역의 하안단구)

  • Choi, Seong-Gil
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2004
  • The fluvia(thalassostatic) terraces have been developed among the lower Yeongsan river, near the southwestern coastal region of Korean peninsula. These thalassostatic terraces could be classified into 3 surface, i. e., Yeongsan 32m, 18m, and 10m surface, in desending order, according to the relative heights from the river floor. Yeongsan 32m, 18m and 10m surfaces were corresponded to the mMT3, mLT1 and mLT2 surfaces of Choi(2003), respectively. It was revealed that the mLT1 surface was the marine terraces which had been formed in the Last Interglacial culmination period(oxygen isotope stage 5e) in the southeastern coast of Korean peninsula.

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Geomorphic Development of Mt. Yeontae at Gampo area, Gyeongju City in the southeastern Korea (경주시 감포지역 해안단구 지형발달)

  • 윤순옥;황상일
    • Proceedings of the KGS Conference
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    • pp.39-39
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    • 2004
  • 한반도 동해안 지역은 해안단구가 모식적으로 분포하여 이에 대한 연구가 활발하게 이루어 졌다. 1973년에 김서운에 의해 처음으로 한반도에 해안단구가 보고되었으나, 오랫동안 해안단구는 구정선고도 약 90m a.5.1.에서 형성된 것이 가장 높은 것으로 간주되었고 그 이상 고도에서는 확인되지 않았다. 이후 황상일 외(2000)는 경주 감포에서 110, 120, 130, 150m의 지형면이 존재할 가능성을 보고했으며, 강릉 정동진에서 윤순옥 외(2003)에 의해 고고위면이 110, 140m에서 확인되었다. (중략)

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Properties of Deposits and Geomorphic Formative Ages on Marine Terraces in Gwangyang Bay, South Sea of Korea (광양만 일대 해안단구의 퇴적물 특성과 지형 형성시기)

  • Lee Gwang-Ryul;Park Chung-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.346-360
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    • 2006
  • In order to analyze synthetically geomorphological processes of marine terrace in Korea, this study deals with the distribution of marine terraces, stratification of sedimentary layers, physicochemical properties of deposits, and formative ages of marine terraces based on OSL(Optically Stimulated Luminescence) absolute age at coastal area of Gwangyang Bay in central part of the South Coast. As a result of comparison with physicochemical properties on diverse geomorphic materials, there is not enough distinction in them, because of recycling and mixing of materials at Gwangyang Bay having a geomorphic closure. In Gwangyang bay coast, marine terraces are discovered at least 3 levels and have a small area. Formative age of 1st Terrace, as the lowest level ranging in $10{\sim}13m$ above the sea level, is estimated at MIS(Marine Isotope Oxygen Stage) 5a, based on OSL age dating and properties of deposits. Uplifting rate is calculated at 0.141m/ka in Gwangyang bay coast. For application to this rate, 2nd terrace($18{\sim}22m$) is estimated at MIS 5e, 3rd terrace($27{\sim}32m$) is latter part of MIS 7. Consequently, we might conclude that uplifting and geomorphic process of marine terrace in South Coast is similar to East Coast during the Late Pleistocene in Korea.

Neotectonics and late Quaternary Marine Terraces along the Coastal Zone of the Northern Chile. (칠레 북부해안에 발달된 제4기 해안단구(고해수면)와 신구조운동)

  • 한상준
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.61-86
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    • 1995
  • 칠레 북부해안에는 여러개의 해안 단구들이 발견되는데 이는 지구조 운동과 하께 해수면 변동과 밀접한 관련이 있다, 단구의 형성시기는 전부 밝혀지지는 않았으며 여전히 논란이 되고 있다,. 안토파가스타에서 이끼케까지 9개지역에서 발견되는 여러단구에 대한 탄 소 연대측정 전자스핀 공명법, 우라늄측정, 아미노산 연대측정 방법들을 이용하여 그 형성시 기를 측정하였다, 그결과들은 기본적으로 3∼4개의 뚜렷한 단구를 선정하여 지역간에 서로 대비하였다, 대부분의 단구들은 산소 동위연소 연대(Oxygen Isotope State) 3에서 11범주에 들어가는데 이것은 계단식 단구들이 단지 지구조 운동만으로 형성된 것이 아니라 전지구 기 후 변동과 밀접하게 관련된 전세계 해수면 변동에 의해 강한 영향을 받았음을 시사한다. 특 히 플라이스토세에 형성된 일련의 해빈 사구들은 플라이스토세 초기에서 중기사이 반복된 간빙기를 나타낸다.

