• Title, Summary, Keyword: 탐색적 연구

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Exploratory Behavior in Early Childhood (아동의 탐색활동)

  • Suh, Young Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.3
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    • pp.17-33
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    • 1982
  • 본 연구는 아동의 탐색활동에 관한 연구에 지침이 되고 자극을 주고자, 또한 실제 지도에 있어 시사점을 발견하고자 이 분야에 관한 주요연구문헌을 고찰하였다. 그리하여 탐색활동을 놀이와 호기심과 비교하여 그 정의를 내리고 탐색활동의 기능과 특징, 그리고 이 활동에 영향을 주는 제 요인을 살펴보았다. 그 결과 아동의 탐색활동에 관한 연구자간의 의견차이를 보이는 것이나 연구공백이 있는 것이 여러부분이 됨이 드러났다. 즉 놀이와 탐색활동과의 구별, 탐색활동과 호기심과의 관계, 탐색활동의 동기, 상황에 따른 탐색활동의 유형변화, 탐색활동을 유발시키는 자극물의 특성-특히 공간적 특성, 탐색활동과 아동의 년령, 성별, 인지적 발달단계와의 관계, 그리고 탐색활동에 있어서의 개인차 등에 관해 더 많은 연구가 요구됨을 알 수 있었다. 특히, 아동의 탐색활동과 지적발달 또는 사회성 발달과의 관계나 아동의 발달과정에 따른 훈련이나 교육을 동한 탐색활동의 증진방안 등은 시사성 있는 중요한 연구테마로 보여진다. 또한 이 탐색활동에 관한 연구에서도 실험실에서 이루어진 연구가 자연적인 상황에 얼마나 일반화 될 수 있는지, 한 번의 관찰이나 실험이 계속적인 의미를 지닐 수 있는지에 대해 연구자들이 더욱 신중해야 할 필요성이 있음이 드러났다. 물론, 한 가지 이론이나 연구로서 탐색활동의 전부를 설명할 수는 없다. 유아교육자들이나 아동학자들은 아동이 그 자신의 환경에 적응하고, 사회적 유능성을 함양시키고, 진정한 의미에서의 지능발달에 중요한 것으로 드러난 이 아동의 탐색활동에 관해 더욱 관심을 가지고 여러 가지 이론과 연구를 빌어 연구나 실제 지도에 필요한 아이디어를 삼아야 할 것이다.

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Configurations of Knowledge Search in Knowledge-Intensive Industries (지식기반산업에서 기업의 지식탐색 유형: 구성형태적 접근)

  • Huh, Moon-Goo;Lee, Jaegun
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.299-331
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    • 2017
  • This research details firm knowledge search types based on the locus and features for Korean firms in the knowledge-based industry, and then analyzes differences in innovation performance according to the types from the view of a configurational approach. Existing research has mainly concentrated on establishing a relation between knowledge search and outcome variables. Consequently, firms have relatively insufficient understanding of how to systematize knowledge search. Hence, this research classifies knowledge search into four dimensions-external search breadth, external search depth, internal search breadth, and internal search depth-by the locus and features of search. Furthermore, the research draws actual types of knowledge search of firms and analyzes differences in innovation performance. The main result of the research is as follows. First, the research reasons out six clusters of firms which have a dissimilar knowledge search type. Each cluster shows differences while participating in every dimension of knowledge search or few dimensions. Second, as for innovation performance, each cluster shows different exploitative and exploratory innovation performance according to their knowledge search type. This research applies a configurational approach while existing research applied a reductionistic approach, thereby establishing the major contribution which enables us to study a phenomenon as it comes, not to analyze variables and relationships of variables. Lastly, the research suggests a future direction of research based on the result of this research.

