• Title, Summary, Keyword: 품질

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Optimization of the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds from Chaga Mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) by the Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석법을 이용한 차가버섯(Inonotus obliquus)의 생리활성물질 최적 추출조건 탐색)

  • Kim, Jaecheol;Yi, Haechang;Lee, Kiuk;Hwang, Keum Taek;Yoo, Gichun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.233-239
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    • 2015
  • This study determined the optimum extraction conditions based on five response variables (yield, total phenolics, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) free radical scavanging activity, oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan content) in chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) using the response surface methodology, where three independent variables (ethanol concentration, extraction temperature, and extraction time) were optimized using a central composite design. The optimum ethanol concentration, extraction temperature, and extraction time were 50% (w/w), $88.7^{\circ}C$, and 14.5 h; 9.2%, $92.7^{\circ}C$, and 14.5 h; 50.8%, $92.7^{\circ}C$, and 14.5 h; 9.2%, $92.7^{\circ}C$, and 1.5 h; and 90.8%, $92.7^{\circ}C$, and 1.5 h for yield, total phenolics, ABTS, ORAC, and ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan content, respectively. The predicted values of the response variables were compared with those of the extracts under the optimal extraction conditions to verify the models. The optimum extraction condition for the five response variables was predicted to be 81.4% ethanol at $92.7^{\circ}C$ for 14.5 h.

Optimization of Hot Water Extraction Conditions of Wando Sea Tangle (Laminaria japonica) for Development of Natural Salt Enhancer (천연 염미증강제 개발을 위한 완도산 다시마의 열수 추출 조건 최적화 및 염미증강 효능 평가)

  • Kim, Hyo Ju;Yang, Eun Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.767-774
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    • 2015
  • In recent decades, health concerns related to sodium intake have caused an increased demand for salt or sodium-reduced foods. Umami substance can enhance taste sensitivity to NaCl and may offer a unique approach to replace and reduce the sodium content in foods. In this study, hot water extraction conditions of Wando sea tangle with high umami taste were investigated. Wando sea tangle harvested in June was selected for hot water extraction based on its free amino acids composition. The quality properties of sea tangle extract were investigated at various extraction temperatures ($60^{\circ}C$, $80^{\circ}C$, and $100^{\circ}C$) and times (1 h, 2 h, and 3 h). Sea tangle extracts at the extraction temperature of $100^{\circ}C$ contained the highest soluble solids (35.47%~36.93%), and crude protein (3.75%~4.00%). Viscosities of sea tangle extracts decreased with increasing extraction temperature. Umami amino acids (glutamic acid and aspartic acid) and sensory characteristics were best at extraction conditions of $100^{\circ}C$ for 2 h. Saltiness enhancement of sea tangle extract powder was determined. Saltiness intensities of NaCl solution after adding 1% sea tangle extract powder were enhanced (1.84~4.25-fold). At the same saltiness intensity, sodium contents of NaCl solution with 1% sea tangle extract powder were 12.24~24.33% lower than that of NaCl solution. These results suggest that it is possible to reduce sodium in foods with sea tangle extract as a natural salt enhancer without lowering overall taste intensity.

Quality characteristics according to ground particle size of roasted brown rice 'Dodamssal' containing resistant starch (저항전분 함유 도담쌀 볶음 현미가루의 입도별 품질특성)

  • Park, Jiyoung;Lee, Seuk-Ki;Choi, Induck;Choi, Hye-Sun;Kim, Namgeol;Shin, Dong Sun;Jeong, Kwang-Ho;Park, Changhwan;Chung, Hyun-Jung;Oh, Sea-kwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.509-516
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the general components, particle size, starch content, hydrolysis index (HI), and estimated glycemic index (eGI) of 'Ilpum', a medium-amylose rice cultivar, were compared with those of 'Dodamssal', a high-amylose rice cultivar containing resistant starch. The volume weighted mean was significantly smaller in 'Dodamssal' than in 'Ilpum'. The resistant starch content of 'Dodamssal' was about 13% and there were no differences in terms of particle size. The HI and eGI were found to be significantly higher in 'Ilpum', and there were no statistical differences in 'Dodamssal' except for samples with an average particle size of less than 50 ㎛. Therefore, 'Dodamssal' was concluded to be valuable as a health-food material since it is easily ground evenly when processed into rice flour, contains resistant starch, and has a low glycemic index. These results could be used as basic data for developing processed 'Dodamssal' rice-based products.

