• Title, Summary, Keyword: 파괴메카니즘

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An Experimental Study on Structural Characteristics of Reinforced Concrete Beams with the Perforative Opening (철근콘크리트 개방형 유공보의 구조적 특성에대한 실험적 연구)

  • 구해식
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 1997
  • 철근콘크리트 유공보에 있어서 기존 유공보의 연구는 유공위치를 보춤의 중앙에 위치하여 연구하였으나 철근코크리트 보의 역학적 특성활용과 시공상의 편의성을 위해 사각형 유공의 위치를 보춤 하단에 설치하여 개방형 유공보로 변형하였다. 본 연구에서는 사각형 유공보에 대한 유공크기의 세로길이를 보춤의 0.3배로 하고 가로길이를 세로길의의 1~3배로 변화시켜 보강 및 무보강 상태의 사각형 유공보와 이의 사각형 유공하부 콘크리트를 제외시킨 개방형 유공보에 있어서 총 10개의 시험체를 대상으로 하는 실험을 실시하여 시험체의 최대내력, 유공주위에서의 전단균열과 시험체의 휨인장균열, 주요위치의 변위조사, 주근 및 유공주위의 콘크리트와 보강철근의 변형도조사, 시험체의균열을 조사하여 상호변화를 비교.분석하였다. 이 연구결과로부터 개방형유공보의 유공주위 응력변형상태, 파괴메카니즘, 적절한 개방형 유공크기,설계시 고려사항을 제시하여 차후의 개방형 유공보의 계속적인 연구에 기여하고자 한다.

Correlation between Analysis and Experiment on Inelastic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Frame (철근콘크리트 골조의 비탄성 거동에 관한 실험 및 해석의 상관성)

  • 이한선;김상대;박철용
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.255-266
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    • 1997
  • 본 논문의 목적은 내진상세를 가진 철근콘크리트 골조의 비탄성 거동 예측에서 현재 사용되고 있는 해석적 방법이 가지는 신뢰성을 검토하고 실험에서 실측할 수 없었던 내부 힘의 분포 및 변화과정을 관찰하는 것이다. 이를 위하여 이미 실험이 수행된 2경간 2층 내진상세 모멘트-저항 철근콘크리트 평면골조(1)를 대상으로 ICARC 2D 프로그램(3)을 사용하여비탄성해석을 수행하였다. 해석결과가 실험결과에 최대한 일치하도록 관련 모델 변수들을 조절하였다. 이러한 해석결과가 실험결과와 어느 정도 일치하는 지 비교하였으며, 해석결과 얻어진 내부 힘의 발전과정을 관찰한결과 다음과 같은 결론에 도달하였다. (1)전체 횡력-횡변위 관계는 실험결과에 매우 유사하게 해석결과를 얻을 수 있다. (2)구조물의 힘의 분포 및 재분재 과정에 관련하여 해석은 구체적인 정보를 제사하였으며 실험결과 나타난 균열 및 변형결과와 대체로 일치한 소성힌지 발생과 파괴메카니즘을 나타내어 그 유용성을 입증하고 있다. (3)해석결과가 대체로 실험결가아 일치하나 국부거동과 관련하여 일부분 실제거동과 상당한 차이를 나타내어, 보다 정확한 모델을 개발할 필요성을 느낀다.

Tension Behavior of Nicalon/CAS Ceramic Composites (Nicalon/CAS 세라믹 복합재료의 인장특성)

  • Kim, Jeong-Guk;Kim, Weon-Kyong
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.232-237
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    • 2004
  • The tension behavior of Nicalon/CAS glass-ceramic matrix composites was investigated. Infrared (IR) thermography was employed for two different types of $Nicalon^{TM}/CAS$ composites, i.e., cross-ply and unidirectional specimens. During tensile testing, an IR camera was used for in-situ monitoring of progressive damages of $Nicalon^{TM}/CAS$ samples. The IR camera provided the temperature changes during tensile testing. Microstructural characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed to investigate the fracture mechanisms of $Nicalon^{TM}/CAS$ composites. In this investigation, the thermographic NDE technique was used to facilitate a better understanding of the fracture mechanisms of the $Nicalon^{TM}/CAS$ composites during tensile testing.