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진하-기장 지역의 해안단구분포와 단구변위 단층징후

  • ;Yoko Ota;Dorothy Merritts
    • Proceedings of the KSEEG Conference
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    • pp.131-134
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    • 2003
  • 계기지진기록에 의하면, 한반도에서는 중국이나 일본만큼 지진발생빈도가 높거나 강진은 없으나, 북한에서는 추가령단층대 이서지역, 남한에서는 아산만~영일만 일원을 따라 대상으로 분포한다. 역사지진기록에 의하면, 경주시 주변에서 8개의 큰 지진이 일어났으며, 이중 779년에 일어난 경주지진에서는 백명 이상의 사상자가 발생한 기록이 있다고 하였다(경재복, 1997). (중략)

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The paleo-shoreline and formation age of the 1st marine terrace in Heunghae-eup Pohang City, South Korea : evaluation of the mode and rate of the late Quaternary tectonism (I) (포항시 흥해읍 일대 해안단구 제1면의 구정선 고도와 형성 시기 - 한반도 제4기 후기 지각운동의 양식과 변형률 산출을 위한 연구(I) -)

  • Shin, Jae Ryul;Park, Kyung Geun
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.703-713
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    • 2016
  • This study documents the altitude of paleo-shoreline and formation age of the $1^{st}$ marine terrace emerged around Heunghae-eup Pohang City (South Korea). As a result, the $1^{st}$ terrace representing 10 m of the paleo-shoreline was formed at MIS 5c around 100,000 BP and was influenced repetitive sedimentation of sea-wave till regression of MIS 5a. The result is recognized as a definite truth for the $1^{st}$ terrace in the eastern coast of the Korean peninsula based on synthetic reviews of previous studies and cross-validation of absolute age data. Furthermore, this study deduces a sea stand at MIS 5c from the geomorphological contrast method, but precise determination of paleo-shoreline of the $2^{nd}$ terrace should be required to estimate that of MIS 5c.

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Review on Marine Terraces of the East Sea Coast, South Korea : Gangreung - Busan (강릉-부산 간 동해안 해안단구 검토)

  • Choi, Sung-Ja
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.409-425
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    • 2019
  • Marine terraces, a step-like landform, are important geologic markers that provide tectonic information during the Quaternary Period. Marine terraces are well developed along all coastlines(East, West, and South) of the Korean Peninsula, those along the East coastline are the most distinctive. The marine terraces of the East coastline are classified into 4-6 flights that are several meters or several tens of meters above the present sea level. It is believed that these terraces, except for the lowest one, were formed in the middle Pleistocene. In the base of the OSL age dating results and Blake excursion events of magnetostratigraphy, the $2^{nd}$ and $3^{rd}$ terraces are correlated to the last interglacial stage. Considering the marine terraces linked to a sea-level curve of the Pleistocene, it is thought that regional tectonic movements have uplifted the East coastal area since the middle Pleistocene. Besides, former shorelines of each terrace have varied elevations from Gangreung to Busan bay, which can be divided into four regions, namely, Gangreung-Yonghanri(I), Homikot-Najung(II), Najung-Bangeojin(III), and Waesung-Busan Bay(IV). The former shorelines of each terrace at both Gangreung-Yonghanri(I) and Najung-Bangeojin(III) are higher than those in the other two regions, due to block movements by regional faults such as the Ocheon Fault or its subsidiaries, the Gampo Lineament and Ulsan Fault. Uplift rate of the East coast ranges from 0.2 m/ky to 0.3 m/ky, but each region shows different uplift rate.

한국 남동해안 경주-울산 경계지역의 해안단구 고고위면 지형 발달

  • 황상일;윤순옥;박한산
    • Proceedings of the KGS Conference
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    • pp.56-59
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    • 2003
  • 한반도 남동 해안은 중부 동해안의 정동진 지역과 더불어 많은 지형학자들에 의해 해안단구 지형발달에 대한 연구가 이루어져 왔다. 대보에서 방어진에 이르는 해안에서 해안단구는 크게 고위면, 중위면, 저위면으로 나누어지며, 이들은 다시 고위 I (H I)면, 고위II(H II), 중위면, 저위 I(L I)면, 저위II(L II)면으로 세분되었다. 특히 연구지역에서 북북동쪽으로 약 22km 떨어진 경주시 감포읍 대본리와 나아리에서는 고위면보다 더 높은 해발고도에서 고고위 I(HH I)면, 고고위II(HH II)면이 확인되었다(황상일ㆍ정혜경ㆍ윤순옥, 2000). (중략)

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GIS Application for the Analysis of Geomorphic Surfaces of Marine Terrace at Gampo, Gyeongju City (경주 감포지역 해안단구의 지형면분석을 위한 GIS의 적용)

  • Hwang, Sang-Ill;Jung, Hye-Kyung;Yoon, Soon-Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.48-60
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    • 2000
  • This study is aimed to clarify the distribution chracteristics of marine terraces and extract the specific surface at Gampo-eup, Gyeongju city on the map of 1:5,000 using GIS. The effects and problems occurred on the process of using GIS were investigated for the research of marine terrace. The longitudinal profile analysis was carried out along the 12 sections on the geomorphic surfaces of the study area, and actually High higher surface(HH-surface) was found over 100m a.s.l., which has not been reported till now. And the occupancy rate could be calculated by substitution on the height between 4m and 87m a.s.l. for each mean slope degree $1-5^{\circ}$ obtained from the actual measuring along four sections. Consequently the lower-I surface was highly reliable to use as the key bed for studying marine terraces. The accurate and detail analysis about the marine terraces is able to be accomplished on the basis of meaningful actual measuring, though its general possible distribution area can be extracted from GIS with the less effort. Namely the quantified results obtained from GIS could offer the basis for the objective analysis of the geomorphic surfaces. And we can look over the landscape and investigate the surfaces with reliefs effectively in relation to the real geomorphology on the study area, where in situ approach is difficult. But the digital map with a large scale should be offered first of all in order to raise the accuracy of the analysis.

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