• Title, Summary, Keyword: 항돌연변이원

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Antimutagenic Effects of Extracts of Curry Powder and Its Individual Spice (카레분 및 향신료 추출물의 항 돌연변이 효과)

  • 정승현;정명수;이진선;박기문
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.352-357
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    • 2002
  • Antimutagenic effects of extracts from curry powder and its individual fourteen kinds of spices, were investigated by Ames test. The antimutagenic effects against a direct mutagen, 2-nitrofluorene(2 -NF) and two indirect mutagens, 2-anthramine(2-AT) and 2-acetamidofluorene (2-AE) in the S. typhimurium TA98 were tested. For the 2-NF, the antimutagenicity of cinnamon, fenugreek, fennel, ginger, clove, turmeric and celery seed were determined as 42, 38, 32, 28, 24, 23 and 20%, respectively. The antimutagenicity of clove against the 2-AT was the highest (116%), and followed by the order of celery seed(103%), cardamon(100%), red pepper(99%), cinnamon(92%), cumin(83%), ginger(82%), fennel(82%), coriander (71%), nutmeg(68%) and turmeric (55%). The results also showed that the antimutagenic effect of clove against the 2-AF was superior to other spices. In case of curry powder among more than 10 kinds of spices, the antimutagenenicity against the 2-AT and 2-AF showed 23% and 6%, respectively, but no effect was observed against the 2-NF.

Antimutagenic Effects against Aflatoxin B1 on Culture Conditions of Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris DLAB19 Isolated from Dongchimi (동치미에서 분리한 Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris DLAB19의 배양조건에 따른 Aflatoxin B1에 대한 항돌연변이 효과)

  • Rhee Chang-Ho;Kim Jung-Hee;Park Heui-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.405-410
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    • 2004
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris DLAB19 were investigated under various culture conditions to maximize the production of antimutagenic substance(s) against aflatoxin Bl(AFBl) on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium TAI00 and TA98. The MRS medium containing glucose(2$\%$) as a carbon source and yeast extract(1 $\%$) as a nitrogen source resulted in the highest production of the antimutagenic substance(s) against aflatoxin Bl(AFBl) in the culture supernatant of Leu. mesenteroides subsp. cremoris DLAB19. Optimal pH of the medium, culture temperature and shaking speed for the antimutagenic substance(s) production were pH 7.0, 30$^{\circ}C$ and 150 rpm, respectively. Under the optimal condition, the antimutagenic effects of Leu. mesenteroides subsp. cremoris DLAB19 culture supernatant were 87.11 $\%$ on S. enterica serovar Typhimurium TA100 and 75.04 S. enterica serovar Typhimurium TA98.

Antimutagenic Effects of Methyl Alcohol Extracts from Auricularia auricula and Gyrophora esculenta (목이 및 석이 메틸 알콜 추출물의 항돌연변이원성)

  • Ham, Seung-Shi;Kim, Deug-Ha;Lee, Deuk-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1281-1287
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antimutagenic effects of methyl alcohol extracts from Auricularia auricula and Gyrophora esculenta on the SOS response induced by 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO), N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), mitomycin C (MMC) and 3-amino-1,4- dimethyl-5H-pyrido-[4,3-b]indol (Trp-P-1) in E. coli PQ37/plasmid pKM101. In the mutagenic test on test strain, both methyl alcohol extracts did not show mutagenic activity. In the antimutagenic test, each sample strongly inhibited the mutagenecity induced by 4NQO, MNNG, MMC and Trp-P-1. Methyl alcohol extracts from Auricularia auricula and Gyrophora esculenta showed inhibitory effects of 52% and 59% against 4NQO, 49% and 58% against MNNG, 53% and 64% against MMC, and 61% and 64% against Trp-P-1, respectively. Gyrophora esculenta extracts on the antimutagenicity showed relatively higher inhibitory effects than that of Auricularia auricula.

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Antimutagenic Characteristics of Lactobacillua spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. against 2-Nitrofluorene (Lactobacillus spp.와 Bifidobacterium spp.에 의한 돌연변이원물질 2-Nitrofluorene에 대한 돌연변이 억제특성)

  • Yoon, Yeong-Ho;Cho, Jung-Geun
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 1998
  • Studies on the antimutagenicity of Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobactrium spp. against 2-nitrofluorene have been conducted utilyzing Salmonella typhimurium TA 98 in order to characterize the activity by the starter and non-starter strains. The average antimutagenic activity of Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobactrium spp. against 2-nitrofluorene was 20.29% and L. plantarum CU 722 revealed the greatest mutation inhibition activity of 50.34%. An intensive antimutagenicity was found in the cell wall and cytoplasm fraction of L. plantarum CU 722 in skim milk culture showing inhibition rate of 34.9% and 24.5% respectively and very low activity remained in cell free broth and in lactic acid. The optimum cultivation time for Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. to inhibit mutation was 24 hours and the optimum preincubation time of the reaction mixture containing the mutagen, lactic culture and indicator strain was 60 minutes, and the optimum incubation time for the test plates was 48 hours.

