• Title, Summary, Keyword: 퇴적물 환경 기준

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Evaluation of river sediment characteristics and water quality effect (하천 퇴적물 물성 및 수질영향 평가)

  • Lee, Yosang;Lee, Seungyoon;Yi, Hye-suk;Chong, Sun-A
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.481-481
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    • 2016
  • 하천퇴적물은 물의 순환과정에서 유역으로부터 유입되는 물질에 따라 조성이 변하게 된다. 특히 입자가 작은 토양과 유기성 물질들은 물순환과정에 이동성이 크게 나타나며, 인간에 의해 개발된 지역은 자연상태에 비해 이동하는 물질이 많이 나타나곤 한다. 본 연구에서는 하천에 건설된 보에 대한 퇴적물 조사를 실시함으로서 향후 수질관리에 필요한 기초 자료를 수집하고자 하였다. 본고에서는 금강과 낙동강에 건설된 보의 주요지점에 대한 퇴적물 조사를 실시하고 수질영향을 평가하였다. 조사는 홍수기전과 홍수기후로 구분하여 2회에 걸쳐 실시하였으며 물리적 성상과 화학적 항목에 대한 분석을 실시하였다. 입도분석 결과 금강 주요 10개 지점의 퇴적물 조성은 Sand, Silt와 Clay 성분이 혼합되어 있는 것으로 분석되었으며, 삼각좌표 분류법에 의한 토성은 대부분의 지점이 실트질양토(SiL)로 평가되었다. 완전연소가능량은 0.35~1.37로 전 지점에서 하천 호소 퇴적물 오염평가 기준의 유기물 함량기준 13%보다 높지 않은 것으로 나타났으며 홍수기 전 후에도 거의 유사하였다. 금강에서는 중금속뿐만 아니라 유기물 및 영양염류도 기준보다 낮게 나타났으며, 모든 항목에서 환경부예규인 하천 호소퇴적물 오염평가 기준보다 낮게 평가되었다. 하상 퇴적물이 수질에 미치는 영향을 평가하는 용출실험에서도 유기물 및 중금속 모두 수질에 미치는 영향은 거의 없는 것으로 평가되었다. 낙동강 주요 26지점의 입도분석 결과 퇴적물 조성은 대부분 Sand로 구성되어 삼각좌표 분류법에 의한 토성은 사토(S)로 평가되었다. 홍수기 전 후에 조사한 결과 완전연소가능량은 0.27~2.85으로 전 지점에서 하천 호소 퇴적물 오염평가 기준의 유기물 함량 기준보다 낮았으며 홍수기 전 후에도 거의 유사하였다. 화학적 성상 분석 결과 모든 항목에서 환경부예규인 하천 호소퇴적물 오염평가 기준보다 낮게 평가되었으며, 용출실험에서도 유기물 및 중금속 모두 수질에 영향을 거의 미치지 않는 것으로 평가되었다. 이번 조사는 4대강 건설 후 하상이 안정화 되지 않은 상태로 인해 지점간 특별한 경향성은 확인할 수 없었으며 보다 정확한 결과 도출을 위해서는 장기적인 조사를 통해 평가해야 할 것으로 판단되었다.

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Evaluation of Organic Compounds and Heavy Metals in Sediments from the Urban Streams in the Busan City (부산시 도심하천 퇴적물의 유기물 및 중금속 오염도 평가)

  • Lee, Junki;Kim, Seogku;Song, Jaehong;Lee, Taeyoon
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2010
  • The main purpose of this study is to offer informations about the current conditions and basic data of sediments for the urban streams in the Busan city. Total 14 urban streams were selected and sediment samples were collected. Then, It was investigated the sediment qualities though the measurement of pH, proximate analysis, elemental analysis, COD, organic carbon content, volatile solid content and heavy metal concentration. Results show that COD, organic carbon content, volatile solid content and heavy metal concentration of sediment are determined in the range of $1.20{\sim}75.07mg\;L^{-1}$, 0.19~11.54%, 0.23~34.21% and $0.4{\sim}732.6mg\;kg^{-1}$, respectively. Finally, Analysis data of sediments were compared with USEPA sediment quality standards and ontario sediment quality guidelines. As a result, when compared with USEPA sediment quality standards, total 9 samples were evaluated as heavily polluted and total 3 samples were evaluated as moderately polluted. But, when compared with ontario sediment quality guidelines, total 3 samples were evaluated as Severe effect level and total 10 samples were evaluated as lowest effect level.

Korean Environmental Standards for Beneficial Use of Dredged Materials (준설토 유효활용을 위한 한국형 환경기준 개발)

  • Yoon, Gil-Lim;Lee, Chan-Won;Jeong, Woo-Seob
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 2008
  • This paper proposed an environmental standard far beneficial use of dredged materials currently considered as waste materials. In Korea, even though chemical analysis of sediments are carried out frequently, their analysis results were not interrelated with the effects of biological lives due to a shortage of data, which may result in difficulty to develope Korean standards for reusing dredged materials. For these, this paper first searched existing foreign standards, analyzed local contaminated sediment data, identified their main components of contaminations and then compared clean-up standards of sediments consisting of lower and higher level. From these analyses new environmental standards considering Korean domestic circumstances are proposed. It is judged that newly proposed standards are appropriate in terms of both Korean national sedimental environments and economical recycling aspects because environmental standard levels proposed are higher than background level of sediments in Korea and foreign country's standards, where many experiences and environmental monitoring works have been already performed.

