• Title, Summary, Keyword: 학교폭력

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The Effects of School Climate on Fear of Attending School for Junior High School Students : Focused on School Violence as a Mediator (학교분위기가 중학생의 등교공포에 미치는 영향 : 학교폭력의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Eun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.151-176
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to see the effects of school climate on school violence and fears of attending school. The direct relationship between school climates and fears of attending school will be examined, as well as the indirect and mediated effects of school violence in that school climates influence the fears of attending school. A theoretical model of the relationships of school climates, school violence, and fears of attending school will be given. The subjects of the surveys were chosen from 12 junior high schools in the Seoul, Gyeonggi area through convenience sampling. 1,317 surveys were then analyzed. School climates directly affect the fear of going to school through the mediums of peer and teacher violence. The derived results stress the necessity of improving school climates in order to reduce violence from peers and teachers and to reduce fear of attending school.

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The Effect of the Adolescent Student's School Violence Experience on Mental Health -The Mediating Effect of Resilience- (남녀 성별에 따른 학교 폭력피해 청소년의 정신건강연구 -탄력성의 매개효과-)

  • Lee, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.146-156
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the mental health of and the mediation effect of resilience on the mental health of the victims of school violence. The subjects are 509 junior high school students in 8th grade from J city who experienced school violence. The data collected were analyzed through frequency, percentage, correlation and mediated regression analyses and the Sobel test. The results confirmed that the male students had experienced school violence to a greater extent than the female ones, but the latter's mental health was worse than that of the former. The result of the mediated regression analysis showed the fully mediated effect of resilience on the mental health of both male and female victims of school violence. According to these findings, intervention strategies that focus on increasing the resilience of school violence victims are suggested.

Major Principles and Changes of Zero Tolerance Policy on School Violence in USA (미국 학교폭력에 대한 무관용정책의 변화와 시사점)

  • Chung, Ilhwan;Kim, Younghwan
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.25-49
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    • 2012
  • Coping with the problems of school violence, weapon and drug abuses, 'zero tolerance policies' have been adopted in the United States since the 1980's. Authorities have been securing the safety and learning-friendly environment of the school, imposing predetermined penalties on any case of school violence or disruption. It is reported that the school violence rate drops accordingly. However, the policies are criticized for their rather escalating effect due to severe punishments on minor offenses, evidencing no effectiveness worthwhile. As alternatives, 'graduated systems of discipline' meeting minor misbehaviors with less severe consequences or 'early response model' are suggested, without abandoning those main rules of zero tolerance policies. Recently Korean government tries to take charge of school violence, issuing some nation-wide measures such as 'the Comprehensive Measures to Stop School Violence'. This article analyzed major principles and changes of the zero tolerance polices of US case, to induce some policy suggestions for the validity of Korean government's measures implemented under the understanding that "little bullying" is also a "crime" to disclose all school violence.

Impact of Family Violence Victimization on Peer Violence Behavior in Out-of-School Youths : Mediating Effect of Anxiety and Aggression (학교 밖 청소년의 가정폭력피해와 또래폭력가해와의 관계: 불안과 공격성의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Whang, Mi-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.597-609
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study is to identify factors that the victimization by family violence has influence on peer violence perpetration through the mediation of anxiety and aggression in out-of-school youths. Subjects consist of 169 out-of-school youths in Chungbuk and data are analyzed by regression analysis with 18.0 version. The findings of this study are as follows. First, the victimization by family violence has positive influence on peer violence perpetration. Second, when the mediating effect of anxiety and aggression is tested, aggression only plays a mediating role between family violence victimization and peer violence behavior. On the basis of the results, this study suggest that we make efforts such as prompt intervention for out-of-school youths and their's family after school dropout, the reinforcement of family relationship, family function and youth competency, and the transition of social perception regarding out-of-school youths to decrease family and peer violence.

Understanding and Prevention of Violation in the Elementary School by J. Lacan's Psychoanalysis (라캉의 정신분석적 관점에서 해명된 초등학교폭력의 이해와 예방)

  • Moun, Jean-sou
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.130
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    • pp.79-107
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    • 2014
  • The concept of school violation has become today the key word in the korean society. The educational journalist started to debate gravely the seriousness of the problem from the early 1990. But with the time, the aspect of school violation has been varied and deteriorated. So, many people say this is not the problem that the only school and the local society have to deal with, but the one that the entire national authority has to do. This movement had the national assembly make the law and alternative instrument of national dimension. However, in spite of various alternative of school, society and government, it is not only the case that the aspect of school violation have been ferocious and organized, but also that assailant and victim has moved from middle and high school student to elementary school student. According to recent researches, the sacrificed children who have experienced the violation, have possibility that they could be assailant as much as their agony. It is therefore very important to construct the program which will prevent the violation of elementary school student. In oder to this purposes, I will firstly try to illuminate the concept of Lacan's subject, secondly to analyze the aspects and the causes of school violation, thirdly to dispute the main alternatives presented to prevent the school violation, lastly to construct a new program in terms of constructivist disciple, psychoanalytic moral education that will prevent elementary school student from causing violence.

