• Title, Summary, Keyword: 학대원인

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A Study on the Case Analysis in the Causes of Child Abuse by His Parents (부모에 의한 아동학대 발생원인의 사례분석 연구)

  • Kim, Hyang-Mi;Hong, Sung-Dae
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2016
  • The problem of child abuse have came to the fore thesedays. This study recognized that most of the causes of generating child abuse are responsible for their parents and revealed it through case analysis. The followings are the causes of occuring child abuse by paraents. Parents' social and psychological problems were found out to be the cases of the child abuse. Child abuse is referred to the phenomenon causing wife abuse and child abuse at the same time. Consequently, child abuse is mostly occured by their parents and it is the result of parents' social, psychological and duplicate abuse.

A Study on Typology and the Casual factors of Elderly-abuse (노인학대 유형화 및 유형결정요인 연구)

  • Lee, Yun-Kyung;Kim, Mee-Hye
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1165-1178
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    • 2008
  • The objectives of this study are developing the new types of elderly abuse and finding the variables affecting the new elderly abuse type. And This is at suggesting the intervention strategies preventing the elderly abuse. The 350 cases of elderly abuse reported in Elder Protection Agency was analysed. Data is analyzed by using statistical techniques including cluster analysis and logit-regression. New type of elderly abuse is "violent elderly abuse" and "avoiding elderly abuse". Violent elderly abuse is very connected with directly violence speech and behavior and avoiding elderly abuse is connected with neglect and abandonment, self-neglect. The elderly's instrumental activity of daily living and education, the offender's sex and education and living together type of the elderly - the offender, and the offender's care burden are the casual factors of the new type of elderly abuse. Based on the results, the various service programmes for the abused elderly is developed and implemented.

A Qualitative Study on Intervening Work Experiences of Hospital-Based Child Protection Team on Child Abuse Death Cases (병원 학대피해아동보호팀의 아동학대 사망사건 개입경험 연구)

  • Kim, Kyunghee;Lee, Heeyoun;Chung, Ickjoong;Kim, Jihae;Kim, Sewon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.4
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    • pp.61-88
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to explore the work experiences of hospital-based child protection team staffs who had intervened the child abuse cases resulting in death. In order to gather the relevant data, all 62 child protection teams registered nationwide were contacted and 5 teams which had actually experienced at least one child abuse deaths were found. The staffs (hospital social workers and doctors) who belonged to these teams were intensively interviewed, and the interviewed materials were thoroughly analyzed by qualitative research methodology. The result showed that treatment delay was the most important obstacle to prevent unnecessary deaths of the victims. Some abused victims were sent to the hospital only after their physical condition had so gravely deteriorated. In other cases, custodians' bland denial or refusal to treatment made impossible the timely intervention to save the child lives. Nevertheless, child protection team staffs' reasonable suspicion and active intervention could sometimes uncover the hidden truth that child abuse was the actual cause of death. These incidents were regarded as a team's meaningful accomplishments by team members. Meanwhile, lack of awareness and excessive burden about the role and responsibility of mandated reporter precluded medical staffs' active involvement. Also, substantiating the abuse suspicion by securing positive evidences was found to be a facilitatory factor for the rapid public intervention. On the basis of these results, several practice and policy implications were discussed to improve the early detection process, securing evidence and uncovering the actual cause of death in child abuse deaths.

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The Maltreated Runaway.Juvenile Delinquent Situation and the Police Assistance Policy (아동학대로 인한 가출.비행 청소년의 현상과 경찰의 조력 방안)

  • Park, Eun-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.316-324
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    • 2009
  • Child abuse is becoming the cause of runaway young people and is related with the criminal act and the misconduct occurrence. Seriously, the social problem which raises is that the abused child has become the adult, again the children of oneself will abuse again. On the based of the research, this study reviewed the concept of the child abused, the type of the child abused, the theoretical approach of the runaway and juvenile delinquent. The runaway youth compare to the general youth that the abused child was significant p<.05. Base on the data the police officer reviewed the assistance for the abused child.

Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome - A case report - (슬와동맥 포착증후군 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Kim, Duk-Sil;Kim, Sung-Wan;Kim, Byung-Ki;Lee, Hyeon-Jae;Lee, Gun;Lim, Chang-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.653-656
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    • 2009
  • The entrapment of the popliteal artery is a rare cause of ischemia of the lower extremities among young males. The development of local occlusive or aneurysmal changes of the popliteal artery is caused by abnormal anatomic relationships between vascular and musculo-tendinous structures in the popliteal fossa. An 18-year-old male visited our outpatient clinic with the chief complaint of claudication in his right calf. Three dimensional CT angiography showed an occlusion of the popliteal artery and less opacified arteries of the right leg. Intraoperatively, the popliteal artery was compressed by an accessory muscle band arising from the medial head of the gastrocnemius. After release of the muscle band, thrombectomy with endarterectomy was done. Three years after surgery, he is doing well without any problems.

