• Title/Summary/Keyword: 투자자 특성

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Promoting the Masses' Investment through Crowdfunding Platform: Focusing on Lending based Crowdfunding Platform (크라우드펀딩 플랫폼을 통한 대중적 투자 활성화 방안 연구: 대출형 크라우드펀딩 플랫폼을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Ae Ri;Lee, Sang-Jong;Kim, Kyung Kyu;Kwon, Hyuk-Jun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.644-660
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    • 2016
  • With the development of Fintech industry, research interest in crowdfunding is growing. Crowdfunding, originated from crowdsourcing, involves the participation of many individuals' contributions to funding a new project. Specifically, lending based crowdfunding provides a platform for raising funds in the form of loans by connecting borrowers to funders(investors) via Internet, not through traditional financial institutions. Recently, lending based crowdfunding attracts much attention as a new investment alternative; however, there is a lack of research about lending based crowdfunding. This study aims to examine the factors influencing an investor's participation in lending based crowdfunding by focusing on platform features, investor features, and project features. Based on the findings, this study discusses theoretical and practical implications for promoting the crowd's investments through crowdfunding platforms.

The Effect of Crowdfunding Factors on Participational Intention -A Case of Chinese Participants (크라우드펀딩 특성이 참여의도에 미치는 영향 - 중국사례를 중심으로)

  • Jia, Jing;Lee, Cheol-Gyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.237-247
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, a research model was designed to investigate the factors influencing the intention to the crowdfunding participator of China. The research model includes the platform factors, investor factors, and social factors, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and funding participants' intention. In this research, the data was collected by online survey, and in final analysis, 439 participators' questionnaires were used. The empirical paper proves research hypothesis by using SPSS 23.0. The results of the study are as follows: the crowdfunding platform factors, social factors and the participants' individual factors partially give positive effects to perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness; perceived ease of use gives positive effects to perceived usefulness. In addition, perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness have positive effects to participational intention. This paper provides a useful scheme for the better operation and promotion of crowdfunding. In the future, a comparative study of different types of crowdfunding is needed.

'글로벌 유니콘 클럽' 기업의 특성 및 기업가치 영향 요인에 대한 탐색적 연구: 2018-2019 '유니콘 클럽' 기업을 중심으로

  • Lee, Yeong-Dal;O, So-Yeong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.131-153
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    • 2020
  • '기업 생태계'에서 '유니콘'이란 표현법은 2013년 'Aileen Lee'에 의해 명명된 이래, 특히 한국에서 '스타트업 생태계'의 국제적 수준 비교의 차원에서 활발하게 다루어졌다. 정부 차원에서는 이를 정책적 목표로 설정하여, '2022년까지 유니콘 기업 20개 목표'를 제시한 바 있다. 이와 같이 '유니콘 클럽 기업'에 대한 현상이 정책적 목표 차원에서 다루어지며, 대중적으로 더욱 확산된데 반해, 이에 대한 실체적 및 본질적 이해 목적의 학술적 연구는 충분치 못하였다. 본 연구는, 첫째, 2018년 기준 '유니콘 클럽' 기업 326개 및 2019년 479개의 기업을 대상으로 이들의 특성을 심층적이고 다면적으로 분석하였다. 그동안 주로 국가 별 '유니콘 기업' 수 및 산업 분류 기준 일반현황 중심의 대중적 소개가 주된 내용이었다. 그러나, 본 연구는 투자자를 포함한 기초 현황을 상세 분석하였고, 사례분석을 포함한 질적 탐색을 수행하였다. 또한 군집분석, 판별분석, 다층 회귀분석 등 양적 탐색을 함께 수행하였다. 개별기업의 '기업가 요인-산업(시장)환경 요인-자원 요인-전략 요인', 즉 'ERIS 모델'에 기반하여 그 특성을 살펴보았다. 둘째, 기업가치에 영향을 미치는 요인들을 앞서 분석한 특성 요인 및 투자자 특성과 연계하여 살펴보았다. 그리고 마지막으로는 이들을 토대로 '기업 생태계' 관점에서 유니콘 현상'을 바르게 이해하고, 또한 정책적 측면에서 이를 생산적으로 활용하는 방향을 제시하였다.

