• Title, Summary, Keyword: 학교폭력

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Pathways from Child Abuse to Adolescent School Violence -Focusing on Social Development Model- (청소년의 아동학대 경험이 학교폭력 가해행동에 이르는 경로 -사회발달모델(Social Development Model)을 중심으로)-)

  • Lee, Jihyeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.2
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    • pp.75-99
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine mediation role of parental attachment, school bonding and delinquent peers in effects of child abuse experience on offending school violence among middle school students. The survey was conducted for boys and girls enrolled in 50 middle schools located in Seoul and Kyung-ki province from October 15 to November 25 in 2012 and total 1,563 were used for final analysis. PASW 18.0, AMOS 18.0 and Mplus were used for statistical analysis. Major findings of this study are as follows. Child abuse experience is analyzed as effecting directly to offending in school violence but also having indirect effecting through mediation process with parental attachment, school bonding and delinquent peers from the analysis of structural equation model. Another finding indicates that multiple indirect effects of parental attachment, school bonding, delinquent peers through Mplus nonlinear analysis, pathways including mediator of parental attachment, school bonding and delinquent peers are verified as statistically significance. Below is discussed for practical and policy implications to prevent school violence in middle school based on this study.

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A STUDY ON THE DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN ADOLESCENT VICTIMS OF SCHOOL VIOLENCE (학교폭력 피해청소년의 방어기제에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Young-Sook;Shin, Jee-Yong;Jhin, Hea-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.158-168
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to know the main defense mechanisms used by adolescent victims of school violence. Subjects of this study are composed of 41 adolescent victims(clinical group) and 40 normal adolescents(control group). Clinical group is divided into four subgroups of inpatient, outpatient, day hospital, and school groups. Used scales are Ewha Defense Mechanisms Test(EDMT) and Staittrait anger scale. Several important results are found. Adoescent victims use neurotic defense mechanisms of neurotic and mature level less frequently than normal adolescents. In clinical group day hospital adolescents use more mature defense mechanisms than outpatient adolescents. Displacement and acting out are correlated with trait and sate anger. Somatization is correlated with trait anger, and regression is correlated with state anger significantly.

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The Effects on Juvenile Response about Fear of School Violence (학교폭력으로 인한 두려움이 청소년의 반응에 미치는 영향 -대구지역 일반 고등학생을 대상으로-)

  • Kim, Sang Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.152-159
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    • 2013
  • Delinquency young people committed society as evolves is also increasing rapidly. Juvenile delinquency that occurred recently is serious. As a result, young people are feeling fear of delinquency. Fear of delinquency young people feel, a major impact on the personality development of the youth of the period of growth. In particular, the violent delinquency, to give a physical impact, damage youth receives is large. As well as physical damage to people in and around the juvenile victims, given the damage mental serious form, fear violent delinquency has been shown in many previous studies. Therefore, in this study you have the purpose to study the effects on the reaction of juvenile victims for fear of delinquency caused by the delinquency of violence. Set randomly on campus and external experience and damage directly or indirectly, are classified into action evasive action defensive reaction of fear by delinquency, factors that affect the risk caused by violent delinquency, Daegu after conducting a survey of high school students in general in the areas in which we tested the hypothesis. As a result of the verification, exerting a significant influence in order to act defensive becomes clear, experience of direct damage and experience of damage indirect fear of delinquency, avoided experience of direct damage it was found to exert a significant effect on to the action manner.

The Effects of School Climate on Peer Victimization for Junior High School Students (학교분위기가 중학생의 또래폭력 피해경험에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.26
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    • pp.87-111
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the actual conditions of peer victimization and to examine how the various factors of school climate influence peer victimization. Analysis on the relationship between various school climate and peer victimization has not been yet dealt with in Korea. Participants in this study were middle school students chosen from 11 middle schools in Seoul, by convenience sampling. A total of 1,204 surveys were then analyzed. Methods for analysis included Frequencies, Descriptives, Pearson's Correlation, Hierarchical Regression. From the result of the analysis, the level of verbal violence came out to be a relatively high form of peer victimization. The hierarchical regression were conducted in two steps. The second model's descriptive variable was higher by 19.6% than the first model. The variables of interaction between teacher and student in peer violence(${\beta}=.130$), of school facility maintenance(${\beta}=.067$), of safety of school environment(${\beta}=.331$), and economic status and sex out of controlled variables were proved to be of significance, and those variables explained 23.0% of the entire model. Based on the results of this study, practical and effective policy solutions to improve the school climate better have been suggested.

The Role of Physical Education in Solving School Violence: An Investigation into Middle School Student's Awareness (학교폭력 해소를 위한 체육수업의 역할: 중학생의 인식을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Won-Chan;Ku, Geon-Mo;Hwang, Sung-Ha
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.1058-1068
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of physical education to solve school violence. In order to do this, we took a sample size of 590 middle school students from city D by using the simple random sampling, allowed them to answer open questions recognizing the relationship between physical education and school violence, and then conducted an inductive category analysis of the data. As a result, it was found that there are both positive and negative reponses towards physical education and school violence. First, the positive responses were classified into 8 subcategories and 4 major categories(the social factors, psychological factors, physical factors, and environmental factors). On the contrary, the negative responses were classified into 6 subcategories and 4 major categories(personal experience, structural elements, cognitive factors, and environmental factors).

