• Title, Summary, Keyword: 트롤조업

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UNDERWATER NOISE GENERATED BY FISHING GEAR -Stern trawl net- (어구에서 발생되는 소음 -트로올 어구-)

  • YOON Gab Dong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 1979
  • The main purpose of the present study is to measure the sound spectra of the underwater noises generated by moving trawl net. An underwater recording system was designed to detect underwater noise generated by moving trawl net. The acoustic analysis was made by a heterodyne analyzer (B & K 2010) and level recorder (B & K 2307). The noises generated by the trawl net are appreciably higher (about 10dB) than the background noise in the presence of the fishing vessel. The frequency distribution of underwater noise was DC-6,300 Hz and predominant frequency range was 100-200 Hz, and maximum sound pressure level was $137\;db(re\;1{\mu}Pa)$. Sound pressure level recorded at the ground rope was higher than that recorded at the head rope. The sound pressure level meosured in the course of hawling was higher than that measured in the course of towing. When tile net is being casted tile sound pressure level showed the lowest value.

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Fishing Experiment on Selectivity of Trawl Net (트로올 어구의 어획 선택성에 관한 연구)

  • 박시환
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.244-253
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    • 1990
  • For the purpose of the investigation on the selective action of trawl net, a series of fishing experiments carryed out in M. S. Pusan 402 during the years of 1986~1987, by using a set of trawl net with a few pocket nets in each part of the bagnet. The author analyzed these experimental data and derived the following results. 1. 58 species of aquatic animals were caught in totally 43 times of trawl operation and 33 species of them did not escape at all through the barrier of netting in the bagnet. 2. Sardinops melanosticta, Harengula zunasi, Thrisa kamalensis, Englausis japonicus, little size of Tracurus japonicus, Sphyraena pinguis, Trichirus lepturus, and Psenopsis anomala escaped easily through the barrier of netting after being caught inside of the codend. Especially, Englusis japonicus escaped well not only through the netting of the codend but also through the netting of the square and the baiting. 3. In the case of mesh size of 60mm in the codend, Pampus argentus, Doderleinia bercoides and Tracurus japonicus were caught all in the size of less than 10cm.

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Mesh Selectivity of Trawl Cod-end for Squid (오징어류에 대한 트롤 끝자루의 망목선택성)

  • Kim, Sam-Kon;Suh, Doo-Ok;Ahn, Jang-Young
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 1997
  • The squid fishery from the East China Sea has increased in importance in recent years, for management of resources were carried out selection experments using diamond and square mesh cod-end with enclosing small mesh cover net by trouser net method during 1991-1994 year. Mesh selection studies on Short-finned squid and Long-finned squid divided from catches by trial experiments. The results that square mesh cod-end retained proportionally fewer small and undersized Short-finned squid and Long-finned squid, square mesh cod-end were greater selection factor and 50% selection length than diamond mesh cod-end.

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Characteristics of Marine Litters Distribution on the Sea-bed of the East China Sea (동중국해의 해저 폐기물 분포특성)

  • Jeong, Sun-Beom;Lee, Dae-In;Cho, Hyeon-Seo;Kim, Young-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2005
  • This study evaluated the composition and distribution of marine litters on the sea-bed of the East China Sea. Surveys have been conducted by a benthic trawlnet of Dong-baek training ship of Yosu national university during the cruise of 2002-2004. Distribution density showed high value in C5 (north-western area of Jeju Island) with $110.3kg/km^2$ and those of annual mean were about $31-43kg/km^2$. Fishing gears such as nets, pots, octopus jars and etc. were about 42-72% of debris collected in the East China Sea. Composition ratio of rubber, vinyl. metal, plastic, glass, wood, cloth and etc. were within 25% except C5. Rope and drum showed strong fluctuations with 0-30% according to the trawling sites. Some vinyls and nets made in Korea, China and Japan were much collected. It is estimated that fishing gears were discarded to the sea by fishing operation, deliberately or not. An comprehensive program including continuous research, monitoring for marine litters in the Korean sea were necessary.

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A Study on the Diel Distribution and Activity Patterns of Fishes in the Korean Eastern Sea (한국 동해 어족생물의 일주기적 유영행동특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이대재;김성기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2001
  • The vertical distribution and activity patterns of fishes during the evening and morning transitions were investigated acoustically and by pelagic trawling on October 2-10, 1997 in the Korean Eastern Sea. The acoustic data were collected from four stations with a scientific echo sounder operating at a frequency of 38 kHz, and the echogram was used to analyze the diel vertical migration of fish. Biological sampling was accomplished by pelagic trawling to identify fish species recorded on the echograms, and the species and length compositions were investigated. Vertical profiles of water temperature, salinity at the trawl station were taken with a CTD system and were related to the diel movement and the depth distribution of fish. During the day, one group of fish mainly distributed above the depth layer of 50 m, the other group was at deeper water, approximately 250 m, but began to migrate toward the surface before sunset with a time difference. During the night, they were dispersed between the surface and the depth of 125 m. Just prior to sunrise, the scattering layer was divided with 2 groups and began to migrate downwards, respectively. Several trials of pelagic trawling for scattering layers suggest that the most dominant scatterer in the survey area of this study was Japanese flying squid, Todarodes pacificus..

