• Title, Summary, Keyword: 페놀옥시다아제

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Structure-activity Analysis of Benzylideneacetone for Effective Control of Plant Pests (벤질리덴아세톤 화학구조 변이에 따른 생리활성 변화 분석 및 식물 병해충 방제 효과)

  • Seo, Sam-Yeol;Jun, Mi-Hyun;Chun, Won-Su;Lee, Sung-Hong;Seo, Ji-Ae;Yi, Young-Keun;Hong, Yong-Pyo;Kim, Yong-Gyun
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2011
  • Benzylideneacetone (BZA) is a compound derived from culture broth of an entomopathogenic bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophila (Xn). Its immunosuppressive activity is caused by its inhibitory activity against eicosanoid biosynthesis. This BZA is being developed as an additive to enhance control efficacy of other commercial microbial insecticides. This study was focused on the enhancement of the immunosuppressive activity of BZA by generating its chemical derivatives toward decrease of its hydrophobicity. Two hydroxylated BZA and one sugar-conjugated BZA were chemically synthesized. All derivatives had the inhibitory activities of BZA against phospholipase $A_2$ ($PLA_2$) and phenoloxidase (PO) of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, but BZA was the most potent. Mixtures of any BZA derivative with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) significantly increased pathogenicity of Bt. BZA also inhibited colony growth of four plant pathogenic fungi. However, BZA derivatives (especially the sugar-conjugated BZA) lost the antifungal activity. These results indicated that BZA and its derivatives inhibited catalytic activities of two immune-associated enzymes ($PLA_2$ and PO) of P. xylostella and enhanced Bt pathogenicity. We suggest its use to control plant pathogenic fungi.