• Title, Summary, Keyword: 터널 정거장 굴착

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Investigation of soil behaviour due to excavation below the grouped pile according to shape of tunnel station (터널 정거장 형상에 따른 군말뚝 하부 굴착 시 지반거동 연구)

  • Kong, Suk-Min;Oh, Dong-Wook;Lee, Jong-Hyen;Lee, Yong-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.83-97
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    • 2018
  • Tunnels are widely used for special purposes including roads, railways and culvert for power transmission, etc. Its cross-section shape is determined by uses, ground condition, environmental or economic factor. Many papers with respect to behaviours of adjacent ground and existing structure tunnelling-induced have been published by many researchers, but tunnel cross-section have rarely been considered. A collapse of tunnel causes vaster human and property damage than structures on the ground. Thus, it is very important to understand and analyse the relationship between behavoiurs of ground and cross-section type of tunnel. In this study, the behaviour of ground due to tunnel excavation for underground station below the grouped pile supported existing structure was analysed through laboratory model test using a trap-door device. Not only two cross-section types, 2-arch and box, as station for tunnel, but also, offset between tunnel and grouped pile centre (0.1B, 0.25B, 0.4B) are considered as variable of this study. In order to measure underground deformation tunnelling-induced, Close Range Photogrammetry technique was applied with laboratory model test, and results are compared to numerical analysis.

Investigation of ground behaviour between plane-strain grouped pile and 2-arch tunnel station excavation (2-arch 터널 정거장 굴착 시 평면변형률 조건에서 군말뚝의 이격거리에 따른 지반거동 분석)

  • Kong, Suk-Min;Oh, Dong-Wook;Ahn, Ho-Yeon;Lee, Hyun-Gu;Lee, Yong-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.535-544
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    • 2016
  • Special tunnel design and construction methods have been suggested due to developments of subway and tunnel. Collapse accidents of tunnel bring enormous damage. So, observation and analysis for the safety of tunnelling and behaviour of surrounding ground are important. But, it is not economical to implement the field test in every time. Therefore, this study has measured ground behaviour due to excavation of 2-arch tunnel station according to offset between grouped pile and tunnel by laboratory model test. For the model test, trapdoor device was adopted. Tunnelling is simulated by volume loss of 2-arch tunnel. Ground displacements are observed by close range photogrammetric method and image processing. In addition, these data are compared with numerical analysis.

NATM Tunnel Designs in Taiwan High Speed Rail Project (대만 고속전철에 적용한 NATM 터널설계)

  • Kim, Dal-Sun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.424-430
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    • 2001
  • 현대건설(주)는 사업 주관사로서 해외 업체와 대만고속전철 턴키 공사를 2000 년 1 월에 공동으로 수주하였다. 고속전철의 총 연장 길이는 약 326 km 이며, 정거장 10 개소, Depot 및 야적장으로 구성되어 있다. 이번에 수주한 공구는 2 개의 연속된 공구 (C230, C240) 이며, 본 논문은 총 연장 23.6km 인 C230 공구에 대한 설계 과정을 수록하였다. C230 공구는 NATM 터널 (6.2km), Cut-and-Cover 터널 (0.5km), 교량 (7.8km) 및 토공 구간 (9.1km)으로 구성되어 있다. 전 구간의 지반조건은 "매우" 취약한 매질로 구성되어 있으며, 층리나 절리는 거의 발달되어 있지 않다. 따라서 화약발파에 의한 터널 굴착은 기계식 굴착 (Back-hoe Excavation) 방법에 비하여 현실성이 없는 것으로 분석되었다. 취약한 지반에서 계측 결과를 기준으로 굴착 공간을 안전하게 유지할 수 있는 NATM 보강 설계가 현지 암반조건에 가장 이상적인 방법으로 제시되었다. 특히, NAT설계는 대형 아파트 지역과 파쇄대 및 지하수 침투 예상지역을 통과하기 위하여 계측에 의한 Feed-back 과정을 탄력적으로 적용하도록 계획하였다.

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A Study on the Behaviour of the Station Structure due to Adjacent Construction (근접시공에 따른 정거장구조물 거동특성에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Jeeseung;Kim, Manhwa;Lee, Sungil;Kim, Hongjoo;Shin, Youngwan
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2016
  • Recently, it has been made many adjacent construction of inter-facility by the expansion of urban infrastructure facilities using the underground space. The complaints relating to the stability of the facility by adjacent construction is common. In this study, it was conducted for the subway line 5 Gimpo airport station structure in the upper Gimpo urban railway to determine the behavior characteristics of station structure according to adjacent construction. It was performed evaluation of the safety zone and excavation method for station structure. And after a review of damage evaluation, track irregularities and structural calculation by using a numerical analysis, stability of the station structure according to adjacent construction was evaluated to be secured. This study is expected to be used as basic data in advance if you need to review the effects of nearby structure according to adjacent construction.

A study on hydraulic back analysis for an urban tunnel site and stability analysis based on hydro-mechanical coupling analysis (도심지 터널 용출수 발생구간에서의 수리 역해석 및 수리-역학 연계해석을 통한 안정성 해석 연구)

  • Park, Inn-Joon;Song, Myung-Gyu;Shin, Uyu-Soung;Park, Yong-Su
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2008
  • Excessive amount of groundwater flowed into tunnel, while constructing Incheon international airport railway. Tunnel passes under subway line no. 2 with only 1.76 m below. To protect the existing structure, TRcM excavation method was applied. As station and construction shaft are already constructed, which are located back and forth of TRcM section, 86.4 ton per day of groundwater inflow is against expectation. To identify mechanism of excessive water inflow, hydraulic back analyses were performed. Then, hydro-mechanical coupled analysis were also performed with the hydrogeologic parameters identified, whose results are investigated for checking the stability of adjacent structures to the tunnel under construction. And a number of mechanical analyses were also performed to check the hydro-mechanical coupling effect. The result from the mechanical analysis shows that subsidence and tunnel ceiling displacement will be 0.85 mm and 1.32 mm. The result of hydro-mechanical couple analysis shows that subsidence and maximum tunnel ceiling displacement will be 1.2 mm and 1.72 mm. Additional displacements caused by groundwater draw down were identified, however, displacement is minute.

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Tunnelling in Bangkok - Two Case Studies (방콕의 터널공사 - 두 개의 사례연구)

  • Teparaksa, Wanchai;Cho, Gye-Chun
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.153-163
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents two case studies for tunnelling in Bangkok: a subway tunnel site and a flood diversion tunnel site. The first case study is related to ground displacement response for dual tunnel Bangkok MRT subway. The MRT subway project of Bangkok city consists of dual tunnels about 20 km long with 18 subway stations. The tunnels are seated in the firm first stiff silty clay layer between 15-22 m in depth below ground surface. The behavior of ground deformation response based on instrumentation is presented. The back analysis based on plain strain FEM analysis is also presented and agrees with field performance. The shear strain of FEM analysis is in the range of 0.1-1% and in accordance with the results of self boring pressuremeter tests. Meanwhile, the second case study is related to the EPB tunnelling bored underneath through underground obstruction. The Premprachakorn flood diversion tunnel is the shortcut tunnel to divert the flood water in rainy season into the Choapraya river. The tunnel was bored by means of EPB shield tunnelling in very stiff silty clay layer at about 20-24 m in depth. During flood diversion tunnel bored underneath the existing Bangkok main water supply tunnel and pile foundation of the bridge, instrumentation was monitored and compared with predicted FEM analysis. The prevention risk potential by means of predicting damage assessment is also presented and discussed.

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