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The survival rate of fish discarded from trawler (트롤 어선에서 어획후 투기된 어류의 생존율)

  • 안희춘;양용수;박창두;조삼광;박해훈;정의철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2003
  • Experimental fishing was carried out to investigate the survival rate of fishes discarded after hauling from the trawl and to develop the fishing gear and method for fisheries management which can improve the survival rate of young fishes escaped from the trawl codend in offshore korean southern sea and off Cheju Island of Korea. The young fishes were bred in fish cage on the board to measure the sustainable survival time for fishes escaped from grid panel and codend. The obtained results are summarized as follows' 1. Japanese flying squid(Todarodes pacjficus), mitra squid(Loligo chinesis), hair-tail( Trichiurus lepturus), john dory(Zeus japonicus), spanish mackerel(Scomberomorus niphonius), redlip croaker (Pseudosciaena polyactis) and blackthroat seaperch(Doederliinia berycoides) were dead instantly after hauling. 2. Survival rate of tiger shark(Galeocerdo cuvier), conger eel (Conger myriaster), red skate (Dasyatis akajei), black scraper(Navodon modestus) and japanese fan lobster(Ibacus ciliatus) might be high after discarding because they survived for long hours in fish cage. 3. Blotched eelpout(Zoarces gili) escaped from the escapement device(grid) was dead within 6 hours in the water tank installed on the board but 97% of tiger shark and 72% of conger eel survived over 72 hours. 4. Red skate escaped from trawl codend was dead within 60 hours in the water tank installed on the board but sustainable survival time of 25% of octopus(Paroctopus dofleini) and 100% of black scraper was over 72 hours. 5. Compared with the survival rate of rosefish(Helicolenus higendorfi) escaped from the escapement device(grid) and trawl codend, all of the rosefish escaped from the grid was dead within 7.2 hours but 8.3% of the rosefish escaped from the codend survived over 72 hours. 6. In comparison with the survival rate of japanese fan lobster survived over 72 hours, survival rate of japanese fan lobster escaped the codend was much higher as 75% than 33% of japanese fan lobster escaped from the grid.

List of fishes caught in the Arafura Sea of Indonesia (인도네시아 아라푸라해(海)에서 어획된 어류목록)

  • Lee, Jang-Uk;Baik, Chul-In;Kim, Yong-Uk;Moon, Dae-Yeon;Hwang, Seon-Jae;Jeoung, Jang-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Bin;Kim, Jin-Koo
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 1996
  • To investigate the fishes of the Arafura Sea of Indonesia, fish specimens were collected by scientists on board Korean trawlers fishing in this region during June 1994 and March 1996. A total of 137 fish species were identified, of which 40 occurred in both 1994 and 1996. In cartilaginous fishes, fishes from the families Carcharhinidae and Dasyatididae were dominant in terms of number of species and in teleost fishes, dominant species were those from the families Engraulididae, Carangidae, Sciaenidae and Tetraodontidae. This study revealed that Sardinelia longiceps, Setipinna melanochir, Cypselurus hiraii, Podothecus sachi, Nemipterus aurora, Johnius grypotus, Moolgarda perusi were collected for the first time in the Arafura Sea.

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Species Composition of the Catches collected by a Bottom Trawl in the Southern Waters of Korea in Summer, 2004 (2004년 하계 한국 남해에 있어서 저층 트롤 어획물의 종조성)

  • Jeong, Sun-Beom;Hwang, Doo-Jin;Kim, Young-Ju;Shin, Hyeong-Ho;Son, Yong-Uk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2005
  • The experiment was conducted to investigate the species composition of catches collected by the bottom trawl on June 24 to 26, 2004 in the southern waters of Korea using a trawler "DONGBAEK" belongs to Yosu National University. The investigation was carried out at the 5 stations and the towing speed was 3.4${\sim}$3.7k't. The catches were composed of 46 species from 37 families, 10 orders and 2 classes for fishes and 2 species, 2 families and 2 orders for Chondrichthyes and 44 species, 35 familes, 8 orders for Osteichthyes. The catches of Perciforms were the highest as 24 species and 18 families for fishes. The catches of Spear squid, Loli해 bleekeri and Red banded lobster, Metanephrops thomsoni were also the highest for mollusca and crustacea as 1 class, 3 species, 3 families, 2 orders, 1 class and 7 species, 5 families, 1 order, 1 class respectively. In the 5 stations, number of individuals and biomass were 1,144 and 376.0kg at ST-1, 908 and 240.3kg at ST-2, 666 and 90.1kg at ST-3, 2,050 and 300..4kg at ST-4 and 561 and 24.7kg at ST-5. The diversity index of each stations ranged between 1.49 and it showed the richness index of 2.13${\sim}$3.48, the evenness index of 0.48${\sim}$0.77 and the dominance index of 0.43${\sim}$0.8. Body length distributio of the dominant specise were 9${\sim}$32cm(fork length) for Japanese horse mackerel, Trachurus japonicus, 7${\sim}$23cm(mantle length) for Common squid, Todarodes pacificus, 9${\sim}$43cm(mantle length) for Spear squid, Loli해 bleekeri, 23${\sim}$36cm(total length) for File fish, Thamnaconus modestus, 10${\sim}$28cm(fork length) for Yellow porgy, Dentex tumifrons, 10${\sim}$36cm(fork length) for Target dory, Zeus faber and 8${\sim}$35cm(fork length) for Red seabream, Pagrus major.