Multiple Sequential Physeal Injuries with Vitamin D Deficiency (비타민 D 결핍이 동반된 다발성 연속적 골단판 손상)

  • Kim, Byoung-Kook;Kim, Yong-Gun;Lee, Ho-Jae;Choi, Dae-Sung;Dan, Jinmyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.552-557
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    • 2018
  • Vitamin D plays a major role in bone metabolism, and its deficiency has an impact on fracture risk and healing. Low vitamin D levels are a cause of poor bone mineralization and have been associated with a significantly higher risk of physeal injury in children. This paper presents a case of a 13-year-old boy with a vitamin D deficiency, who sustained multiple sequential epiphyseal injuries at various areas. This report suggests that vitamin D deficiency is not only a significant cause of the clinical disease itself, but also an important factor affecting the successful recovery of injuries.

Analysis of Newspaper Articles on Child Abuse Deaths (아동학대 사망사건에 대한 신문기사 분석)

  • Kim, Jihae;Chung, Ickjoong;Lee, Heeyoun;Kim, Kyunghee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.2
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    • pp.131-154
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    • 2013
  • Although fatalities due to child abuse are frequently happened, there has been a dearth of research on the topic. The present research analyzes deaths due to child abuse in representative newspapers in order to examine incidences, causes, and characteristics of child abuse. The results showed that from 2000 to 2012 child abuse deaths occurred 141 cases. Most deaths due to child abuse were committed by single mothers, biological mothers, cohabiting women and stepmothers, and biological fathers. As regards the reasons of deaths due to child abuse, the frequency of newborn infant deaths as the result of abuse by single mother or single parent was the highest, and lack of parenting skills, postpartum depression, hardships of living and lack of financial abilities were followed. Also, subjects received extensive media coverage were crime compositions-stereotypes of child abusers, habitual and continual child abuse, lack of child abuse reporting and prevention system, and mild penalties. Finally, based on the results of the study, the implications to prevent and resolve deaths due to child abuse were discussed.

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The Characteristics of Recurrence on Intervention Cases of Child Protective Services: Application of Survival Analysis (아동보호서비스 개입사례의 재학대 특성 연구: 생존분석의 적용)

  • Jang, Hee Sun;Kim, Ki Hyun;Kim, Kyung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.54
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    • pp.225-262
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    • 2016
  • This article reports on the analysis of the patterns and frequency of recurrences of substantiated instances of maltreatment in the Child Protective System (CPS). The data was collected from 2012 to 2014 by the CPS. Five-thousand-five-hundred-forty-two cases were substantiated in 2012 and then 323 cases were exposed recurrence during that time. Most recurrence families experienced only one recurrence. Results from survival analyses instances indicated that risk of recurrence was greatest during the first one month following a report. The prior CPS report, multiple type of abuse, physical abuse, and services type was linked the pattern of recurrence of maltreatment. Also, victim's age and the number of problematic behavior, perpetrator's stress and social isolation, intra family member as perpetrator, prior CPS report, and the number of reports was linked recurrence.

A Frameshift Mutation causes Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Type II (상아질 형성부전증 제 II 형의 원인이 되는 Frameshift 돌연변이)

  • Hong, Jiwon;Shin, Teo Jeon;Hyun, Hong-Keun;Kim, Young-Jae;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Jung-Wook
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2017
  • Dentinogenesis imperfecta type II (DGI-II) is an inherited disorder affecting the dentin matrix and is related to mutations in the dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) gene. The protein encoded by the DSPP gene undergoes extensive posttranslational modifications. Dentin phosphoprotein (DPP), one of the DSPP expressed products, has unique composition with highly repetitive Asp-Ser-Ser amino acid residues and is related to the maturation of dentin mineralization. We aimed to identify mutation in DSPP, including the DPP coding region, contributing to inherited dentin defects in a Korean family with DGI-II. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed, and all five exons and exon-intron boundaries of the DSPP gene were sequenced. Additionally, allele-specific cloning for highly repetitive DPP region was performed. By sequencing and cloning, a heterozygous single nucleotide deletion (c.2688delT) was identified. The identified mutation caused a frameshift in the DPP coding region. This frameshift mutation would introduce hydrophobic amino acids instead of hydrophilic amino acids and would result in a change in the characteristics of DPP.