• Title, Summary, Keyword: 학교폭력

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The Effects of Individual Characteristics, School Organizational Factors, and Teacher Factors on Students' School Violence: A Hierarchical Linear Modeling (학생 개인요인, 학교 구조적 요인, 교사요인이 학교폭력 가해행동에 미치는 영향: 위계적 선형모형 분석)

  • Lee, Jihyeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.4
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    • pp.77-100
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    • 2014
  • To validate the effects of students' individual factor, school organizational factor, and teacher factor on violent behavior toward peers in school, this study applied Hierarchical Linear Modeling and analyzed it using the HLM 7 program. To this end, it used survey data of students from 50 middle schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. A total of 1,777 cases from 50 middle schools were used for individual student-level analysis (Level 1), and used for school-level analysis (Level-2). According to the results of the analysis, student-level variables such as attitude toward violence, experience of child abuse at home, and delinquent peers had significant effects on school violence. The effects of violent discipline by teacher, which are used as a school-level variable, was statistically significant. Based on the result of the study, action plans and policies to resolve school violence were discussed.

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The Effect of the School Violence Prevention Sociodrama on the Perceptions of School Violence in Middle School Students (학교폭력예방 소시오드라마가 중학생의 학교폭력인식에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Soosob;Kang, Heesook
    • The Korean Journal of Psychodrama
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the perceptions of school violence and satisfaction after violence prevention sociodrama in the first grade of middle school. This study was carried out in April, 2018, and the experimental group and the control group were 12 students in each of the first grade of middle school in S city and A city. As a result, the level of perceptions of school violence in the experimental group was 14.50 in pre-test, 11.83 in post-test, and 9.33 in average rank. The level of perceptions of school violence in the control group was 14.25 in pre test, 13.83 in post-test, and 15.67 in average rank. The Mann- Whitney U test between the two groups showed statistically significant indicating that school violence prevention programs are effective. The program has been satisfaction in the experimental group and the total average is very high as 4.71 out of five points, in particular the highest satisfaction with 'teacher's class progress'. Through this study, it is expected that the diffusion and spread of school violence prevention sociodrama for middle school students.

The study on factors affecting committing behavior school violence according to the degree of Internet addiction (인터넷중독정도에 따른 학교폭력가해행동에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Yun-Tae;Oh, Jung-A;Lee, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2012
  • The significances of this study are that it offers the possibility of empirical measure, and analysis of the relevance among the temperament according to the degree of Internet addiction, parental rearing behaviors, and committing school violence and that, based on this, were drawn policy suggestions to prevent school violence according to the degree of Internet addiction. According to the results of this study it was revealed that there are differences in Internet addiction depending on the demographical and sociological characteristics. The result of investigating the impact of Internet addiction's degree on the actions of committing school violence shows that the level of general activities is high in the group of young people of Internet addiction and addiction risk, their low access/withdrawal temperament and mood temperament affect significantly the actions of committing school violence, and in parenting behavior mother's high expectations and low supervision affect youth Internet addiction and school violence. Thus, policy suggestions to prevent school violence according to Internet addiction were presented y dividing the role of government and schools, and homes.

A Study on the Utilization of Private Security for Preventing School Violence (학교폭력 예방을 위한 민간경비의 활용방안)

  • Jung, Eui-Lom
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.39
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    • pp.387-411
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    • 2014
  • School violence is now considered not only as a problem for a victim and a offender themselves, but also as a social problem that requires responsibilities of school, home, society, and even nation. Crimes and risk factors are various inside and outside of school. In terms of solving those problems, this study examines the actual condition of school violence among students. In addition, it is considered what efforts are conducted by police to establish a safe school environment and the problems that derive from it. Futhermore, this study aims to discuss the ways of using the private security with regard to dealing with school violence. In this society, the expectation of security service from the police is increased as time passed. However, police has limited resources, thus it is beyond their practice. Policing has changed from being monopolized by government to cooperating with various security agents. Community is not considered as the subject for enforcing the law anymore, but as the cooperator for effective policing. With regard to the limitation of police force, using the private security is an effective alternative. Therefore, it is required that private security should be assigned legal authority and shared information with schools in order to patrol the blind spot. Finally, school violence prevention efforts should be conducted by applying physical and electronic security.

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Relationships between Youth's Power Type and Participants' Roles in School Bullying Situations (학교 내 청소년들의 권력관계 유형과 학교폭력 참여 역할 유형)

  • Um, Myung-Yong;Song, Min-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.1
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    • pp.241-266
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed to examine the relationship between students' power types and the roles taken by students in school bullying situation. Four types of power relationship were identified by crossing two dimensions of power relationships among students, which are 'possibility of power acquisition,' and 'need for power acquision.' Salmivalli et al.'s(1996) six particpatants' roles taken by individual student were employed as possible roles for students in school bullying situations. Samples of 1822 cases were analyzed to test the relationships. Results showed that control type youth tend to be bullies, assistants of the bullies, or reinforcers of the bullies; both the followers of bullies and the recluse type youth tend to be victims. Surprisingly influential youth did not take any vivid roles in school bullying situations. Implications as well as suggestions were presented.