A practical analysis approach to the functional requirements standards for electronic records management system (기록관리시스템 기능요건 표준의 실무적 해석)

  • Yim, Jin-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.18
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    • pp.139-178
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    • 2008
  • The functional requirements standards for electronic records management systems which have been published recently describe the specifications very precisely including not only core functions of records management but also the function of system management and optional modules. The fact that these functional requirements standards seem to be similar to each other in terms of the content of functions described in the standards is linked to the global standardization trends in the practical area of electronic records. In addition, these functional requirements standards which have been built upon with collaboration of archivists from many national archives, IT specialists, consultants and records management applications vendors result in not only obtaining high quality but also establishing the condition that the standards could be the certificate criteria easily. Though there might be a lot of different ways and approaches to benchmark the functional requirements standards developed from advanced electronic records management practice, this paper is showing the possibility and meaningful business cases of gaining useful practical ideas learned from imaging electronic records management practices related to the functional requirements standards. The business cases are explored central functions of records management and the intellectual control of the records such as classification scheme or disposal schedules. The first example is related to the classification scheme. Should the records classification be fixed at same number of level? Should a record item be filed only at the last node of classification scheme? The second example addresses a precise disposition schedule which is able to impose the event-driven chronological retention period to records and which could be operated using a inheritance concept between the parent nodes and child nodes in classification scheme. The third example shows the usage of the function which holds or freeze and release the records required to keep as evidence to comply with compliance like e-Discovery or the risk management of organizations under the premise that the records management should be the basis for the legal compliance. The last case shows some cases for bulk batch operation required if the records manager can use the ERMS as their useful tool. It is needed that the records managers are able to understand and interpret the specifications of functional requirements standards for ERMS in the practical view point, and to review the standards and extract required specifications for upgrading their own ERMS. The National Archives of Korea should provide various stakeholders with a sound basis for them to implement effective and efficient electronic records management practices through expanding the usage scope of the functional requirements standard for ERMS and making the common understanding about its implications.

Size Distribution and Physicochemical Characteristics of MSW for Design of Its Mechanical Biological Treatment Process (폐기물전처리(MBT)시설 설계를 위한 생활폐기물의 입도분포 및 물리화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Kyu;Song, Sang-Hoon;Jeong, Sae-Rom;Jung, Min-Soo;Lee, Nam-Hoon;Lee, Byoung-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 2008
  • There has been a recent trend in Korea that treatments for combustible wastes among municipal solid waste (MSW) by those methods, such as incineration and landfill are restricted as much as possible and Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) are encouraged actively in order to promote resource recovery. To build and operate properly these facilities, the physicochemical characteristics of MSW should be analyzed precisely beforehand. In particular, designing a crusher or separator properly which is the main process in MBT facilities of MSW. require the information on the size distribution characteristics of MSW, but they are nor sufficient in the qualities and quantities yet as of now. Accordingly, this study aims to evaluate size distribution characteristics of MSW and its physicochemical characteristics by size. The samples of MSW were collected from detached dwelling area, apartment area, business area, and commercial area of A city in Korea. According to the result of analysis, paper records 29.78~60.02% by wet weight basis, so it was the most regardless of the regions where the wastes were generated. And in terms of element analysis, Carbon(C) was 34.77~44.39%, the largest friction, and Oxygen(O) was the next occupying 19.46~33.71%. As indices of RDFs, Chlorine(Cl) was 0.39~0.83%, so it was less than the standard, 2.0%(by dry weight basis); moreover, Sulfur(S) did not exceed the standard, 0.6%, either. In the size distribution of MSW, waste fraction ranging 50~80mm in diameter was the most in combustible waste while 30~50mm was in incombustible waste.