Competition & Collaboration : Why people share location context information? (경쟁과 협력 : 사람들은 왜 위치 맥락 정보를 공유하는가? 위치기반 소셜네트워크서비스(LBSNS) 사용자의 공동 경험에 관한 탐색적 모형에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Sang-Won;Lee, Hae-In;Park, Hye-Jin;Kim, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the HCI Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2012
  • Why people share location context information? The purpose of our study is that why users share location context information and which factors is related to co-experiences in LBSNS. Through an exploratory approach, first, we conducted a qualitative study in order to understand experiences among people in LBSNS and analyzed according to Grounded Theory. As a result, we found concepts regarding co-experiences cooperatively and competitively in LBSNS. Second, the theoretical model of co-experience was constructed by mediating perceived empathy based on theoretical foundation. In this study, theoretically, we suggested exploratory research model of co-experiences in LBSNS. Practically, designers could adopt concepts in terms of competition and collaboration among users to build co-experience of LBSNS services as its guidelines.

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A Study on the Information Seeking Behavior through the Discourse Analysis of Casual Interactions among Wild-Goose Mothers (일상적 만남의 담화분석을 통한 정보탐색행위에 관한 연구: 기러기엄마를 중심으로)

  • Park, Joo-Bum;Jeong, Dong-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.93-112
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    • 2012
  • This study focuses on the characteristics of information seeking behavior through the casual interactions which are regular contacts with others as information sources in the context of ELIS. Qualitative data were gathered using semi-structured one-to-one interviews with 9 wild-goose mothers in order to investigate the casual interactions. We identified information needs, patterns and characteristics of information seeking behavior through the casual interactions and the major interpretative repertoires.

A Comparative Study on Models of Web-based Information Seeking Behavior (웹 정보탐색행위 모형의 비교 분석 연구)

  • 김성진
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.211-233
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    • 2004
  • The web is a new information environment, which has different characteristics from a traditional IR environment. Needed are more research from a new point of view as well as the adoption of a new research paradigm in order to understand a user-system interaction on the web. The purpose of this study is to review and analyze models of web-based information seeking behavior, which Wang, Hawk & Tenopir, Hsieh-Yee, Choo, Detlor & Turnbull, Chun & Cooper, Rieh, and Spink proposed. The comparative analysis indicates that web-based information seeking models are categorized into three area: interaction model, information seeking behavior model, and evaluation model, and that they are based on a multifaceted interaction and a nonlinear perspective.

The Effect of Government R&D Support on the Exploratative Activities of the Firm in Korea (정부의 기업 R&D 지원이 기업의 탐색적 활동에 미치는 영향의 실증 분석)

  • Yoon, Ji Woong;Yoon, Sungshik
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.279-302
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    • 2013
  • This paper empirically examines the effect of government R&D support on the performance of the firm in Korea. In particular, we examine to what extent the government R&D support affected the firm's exploratative performance. Using a novel dataset combining patent information with national government R&D funding data and firm performance indicators from 2005-2008, we construct and run an empirical model where a firm's exploratative activity, measured by a firm patenting in a different field, is a function of the government R&D support a firm receives. The empirical results show that the government R&D support has a positive effect on the firm's exploratative activity. Especially, this effect is stronger for the small and medium size firms, while large firms are relatively relying on their own R&D funding for exploration. This result indicates that the government needs to focus more on R&D funding for small and medium size firms, if it wants more exploratative outcomes to enhance potential resources for economic development.

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Revisiting the validities of the Perfectionism Scale (완벽주의 척도의 타당도 재검증)