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A Study on Fatigue Crack Propagation of Random Short Fiber SMC Composite (非規則性 短纖維强化 SMC複合材料의 疲勞龜裂 進展에 관한 硏究)

  • 김광수;김상태
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 1989
  • The fatigue crack propagation of random short fiber SMC composite material was investigated. In macroscopic viewpoint, SMC composite material was treated as isotropic material and was analyzed in terms of conventional fracture mechanics. Experiments were conducted on mode I and mixed respectively and various loading level was applied to each mode. Fatigue crack growth can be explained in three steps and most of fatigue life is consumed in initial crack growth. In this experiments, power law, i.e, da/dN=C(C.DELTA.K)$^{m}$ , between fatigue crack growth rate and stress intensity factor range, was valid and the value of the exponent m is about 10, which is much higher than that of other metals. Fracture mechanism was also investigated by SEM fractographic study.

Failure Mechanism and Test Method for Reliability Standardization of Solder Joints (솔더조인트의 신뢰성 표준화를 위한 취성파괴 메커니즘 및 평가법 연구)

  • Kim, Kang-Dong;Huh, Seok-Hwan;Jang, Joong-Soon
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2011
  • With regard to reliability of solder joint, the significant failures include open defects that occurs from alignment problem, Head in Pillow by PCB's warpage, the crack of solder by CTE mismatch, and the crack of IMC layer by mechanical impact. Especially as PCB down-sizing and surface finish is under progress, brittle failure of IMC layer between solder bump and PCB pad becomes a big issue. Therefore, it requires enhancing the level of difficulty in the existing assessment method and improving the measurement through the study on the mechanism of IMC formation, growth and brittle failure. Under this circumstance, this study is intended to suggest the direction of research for improving the reliability on the crack such as improvement of IMC brittle fracture.

Interfacial Evaluation of Plasma-Treated Biodegradable Poly(p-dioxanone) Fiber/Poly(L-lactide) Composites Using Micromechanical Technique and Dynamic Contact Angle Measurement (Micromechanical 시험법과 동적접촉각 측정을 이용한 플라즈마 처리된 생분해성 Poly(p-dioxanone) 섬유강화 Poly(L-lactide) 복합재료의 계면물성 평가)

  • Park, Joung-Man;Kim, Dae-Sik;Kim, Sung-Ryong
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.18-27
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    • 2003
  • Interfacial properties and microfailure degradation mechanisms of the oxygen-plasma treated biodegradable poly(p-dioxanone) (PPDO) fiber/poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)composites were investigated for the orthopedic applications as implant materials using micromechanical technique and surface wettability measurement. PPDO fiber reinforced PLLA composite can provide good mechanical performance for long hydrolysis time. The degree of degradation for PPDO fiber and PLLA matrix was measured by thermal analysis and optical observation. IFSS and work of adhesion, $W_a$ between PPDO fiber and PLLA matrix showed the maximum at the plasma treatment time, at 60 seconds. Work of adhesion was lineally proportional to the IFSS. PPDO fiber showed ductile microfailure modes at We initial state, whereas brittle microfailure modes appeared with elapsing hydrolysis time. Interfacial properties and microfailure degradation mechanisms can be important factors to control bioabsorbable composites performance because IFSS changes with hydrolytic degradation.

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Nondestructive Microfailure and Interfacial Evaluation of Plasma-Treated PBO and Kevlar Fibers/Epoxy Composites using Micromechanical Test and Acoustic Emission (Micromechanical 시험법과 음향방출을 이용한 플라즈마 처리된 PBO와 Kevlar 섬유강화 Epoxy 복합재료의 비파괴적 파단특성 및 계면물성 평가)

