• Title, Summary, Keyword: 할인율

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An Analysis of Discount Rate for the Investment Analysis of the CDM Projects (CDM 사업 투자분석을 위한 적용 할인율 분석)

  • Shin, Donghee;Cho, Yongsung
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.127-140
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    • 2013
  • The present work analyzes the source and level of discount rate/benchmark for investment analysis on almost 4 thousand registered CDM, one of the Kyoto mechanisms, projects. As a result of analysis, the source and level of discount rate is changed as the passage of time and there are some countries that prefer certain sources and level. By project types, there is no difference among the sources but the level is not same. As the level of capital market development higher, there is a trend on changes in applying the source of discount rate, but the level is not different among groups. Finally there are no specific preferences on the sources on applying discount rate by DOE. And On analyzing, whether including China CDM projects or not influence the analysis results because China have registered a large number of projects.

A Study on the Technology Evaluation of Development of Tyvek Planting Techniques in Citrus (감귤 다공질 필름 멀칭 재배법의 기술가치평가)

  • Ko, Seong-Bo
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.148-151
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구의 목적은 농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 감귤시험장에서 개발된 감귤 다공질 필름 멀칭재배법의 기술가치를 평가하는 것이다. 이는 농업 R&D사업의 효율성과 실용성 제고를 위하여 이용될 수 있을 것이다. 분석결과에 따르면, 감귤다공질 필름 멀칭 재배법 개발에 따른 기술가치평가액은 할인율 수준에 따라 최소 421.64억 원(할인율 10%)에서 최대 550.18억 원(할인율 6%), 평균 480.34억 원(할인율 8%)으로 추정되고, 내부수익율 IRR의 값은 가정했던 할인율(6%~10%)보다 훨씬 크고, 순현재가치(NPV)는 영보다 훨씬 크며, B/C 비율도 20 이상으로 나타나 감귤 다공질 필름 멀칭 재배법 개발사업의 경제적 타당성은 있는 것으로 판단된다.

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A Study on the Technology Ealuation of Development of New Variety of Citrus (감귤 신품종 개발의 기술가치 평가)

  • Ko, Seong-Bo
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.781-784
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구의 목적은 농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 감귤시험장에서 개발된 감귤신품종인 하례조생의 개발의 기술가치를 평가하는 것이다. 이는 농업 R&D사업의 효율성과 실용성 제고를 위하여 이용될 수 있을 것이다. 분석결과에 따르면, 감귤신품종 개발에 따른 기술가치평가액은 할인율 수준에 따라 최소 638.7억 원 (할인율 10%)에서 최대 1,088.7억 원(할인율 6%), 평균 829.17억 원(할인율 8%)으로 추정되고, 내부수익율 IRR의 값은 가정했던 할인율(6%~10%)보다 훨씬 크고, 순현재가치(NPV)는 영보다 훨씬 크며, B/C 비율도 60 이상으로 나타나 신품종개발사업의 경제적 타당성은 있는 것으로 판단된다.

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공공투자(公共投資)의 적정할인율(滴定割引率) 분석(分析)

  • Lee, Seon
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.109-134
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    • 1987
  • 현재 우리나라 공공투자(公共投資)의 비용편익분석(費用便益分析)에서 사용되는 사회적할인율(社會的割引率)은 13%로서 이는 1981년에 산정된 민간부문(民間部門)의 투자수익률(投資收益率)을 근거로 채택된 수준이다. 본고(本稿)에서는 최근 우리나라 경제여건(經濟與件)의 변화를 반영하여 사회적할인율(社會的割引率)의 적정수준을 산정하였다. 분석방법(分析方法)으로서 소비이자율(消費利子率), 생산자이자율(生産者利子率), 그리고 자본비용(資本費用)을 계산하였다. 동시에 OECD, UNIDO, 그리고 세계은행(世界銀行)의 계산방법에 따른 각 할인율(割引率)을 산정하고 그 범위를 제시하였다. 분석결과에 따르면 소비이자율(消費利子率)이 8.3~11.8%, 생산자이자율(生産者利子率)이 7.5~13.5%, 자본비용(資本費用)이 8.3~10.3% 수준을 보이고 있다. OECD 방법(方法)에 의하면 8.9~13.0%, UNIDO 방법(方法)에 따르면 4~10%, 세계은행(世界銀行) 방법(方法)에 의하면 7.0~9.8%로 산정되었다. 이와 같은 분석결과를 종합적으로 검토할 때 우리나라의 사회적할인율(社會的割引率)은 7.0~13.5% 범위로 산정되며 적정할인율(適正割引率)은 10% 수준으로 추정된다.

