• Title/Summary/Keyword: 학습 형식

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Analysis of Teacher-Students Interactions in the Image of Science Class by Elementary Preservice Teachers (초등학교 예비교사들의 과학 수업 이미지에 나타난 상호작용 분석)

  • Jeon, Kyungmoon
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.318-328
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the teacher-students interactions shown in the images of elementary science class by preservice teachers. We applied nine analysis criteria in three domains such as emotional support (climate, regard for student perspectives, teacher sensitivity), classroom organization (instructional learning formats, behavior management, productivity), and instructional support (quality of feedback, language modeling, concept development) in the aspects of positive or negative interactions The results show that majority of student-teachers tended to prefer positive interactions especially regarding instructional learning formats or concept development. For the image of avoided class, they tended to show negative interactions related to instructional learning formats or regard for student perspectives. However, they showed extremely lower frequencies for some categories of negative interactions. Female preservice teachers tended to have slightly higher frequencies for some positive interactions than their counterpart. The findings indicate possible approaches to teachers' professional development and further research.

The Effect of Learning Type on Ambidextrous Organizational Performance: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Organizational Support and Moderating Effect of Relational Culture (학습 형식이 양면적 조직성과에 미치는 영향: 조직 지원 인식의 매개 및 관계 문화의 조절효과)

  • Park, Youngyong;Kwon, SangJib
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.388-401
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the mediation or moderation effect of the characteristics of perceived organizational support (POS) and relational culture on the ambidextrous organizational performance such as exploration and exploitation. This study empirically verified using the human capital corporate panel 548 data provided by Korea research institute for vocational education & training. The empirical results of the present study are as follows. First, it is shown that formal learning and informal learning provided to the members have a positive effect on ambidextrous organizational performance. In addition, POS showed that full and partial mediation effects of the formal learning and informal learning on ambidextrous organizational performance. Finally, relational culture have an important influence on positively moderating the relationship between informal learning and exploitative performance.

Empirical Analysis on the Impact of Workplace Learning on Human Resource Performance of Construction Engineer (건설기술인력의 일터학습 참여가 인적자원성과에 미치는 영향에 대한 실증분석)

  • Shim, Yongbo;Chang, Chul-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the participation of vocational training program of construction engineers and the impact of workplace learning (formal learning and informal learning) on human resource performances of construction engineers. The data of 306 construction engineers were extracted from 10,069 workers in various industries those were collected by 6th human resource company panel survey done by Korea Research Institute of Vocational Education & Training. This study found that, compared with workers in other industries, participation rate of construction engineers in workplace learning (formal learning, informal learning) was relatively low, and especially the participation rate of informal learning was significantly low. Regression analysis showed that participation in formal learning did not affect positive job performance and job satisfaction. On the other hand, informal learning has a positive effect on job capability, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.

Ethics Education for Information Communication by using UCC (UCC를 활용한 정보통신윤리교육)

  • Lee, Ho;Lee, Jae-Ho
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2008
  • 오늘날 시대는 컴퓨터 기술과 정보통신기술의 발달로 유비쿼터스 시대와 맞물려 다양한 곳에서 정보통신기술이 활용되고 있으나 그와 더불어 많은 문제점들이 발생하고 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 정보통신윤리교육의 필요성을 강조하고 그동안의 교육 현장에서 학생들에게 일방적으로 주입하고 전달하던 교수-학습 형식을 벗어나 학생들이 흥미를 갖고 접근할 수 있도록 정보통신윤리 관련 UCC를 학생들이 직접 제작하여 교수-학습에 활용할 수 있는 방안을 제안하였다. 이를 통해 학생들 스스로 능동적이고 자발적으로 학습에 임하여 정보화의 역기능에 적극적으로 대처할 수 있는 태도를 견지하고 올바른 정보통신윤리 의식의 실천의지를 다지며 보다 심화된 정보통신윤리 의식을 함양시킬 수 있을 것이다.

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The Case Study on Informal Learning in the Workplace for Social Workers -Based on Social Welfare Centers in Jeju- (사회복지사의 일터에서 나타난 무형식학습 사례연구 -제주지역 종합사회복지관을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Junghee;Ko, Suhee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.1
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    • pp.87-111
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze informal learning cases including learning work and being skillful of social workers in the workplace. In addition, it is to examine the promotion plan of informal learning to reinforce competences of social workers in the development of human resources and managemental way. This is a qualitative case study that was involved 20 social workers working in social welfare centers in Jeju. Face to face in-depth interviews were used for collected data. Nvivo10, qualitative data analysis program, was used for analyzing data. According to the findings, the most normal informal learning method in their workplace was to get feedback from the boss including adapting the system of a workplace senior, participating in the meetings, reviewing various media and etc. In addition, feedback from the boss and contacting with acquaintances were used the most as the informal learning method in the learning work and being skillful process of social workers and focused on communication with human resources. Therefore, social welfare centers need to create working environments to promote informal activities such as supporting individual learning, informal meetings, mentoring, supervision, interacting with colleagues and etc as well as supporting institutional formal learning including refresher training to reinforce the capabilities for social workers.