The Effects of Individual Characteristics, School Factors, and Community Factors on Adolescents School Violence Behavior -A multilevel analysis- (청소년의 학교폭력 가해행동에 영향을 미치는 요인 -다층모형 분석-)

  • Lee, Ji Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.55
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    • pp.143-171
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the effects of individual characteristics, school factors, and community factors on adolescent school violence behaviors. Data from a total of 1,777 middle school students from 50 schools in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions were used for analysis. A hierarchical generalized linear modeling was employed to conduct a two-level analysis. Results showed that adolescents' individual factors, including attitudes toward violence, parental attachment, child abuse experiences, and affiliation with delinquent peers, as well as school factors including teacher's abusive classroom discipline, affected adolescent school violence behaviors. In addition, neighborhood disorder was found to be significantly positively correlated with adolescents' school violence. The results of this study suggest that for an understanding of school violence and to prepare countermeasures accordingly, integrated consideration of various environmental contexts in adolescents' daily lives, such as family, school, and community environments, is necessary. A multidimensional, integrated intervention plan to effectively resolve school violence based on these research results is discussed.

Design of intelligent reporting platform for school violence eradication (학교폭력 근절을 위한 지능형 리포팅 플랫폼 설계)

  • Ryu, Chang-su;Ryu, Kwong-ryol;Hur, Chang-wu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.535-537
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    • 2013
  • Recently, the quality of the incident of school violence is getting worse and the frequency of its occurrence is gradually increasing. One of the biggest reasons that violence in schools does not reduce is because the attitude that they mean to hide damage from the violence, thus the improvement of such conditions enables school violence to decrease in the short-term effect. This study designed an intelligent reporting platform to prevent additional violence and victim's suicide, by related agencies and parents reporting the circumstance of school violence real-time, as both victims and attackers register real-time troubles anonymously, at any time, anywhere, then are provided 1:1 counseling and customized services, and all contents of the counseling are accumulated in the intelligent reporting platform.

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The Plan of Social Security network for Prevention of School Violence (학교폭력 예방을 위한 사회안전망의 구상)

  • Kim, Tae-Jin
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.13
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    • pp.169-192
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    • 2007
  • School Violence is one of the most serious problems faced by Korean. As this serious problem becomes social issue in nation, many researchers have tried to find out the most effective solution of that problem and the reasons for why prevention of school violence are failed in such mind-hurting activities. The government and NGO proposed many the alternative to prevent the school violence. But the effectiveness of the alternatives art questionable. Last year Busan Metropolitan Police Agency and Busan Education Administration proposed new alternative in united cooperation which is namely Administration proposed new alternative in united cooperation which is namely 'school police' for school violence. School Police is composed of the retired teachers and ex-police officer, to do a prevention activity of school violence, which is expected to effectively curtail school violence in the assigned school. It is first networking try to prevent of school violence as a team of police and teachers in Korea. But the type of Korean school police system is different from American's school police, like as LASPD which is of sworn police officers. Korean school police is to employ a kind of school liaison officers. Though 'School Police System' got good reaction from students and citizen in Busan, It has some defects to be solved in future. So it hard to note that their efforts have been successful in curtailing the prevalence of school violence. In this paper, I present the new type of new 'Social Security Network Model' for school violence by repairing of 'korean school police system'. The problem of the school violence is not the problem of the school but the problem of society. In such viewpoints, It is important to plan a security network model which is participate in police officers, teachers, community and government. To prevent school violence effectively, I propose this new social security network model which based on theory of Community Oriented Policing, aggressive policing and CPTED technique.

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Enhancement of the Roles of Physical Education to Prevent School Violence (학교폭력 방지를 위한 체육의 역할 제고)

  • Nam, Joong-Woong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.368-377
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    • 2012
  • The comprehensive countermeasures against school violence recently announced by the government include some content on physical education classes. Physical education has long been ignored in school paradoxically in spite of the deteriorating physical strength and health of adolescents. The physical education subject undervalued in the middle of overly excessive competitions for college entrance exams finds its core goal in whole person education and officially emphasizes the development of personality aspects, which means that physical education claims important significance by providing diverse approaches to school violence prevention. This study thus set out to enhance the roles of physical education for school violence prevention. In Korean society, school violence has taken deep root due to the combined results of individual, family, school and community factors, the growth-first policy driven by compressed modern growth, and neoliberalism based on economic efficiency. School violence possesses such fixed value systems and convictions in Korean society. Education has failed to achieve some effectiveness because of the serious level of school violence, which calls for assessment of ideology having big impacts on educational environments. Given that it has been rediscovered that physical education has legitimacy of alleviating or preventing school violence through its value, an alternative to eradicate school violence should start with physical education normalization in school. Specific alternatives including the activation of sports clubs in school will be established as more fundamental practical alternatives when accompanied by the development of school violence-related programs and the operation of in-service training programs for physical education teachers.

Study about the role of the Prevention of School Safety Keeper System (학교안전지킴이의 학교폭력예방에 대한 제도적 고찰 - 전문성과 제약성을 중심으로 -)

  • Gong, Bae Wan
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.3-13
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    • 2013
  • School violence that have occurred recently, showing a tendency to collectivization and diverse types of violence, as well as the quality and increase the damage levels. School violence in the home, school, and social factors, but is caused by the lack of awareness about the violence and the reporting of consciousness due to poor acts of violence indirectly assisted. The only place violence has caused the school to establish the legal and institutional arrangements in order to minimize school violence have no choice but to limit its effectiveness is negligible. The problem of school violence in connection with the problem of juvenile crime prevention and control, and punishment should be made of the complex and layered. Operation and School police system, School safety keeper system, school sheriff system since 2005, each municipality in order to minimize school violence, but have no practical help to limit the visible and symbolic effects. Nonexistent professional staff of the institution or school safety monitors emphasis on monitoring the physical state of the system in the form of 'guards' departure inherently have limitations. Also, to prevent criminal acts or violence in the state is not given special privileges and the appropriate role for the school keeper is a problem with the system. Report no other role can not be expected. Should therefore be preceded by a systematic improvement and training of experts in order to prevent school violence, and home and school, in terms of social support and measures.