  • 박종만;김대식;김성룡
    • Composites Research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.74-79
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    • 2003
  • Comparison of interfacial properties and microfailure mechanisms of oxygen-plasma treated poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole(PBO. Zylon) and poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide)(PPTA, Kevlar) fibers/ epoxy composites were investigated using micromechanical technique and nondestructive acoustic emission(AE). Interfacial shear strength(IFSS) and work of adhesion, Wa of PBO or Kevlar fibers/epoxy composites increased by oxygen-plasma treatment. Plasma-treated Kevlar fiber shooed the maximum critical surface tension and polar term, whereas the untreated PBO fiber showed the minimum value. Microfibril fracture pattern of plasma-treated Kevlar fiber appeared obviously. Based on the propagation of microfibril failure toward core region. the number of AE events for plasma-treated PBO and Kevlar fibers increased significantly. The results oi nondestructive AE were consistent well with microfailure modes by optical observation in microdroplet and two-fiber composites tests.

A Study on the Interfacial Properties of Bioabsorbable Fibers/PoIy-L-Lactide Composites using Micromechanical Tests and Surface Wettability Measurement (Micromechanical 시험법과 표면 젖음성 측정을 이용한 생흡수성 섬유 강화 Poly-L-Lactide 복합재료의 계면물성 연구)

  • Park, Joung-Man;Kim, Dae-Sik;Kim, Sung-Ryong
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2002
  • Interfacial properties and microfailure degradation mechanisms of the bioabsorbable composites for implant materials were investigated using micromechanical technique and measurement of surface wettability. As hydrolysis time increased, the tensile strength, the modulus and the elongation of poly(ester-amide) (PEA) and bioactive glass fibers decreased, whereas those of chitosan fiber almost did not change. Interfacial shear strength (IFSS) between bioactive glass fiber and poly-L-lactide (PLLA) was much higher than PEA or chitosan fiber/PLLA systems using dual matrix composite (DMC) specimen. The decreasing rate of IFSS was the fastest in bioactive glass fiber/PLLA composites whereas that of chitosan fiber/PLLA composites was the slowest. Work of adhesion, $W_a$ between bioactive glass fiber and PLLA was the highest, and the wettability results were consistent with the IFSS. Interfacial properties and microfailure degradation mechanisms can be important factors to control bioabsorbable composite performance.

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A Study on Failure Mechanism of Reinforced Earth Retaining Wall under Strip Load (대상하중하의 보강토옹벽의 파괴 메카니즘에 관한 연구)

  • 유남재;김영길
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 1991
  • Based on centrifuge model tests, the failure mechanism of reinforced earth retaining wall under strip load was investigated in this paper. Tests were performed by changing the materials of reinforcing strips, strip lengths, and strip arrangements. The strips were strain-gauged to measure the tensions in strips. The results were analyzed and compared with various design methosds in use to verify their feasibility. Consequently, a centrifuge model test was an effective method of investigating the behavior of reinforced earth retaining wall. The 2 : 1 stress diffusion method showed comparable results with tests in estimating the capacity of the reinforced earth wall under strip load. The superposition of tensions due to selfweight of the backfill and strip load was valid to estimate total tensions mobilized in strips. Using the elasticity theory to estimate the maximum tension mobilized in strips due to surcharge, while solutions of Boussinesq and Westergaard underestimated less tensions than the measured valises, Frohlich solution showed the comparable results with tests.

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Strengthening of an Existing Bridge for Achievement of Seismic Performance (내진성능 확보를 위한 기존교량의 보강)

  • Kook, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2009
  • After introduction of the earthquake resistant design code, it is required to achieve seismic performance of existing bridges as well as earthquake resistant design of new bridges. The achievement of seismic performance for existing bridges should satisfy the no collapse requirement based on the basic concept of earthquake resistant design, therefore, various methods with different strengthening scale should be suggested according to bridge types and importance categories. At present for typical bridges, most studied and applied strengthening methods are bearing change, pier strengthening and shear key installation for improvement of seismic performance. In this study a typical existing bridge, for which earthquake resistant design is not considered, is selected as an analysis bridge. Design changes are carried out to satisfy the no collapse requirement by way of the ductile failure mechanism and seismic performances are checked. It is shown that the seismic performance of existing bridges can be achieved by way of redesign of bridge system, e.g. determination of pier design section for substructure and change of bearing function for connections between super/sub-structure.