Evaluation of the Sediments Contamination in the Lake Sihwa (시화호 퇴적토의 오염도 평가 및 효과적 관리방안)

  • Kim, Seung-Jin;Bae, Woo-Keun;Shin, Kyung-Hoon;Choi, Dong-Ho;Baek, Seung-Chun;Yoon, Seung-Joon;Choi, Hyung-Joo
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2007
  • An investigation on the polluted sediments in the Lake Sihwa and the benthos that inhabited on the sediments was conducted. Cost effective remediation alternatives were derived form the results of the investigation. The sediment samples taken from four sampling points out of thirteen showed relatively high heavy metal (particularly copper) concentrations which exceeded the Effects Range Low (ERL) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA. The four sampling points were located in front of industrial complexes. Although the heavy metals appeared to have affected the growth of the benthos, the concentration of it did not exceed the criteria of dredging that were developed by Netherlands or the State of Washington, USA. However, contamination by organic matters and sulfur compounds was severe, which exceeded the criteria of dredging that were established in Japan. The sediments taken from the four sampling points which were contaminated with heavy metals showed higher organic matter content in general. The organic matters in the sediments depleted oxygen in summer, which appeared to be fatal to the benthos. A comprehensive analysis on the sediments, benthos, and other environmental impact from the contaminated sediments drew a conclusion that the benthonic environment of the Lake Sihwa needed a stepwise remediation, giving a particular emphasis on the clean up of the sediments upstram of the Lake which could cause odor problems to the nearby residential area.

Heavy metals contamination in coastal sediments by the large discharge from wastewater treatment plant (하수종말 처리장 처리수의 해양 방류와 퇴적물의 중금속 오염)

  • Kwon Young Tack;Lee Chan Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 1998
  • Heavy metals concentration in superficial sediment of effluent discharging area was rapidly increased by annual loadings of Zn(8.465 Kg), Ni(3,291 Kg), Cu(1,636 Kg) and Pb(1,250 Kg) from sewage effluent of 63×10/sup 6/ m³/yr. In a consequent result, specially the concentrations of Zn and Cu in the sediment were three times higher than preindustrial reference values. The evaluation by multiple ecological risk indices showed that heavy metals contamination in sediment of discharging area was 'heavily Polluted level' by sediment quality criteria and increased 2.6 times by the degree of contamination. It was also judged that toxicological effects of sediment receiving the primary effluent would occasionally (16~47%) occur by guidelines for adverse biological effect.

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Vertical Profiles and Assessment of Trace Metals in Sediment Cores From Outer Sea of Lake Shihwa, Korea (시화호 외측 해역 주상 퇴적물 내 미량금속 수직분포 특성 및 오염도 평가)

  • Ra, Kongtae;Kim, Joung-Keun;Kim, Eun-Soo;Kim, Kyung-Tae;Lee, Jung-Moo;Kim, Eu-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2013
  • Trace metal concentration in sediment cores from the outer sea of Lake Shihwa were determined to study the vertical profiles of metal concentrations and to evaluate the levels of metal contamination. Sediment pollution assessment was carried out using enrichment factor (EF) and geo-accumulation index (Igeo). The mean concentration of metals were 58.8 mg/kg for Cr, 10.3 mg/kg for Co, 22.8 mg/kg for Ni, 18.1 mg/kg for Cu, 74.0 mg/kg for Zn, 6.75 mg/kg for As, 0.14 mg/kg for Cd, 27.4 mg/kg for Pb and 0.026 mg/kg for Hg, respectively. The mean EF values for Cu, Zn, As, Cd and Hg were greater than 1.5 in sediment cores, indicating that these metals in sediments are slightly enriched by anthropogenic activities. The geo-accumulation index (Igeo) suggested unpolluted status for metals of sediments collected from outer see of Lake Shihwa. Igeo values for Cu and Hg nearby LNG station (site C, D, E) ranged from 1 to 2, indicating moderately to unpolluted pollution status for those metals. Even if the higher concentrations of trace metals nearby LNG station were observed, there is significantly positive relationship between Al and trace metals. Thus, the sediment grain size plays an important roles in influencing the distribution of trace metals in sediment cores from the outer sea of Lake Shihwa. Based on the comparison with sediment quality guidelines such as threshold effect level and probable effect level in Korea, the concentration of metals in sediments from outer sea of Lake Shihwa are likely to result in no harmful effects on sediment-dwelling organisms.

A Proposal of Standard Method for the Analysis of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPHs) in Marine Sediments and Biota (해양환경시료(해저퇴적물과 해양생물)에 축적된 석유계총탄화수소(TPHs) 분석에 대한 공정시험기준 제안)

  • Kim, Chang-Joon;Hong, Gi-Hoon;Jeon, Ji-Yeun;Kim, Suk-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.249-262
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    • 2010
  • Regulatory test method for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPHs) in the marine sediment and biota has not still been established even though TPHs are one of the major pollutants in marine environment. Based on the Korean Soil Standard Method (SSM) for TPHs, we considered a new treatment method for determining TPHs in marine environmental samples by using a Gas chromatography coupled with Mass spectrometric detector. We suggested an improved recovery test for quality control procedures and introduced analytical procedures of removing sulfur, polar organic materials, water and saponification for removing neutral lipids in marine bottom sediments and biota.