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Communication Effects of Sex-Appeal Fashion POP Advertising -Focused on Nudity Type and Discount Message Use- (섹스어필 패션 POP 광고의 커뮤니케이션 효과 -노출유형과 할인율 메시지 사용을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Hyun-Hee;Jeon, Jung-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.929-937
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    • 2009
  • This study was intended to identify the differences in communication effects according to nudity type and discount message use in the context of sex-appeal fashion POP advertising. For the experiment, 8 stimuli were developed as experimental stimuli for the 4 (nudity type (nude, semi-nude, body-consciousness, non nude)) $\times$ 2 (discount messages (available, not available)) factorial design. A total of 280 questionnaires allocating thirty-five students to each group were distributed. The results were as follows. First, there were significant differences in advertising affect, attitude toward advertising, and brand attitude according to nudity type of sex-appeal fashion POP advertising. Second, there was no significant difference in communication effects by discount message use. Third, there was interaction effect according to nudity type and discount message use on the aspect of advertising cognition.

A Study on the Technology Evaluation of Development of New Variety of Citrus Unshiu (감귤 신품종(하양조생)개발의 기술가치의 평가)

  • Ko, Seong-Bo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2016
  • This study evaluated the economic value of the development of a new variety of Citrus unshiu using the income approach, Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), and Benefit/Cost (B/C) ratio. The new variety of Citrus unshiu was developed by the national institute of horticultural and herbal science in Korea, rural development administration. The technological evaluation of the development of a new variety of Citrus unshiu can be used to improve the efficiency and practicality of the development of a new variety of citrus. From the research results, the technological value of development of a new variety of Citrus unshui was evaluated at 109,455(discount rate=8%, minimum), 195,040(discount rate=4%, maximum), and 145,375(discount rate=6%, average) million won. The IRR was 51.4%, which was greater than the discount rate(4~8%). The NPV was evaluated at 145.3 billion won(discount rate=6%, average), 195.0 billion won(discount rate=4%, maximum) and 109.4 billion won(discount rate=8%, minimum), all of which were greater than 0. The B/C ratio was evaluated at 60.9(discount rate=6%, average), 81.3(discount rate=4%, maximum) and 46.1(discount rate=8%, minimum), all of which were greater than 1. Therefore, the economic validity of the development of a new variety of Citrus unshiu was identified by this technological evaluation.

횡단면(橫斷面) 자료(資料)를 이용한 시간할인율(時間割引率)의 추정(推定)

