• Title, Summary, Keyword: 패널다항 로짓

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패널자료를 이용한 노년기 거주형태 변화분석

  • Kim, Jeong-Seok
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2007
  • 인구고령화의 진전과 함께 노인들의 거주형태에 대한 사회적. 정책적 관심이 증기하고 있으며, 그에 대한 논의와 연구들 또한 많이 늘어나고 있다. 그러나 이들 연구 대부분이 횡단적 자료(단일 시점이든 여러 시점이든)와 분석에 의존함으로써 노인지 거주형태가 생애주기를 따라 변하는 모습을 충분히 보여주지 못하고 있다. 이 연구는 한국노동연구원의 제1차 및 제6차 노동패널자료를 이용해 노년기 거주형태의 유동성을 경험적으로 제시하려는 목적을 가진다. 이들 위해 거주형태의 출현율(prevalence rate)과 전이율(transition rate)을 개념적으로 구분하고 자녀동거여부에 대한 분석을 실시하였다. 두 시점에 대한 횡단폭 분석결과는 노인들의 사회인구학적 특성에 따른 자녀별거경향의 차이를 보여주더라도 생애주기에 따른 역동성을 보여주기에는 한계가 많음이 확인되었다. 두 시점 간의 거주형태 변화에 대한 패널분석에서는 다수 노인들의 거주형태가 주어진 기간 동안 안정적으로 나타났다. 그러나 거주형태의 변화를 경험하는 데에는 연령증가와 배우자 상태변화 등이 중요한 요인임이 확인되었다. 이러한 생애주기적 변화의 효과는 대부분의 계량적 연구에서 유추되는 수준이거나 질적 연구에서만 보고되어 왔던 것이다. 이 연구결과는 노년기 거주형태의 지속성을 보여주는 한편 변화 가능성과 요인을 파악함으로써 노년기 거주형태에 대한 개념적 이해론 공고히 할 것으로 기대된다. 또한 이 연구에서 제시된 방법론적 논의와 접근방식은 생애주기별 변화에 초점을 두고자 하는 다른 연구영역에서도 적용 가능할 것이라 기대된다.

The Effects of The Minimum Wage On Working Poor's Poverty-Exit Possibility (최저임금이 근로빈곤 탈출에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Sikyoon
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.35-64
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    • 2013
  • This paper explores whether or not a minimum wage increase can do much to alleviate working poor. For this purpose, I analyze transitions from working poor to working non-poor and to unemployment or non-economically active states, using KLIPS (Korea Labor and Income Panel Study). This study uses the multilevel multinomial logit model to control unobserved individual heterogenous characteristics. It finds that a minimum wage increase tends to cause a higher probability of transitions from working poor to working non-poor. It is also discovered that a minimum wage increase is not negatively related with the persistence of the working state. It is concluded that minimum wage increases are likely to be effective in improving the living standards of the 'working poor'.

Analysis on the Transition and Determinants of Long-Term Care Service for the Elderly in the Internet of Things era (융합의 시대에(사물인터넷시대에)한국 노인의 장기요양 서비스 이용 상태 전환과 결정요인 분석)

  • Choi, Jang-Won
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2020
  • This study intends to the estimate the determinants and state dependence of long-term care services in Korea. For this purpose, we analyzed the transition patterns among three states of long-term care service utilization over time by using the Korea Welfare Panel Study data with the random effect multinomial logit model. It is found that the result showed a strong state dependence in long-term care service utilization. Especially, long-term care insurance for the elderly showed a strong state dependence among others. Among the individual demographic characteristics, the higher the age, the higher the probability of using long-term care insurance for the elderly, while the lower the probability when married. The characteristics of the residential region showed that the residents of the urban-rural integrated region had a significantly higher probability of using long-term care insurance than the reference region. The results of this study suggest that the long-term care service users have a strong state dependence, which means that it is important to take into account the increase in the utilization period of existing users in future demand forecasting.

A Study on the Economic Activities of Marginal Labor Force (한계노동력 경제활동참가 형태에 대한 연구)

  • Yun, Heesuk
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.155-203
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    • 2005
  • This paper intends to provide information about whichgroups should receive particular attention from policies aimed at raising participation and employment. A detailed portrait of the diversity of non-employment is presented with description of the extent the under-represented groups stayed in situations of labor inactivity. Also, once in employment, how these groups move from one sector to another is a main interest in the analysis. Using longitudinal data (1998-2002) constructed from 'the economically active population survey', I followed individuals over a five-year period and analyzed how frequently inactive persons enter the labor market and how they change industries and statuses.

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Analysis of Change Patterns in Assistive Technology Device Use of the Workers with Disabilities (취업장애인의 보조공학기기 사용의 변화형태 분석)

  • Jun, Y.H.
    • Journal of rehabilitation welfare engineering & assistive technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 2012
  • This study is aimed to identify latent classes which are based the change patterns in assistive technology device use among worker with disabilities and to test the effects of independent variables(gender, education, disability type, disability density, activity and participation of ICF: ICF, subjective socioeconomic status: SES, job satisfaction, life satisfaction) on determining latents classes. This study applied Nagin's(1999) semi-parametric group based approach to the panel survey of employment for the disabled. Because dependant variable has dichotomous scale, logit model was used. The results identified three latent classes, which could be defined based on the patterns as follows; assistive device continued use group, assistive device mid-level use group, assistive device sharp decline use group. The effects of the independent variables on the latent classes was tested by multinomial logit analysis. The results showed that education, disability type, ICF, SES, and life satisfaction were significant determinants of the latent classes. Finally, the implications based on analysis results were suggested.

