• Title, Summary, Keyword: 해송

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Characteristics of Control-Pollinated Progenies of Pinus thunbergii$\times$P. densiflora (해송$\times$소나무 $F_1$ 교잡종의 특성)

  • Lee, Cheul-Ho;Kim, Kyu-Sick
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.442-445
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    • 2007
  • Seedlings height of hybrids varied depending on mating combinations. Among the progenies from the mating combination, P. thunbergii(CN4)$\times$P. densiflora(KW29) showed the best plant growth. The mean height of this combination was 521 cm at the age of 8 years(yrs), which was 9% higher than rest of the crosses. Seedlings height of progenies using P. thunbergii(JN37) as mother tree showed 28%, 33%, and 29% higher than those of open-pollinated progenies of the mother tree at the ages of 4yrs, 6yrs, and 8yrs, respectively. On the other hand, using P. densiflora (KB5) as father tree showed 45%, 48%, and 32% higher than those of open-pollinated progenies of the father tree. This result may be caused by hybrid vigor.

The Selection of the Suitable Site for Forest Tree(Pinus thunbergii) (임목(林木)((해송(海松)) 적지선정(適地選定)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Chung, Young Gwan;Park, Nam Chang;Son, Yeong Mo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.82 no.4
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    • pp.420-430
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    • 1993
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the forest environmental factors(5 items) and physico-chemical properties of soil(13 items) on the growth of Pinus thunbergii stands. The 218 plots were sampled over the coastal district of the whole country. In statistical analysis, the explanatory variables were soil and environmental factors(18 items), and the response variable was the site index of Pinus thunbergii stands. Data computation was processed in order of preparation of original data, computation of inner correlation matrix table by correlation analysis, calculation of partial correlation coefficients and coefficients of determination, estimation of regression equation by stepwise begression analysis, and stepwise regression analysis by factor score of factor analysis. The main results obtained were summarized as follows ; 1. The site index in Pinus thunbergii stands way highly correlated with effective soil depth(r=0.8668), slope percentage, organic matter, and total nitrogen. 2. According to the coefficients by partial correlation analysis, effective soil depth(r=0.6270), slope percentage (r=-0.5423) and base saturation(r=0.3278) among environmental factors had a great effect on tree growth. 3. With stepwise regression analysis, the factors effecting on the Pinus thunbergii stands growth were effective soil depth, slope percentage, organic matter, base saturation, soil pH, content of silt, exchangeable Ca, and etc. 4. Estimation equation for the site index of Pinus thunbergii stands was given by $Y=13.2691+0.0242\;X_2-1.2244\;X_4+0.6142\;X_5-0.3472\;X_{11}+0.0355\;X_{13}+0.1552\;X_{15}-0.1002\;X_{17}$. The coefficient of determination for the estimation model was 0.77, which was significant at the 1 percent level. 5. In result of factor analysis by the environmental factors, principal components were 6 factors, and communality contribution percentage was 71.1 percent. 6. By stepwise regression analysis between factor score and site index of Pinus thunbergii stands, the factor group effecting on site index was 5 principal components. The coefficients of determination was 85 percent, which was significant at the 1 percent level. In conclusion, on the occasion of analizing which factors to effect on the tree height growth in Pinus thunbergii stands the stepwise regression analysis proved to be greatly significant. Also the management of Pinus thunbergii stands should be working by the above selected growth factors.

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Three New Records of Antipatharia (Anthozoa: Ceriantipatharia) from Korea (한국산 각산호류(산호충강: 꽃말미잘아강)의 3미기록종)

  • Moon Hye-Won;Song Jun-Im
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.259-272
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    • 2005
  • The antipatharians in Korea were known with three species and two genera belonging to family Antipathidae. In the present study, three species, Antipathes densa, A. grandiflora, and A. dubia, have been newly recorded to Korean antipatharian fauna with the samples collected from Jeju-do during the period from 2003 to 2005. The description was mainly based on the habitat, the branching mode of corallums, the size and arrangement of polyps and spines on the axis, and also the types of cnidae. They had three kinds of cnidae: spirocyst, basitrich, and microbasic p-mastigophore. Spirocysts and basitrichs were distributed at tentacles and microbasic p-mastigophores were mainly at septal filaments.