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The development of Home Economics Education program for the prevention of school violence in middle school : Based on the Practical Action Teaching Model (학교폭력 예방을 위한 중학교 가정과 교육 프로그램 개발 - 실천적 행동 수업 모형을 적용하여 -)

  • Son, Joo Young;Chae, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.103-128
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a school violence prevention program featuring the Practical Action Teaching Model(hereafter, PATM) for middle school students to prevent school violence by Home Economics Education. To accomplish this purpose, the processes of analysis, design, development, and evaluation based on ADDIE were conducted. The validity of the program was evaluated twice by Home Economics education experts(36 experts for the first group and 10 experts for the second group) and the contents of the program were modified according to the comments from the evaluators. The school violence prevention program in Home Economics classes consisted of 5 topics such as changing perception on school violence, enhancing self-esteem, relating with others, practicing consideration and sharing, and strengthening the will of preventing school violence. Twenty-four units were developed with 7 practical problems(What should I do to make friends to help with each other?, What should I do to establish positive self-concept?, What should I do to communicate to build good relationship?, What should I do to solve the conflicts peacefully?, What should I do to practice consideration and sharing in food consumption?, and What should I do to practice consideration and sharing in clothing?) in 5 topic areas. Teaching-learning plans included four steps such as problem perception, practical reasoning, action, and evaluation that comprise PATM to solve the practical problems. Every step of the teaching-learning plan consisted of questions for practical reasoning and activity assignments. Materials for students and teachers were developed. Materials for students comprised 80 pieces in total including student activity, reading, movie, and clips to make students enhance understanding and interest. Materials for teachers comprised 35 pieces in total such as rationales, newspaper articles, and movies that make teachers that lesson teaching loads and were helpful for teachers. The PATM was incorporated into developing the program and a Likert-scale was used to assess usefulness, applicability, appropriateness, fidelity, substantiality, and validity of this program. This program gained more than 4.00 on a 1-5 Likert scale. This result indicated that program is expected to be effective and useful to school violence prevention.

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Moderating Effects of Adolescents' Self-Regulatory Ability on the Relation between Experience of School Violence and Coping Behaviors (청소년의 학교폭력피해경험이 대처행동에 미치는 영향에서 자기조절능력의 조절효과)

  • Na, Hee-Jung;Jang, Yoon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.137-153
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to research the influence of experienced school violence as a victim on the coping behavior of adolescents and to investigate moderating effects of self regulatory ability which are the desirable coping behaviors as protection factor for adolescents who experienced as victim by school violence. The subjects of this study were 319 students from year 1 to year 3 of total 6 middle schools who experienced school violence as a victim in Daegu and the research tool is questionnaires which are consist of general characteristics of the subjects, experience of school violence scale, self regulatory ability scale, family healthy scale and coping behavior scale. In order to analyze the data of the study, factor analysis, relational regression, linear regression analysis and moderated multiple regressions were used. The main results of this study were as following. First, there was significant correlation between the adolescents who experienced school violence, self regulatory ability and the coping behaviors. Second, adolescents who experienced school violence as victim act more aggressive coping behavior than other coping behavior. Third, while experience of school violence as victim influence adolescents' coping behaviors, it was found that self regulatory ability affect role in the regulation. cognitive self regulatory ability are in charge of controlling the aggressive coping behaviors.

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The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem between School Violence Victimization and Happiness of Adolescents (초·중·고 학생들의 학교폭력 피해경험이 행복감에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Chang-Seek;Park, Ji-Young;Jang, Ha-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of self-esteem between school violence victimization and happiness of adolescents. For this study, 1274 adolescents were surveyed at D city of Korea from April to May in 2016. Main results of this study were as follows. First, it was found out that school violence victimization was significantly different depending on gender, school level, academic achievement. And self-esteem was significantly different depending on gender, school level, family type, income level, academic achievement. Also their happiness was significantly different depending on gender, school level, income level, academic achievement. Second, school violence victimization and self-esteem were negatively correlated. And school violence victimization and their happiness were negatively correlated. Third, self-esteem was partially mediated for elementary, middle school students, but perfectly mediated for high school students between school violence victimization and happiness of adolescents. Lastly, policy implications for the students with lower happiness due to school violence victimization were suggested.

The Moderating Effects of School Violence Victimization Experiences in the Relationships between Airmen's Rejection Sensitivity, Depression, and Anxiety (공군장병의 거부민감성과 우울 및 불안의 관계에서 학교폭력 피해 경험의 조절효과)

  • Park, Won-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.353-361
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to examine the effects of rejection sensitivity on depression and anxiety, and the moderating effects of school violence victimization experiences on the relationships between rejection sensitivity and both anxiety and depression. Based on the results, we suggested a method of screening soldiers at high risk of depression and anxiety and interventions for their psychological adaptation. The data about anxiety, depression, rejection sensitivity, and school violence victimization experiences was collected from 126 airmen in S city, South Korea. To test the moderation effects, multiple regression analyses were conducted in which the rejection sensitivity, anxiety, school violence victimization experiences and their interaction terms were hierarchically entered. The moderation of school violence victimization experiences was found in the relationship between rejection sensitivity and school violence victimization experiences. The specific interaction patterns in each of these significant interaction effects were examined. Finally, the importance of school violence victimization experiences as a high-risk factor in army life and the clinical implication of these findings were discussed.

The Mediating Effect of Perception of Human Rights Victimization between School Violence Victimization and Self-esteem of Adolescents (청소년의 학교폭력 피해경험이 자아존중감에 미치는 영향: 인권피해 인식의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Chang-Seek;Park, Ji-Young;Jang, Ha-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of perception of human rights victimization between school violence victimization and self-esteem of adolescents. For this study, 554 adolescents were surveyed at B county of Korea from September to November in 2015. Main results of this study were as follows. First, it was found out that school violence victimization was significantly different depending on school level. And perception of human rights victimization was significantly different depending on regions. But self-esteem was not. Second, school violence victimization and human rights victimization were positively correlated. And school violence victimization and self-esteem were negatively correlated. Third, perception of human rights victimization was perfectly mediated between school violence victimization and self-esteem of adolescents. Lastly, policy implications for the students with lower self-esteem due to school violence victimization were suggested.