  • Go, Yeong-Seon
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.125-146
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    • 1994
  • 본(本) 논문(論文)에서는 1993년에 퇴직한 공무원(公務員)들에 대한 자료(資料)를 사용하여 이들의 시간할인율(時間割引率)을 측정하였다. 시간할인율(時間割引率)은 여러 경제학 모형에서 개인(個人)의 소비(消費)와 저축행태(貯蓄行態)를 결정짓는 중요한 요소로 등장한다. 시간할인율(時間割引率)을 추정한 기존의 실증분석(實證分析)들은 1% 내외의 매우 낮은 추정치(推定値)를 보고하고 있으며, 심지어 음(-)인 경우도 있다. 이러한 낮은 추정치는 시간할인율(時間割引率)이 실질적으로 거의 아무런 역할을 하지 않음을 의미한다. 그러나 기존의 실증분석(實證分析)은 대부분 거시(巨視) 시계열자료(時系列資料)를 사용하여 경제내의 대표적(代表的) 개인(個人)(representative individual)이라는 가상적 존재의 시간할인율(時間割引率)을 추정하였다는 단점을 갖는다. 본(本) 논문(論文)에서는 우리나라의 퇴직공무원들에 대한 미시(微視) 횡단면자료(橫斷面資料)를 사용하여 실존하는 각 개인(個人)의 시간할인율(時間割引率)을 추정하였고, 그 결과 기존의 연구(硏究)에서와는 달리 시간할인율(時間割引率)이 평균적으로 14~15% 정도의 매우 높은 값을 가짐을 발견하였다. 이러한 결과는 개인(個人)의 노후생활(老後生活) 안정(安定)을 위한 저축(貯蓄)을 각 개인(個人)의 자발적인 의사에 일임하기보다는 공적(公的), 사적연금제도(私的年金制度)를 통하여 강제하는 것이 합리적일 수 있음을 보여준다.

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A Study on the Build-up Model for the Discount Rate of Technology Valuation including Intellectual Property Risk (지식자산위험을 고려한 기술가치평가 할인율 적산모형에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Oong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.241-263
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    • 2008
  • Within any income approach, a discount rate is used to convert some projected free cash flow to its presented value. In case of valuing companies, the most frequently used discount rate is the weighted average cost of capital(WACC) at the aggregate level. But technology valuation is different to discounting aggregate corporate cash flow since it is concerned about individual Intellectual property. Therefore, blindly applying standard discount rate such as WACC in technology valuation is unlikely to lead to the right result. The primary focus of this paper is to establish the structure of discount rate for technology valuation and to suggest the method of estimation. To determine an appropriate discount rate for technology valuation, the level of technology risk, market risk and competitive risk should be included in the structure of discount rate. This paper suggests the build-up model which consists of three components as a expansion of the CAPM. It includes (1) a risk-free rate of return, (2) general market risk premium and beta and (3) intellectual property risk premium related to technology risk and specific target market risk. However, there is no specific check list for examining the intellectual property risk until now and no specific method for quantifying its risk into risk premium. This paper developed the 10 element to determine the level of the intellectual property risk and applied estimation function such as linear function, natural log function and exponential function to transform the level of risk into risk premium. The limitation of this paper is that the range of intellectual property risk premium is inferred based on the information of foreign and domestic valuation agency. Finally, this paper explored the development of an intellectual property discount rate for technology valuation and presented the method in order to quantify the intellectual property risk premium.

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Benefit Cost Analysis of Automatic Eggshell Crack Detection System (계란 실시간 자동 파각란 검사시스템의 비용 편익분석)

  • Lin, Qing-Long;Yeo, Jun-Ho
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 2014
  • This study performed a benefit cost analysis of an automatic eggshell crack detection system. Based on various cost benefit analysis methods, including the net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and benefit cost ratio (B/C Ratio), the automatic eggshell crack detection system was confirmed to have economic validity. The NPVs were 175,035,645 won at a 5% discount rate and 129,082,393 won at a 10% discount rate. Plus, the IRRs were 0.686 at a 5% discount rate and 0.660 at a 10% discount rate. Finally, the B/C ratios were 1.981 at a 5% discount rate and 1.900 at a 10% discount rate.

Economic Feasibility of Automatic Egg Washer (계란 자동세척기의 경제적 타당성 평가)

  • Lin, Qing-Long;Yeo, Jun-Ho
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2014
  • This study assessed the economic feasibility of an automatic egg washer. Based on various cost benefit analysis methods, including the net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR) and benefit cost ratio (B/C Ratio), the automatic egg washer was confirmed to have economic feasibility. The NPVs were 38,565,991 won at 5% discount rate and 32,013,916 won at 10% discount rate, respectively. The IRRs were 1.325 at 5% discount rate and 1.299 at 10% discount rate, respectively. Finally, the B/C ratios were 1.726 at 5% discount rate and 1.699 at 10% discount rate.