• Title, Summary, Keyword: 학령전기 아동

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Relationship between Preschool Child-Mother Interaction, Child's Health Status, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Social Development (학령전기 아동과 어머니의 상호작용, 아동 건강 상태, 건강 관련 삶의 질 및 사회적 발달 간의 관계)

  • Park, Sunghee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.255-263
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine relationship of preschool child and mother interaction, child's health status, health-related quality of life and social development. Also, it was intended to provide a basis for development of mother-child interaction programs. Methods: The present study was a descriptive research. Participants in this study were a convenience sample of 230 preschool children and their mothers. For the final analysis 209 questionnaires were used after eliminating questionnaires with incomplete responses. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The mean score for interaction between preschool child and mother was $3.96{\pm}0.55$ out of 5 points, for child health status, $3.75{\pm}0.62$ out of 5 points, for child's health-related quality of life, $83.89{\pm}10.20$ out of 100 points and for child's social development, $19.66{\pm}3.57$ out of 24 points. Positive correlations were found between interaction of preschool child and mother, child's health status, health-related quality of life, and social development. Conclusion: The results demonstrate the importance of the quality of the relationship between mother, the child's primary caregiver, and her child for the healthy growth and development of preschool children. It is suggested that intervention programs for preschool child-mother interaction should be developed using evidence based data.

Health Status of Vulnerable Preschool Children and Their Mothers' Health Management (취약계층 학령전기 아동의 건강상태와 어머니의 아동 건강관리실태)

  • Kang, Young-Sil;Kwon, In-Soo
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out preschool children's health status and their mothers' health management in the vulnerable classes. Methods: The assessment tool was developed, taken into consideration existing studies, materials produced by the customized visiting health care system, and review of visiting nurses of health centers and related experts. Data were collected January to February 2010 from 259 mothers by visiting nurses, and analyzed using SAS program for descriptive statistics. Results: Body weight less than 3 percentile was found for 5.0% children and over 97 percentile for 7.7%. Atopy was found in 17.8% children, no hand-washing after toileting and before meal in 30.9% and 36.7% respectively, no breakfast in 15.8%, and irregular meal in 32.0%. Sex education was made by 45.7% mothers, regular dental check by 56.6%, and hearing and eyesight test by 61.1% and 66.8% respectively. Home environment for upbringing is 34.3 in the scale of 41, and accident prevention 17.5 in the scale of 22. Conclusion: It is necessary to make an intervention on children's weight, personal sanitation and meal time in the vulnerable classes. Mothers need to be educated for appropriate health care, and home environments to improve upbringing and accident prevention.

Factors Influencing Maternal Support for Physical Activity of Preschool Children (학령전기 아동 어머니의 아동 신체활동 지지)

  • Ra, Jin Suk;Chae, Sun-Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore maternal physical activity support for preschool children. Methods: Survey methodology using a self-administered questionnaire was employed. Mothers with preschool children from a daycare center in Daejeon participated in the study. One hundred and fifty-six questionnaires were analyzed. Results: Mothers with preschool children showed a moderate level of physical activity support for their children. Significant factors affecting physical activity support of mothers were monthly household income (${\beta}$=.417, p=.002), maternal self-efficacy for physical activity support (${\beta}$=.231, p=.003), information for physical activity support (${\beta}$=.173, p=.022), and experience of education about physical activity support (${\beta}$=.237, p=.002). These variables explained 26.4% of the variance in physical activity support (F=7.628, p<.001). Conclusion: To improve maternal support for increasing physical activity of preschool children, maternal education and appropriate information should be provided to improve self-efficacy for physical activity support.

The effect of parental self-esteem on children's emotional responsiveness and attention: through the child's self-esteem (부모의 자아존중감이 학령전기 아동의 정서적 반응성과 주의집중에 미치는 영향: 아동의 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Han, Jeong-Won;Lee, Hanna
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.628-636
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to analyze the effects of parents' self-esteem on preschool aged children's emotional responses and attention, mediated by their self-esteem, utilizing data from the 7th Panel Study of Korean Children. This study analyzed the main survey of the 7th year survey of the Panel Study on Korean Children and 1383 families from which both parents participated in the survey (1383 couples of parents and 1383 children). The results revealed that mother's self-esteem had a direct effect on children's self-esteem and that children's self-esteem had direct effects on their emotional responses and attention. Mother's self-esteem also had direct effects on children's emotional responses and attention, as well as indirect effects on their emotional responsiveness and attention, and these effects were mediated by parents' self-esteem. Overall, the study revealed the impact of parents' self-esteem on children's emotional responsiveness and attention and provided basic data for the development of an education program for preschool aged children and parents. Thus, it is necessary to develop educational programs to improve preschool aged children's self-esteem and to develop a program for the formation and maintenance of mother's positive self-esteem.

