• Title/Summary/Keyword: 표면구열

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Fracture Mechanics Study on Wear Mechanism of Ceramics -Discussions on Experimental Results of Wear Test- (세라믹의 마멸기구에 관한 파괴역학적 연구 -마멸실험 결과의 고찰-)

  • 김석삼;김재호
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.636-645
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    • 1990
  • Analytically induced wear mechanism of elastic body under Hertzian contact is applied in acutual wear test of ceramics. There are two types of wear in ceramics, a large scale wear and a small scale wear. The large scale wear is commensurable with Hertzian contact area and the small scale wear with real contact area. Nondimensional parameter, S$_{c}$, is introduced and fully examined to estimate or predict wear rate of ceramics. Ceramic wear for S$_{c}$.leq.0.8 is in small scale wear and for S$_{c}$;geq.1.6 in large scale wear. wear.

Study on Surface Crack Propagation Behaviour of Mild Steel Weldment in Synthetic Sea Water (인공해수중에서 연강 용접부의 표면구열 성장거동)

  • 이종기;정세희
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.492-501
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    • 1990
  • It was known that the fracture incidences of offshore structure were mostly originated from the surface defects. Especially, in the case of the welded structures, since the welded region has some defects and incomplete beads which are apt to behave like the surface cracks, it has been necessary to evaluate the environmental effects on crack growth at HAZ for the design crack growth behaviour at multi-pall HAZ for SWS41 steel under free corrosion and cathodic protection(-0.9V vs Ag/Agcl) conditions. The results are summarized as follows ; (1) Crack growth rate of the as weld in air was faster than that of the parent and PWHT specimens over all .DELTA.K rang. (2) In free corrosion test, surface crack growth rate of the as welded was decreased in comparison with that of the parents. (3) In fatigue test under cathodic protection, cathodic electric potential(-0.9V vs Ag/Agcl) for the SWS41 steel parent was effective, while for the as welded ineffective. (4) There was a tendency that the exponent(m) of the Paris' equation was decreased in order of microhardness magnititude in air and under cathodic protection conditions and vise versa in free corrosion. (5) Fracture surface has dimples and ductile striations in air test, but transgranular cracks and brittle striations under cathodic protection test.

MODEL I FRACTURE IN CONCRETE USING CRACK LINE WEDGE LOADED DOUBLE CANTILEVER BEAM (Clwl-Dcb식편을 이용한 콘크리트의 개구형 파괴)

  • 송정근
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 1989
  • 콘크리트에 선형파괴역할의 적용가능성을 연구한 많은 논문이 발표되었다. 본 논문에서는 CLWL-DCB식편을 이용한 콘크리트의 개구형파괴를 연구하였다. 표면구열길이는 리프리카를 사용하여 직접적인 방법으로 측정하였고, 이 결과은 실험에서 얻은 측정가중과 구열개구변위의 관계곡선을 이용하여 분석하였다. 감계응력강도계수와 감계구열선단위는 Two Parameter 모델을 사용하여 유효구열선단에서 구하였다. LEFM 구열단면과 실험으로 구한 구열단면으로부터 폐쇄압력을 얻기 위하여 중첩법을 적용하여 5종의 균열모델을 평가하였다.

A Study on Growth Behavior of Small Fatigue Crack in 304 Stainless Steel at Elevated Temperatures (고온하 304 스테인레스강의 작은 표면구열의 성장거동에 관한 연구)

  • 서창민;김영호
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 1990
  • Rotating bending fatigue tests of an authentic steel 304 were performed at various temperatures such as room temperature, $538^{\circ}$ and $593^{\circ}C$. The plastic replica method was also applied in order to estimate the fatigue life on the basis of serial observation of small fatigue crack initiation and growth on the pit specimen surface. The fatigue crack growth behavior of 304 stainless steel was investigated within the frame work of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics within a narrow scatterband in spite of different stress levels at elevated temperature as at room temperature. The growth law of small surface crack is determined uniquely by the term. $\DELTA\sigma^{n}a$ where $\DELTA\sigma$ is the stress amplitude, a is the crack length, and n is a constant. It is found that the small crack growth behavior is basically equivalent to the S-$N_{f}$ relationship, where S and $N_{f}$ are stress and number of cycles to failure, and the fatigue life prediction is in good agreement with the experimental results.