The Relationship between Pollutants in Soil and Leaves in Air Polluted Areas (대기오염지역(大氣汚染地域)에서의 토양(土壤) 및 해송엽중(海松葉中) 오염물질간(汚染物質間)의 상관분석(相關分析))

  • Kim, Jong-Kab
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 1992
  • In order to find out pollutants in leaves of pinus thunbergii, and relationship between pollutants in soil and leaves of pinus thunbergii surrounding Onsan Industrial Complex in Korea, this study was performed. Concentrations of water-soluble sulfur of P. thunbergii leaves were a range of 0.06%-0.25%, but at the vicinity of industrial complex, it was judged to be hindered in growing trees as a range of 0.13%-0.25%. In P. thunbergii leaves the contents of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu were showed as a range of 87.2 ppm-319.8 ppm, 100.0 ppm-581.3 ppm, 39.0 ppm-134.0 ppm and 1.2 ppm-4.8 ppm, respectively, and they were generally high at P. thunbergii leaves of the vicinity of refinery of industrial complex. But concentrations of Cu and Pb only showed little contents. In the correlation between soil and leaves pollutants, there were significant correlation between total S and water-soluble S(r=$643^{\ast}$), between Fe(r=$0.681^{\ast}$), Zn(r=$0.832^{{\ast}{\ast}}$)), and Cd(r=$0.775^{{\ast}{\ast}}$) in soils and those in P. thunbergii leaves at 10% or 5% level, respectively, and as these results, it was inferrec that heavy metals in soils had relations with those in leaves.

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Vegetation Structure and Soil Characteristics around Camellia japonica Stand in Hakdong, Geoje Island (거제 학동 동백나무림 주변의 식생구조 및 토양특성)

  • Chung, Jae-Min;Jung, Hye-Ran;Kang, Jin-Taek;Moon, Hyun-Shik
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to offer a basis data for conservation and application of effective management of Camellia japonica stand in Hakdong, Geoje Island. Field survey was conducted at C. japonica stand, mixed stand, Chamaecyparis obtusa plantation, and Pinus thunbergii stand. Importance value of C. japonica at tree layer was highest in C. japonica stand and mixed stand, and that of C. obtusa and P. thunbergii were highest in C. obtusa plantation and P. thunbergii stand, respectively. At subtree layer, C. japonica, Callicarpa dichotoma, Neolitses serices, and Styrax japonica had the highest importance value in C. japonica stand, mixed stand, C. obtusa plantation, and P. thunbergii stand, respectively. The species diversity ranged from 0.121 to 1.589 in C. japonica stand, 0.543 to 1.540 in mixed stand, 0.276 to 1.321 in C. obtusa plantation, and 0.764 to 1.523 in P. thunbergii stand, respectively. Soil pH was 5.72 in C. japonica stand, 5.26 in mixed stand, 5.21 in C. obtusa plantation, and 5.32 in P. thunbergii stand. The content of organic matter and total N were 5.77, 0.48% in C. japonica stand, 4.41, 0.30% in mixed stand, 3.28, 0.33% in C. obtusa plantation, and 5.32, 0.28% in P. thunbergii stand.

Relation of Acid Depositions and Chlorophyll Concentration in the Pinus thunbergii Leaf (산성강하물과 해송엽 엽록소의 관련성)

  • Lee, Chong-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Kab;Hwang, Jin-Hyeong
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the relation of acid depositions and chlorophyll concentration in the Pinus thunbergii leaves. pH of throughfall in Pinus thunbergii forest was 4.20 at industrial sites, and 4.87 at urban sites. Total chlorophyll concentration in leaves were 0.5984 at industrial sites, and 0.6784 at urban sites. The average $SO_2$ concentration in air was 0.029ppm at industrial sites, and 0.011ppm at urban sites. Correlation between chlorophyll concentration in the Pinus thunbergii leaves and acid depositions was pH (r=-0.8769), ${NO_3}^-$ (r=0.6983), ${SO_4}^{2-}$ (r=0.8929), $SO_2$ (r=0.8738), and $NO_2$ (r=0.8523) (p<0.001). respectively. The estimation equation of chlorophyll concentration in the Pinus thunbergii leaf (Y) were given by Y=4.8979 + 0.7698pH + $0.8412{SO_4}^2$ + $0.8673SO_2$, + $0.8767NO_2$+ $0.8767{NO_3}^-$ ($r^2$=0.8873), which coefficients of determination was 0.88.

A Study on the Combustion Characteristics for Pine Cones by Species (소나무 솔방울의 수종별 연소특성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Jin-Youl;Park, Young-Ju;Lee, Si-Young;Lee, Hae-Pyeong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.429-432
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구에서는 산불발생 시 산림 내 연료들의 화재위험성을 분석하고자 산불에 취약한 소나무류(적송, 해송, 리기다소나무)의 솔방울을 대상으로 착화특성과 발연특성을 고찰하였다. 연료는 대형 산불이 빈번하게 발생하는 강원도 동해안 지역에서 채취하였다. 적송과 해송의 솔방울은 26%와 27%로서 함수율 차이가 크지 않았으며, 발화온도는 $380^{\circ}C$ 정도인 것으로 나타났다. 반면, 리기다소나무의 솔방울은 33%의 수분을 함유하였으며, 발화온도는 $352^{\circ}C$ 정도인 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 적송 솔방울의 최대연기밀도는 924Ds로서 해송의 599Ds와 리기다소나무의 605Ds 보다 상대적으로 높았으며, 690s~732s 시간영역에서 최대값을 보이는 것으로 나타났다.