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Investigation on the Safety of Hydroquinone and Preservatives among Whitening Functional Cosmetics Containing Albutin in Korea (국내 유통 알부틴 함유 미백 기능성화장품 중 히드로퀴논 및 살균보존제 안전성 조사)

  • Cho, Joong Hee;Kim, Ji Hyeung;Eom, Sun Ah;Kang, Min Jeong;Han, Young Sun;Hur, Myong Je
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.399-408
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    • 2019
  • Arbutin, which is used as a whitening ingredient, can produce hydroquinone, known as causing skin disease and carcinogen. Preservatives are essential to prevent microbial contamination during long-term storage and use of cosmetics, but safety issues such as toxicity and skin irritation are being raised. This study was conducted to determine hydroquinone and 21 preservatives levels in 40 arbutin-containing whitening functional cosmetics sold on-line and off-line. Result showed that 9 products contained hydroquinone. The concentrations in 7 products were ranged from 0.3 to 0.9 ppm, which were within the maximum allowed amount established by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. However, 2 products were 8.4 and 50.5 ppm and exceeded the allowed amount. Preservatives were detected 20 products. Detected items and ranges were phenoxy ethanol 0.1 ~ 0.7% (N = 15), Methyl paraben 0.19 ~ 0.21% (N = 2), Chlorphenesin 0.13% (N = 1), chlorhexidine 0.006% (N = 1), Propyl paraben 0.06% (N = 1), which were within maximum allowed amount established by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Also, in cases of functional cosmetics the phrase "functional cosmetics" should be expressed on the primary or secondary package of cosmetics by cosmetics act. However, 1 product did not state the phrase as functional cosmetics. This study suggest that preservatives were safely managed. However, hydroquinone in hydroquinone-detected products could be produced by the decomposition of arbutin. Thus, further studies on the decomposition of arbutin are required to improve the quality control of the cosmetics.

Effect of Mountain Grazing on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Hanwoo Steers (산간지 방목이 거세한우의 성장특성 및 도체형질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun Mee;Chung, Ki Yong;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Ahn, Jun Sang;Park, Bo Hye;Kang, Dong Hun;Jang, Sun Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.250-257
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    • 2019
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of mountain grazing on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. Thirty two Hanwoo steers were randomly assigned. Control were fed concentrate + forage until 30 month of age. Treatment1 were fed concentrate + forage after mountain grazing from 8 to 13 months. Treatment2 and 3 were fed concentrate + forage after mountain grazing from 8 to 17 months. Hanwoo steers on Treatment 1 and 2 were slaughtered at the same age (30 months) as the control, and Hanwoo steers on Treatment 3 were slaughtered at 31 months. The average daily gain (ADG) were higher in the control than in the other treatments during the growing period (p<0.05). Carcass back fat thickness was thicker in the TRT 3 and marbling score was higher in the TRT 1 than in the other treatments; however, the differences were not statistically significant. There was no difference in the meat composition and shear force of the longissimus muscle according to the mountain grazing. However, the yellowness (b) of fat colors were significantly lower in the control than in the TRT 1 and TRT 2 (p<0.05). The effect of grazing on fatty acid composition was not constant. In conclusion, mountain grazing could reduce meat color without affecting the growth and meat quality of Hanwoo steers, and further research on the quality, yield and intake of grassland would be needed.

Variation in Pod Shattering in a RIL Population and Selection for Pod Shattering Tolerance in Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] (콩 RIL 집단의 내탈립성 변이 탐색 및 유망계통 선발)

  • Seo, Jeong Hyun;Kang, Beom Kyu;Kim, Hyun Tae;Kim, Hong Sik;Choi, Man Soo;Oh, Jae Hyeon;Shin, Sang Ouk;Baek, In Youl;Kwak, Do Yeon
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.414-421
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    • 2019
  • Pod shattering during the maturing stage causes a serious yield loss in soybean. It is the main limiting factor of soybean cultivation and mechanization. It is important to develop varieties suitable for mechanical harvesting and to develop energy-efficient agricultural machinery to save labor and costs. 'Daewonkong,' developed by the National Institute of Crop Science (NICS) in 1997, is an elite cultivar that occupies more than 80% of the soybean cultivation area in Korea because of its strong tolerance to pod shattering. The objectives of this study were to investigate the variation in pod shattering degree in a RIL population developed from a 'Daewonkong' parent and to select promising lines with pod shattering tolerance. 'Daewonkong' demonstrated a high level of tolerance to pod shattering compared to the 'Tawonkong' and 'Saeolkong' varieties, with no shattered pods after 72 hours of drying. Screening of pod shattering showed a clear distinction between the tolerant and susceptible varieties. Also, the distribution of shattering pod ratio in the two populations showed a similar pattern for three years. The promising lines with pod shattering tolerance included 27 lines in the 'Daewonkong'×'Tawonkong' population and 21 lines in the 'Daewonkong'×'Saeolkong' population. The promising lines are expected to be widely used as breeding parents for creating soybean cultivars with pod shattering tolerance.