Contents Development of IrobiQ on School Violence Prevention Program for Young Children (지능형 로봇 아이로비큐(IrobiQ)를 활용한 학교폭력 예방 프로그램 개발)

  • Hyun, Eunja;Lee, Hawon;Yeon, Hyemin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.455-466
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a school violence prevention program "Modujikimi" for young children to be embedded in IrobiQ, the teacher assistive robot. The themes of this program consisted of basic character education, bullying prevention education and sexual violence prevention education. The activity types included large group, individual and small group activities, free choice activities, and finally parents' education, which included poems, fairy tales, music, art, sharing stories. Finally, the multi modal functions of the robot were employed: image on the screen, TTS (Text To Speech), touch function, recognition of sound and recording system. The robot content was demonstrated to thirty early childhood educators whose acceptability of the content was measured using questionnaires. And also the content was applied to children in daycare center. As a result, majority of them responded positively in acceptability. The results of this study suggest that the further research is needed to improve two-way interactivity of teacher assistive robot.

The Effect of Family Violence Exposure on School Violence among Adolescents: Mediating Effects of Life Satisfaction, School Life Satisfaction, & Internalizing (청소년의 가정폭력 노출이 학교폭력 가해행동에 미치는 영향: 가정생활만족도, 학교생활만족도, 내재화의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Jeong Ran
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between family violence exposure and school violence, to explore the mediating effects of family life satisfaction, school life satisfaction, and internalizing on those relationship and to suggest practical implications for social work services for those adolescents. 4,773 adolescents were selected for the questionnaire study in Gjwangju. Collected data were analysed by Structural Equation Modeling in AMOS 20.0 and SPSS 20.0. The findings of this study were as follows: First, there were significant correlations among family life satisfaction, school life satisfaction, internalizing and school violence offense with family violence exposure. Second, the structural model analysis revealed that family violence had no direct link with school violence. Third, Family violence had indirect effects on school violence, mediated by family life satisfaction, school life satisfaction and internalizing. Based on these findings, the research discussion reinforced the importance of family focused services to prevent the school violence and suggested effective intervention plan.

Influence of school violence experience on self-identity of adolescents: The moderating effects of the family social capital (청소년기 학교폭력 경험이 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 - 가족 내 사회자본 조절효과 -)

  • Park, Jae Eun;Yu, Nan Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.95-111
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the descriptive statistics and correlation among self-identity, school violence experience, and family social capital of adolescents and examined influence of school violence experience on self-identity and moderating effect of family social capital on the relationship between school violence experience and self-identity. Data used for analysis was from 7th grade students in The Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey in 2012. Analyses were performed using the IBM SPSS program for demographic analysis, pearson correlation, and stepwise regression analyses. Results of the study were as follows: First, the average was slightly higher for self-identity, parents' affectionate attention, and awareness of their child's friends; the average was lower for misconduct experience and victimization experience; second, there was a weak negative correlation between self-identity and bully victimization; there was a positive correlation between self-identity and family social capital (parents' affectionate attention and awareness of their child's friends). Third, to investigate the effect of school violence experience (bullying and bully victimization) on self-identity, stepwise regression analysis results were as follows: Bullying had a statistically positive influence on self-identity and bully victimization had a statistically negative influence on self-identity; both parents' affectionate attention and awareness of their child's friends had a statistically positive influence on self-identity; fourth, parents' affectionate attention had a statistically negative moderating effect on the self-identity; therefore, it signifies that the relationship between bully victimization and self-identity appears differently depending on the parents' affectionate attention, which means that the parents' affectionate attention had a negative effect on the self-identity of the adolescents who were victimized by school violence.

The Relationship among High School Physical Education Class Satisfaction, School Life Stress, and School Violence Tendency (고등학교 체육수업의 만족도, 학교생활 스트레스 및 학교폭력성향의 관계)

  • Ko, Wi-Sug
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.222-229
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among high school physical education class satisfaction, school life stress, and school violence tendency. A total of 550 questionnaires were gathered from 4 high schools in D city and 83 were discarded because of missing values. By analyzing the total of 467 questionnaires with the SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 20.0 statistics programs, this study reached the following conclusions. First, high school physical education class satisfaction had a significant influence on school life stress. Second, school life stress had a significant influence on school violence tendency. Third, high school physical education satisfaction had a significant influence on school violence tendency mediated by school life stress.

Development of dating violence prevention teaching-learning plan for high school Home Economics class (데이트폭력 예방을 위한 고등학교 가정과 교수·학습 과정안 개발)

  • Han, Ju
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.187-207
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a teaching-learning plan applicable to high school technology·home economics and home science classes in order to prevent adolescents' dating violence which is one of the serious social problems we are facing lately. This research has following three steps: 1. Analyzing contents and selecting content elements, 2. Developing teaching-learning materials, and 3. Performing a pilot test and making corrections. In the first step, this author analyzes how the contents associated with dating violence are presented in the 2015 curriculum of technology·home economics and the textbooks and reviews related literatures to select content elements necessary to prevent dating violence for those going through adolescence. Based on that, in the second step, this researcher develops a teaching-learning plan for six lessons and then makes it verified by two experienced teachers of home economics. In the last step, the teaching-learning plan for six sessions developed is implemented to two high school classes, and then, based on the results of examining the opinions of the teachers implementing the plan and students about the class, this researcher modifies and complements the parts of the plan showing low applicability to the field and develops the final dating violence prevention teaching-learning plan. In order to prevent adolescents' dating violence, it is necessary to create a social environment safe from violence and provide violence prevention education before they begin to have relationship. This researcher expects that this teaching-learning plan is applied in home economics class and it can contribute to enhancing students' sensitivity about violence and improving their competencies to make wise judgments in problematic situations and cope with them properly.