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Statistical Literacy of Fifth and Sixth Graders in Elementary School about the Beginning Inference from a Pictograph Task ('그림그래프에서 추론하기' 과제에서 나타나는 초등학교 5, 6학년 학생들의 통계적 소양)

  • Moon, Eunhye;Lee, Kwangho
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.149-166
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the statistical literacy in elementary school students when they beginning inference. Picto-graphs provide statistical information and often data-related arguments they certainly qualify as objects for interpretation, for critical evaluation, and for discussion or communication of the conclusions presented. For research, the inference from pictograph task was designed and statistical literacy standards for evaluating the student's level was presented based on prior studies. Evaluating student's statistical literacy is meaningful in that it can check their current level. To know the student's current level can help them achieve a higher level of performance. The outcomes of this research indicate that pictograph can provide a basis for rich tasks displaying not only student's counting skills but also their appreciation of variation and uncertainty in prediction. Raising statistical thinking by students is an important goal in statistical education, and the experience of informal statistical reasoning can help with formal statistical reasoning that will be learned later. Therefore, the task about the inference from a pictograph, discussions on statistical learning of elementary school children are expected to present meaningful implications for statistical education.

A Study on the Informal Learning Characteristics of Sports Center Leaders from a Constructivist Perspective (구성주의 관점에서 스포츠센터 지도자의 무형식 학습 특성에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Seung-Yong;Li, Jing
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the constructivist perspective and the characteristics of informal learning in relation to work place learning of sports center leaders through a theoretical approach. For this reason, informal learning has important learning meaning because sports center leaders based on informal learning enable them to develop their professionalism through workplace learning in terms of experience and practice in promoting the process of growth and learning. Can be. In addition, the leaders in the sports center coaching sites lack formal learning opportunities in workplace learning compared to office workers in general companies. Therefore, the type of informal learning and the way to improve learning should be presented. This part is considered to be an educational element as an important factor for the professionalism of sports center leaders. In addition, the establishment of a workplace learning environment in personal, environmental, institutional and organizational aspects will help sports center leaders to increase their professionalism.

The Development and Application of Girih tiling Program for the Math-Gifted Student in Elementary School (Girih 타일링을 이용한 초등수학영재 프로그램 개발 및 적용 연구)

  • Park, Hye-Jeong;Cho, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.619-637
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a new program for elementary math-gifted students by using 'Girih Tililng' and apply it to the elementary students to improve their math-ability. Girih Tililng is well known for 'the secrets of mathematics hidden in Mosque decoration' with lots of recent attention from the world. The process of this study is as follows; (1) Reference research has been done for various tiling theories and the theories have been utilized for making this study applicable. (2) The characteristic features of Mosque tiles and their basic structures have been analyzed. After logical examination of the patterns, their mathematic attributes have been found out. (3) After development of Girih tiling program, the program has been applied to math-gifted students and the program has been modified and complemented. This program which has been developed for math-gifted students is called 'Exploring the Secrets of Girih Hidden in Mosque Patterns'. The program was based on the Renzulli's three-part in-depth learning. The first part of the in-depth learning activity, as a research stage, is designed to examine Islamic patterns in various ways and get the gifted students to understand and have them motivated to learn the concept of the tiling, understanding the characteristics of Islamic patterns, investigating Islamic design, and experiencing the Girih tiles. The second part of the in-depth learning activity, as a discovery stage, is focused on investigating the mathematical features of the Girih tile, comparing Girih tiled patterns with non-Girih tiled ones, investigating the mathematical characteristics of the five Girih tiles, and filling out the blank of Islamic patterns. The third part of the in-depth learning activity, as an inquiry or a creative stage, is planned to show the students' mathematical creativity by thinking over different types of Girih tiling, making the students' own tile patterns, presenting artifacts and reflecting over production process. This program was applied to 6 students who were enrolled in an unified(math and science) gifted class of D elementary school in Daejeon. After analyzing the results produced by its application, the program was modified and complemented repeatedly. It is expected that this program and its materials used in this study will guide a direction of how to develop methodical materials for math-gifted education in elementary schools. This program is originally developed for gifted education in elementary schools, but for further study, it is hoped that this study and the program will be also utilized in the field of math-gifted or unified gifted education in secondary schools in connection with 'Penrose Tiling' or material of 'quasi-crystal'.

The Influence of Small Enterprise Workplace Learning on Management Performance: The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction (소상공인 일터학습이 경영성과에 미치는 영향 직무만족을 매개로)

  • Choi, Jeong-Hee;Bae, Byung Yun;Hyun, Byung-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 2020
  • This study is based on workplace learning, which has revealed its significant influence in the previous enterprise case studies. Why do small business owners have the opportunity to participate in workplace learning based on authenticity? It was intended to clarify whether it was necessary and to increase the growth and development potential of small business owners based on its contents. Moreover, this study is focused on identifying the influence of workplace learning on management performance through this series of processes. In order to investigate the influence of small enterprise workplace learning on management performance, research hypotheses were set based on a review of previous studies, and empirical analysis was carried out. A total of 203 questionnaires were empirically analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program. As a result, first, workplace learning had partially significant positive influence on job satisfaction. Second, workplace learning had significant positive influence on management performance. Third, job satisfaction had significant positive influence on management performance. Fourth, job satisfaction had partial mediating effect in the relationship between workplace learning and management performance. The analysis result showed that among sub-factors of workplace learning, only formal learning did not affect job satisfaction and that job satisfaction did not have mediating effect in the relationship between formal learning and management performance. According to analysis, this was because in poor small enterprise environments, opportunities to participate in formal learning like external training or in-house training were not kept. In other words, poor small enterprise environments were plainly revealed from the managerial, economic and social standpoint. Therefore, there is a need to establish the foundation of growth for them to solve problems and develop win-win development capabilities and an institutional system that can make a contribution to policy and education, and management, by helping small enterprises keep opportunities to participate in workplace learning. In spite of these significant study results, there can be a limitation. For improving this limitation, further research will need to target diverse fields focusing on samples, which can explain relations of many different variables. Also, working-level relation research connected to studies that can highly enhance management performance will be required.