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Antimutagenic Effects of Bifidobacteria (Bifidobacteria에 의한 항돌연변이 효과)

  • Lee, Sae-Kyung;Ji, Geun-Eog
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.796-799
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    • 1996
  • The antimutagenic properties of twenty-one strains of Bifidobacterium were examined using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 in an in vitro assay system. The mutagens utilized for testing included Trp-P-1 (3-amino-1, 4-dimethyl-$^{5}H-pyrido$ (4, 3-b) indole), benzopyrene, IQ (2-amino -3-methylimidazo [4,5-f] quinoline), and NQO. The lyophilized cells of strain showed inhibitory effect of 64, 38, 29 and 20% in average against Trp-P-1, benzopyrene, NQO and IQ, respectively. There was no marked variation between each strain or growth stage in the degree of antimutagenicity against Trp-P-1, benzopyrene and IQ. Twelve hour grown cells showed higher antimutagenicity against NQO than 5-day grown cells. The results indicate that Bifidobacterium cells had a antimutagenic effect against several well-known mutagens to some degree.

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발효 콩 추출물의 항돌연변이원성 효과

  • 이효진;문선영;전윤영;최승필;이득식;함승시
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.146.2-147
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    • 2003
  • 콩 발효식품은 예로부터 단백질 식품원으로서 뿐만 아니라, 식생활에서 없어서는 안되는 매우 중요한 식품 중의 하나였다. 발효식품에 대한 연구가 부진하였던 과거에는 콩 발효식품은 하나의 식품군으로서의 중요성을 가질 뿐 큰 관심의 대상은 아니었다. 그러나 최근에는 많은 연구자들이 콩 발효시 생성되는 기능성 성분 및 생리활성 효과를 점차 밝혀냄으로서 주목을 받기 시작하였다. 따라서 본 실험에서도 콩 발효에 의한 생리활성 효과를 알아보기 위해 Ames법에 의한 항돌연변이원 효과를 실험하였다. 콩 발효는 국산콩을 이용하여 메주에서 분리한 Bacillus sp. 와 Aspergillus sp.를 복합 발효시켜 동결건조 후, 분쇄하여 실험에 사용하였다. 제조된 발효 콩 분말은 일반분석을 행하였으며, 70% 에탄올로 3회 추출하여 감압농축 후, hexane, chloroform ethyl acetate, butanol 및 aqueous로 분획하여 동결 건조시킨 후, S. typhimurium TA98 및 TA100 균주를 이용한 유전자 복귀 돌연변이 시험을 실시하였다. 그 결과, 70% 에탄을 추출물과 각각의 분획물 자체의 돌연변이원성은 없었다. 또한 항돌연변이원 실험에서는 발암물질로서 직접 돌연변이원인 4NQO와 MNNG, 간접 돌연변이원인 Trp-P-1을 이용하였다. 특히 이들 발암물질 중 MNNG(0.4 $\mu\textrm{g}$/plate)의 경우 TA100 균주에서 ehtyl acetate 분획물에서 다른 분획물보다 높은 86.6%의 억제 효과를 나타내었으며, 대부분의 분획물에서도 70%이상의 억제효과를 나타내었다. 또한 각 분획물에서 농도 의존적으로 억제효과 역시 높았으며, 분획물에 따라 서로 다른 억제효과를 나타내었다.아 저장할 때 대비 저온저장고에서는 111일 동안에 11.7%의 중량감모가 발생하였으나, 신기술투입 저온저장고에서는 5.6%의 중량감모만이 발생하여 약 50%의 중량감모를 줄일 수 있었으며, 배의 색깔이나 경도도 대비구 보다 우수하였다. 4. 배를 비닐로 포장하여 대비 저온저장고에 저장한 경우와 비닐로 포장하지 않고 신기술투입 저온저장고에 저장한 경우를 비교할 때 11월~다음해 1월 까지는 중량감모, 과피색깔 및 경도에 큰 차이가 없었으나, 2월부터는 비닐로 포장하여 대비 저온저장고에 저장한 배의 품질변화가 급격히 증가되어 중량감모, 과피색깔 및 경도가 신기술 투입시 보다 급속하게 나빠졌다.를 저장 25일 경과시까지 유지하였다. 수확 시 높은 품온을 갖고 있는 과일을 산지에서 예냉 처리를 한 후 저온 냉장차를 이용하여 유통한다면 관행 유통 구조보다 고품질의 포도를 유통시킬 수 있는 것으로 사료되며 앞으로는 완숙된 고 당도(12.0~15.0Bx)$^{\circ}$ 포도를 수확 한 즉시 예냉 처리하고 저온 유통한다면 보다 신선한 과일을 소비자에게 전달 할 수 있을 것이다.갈변물질이 생성되었다. 이와 같은 결과로 볼 때, BAAG의 처리는 BAAC의 경우보다 가격은 저렴하면서도 항균력은 우수한 천연 항균복합제재로써 농산물 식품원료에 적용하여 선도유지 기간을 연장할 수 있는 효과를 기대할 수 있었다. 과일 등의 포장제로서 이용할 가능성을 확인하였다.로 [-wh] 겹의문사는 복수 의미를 지닐 수 없 다. 그러면 단수 의미는 어떻게 생성되는가\ulcorner 본 논문에서는 표면적 형태에도 불구하고 [-wh]의미의 겹의문사는 병렬적 관계의 합성어가 아니라 내부구조를 지니지 않은 단순한 단어(minimal $X^{0}$