Factors Associated with the Problem Behaviors Perceived by Mothers of Pre-school Age Children (학령전기 아동의 어머니가 인지한 아동의 문제행동 관련요인)

  • Yoo, Il-Young;Yoo, Hyun-Jung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the problem behaviors perceived by mothers of pre-school age children. Methods: The participants were 211 mothers living in 3 cities in Korea. The data were collected from May to June 2009 using a self-reported questionnaire including demographic data, child rearing-attitude, and K-CBCL 1.5-5. The data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 12.0 version. Results: Factors related to the mothers' perception on problem behaviors of their preschool child were; first born child, economic status, rearing attitude and occupational status of mother. Conclusion: According to the result of this study, mothers reporting lower economic status perceived their children with more behavioral problems. Also, compared to the second or only child, the first born children were perceived to have more problems. Further study is needed to understand the mother and child interaction among these groups to implement appropriate parent education and counseling.

A Preliminary Study on Motor Ability of Preschool Aged Children by Using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2) Short Form (Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2(BOT-2) 단축형을 사용한 학령전기 아동의 운동능력에 대한 연구)

  • Hong, Ki-hoon;Kim, Do-yeon;Kang, Hye-bin;Park, Tae-yeong;Yun, Eun-jeong;Lee, Ji-yeong;Jung, Hye-rim
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2016
  • Objective : This study aimed to provide the preliminary data as a pilot study on standardizing BOT-2 by using an assessment criteria linked to Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP) short form for the children with preschool years(4-6 year old) in South Korea. Methods : A total of 81 children aged 4-6 in Busan and Gimhae were participated in this study. They were evaluated by using BOT-2 SF. It provides the average values and standard deviations about the abilities of praxis along with descriptive statistical analyses, and has the verification of gender differences by using independent t-test and using ANOVA for discrepancies in the abilities of praxis. Results : There were significance difference in the total raw score between four and five (p=.000), the items on fine motor accuracy between five and six year olds (p=.014). Girls showed higher scores than boys in fine motor accuracy, fine motor integration and balance (p=.022, p=.006, p=.031). Also, mean raw scores of 4 and 5 year olds (p=.007, =.000), and the all age group's standard scores were higher than the age in American children who were the participants of BOT-2. Conclusion : This study suggested the average of each item with regard to the ability of motor praxis about the children of preschool ages and showed the dissimilarity in the ability of motor praxis between age and gender, also between the participants in this study and American children who were participants of BOT-2. The research could provide basic data for future studies to standardize BOT-2 SF for korean preschoolers.

MENTAL REPRESENTATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN:ASSOCIATION WITH PARENTAL MENTAL REPRESENTATION (학령전기 아동의 심적 표상 : 부모에 대한 심적 표상과의 관계를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyung-Sook;Lee, Hae-Ran;Shin, Yee-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 1999
  • The clinical assessment for preschool children who are known to have problems in selfreporting tends to be dependent on outsiders' reporting. Thus, the direct assessment of children's inner experience, thoughts and feelings is difficult. MacArthur Story-Stem Battery(MSSB) developed to learn more about preschool children's mental representation in play is used in this study to help assess clinical preschool children through developmental study of normal children's mental representation. Fifty five children(32boys and 23girls) who performed MSSB, IQ Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised(PPVT) were videotaped and were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows:1) Children frequently displayed negative mental representation such as atypical negative response, reparation/guilt, punishment, personal injury and so on during emotionally laden play situation. 2) Mental representation of parent appeared positive, disciplinary, and negative in respective. 3) As a result of factor analysis of MSSB content themes, aggressive, prosocial, and oppositional content theme composites were generated. Aggressive content included atypical negative response, aggression, personal injury, and exclusion. Prosocial content included affection, affiliation, and reparation/guilt. Oppositional content included punishment and non-compliance. 4) Mental representation of parent and content themes showed significant correlation. Positive, negative, and disciplinary representation were significantly correlated for prosocial(r=0.40), aggressive (r=0.52), and oppositional(r=0.75) content theme respectively. 5) Among the correlations between parental mental representations and emotional responses, positive parental representation and anxiety showed significant negative correlation(r=-0.43). 6) Among the correlations between content themes and emotional responses, there were significant positive correlations between aggressive(r=0.28) and oppositional content themes(r=0.29) and distress, and were significant negative correlations between prosocial content theme and concern(r=-0.29) and anxiety(r=-0.43). According to the above results, preschool children frequently displayed negative mental representation in emotionally conflictual play situation. Children with more prosocial themes in their stories exhibit more positive parental mental representation. Also, children with more aggressive themes tend to display more negative parental representation and negative emotional responses.