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Effects of Security Design and Investor Utilities on the Valuation of Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS의 발행구조, 가치평가 몇 투자자 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Management
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.147-179
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    • 2005
  • It is frequently said that mortgage-backed securities (MBS) of different security designs are issued in an attempt to meet the varying needs and expectations of investors. If this is true indeed, MBS of complicated risk-return characteristics are likely to be priced higher than MBS of simple risk-return characteristics we. We test this implication by establishing a recombining binomial interest rate prepayment model with a burnout effect embedded. More specifically, we compare the relative values (utilities) of a pass-through and a PAC- Support collateralized mortgage obligation(CMO), and theoretically show why and how the CMO is more highly valued than is the pass-through. The model is established such that mortgage prepayment is a function of the current value of, and the past path of, the mort-gage market rate. Since we work on not the total value of the two MBS but the value of each tranche of either MBS, the test results could be robust to slightly different versions of similar tests, which may be done in the future.

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A Study to Analyse the Characteristic of New Condominium Buyers with the object of Investment and Owner-Occupation : The Case of Busan and Gyeong Nam Area (공동주택 분양시장의 투자자와 실수요자 특성 연구 - 부산·경남지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Gwang-Ho;Kim, Tae-Yong;Ro, Seung-Han
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2017
  • It is important to identify new apartment buyers with the object of investment and owner-occupation because it may determine the scope of marketing and marketing strategies. Establishing an more effective marketing scope and strategies should result in maximizing profits and reducing expenses. In this study, we split the participants in the new apartment market depending on the buyers' intent - investment and owner-occupation - and then examine their characteristics. We employ condominium buyers' information from 2011 to 2016, which is provided by the one of the largest construction companies in South Korea. The sites of the condominium samples locate in Gyeongnam and Busan areas and the number of household sample is 5,549. The results show that investors are approaching at a greater distance than actual buyers. The higher the age and the lower the price, the higher the probability of participation of investors. We also find that the samples of Busan have different results from the others, which may imply that the area has more demand due to its attractiveness.

Study on Investment Decision-making Factors of Informal Investors for Start-up Investment (비공식투자자의 창업기 투자의사결정요소 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Nyeun;Park, Sun-Youmg;Sawng, Yeong-Wha
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.584-593
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    • 2018
  • The startup, which is a common noun to start a small business, has been recently one of main targets for policymakers due to its important role for job creation and considerable potential for sustainability of an economy. However, technological entrepreneurship decreased by 5.0% p from 2013 to 2016. The revitalization of entrepreneurial investment promoted by the government is mainly supported in fruitable venture companies at grow stage or 2~3 years before IPO through venture capital firms and angel funds. It is far from an investment at start-up. It is therefore necessary to motivate private investment to be active in the private start-up sector. In addition, the start-up investment requires institutional support and government support to meet the expectations of investors about the possibility of payback and profitability of private investment invested in the founding period. As a small entrepreneur at a comparably early stage in the lifecycle of business, investments for the startup are generally made by informal investors such as family, friends and fools, and their decision making processes are relatively non-programmed compared with ones for listed corporales such as venture capital and angel fund agency. This study focuses on analyzing decision making factors in investment, and verifying an impact of such factors, specifically the possibility of investment payback and investment profitability, in a decision-making process for the startup especially at the very early stage.

The Role of Accrual Information in Valuation (기업가치평가에 있어서 발생액 정보의 역할)

  • 유성용
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.79-98
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    • 2002
  • This study examines the association between valuation and accrual information. According to accounting based valuation model, firm's value consists of net book value and abnormal earnings. Net book value and abnormal earnings are determined as the manager's accounting policy. Discretionary accruals may signal the manager's value expectation or be noisy factor of accounting variables. The results of this study are as follows; First discretionary accruals are associated to stock prices negatively but non-discretionary accruals are not to stock prices. This result suggests that discretionary accruals and non-discretionary accruals are the differential factors of the firm value. Second, the product term of discretionary accrual and net book value are associated to the stock price negatively but the product term of non-discretionary accrual and net book value are not associated to the stock price. the results indicate that discretionary accruals are noisy factors of net book value information. Third, the product term of discretionary accrual and net income are associated to the stock price negatively and the product tenn of non-discretionary accrual and net income are also associated to the stock price negatively, the results suggest that discretionary accruals are noisy factors of earnings.