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Antimutagenic Study on Acanthopanax Koreanum Nakai (섬오가피에 대한 항돌연변이원 시험)

  • Cho, Myung-Chan;Hong, Chang-Eui;Lyu, Su-Yun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.215-219
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    • 2010
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the mutagenicity and antimutagenicity of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai. Antimutagenic study on extract of A. koreanum was studied using the test with Salmonella typhimurium TA100, TA98. And mutagenicity study was studied using the test with S. typhimurium TA100, TA98, TA1535, TA1537 and Escherichia coli WP2 uvr A. A. koreanum was negative in Ames test with S. typhimurium and E. coli with or without S-9 mixture. Test substances of $5000\;{\mu}g/{\mu}l$, $2500\;{\mu}g/{\mu}l$ and $600\;{\mu}g/{\mu}l$ of A. koreanum extracts were chosen via toxicity test. Ames test was performed on positive control group, experimental group and negative control group in the presence of the metabolic activation system and metabolic non-activation system. As a result, there was no coherent increase and reverse mutation in all concentrations. Therefore, A. koreanum does not cause reverse mutation. In addition, A. koreanum showed strong antimutagenic activities in S. typhimurim TA100 and TA98. In conclusion, A. koreanum root may be an excellent antimutagenic agent.

Antimutagenic Effects of Enzymatic Browning Reaction Products of polyphenol Compounds by polyphenoloxidase derived from Mushroom(Agaricus bisporus) (양송이 유래 Polyphenoloxidase에 의한 Polyphenol 화합물의 효소적 갈변생성물의 돌연변이 억제효과)

  • Oh, Heung-Seok;Ham, Seung-Si
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 1992
  • The antimutagenic effects of enzymatic browning reaction products (MEBRPs) of polyphenol compounds (catechol, homocatechol, hydroxyhydroquinone, pyrogallol) by enzyme extracted from mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) were demonstrated through spore rec-assay using B. subtilis $H17(rec^+)$ and $M45(rec^-)$, Ames test using S. typhimurium TA98 and TA100 and SOS chromotest using E. coli PQ37/plasmid pKM101. In spore rec-assay, the MEBRPs showed antimutagenic effects by decreasing of the inhibition zone induced by MNNG. In Ames test with S-9mix in both TA98 and TA100, all of MEBRPs showed strong antimutagenic effects of about 21 to 99% against mutation by $B({\alpha})P$ and Trp-P-1, as adding $300\;{\mu}l$ of the MEBRPs. In SOS chromotest, MEBRPs showed antimutagenic effects by inhibiting the SOS-inducing function induced by 4NQO and MMC, as increasing in concentration of the MEBRPs. But they did not showed mutagenicity in these bacterial assays.

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Antimutagenic and Antioxidative Effects of Methanol Extract of Pine Pollen (송화 메탄올 추출물의 항산화적 항돌연변이 효과)

  • 박정섭;안병용;최동성
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to investigate the antimutagenic and antioxidative activities of pine pollen with respect to the microbial mutation induced by various mutagens such as 1-NP, daunomycin, 2-NF, MNNG, NaN$_3$, 4NQO, 4-NOPD, AFB$_1$, Trp-P-1, 2-AF and oxidative mutagens such as t-BOOH, H$_2$O$_2$. Pine pollen, originally extracted with hexane, was reextracted with 70% methanol. The results obtained using the methanol extract, in terms of the antimutagenicity observed in relation to ten kinds of mutagens, showed that it exhibited 17.8, 82.2 and 80.9% inhibitory effects against daunomycin, AFB$_1$, and Trp-P-1, respectively, in Salmonella. typhimurium TA98 and a 72.3% inhibitory effect against AFB$_1$in S. tyPhimurium TA100. In terms of the antimutagenicity exhibited in relation to t-BOOH, a 72.3% inhibitory effect was observed, but no antimutagenicity was observed in relation to the other mutagens and strains. The methanol extract was further fractionated by chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol. In S. typhimurium TA98, the chloroform(150 $\mu\textrm{g}$/plate) fraction showed strong antimutagenic effects of 55.6%, 93.7% and 93.5%, while the ethyl acetate(100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/plate) fraction showed 11.4%, 74.3% and 85.2% in relation to the mutagenicity induced by daunomycin, AFB$_1$and Trp-P-1, respectively. In S. typhimurium TA100, the chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions showed antimutagenic effects of 95.1% and 62.5%, respectively, on the mutagenicity induced by AFB$_1$. In S. typhimurium TA102, the chloroform fraction showed an antimutagenic effect of 93.6% on the mutagenicity induced by t-BOOH.