Analyses of Mesh Selectivity in Trawl Cod - end for Priacanthus macracanthus (홍치에 대한 트롤 끝자루의 망목선택성 분석)

  • Kim, Sam-Kon;Youm, Mal-Gu;Park, Chang-Doo
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 1996
  • The fishing experiment was carried out in order to analyses the mesh selectivity for trawl cod - end in the Southern Korean Sea and East China Sea from June,1991 through December, 1992. The mesh selectivity was examined for the five kinds with opening mesh size, of which having mesh s izes 51.2mm, 70.2mm, 77.6mm, 88.0mm and 111.2mm. In this report, mesh selectivity were taken analyses trawl cod - end for Priacanthus macracanthus. The main results obtained were as follows : 1. The relation equations between total length(TL) and body height(BH), body girth(BG) and body weight(BW) were BH=0.256 TL+2.963, BG=0.620 TL+8.650 and $BW=7.34{\times}10^{-5}TL^{2.6956}$, respectively. 2. 50% selection length and selection factor of trial cod - end with opening mesh size having 51.2mm, 70.2mm, 77.6mm, 88.0mm were 94.8mm, 1.85 ; 159mm, 2.27 ; 204mm, 2.09 ; 217.3mm, 2.18, respectively. 3. Range of opening mesh size from 51.2mm to 88.0mm, parameters of master curve were slope 2.70, intercept - 5.7 and selection factor 2.11.

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Development for Fishing Gear and Method of the Non-Float Midwater Pair Trawl Net (III) - Opening Efficiency of the Model Net attaching the Kite - (무부자 쌍끌이 중층망 어구어법의 개발 (III) - 카이트를 부착한 모형어구의 전개성능 -)

  • 유제범;이주희;이춘우;권병국;김정문
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.197-210
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    • 2003
  • The non-float midwater pair trawl was effective in the mouth opening and control of the working depth in midwater and bottom. In contrast, we confirmed that it was difficult to keep the net at surface above 30 m of the depth by means of the full scale experiment in the field and the model test in the circulation water channel. To solve this problem, the kites were attached to the head rope of the non-float midwater pair trawl. In this study, four kinds of the model experiments were carried out with the purpose of applying the kite to the korean midwater pair trawl. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. The working depth of the non-float midwater pair trawl with the kite was shallower than that of the proto type and non-float type. The working depth of the kite type was approximately 20m with 2 kites and about 5m with 4 kites under 4.0 knot. The working depth was almost constant but the depth of the head rope sank approximately 15m and 10m according to the increase in the front weight and the wing-end weight, respectively. The changing aspect of the working depth was constant, but the depth of the head rope sank approximately 22m according to the increase in the lower warp length (dL). 2. The hydrodynamic resistance of the kite type was almost increased in a linear form in accordance with the flow speed increase from 2.0 to 5.0 knot. The increasing grate of the hydrodynamic resistance tended to increase in accordance with the increase in flow speed. The hydrodynamic resistance of the kite type was larger approximately 5~10 ton larger than that of the non-float type and the proto type. The hydrodynamic resistance of the kite type increased approximately 3ton with the changing of the front weight from 1.40 to 3.50 ton and approximately 4 ton with the changing of the wing-end weight from 0 to 1.11 ton and approximately 5.5 ton with the changing lower warp length (dL) from 0 to 40 m, respectively. 3. The net height of the kite type was increased approximately 10 m with the change in the kite area from $2,270mm^2$ to 4,540 $\textrm{mm}^2$. The net height of the kite type was aproximately 50 m and 30 m larger than that of the proto type and the non-float type, respectively. The changed aspect of the net width was approximately 5m with the variation of the flow speed from 2.0 to 5.0 knot. 4. The filtering volume of the kite type was larger than that of the proto type and the non-float type by 28%, 34% at 2.0 knot of the flow speed and 42%, 41% at 3.0 knot, and 62%, 45% at 4.0 knot, and 74%, 54% at 5.0knot, respectively. The optimal towing speed was approximately 3.0 knot for the proto type and was over 4.0 knot for the non-float type, and the optimal towing speed reached 5.0 knot for the kite type. 5. The opening efficiency of the kite type was approximately 50% and 25% larger than that of the proto type and the non-float type, respectively.