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Inter-and Intragenerational Occupational Mobility in Korea (도시취업자의 세대간 직업이동과 세대내 이동)

  • Hwang, Deok-soon
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.35-62
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    • 2001
  • Using panel data (KLIPS) we examine the relation between respondents' occupation and their fathers' occupation. We divide the urban employed into four subgroups according to their occupation: employer, self-employed, white collar worker and blue collar worker. We find that the effects of fathers' occupation on respondents' occupation are mediated by the level of respondents' education. The effects of respondents' initial occupation on their current occupation are also significant. In terms of the extent of mobility, we can rank the occupational groups as follows: employer, upper layer of self-employed, white collar worker, lower layer of self-employed and blue collar. In order to encourage occupational mobility, we should level the opportunity of education among different occupational groups.

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A Study on the Influences of Korean Consumer Characteristics and Propensity to Purchase in Brand Choice (한국소비자 특성과 구매성향이 브랜드 선택에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyung-Suk;Kim, Chur
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.321-339
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study to the analyze characteristics and purchasing activities of consumers by using the Multinomial Logit model, which is a well-known discrete selection model to explain and forecast consumers' selection activities(patterns). The study aims to determine the state of competition between National Brand and Private Band and how some demographic characters and marketing variables influence consumers' brand selections within the facial tissue market. Our analysis process includes reorganization of panel data(individuals' purchasing record at each point) to fit the purpose of our study as well as analysis of probability and influencing factors of consumers' brand selection at each point of purchases. The result showed that consumers at higher age and with higher income hold better probability to purchase National Brand. Likewise, locations also had considerable effect on selecting brand, and Private Brand was preferred in department store and discount stores. On the other hand, consumers loyal to National Brand reported higher probability to purchase if the product prices were higher while Private Brand buyers were more promoted the purchase under price discount.

Analysis on the Factors Affecting Housing Tenure of Single-Person Households of Young Generation Employing the Multinomial Logit Model (다항 로짓모형을 이용한 청년 1인가구의 주거 점유형태 영향요인 분석)

  • Lee, Mu-Seon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.469-481
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    • 2016
  • The number of single households in Korea has been sharply increasing due to dissolution of the family community and changes in housing culture. Therefore, there is a need to develop a plan for diagnosis of changes in the housing market in response to a rapid increase of single household to suggest a proper direction of housing policy. This study was conducted to clarify the factors influencing housing occupancy type targeting a single adult household. To accomplish this, a cross-sectional analysis was conducted using the multi-nominal logit model and the Korea Welfare Panel's 9th survey materials. Occupants of ingle households in their 20s and 30s were found to be much poorer than those in their 40s, or older. Additionally, single household in their 20s and 30s, the characteristic of a household having an influence on the choice of housing occupancy type showed a result in a different direction even from the same household characteristic of those in their 40s, or older. Finally, the characteristics of occupants of single households in their 20s and 30s showed room for improvement through public support. Overall, the results of this study implied the need to inquire into the government's periodic support in more diverse ways.

The Effect of the Parental Care Burden on the Labor Force Participation of the Middle Aged and Older Women (중.고령층 여성의 노부모 수발과 경제활동참여)

  • Choi, Young;Sim, Kyungsoo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.3
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    • pp.277-295
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    • 2014
  • This study was purposed to examine the effect of the parental care burden on the labor force participation of the middle aged and older women. For this, this study used 2,125 samples aged from 50 to 70 years old that were extracted from 1st and 2nd wave of the Korean Retirement and Income Study(KReIS). In order to examine the causal relationship between two variables, Generalized Estimating Equation(GEE) and Multi-nominal Regression analysis were performed. The results showed that there was a positive effect of the parental care burden on the labor force participation of the middle aged and older women. However, this effect was limited only to the employment to the unpaid family workers. In addition, the effect was varied according to the level of caring time to the old parents. Based on that, several policy and practical implications were suggested.

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A Multidimensional Approach on Poverty of Households with Children : A Typology Using Latent Class Analysis (아동거주가구의 빈곤에 관한 다차원적 접근 : 잠재집단분석을 이용한 유형화)

  • Joung, Eunhee;Choi, Youseok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the features of children poverty in Korea. Using the 7th Korean Welfare Panel Study, this study conducts latent class analysis to classify households with children. Results show that households with children are classified into three types: 1) housing expenditure overburdened households, 2) multidimensional deprivation households, 3) non-poverty households. The housing expenditure overburdened households have higher rates of housing expenditures than the other two groups. The multidimensional deprivation households experience various types of deprivation such as food insecurity, poor housing, and unstable job security for householders. The results imply that comprehensive approaches are needed to address multiple problems which poor households with children suffer.