  • Rhee, Ki-Jong;Kim, Eun-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association for Survey Research Conference
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    • pp.239-262
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    • 2006
  • 이 연구는 Hewitt과 Flett(1991c), 이기종(2006)이 제안한 완벽주의 척도 연구모형의 타당도를 확인적 요인분석을 통해 검증하고, Hewitt과 Flett(1991c)이 개발한 완벽주의 척도의 문항이 몇 개의 요인으로 구성되는지 알아보기 위해 탐색적 요인분석을 실시하였다. 확인적 요인분석 결과 Hewitt과 Flett(1991c), 이기종(2006)이 각각 제안한 연구모형과 수집된 자료가 잘 합치하지 않았다. 따라서 자료에 모형이 잘 맞도록 모형을 수정해야 하고, 의미 없는 자유모수가 모형에서 나타나지 않도록 모형을 다시 설정해야 함을 알 수 있다. 또한 Hewitt과 Flett(1991c)이 개발한 완벽주의 척도의 탐색적 요인분석을 통해 완벽주의 척도의 각 문항들이 완벽주의를 측정하는데 있어서 단일요인으로 제 기능을 하기 보다는 여러 문항에 걸쳐 공통요인이 존재함을 알 수 있다. 따라서 확인적 요인분석과 탐색적 요인분석을 통해 Hewitt과 Flett(1991c)이 개발한 완벽주의 척도가 측정하는 요인은 3개 요인으로 설명될 수 없다고 판단된다. 그러므로 Hewitt과 Flett(1991c)이 개발한 완벽주의 척도의 측정 문항이 수정되어야 하고, 나가서 우리의 사회 문화적 실정을 고려한 완벽주의 척도의 개발이 시급함을 알 수 있다.

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An Exploratory Study of Performances between a Subject Directory and Keyword Search Engine in the Network Databases (네트웍 데이터베이스에서의 주제별 디렉토리와 키워드 검색엔진의 검색효율에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Lee Myeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.177-197
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    • 1997
  • The study measured whether two search engines retrieve different Web documents for 6 queries. Two different search engines, Alta Vista in terms of keyword search engines and Yahoo in terms of subject directory engines were measured using as criteria, total number of documents retrieved, total number of relevant documents retrieved, recall and precision ratios. In addition, Alta Vista was suitable for specific and technical terms, while Yahoo was effective for general and plain terms. However, more elaborate research needs to be tested in terms of query characteristics.

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Memory in visual search: Evidence from search efficiency (시각 탐색에서의 기억: 탐색 효율성에 근거한 증거)

  • Baek Jongsoo;Kim Min-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2005
  • Since human visual system has limited capacity for visual information processing, it should select goal-relevant information for further processing. There have been several studies that emphasized the possible involvement of memory in spatial shift of selective attention (Chun & Jiang, 1998, 1999; Klein, 1988; Klein & MacInnes, 1999). However, other studies suggested the inferiority of human visual memory in change detection(Rensink, O'Regan, & Clark, 1997; Simons & Levin, 1997) and in visual search(Hotowitz & Wolfe, 1998). The present study examined the involvement of memory in visual search; whether memory for the previously searched items guides selective attentional shift or not. We investigated how search works by comparing visual search performances in three different conditions; full exposure condition, partial exposure condition, and partial-to-full exposure condition. Revisiting searched items was allowed only in full exposure condition and not in either partial or partial-to-full exposure condition. The results showed that the efficiencies of attentional shift were nearly identical for all conditions. This finding implies that even in full exposure condition the participants scarcely re-examined the previously searched items. The results suggest that instant memory can be formed and used in visual search process. These results disagree with the earlier studies claiming thar visual search has no memory. We discussed the problems of the previous research paradigms and suggested some alternative accounts.

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An Exploratory Study on the Effects of Innovation and Business Performance of CEO's Internal and External Activities (CEO의 내·외부 활동이 혁신과 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Choi, Sung-Pyo;Uh, Soo-Bong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.302-313
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    • 2016
  • This study conducts statistical analysis based on a survey of 300 CEOs from Korean companies in order to examine the effects of a CEO's internal?external activities (information, knowledge management, learning organization) on business innovation activity (exploitative, exploratory) and business performance. Analysis results show that learning organization activity had a significant positive (+) effect on exploitative and exploratory innovation activity. In addition, knowledge management activity lacked statistically significant effects on exploratory innovation activity. Furthermore, exploitative and exploratory innovation activity was affected by CEO's internal?external activities (information, knowledge management, learning organization) and had a significant positive (+) effect on company's business performance. but it was shown that the level of influence was different. Results of this study imply that maximizing business performance through developing innovation activity by CEO's internal?external activities (information, knowledge management, learning organization) in the company, extracting activity advantageous to company's business environment based on activity perceived in the precedent study and business strategy becomes advantageous to the attainment of business performance objectives.