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No Trace of Introduced cpDNA of Pinus thunbergii in Pinus densiflor for. erecta Postulated as an Introgressive Hybrid between Pinus densiflora and Pinus Thunbergii (소나무와 곰솔간 이입교잡종(移入交雜種)으로 추정(推定)되어온 금강송(金剛松)에 있어서 곰솔 cpDNA 의 부재(不在))

  • Hong, Yong-Pyo;Kim, Kyu-Sik;Noh, Eui-Rae;Shin, Eun-Myeong;Kim, Zin-Suh
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.87 no.4
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    • pp.543-548
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    • 1998
  • Portions of chloroplast genes(psbD and rbcL) were amplified from Pinus thunbergii(Japanese black pine : black pine) and Pinus densiflora(Japanese red pine : red pine) by PCR and digested by a restriction enzyme, HaeIII, respectively. Two species specific cpDNA markers were identified. With the observed cpDNA markers, paternal inheritance of cpDNA in pine hybrids was verified in an artificial hybrid family between black pine(Chollanam 37) and red pine(Chungchongbuk 3). On the basis of paternal inheritance of chloroplast genome in a hybrid, 2 portions of cpDNA amplified from 115 individuals of Pinus densiflora for. erecta were screened to detect any traces of black pine specific cpDNA markers in P. densiflora for. erecta which has been postulated as an introgressive hybrid between red pine and black pine(Hyun el al., 1967). All the analyzed individuals of Pinus densiflora for. erects revealed the identical profiles of HaeIII digested psbD and rbcL genes to red pine. This result suggests that there is no introduced chloroplast genome of black pine in Pinus densiflora for. erecta and that there is no concrete evidence of treating P. densiflora for, erecta as an introgressive hybrid between red pine(♀) and black pine(♂).

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Effects of Fusarium circinatum on Disease Development and Gas Exchange in the Seedlings of Pinus spp. (푸사리움가지마름병균 Fusarium circinatum이 소나무류 묘목의 병 진전과 침엽의 가스교환에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Kwan-Soo;Yoon, Jun-Hyuck;Han, Sang-Urk;Woo, Su-Young
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2011
  • Four-year-old seedlings of Pinus thunbergii, Pinus densiflora and Pinus rigida were inoculated with Fusarium circinatum isolate (FT-7), the pitch canker fungus, from P. thunbergii, to evaluate the effects of the pathogen on disease development and gas exchange rate. Needle dehydration was evident on 2 of 10 seedlings of P. thunbergii and P. rigida at 18 and 21 days after inoculation, respectively, while no symptoms were observed in P. densiflora seedlings throughout the experiment. Gas exchange stopped completely in 4 of 5 measured seedlings of P. thunbergii and 2 of 5 measured seedlings of P. rigida at 25 days after inoculation, and in the remaining 3 seedlings of P. rigida at 39 days after inoculation. Disease development in P. thunbergii seedlings was faster than that in P. rigida seedlings. By the time, the experiment was ended at 78 days after inoculation, 9 of 10 seedlings of P. rigida and 8 of 10 seedlings of P. thunbergii seedlings treated with FT-7 was almost dead, but all seedlings of P. densiflora were still healthy. We suggest that P. densiflora is resistant to F. circinatum in the current study, and gas exchange rate of the species after inoculation does not differ significantly compared to that of untreated control.

Chemical Components and Pulverization Conditions of the Pollens of Pinus densiflora S. et Z. and Pinus thunbergii Parl (소나무와 해송 화분의 화학적 성분과 파쇄 조건에 관한 연구)

  • 김계환;오혁근;윤계순;박준모;최태기
    • Journal of Korea Foresty Energy
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 1999
  • This study was to analyze the chemical components of the pollens of Pinus densiflora S. et Z. and P. thunbergii Parl. and to investigate the optimal conditions for pollen pulverization. The results were as follow : (1) The contents of moisture, crude ash, crude protein, crude fat, crude filber and carbohydrate in the pollen of P. densiflora were 9.8%, 2.3%, 11.9%, 2.9%, 7.7%, and 65.4%, respectively, while those of P. thunbergii were 10.5%, 2.2%, 13.5%, 3.5%, 8.5% and 61.8%, respectively. All the contents of P. densiflora and P.thunbergii were much higher than those general crop grains. (2) The pollen of Pinus densiflora and P. thunbergii eighteen different amino acids were detected in. Among them, ten esssential amino acids were identified, which showed high nutrition values. (3) The contents of vitamins A, B1, B2, C and E in the pollen of P. densiflora were 7.9mg, 8.7mg, 19.2mg, 31.5mg and 2.0mg, respectively, while those in the pollen of P. thunbergii were 8.5mg, 9.4mg, 15.7mg, 35.3mg, and 1.8mg respectively. Vitamin C among them was abundant. (4) When the pollen grains of P. densiflora were pilverized for 40 minutes at 5,000rpm and P. thunbergii, for 50 minutes at 5,000rpm by overhead stirrer, the 100% of pollen pulverization was possible.

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