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Differentiation of Children's Emotion with Electrodermal Activity (피부전기반응을 이용한 아동의 정서 구분)

  • 장은혜;이경화;양경혜;방석원;김재우;이형기;손진훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2001
  • 정서와 생리 반응간의 관계에 대한 연구는 주로 성인을 대상으로 이루어졌고, 최근에는 아동정서에 대하나 생리반응 연구도 증가하고 있다. 본 연구는 교감신경계의 활성화 지표인 피부전기 반응을 이용하여 아동의 정서를 구분하는데 목적이 있다. 실험참여자들은 남녀 학령 전\ulcorner학령 아동 132명이었다. 다섯 정서를 유발하기 위해 사용한 자극세트는 각 정서를 유발하는데 적합하다고 평가되는 배경음악과 조명 하에서 인형을 통해 들려주는 정서유발이야기로 구성되었다. 정서가 유발되기 전 안정상태와 정서를 경험하는 동안 피부전기활동을 측정하였다. 안정상태에 비해 모든 정서상태에서 피부전기반응이 통계적으로 유의미하게 변화하였다. 다섯 정서간에 피부전기반응의 변인들인, 피부전도수준, 피부전도수준의 수와 피부전도반응의 크기에서 유의미한 차이가 나타났다. 이 결과는 피부전기반응을 이용하여 아동의 정서 구분이 가능함을 시사한다.

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Recognition of Mother-Child Interaction by Preschoolers' Mothers (학령전기 아동 어머니의 모아상호작용에 대한 인식)

  • Park, Sung-Hee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore recognition of mother-child interaction by preschoolers' mothers. Methods: Data were collected through in-depth interviews with mothers of 12 preschoolers. The data were analyzed following Downe-Wamboldt's content analysis methodology. Results: From the data, 170 significant statements were selected and were classified into 7 categories and three domains (maternal, child, dyadic). First, the maternal domain consisted of maternal sensitivity, acceptable responsiveness, and child developmental encouragement. Second, the child domain consisted of child's sensitivity, responsiveness, and initiative. Third, the dyadic domain consisted of mutuality. Conclusion: These results suggest that preschoolers' mothers recognize the significant qualitative aspects of interaction with their children. Based on these results, instruments for preschooler-mother interaction need to be developed.

Assessment Tools of Sensory Processing for Preschool-Aged Children: A Systematic Review (학령전기 아동을 위한 감각처리 평가도구의 체계적 고찰)

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Shin, Hyeon-Hui;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2015
  • Objective : The purpose of the study was to investigate the characteristics and psychometric properties of assessments which were developed to measure sensory processing functions of preschool-aged children. Method : Comprehensive search for assessments measuring sensory processing functions was administered by using multiple electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL and PsycINFO. The titles and abstracts from the retrieved papers were screened. Then assessment tools that met all of the inclusion criteria were selected. Results : Thirty-eight assessments were identified. There were eight assessment tools that met the pre-defined inclusion criteria. Sensory Processing Measure-Preschool (SPM-P) was verified to be the most reliable and valid assessment tool, whereas Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ), Sense & Self-Regulation Checklist (SSRC), and Sensory Processing Scale Assessment (SPSA) showed inadequate reliability and validity. Conclusion : Based on the results from this systematic review, it would be useful for clinicians and researchers to select assessment tools of sensory processing for preschool-aged children.