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Rule Discovery and Matching for Forecasting Stock Prices (주가 예측을 위한 규칙 탐사 및 매칭)

  • Ha, You-Min;Kim, Sang-Wook;Won, Jung-Im;Park, Sang-Hyun;Yoon, Jee-Hee
    • Journal of KIISE:Databases
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.179-192
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    • 2007
  • This paper addresses an approach that recommends investment types for stock investors by discovering useful rules from past changing patterns of stock prices in databases. First, we define a new rule model for recommending stock investment types. For a frequent pattern of stock prices, if its subsequent stock prices are matched to a condition of an investor, the model recommends a corresponding investment type for this stock. The frequent pattern is regarded as a rule head, and the subsequent part a rule body. We observed that the conditions on rule bodies are quite different depending on dispositions of investors while rule heads are independent of characteristics of investors in most cases. With this observation, we propose a new method that discovers and stores only the rule heads rather than the whole rules in a rule discovery process. This allows investors to define various conditions on rule bodies flexibly, and also improves the performance of a rule discovery process by reducing the number of rules. For efficient discovery and matching of rules, we propose methods for discovering frequent patterns, constructing a frequent pattern base, and indexing them. We also suggest a method that finds the rules matched to a query issued by an investor from a frequent pattern base, and a method that recommends an investment type using the rules. Finally, we verify the superiority of our approach via various experiments using real-life stock data.

Roles and Discourse of Cryptocurrency's Online Community and YouTube : Using Focus Group Interviews (암호화폐 온라인 커뮤니티와 유튜브의 역할 및 담론분석 연구 : FGI 인터뷰를 중심으로)

  • Lim, Han Sol;Jung, Chang Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.615-629
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    • 2020
  • Conducting Focus Group Interview (FGI), this study examined the roles and discourses of cryptocurrency's online communities and media (legacy media and YouTube), and based on this, the study proposed the direction of cryptocurrency policy. By reviewing previous literature, this study analyzed the characteristics of investors, the online community, and YouTube, which is an investment environment factor. The study figured out the purpose of use and role of the community via interviews with cryptocurrency professional investors and online community members and analyzed main discussion themes of the five top-ranked YouTube channels related to cryptocurrency with the highest number of subscribers. The results suggested that cryptocurrency's investment was led by those who are in their 20s and 30s, the investors preferred and trusted information on new media than legacy media. The online community played the role of emotional homogeneity and empathy, and YouTube mainly performed the informational role. As a result of discourse analysis and interviews, this study argued that the legal stability of cryptocurrency's policy and protection of individual investors are needed. This study's significance indicates that it used various research methods such as literature research, interviews, content analysis of community/YouTube to analyze the informational role and emotional aspects of new media and suggested policy direction of the digital new deal blockchain technology and the fairness of financial industry.

An Exploratory Study on the Characteristics of the 'Global Unicorn Club' and the Factors Influencing its Valuation: Focusing on the 'Unicorn Club' in 2019 ('글로벌 유니콘 클럽' 기업의 특성 및 기업가치 영향 요인에 대한 탐색적 연구: 2019년 '유니콘 클럽' 기업을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Young-Dall;Oh, Soyoung;Yoon, Yoni
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1-26
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    • 2020
  • The term 'Unicorns' in the corporate ecosystem was firstly introduced by Aileen Lee in 2013. It has been actively discussed in South Korea particularly to compare the level of the 'start-up ecosystem' from a global perspective. Accordingly, the Korean government has recently set a policy goal 'to nurture 20 Korean unicorn companies by 2022'. While the phenomenon of 'Unicorn Club Company' has been brought to the level of policy objectives and spread more widely to the public, existing academic research to understand its substantial and underlying implications has been insufficient. First, in this study, the characteristics of 479 'Unicorn Club' companies in 2019 were analyzed in-depth. Previous research has focused on the general status and trend by analyzing the number of unicorn companies by country and industry classifications. However, this study conducted a qualitative exploratory analysis by investigating descriptive statistics about unicorn companies, including their investors, while providing case studies. Also, cluster analysis, ANOVA, and multi-level regression were employed for quantitative exploration. The characteristics of individual companies were examined based on the "ERIS Model (Entrepreneur - Industry(Market) - Resource - Strategy Model)". Secondly, factors influencing its valuations were examined in connection with the previously analyzed characteristic variables and investor characteristics. Finally, based on these, the future direction of the "Unicorn Phenomenon" from the perspective of "Enterprise Ecosystem" and productively using it from the perspective of the public policy is suggested.

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