Crop Characteristics of Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) Germplasms for Optimizing the Selection of Resources (우수자원 선발을 위한 고구마 유전자원의 주요 특성 평가)

  • Park, Won;Lee, Hyeong-Un;Goh, San;Lee, Im Been;Nam, Sang-Sik;Chung, Mi Nam;Yu, Gyeong-Dan;Hwang, Eom-Ji;Lee, Seungyong;Park, Jin Cheon;Paul, Narayan Chandra;Han, Seon-Kyeong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.441-451
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the crop characteristics of 181 sweetpotato germplasms collected from Korea and overseas. The longest shoot vine length was observed in IT232211 (354.8 cm) and the shortest shoot vine length was observed in IT232185 (32 cm). The maximum numbers of shoot branches and nodes were produced by IT232091 (23.0) and IT232174 (67.8), respectively. Differences in Rapid Visco Analyser profiles were observed for pasting parameters such peak, trough, final, breakdown, and setback viscosities; and pasting temperature. The peak and breakdown viscosities were highest in IT232050 and IT232010, at 338.3 and 207.2 Rapid Visco Unit (RVU), respectively. The trough viscosity was lowest in IT232019 at 103.8 RVU. IT232101 had the highest final viscosity (284.6 RVU), and IT232192 had the highest setback viscosity (81.7 RVU). IT232197 had the highest pasting temperature at 86.8℃, and that of IT232134 was lowest at 72.7℃. To evaluate functional substance content, we analyzed 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and total polyphenol content. The highest frequency proportion of starch was in the 10%-15% range (50.8% of the plants), followed by the 5%-10% range (38.1% of the germplasms). Sugar content ranged from 13.5 to 33.3% (23.2% on average); the highest frequency proportion of sugar was in the 20%-25% range (56.9% of the germplasms), followed by the 25%-30% range (25.4% of the germplasms). The highest frequency proportion of water was in the 70%-80% range (52.5% of the germplasms), followed by the 60%-70% range (44.2% of the germplasms). Our results provide basic data for the selection of useful resources and for the development of new sweetpotato varieties.

A Study on the Start-up and Growth Business Model of Small and Medium-Sized Manufacturing Enterprises: Hyunsung Techno (제조기업의 창업과 성장의 비즈니스 모델 연구: 현성테크노)

  • Choi, In-Hyok;Kim, Do-Yeon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.103-117
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    • 2019
  • Under the uncertainties and the consequent turmoils of the IMF financial crisis in Korea, Hyunsung Techno was founded in 1997 on the basis of automobile press molding which is critical for the quality of automobile. Ever since, Hyunsung Techno has grown rapidly based on the domestic market; however, gradually, it had faced a stalemate in terms of the saturation, on the supply side and the growth limit, on the demand side, of the domestic molding market. Accordingly, Hyunsung pushed for a strategy to localize overseas markets and a new acquisition strategy instead of resting on the domestic mold industry's growth, and the success of these strategies enabled it to leap forward into a global company with five companies including affiliates and 70 billion won in sales. The main reason why Hyunsung Techno evolved from a small and medium-sized manufacturing company into a global businesses is due to the success of Boa Constrictor M&A strategy. Its acquisition strategy is not just a successful case of any acquisition, but a rare, maybe the first domestic case of a successful acquisition of a primary supplier by a secondary supplier. Through the success of this strategy, Hyunsung Techno has achieved a continuous growth of businesses, an increase in sales volume, and expansion into new businesses. And on top of that, this achievements is leading it to be a global conglomerate In this study, Hyunsung Techno's success strategy, which is transformed from a small domestic manufacturing company into a global enterprise, was analyzed in detail with its development stages divided into start-up, overseas expansion, acquisitions, and business diversification. Eventually, this case study is meant to offer strategic implications for other small and medium-sized businesses under the current, gloomy economy of low or zero growth of today.

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