• Title, Summary, Keyword: 탈빈곤

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Life Experiences and Prospects of Welfare/Poverty Exit of the Poor with Work Ability: Mixed Methodology using Sequential Exploratory Design (근로능력이 있는 빈곤층의 경험과 탈수급/탈빈곤 전망에 대한 연구: 순차적 탐구전략에 따른 방법론적 융합)

  • Jo, Joon-Yong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2016
  • This study analyzes life experiences and prospects of poverty/welfare exit of the poor with work ability utilizing Mixed methodology. Based on Sequential Exploratory Design, it qualitatively analyzes 3 waves of qualitative panel data linked to Korea Welfare Panel Study(KWPS) and presents life changes of 14 poor in the context of their prospects of welfare/poverty exit. Then it proposes hypotheses on the role of education, household economy expectation, self-esteem in the prospects of poverty/welfare exit following the sequential exploratory design to quantitatively test qualitative findings utilizing KWPS(7th). The outcomes of the Structural Equation Model(SEM) suggest that household economy expectation plays mediating role between education and the prospects of welfare/poverty exit. This implies that anti-poverty policy needs to consider a psychological approach to enhance household economy expectations of the poor as well as other material support.

Impact of a Sense of Social Exclusion on Will to Escape Poverty in Needy Single Mothers: with Priority Given to the Mediating Effects of Social Support (한부모 빈곤여성의 사회적 배제감이 탈빈곤 의지에 미치는 영향 -사회적 지지의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Hwa-Myung;Jeong, Weon-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.760-771
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether social support produced any mediating effects when needy single mothers' sense of social exclusion affected their own will to escape poverty. The subjects in this study were 376 poor single mothers who resided in the cities of Busan, Gimhae and Yangsan and who were in their 20s to 60s. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the single mothers who lived in poverty were given less social support when they felt more excluded in the dimensions of health, relationships, production, consumption, political participation and housing. Second, the needy single mothers had a more will to escape poverty when more social support was provided and less will to escape poverty when they felt more excluded in the dimensions of health, relationships, production, consumption, political participation and housing. Third, social support produced mediating effects when social exclusion affected the will to escape poverty. The findings of the study suggest that in order to relieve needy single mothers' sense of social exclusion and bolster their will to escape poverty, formal social support from the nation and local community and informal social support from neighbors, friends and relatives should both be strengthened.

The Study on New Poverty and Change of Poverty Policy in Korea (한국의 신빈곤현상과 탈빈곤정책에 관한 연구: 근로빈곤층(the working poor)의 실태를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Young-Lan
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.41-70
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    • 2005
  • The object of the study is to examine the change of social-economic structure and poverty-shape to escape poverty. In Korea, the working poor have been increased by flexibility and division of labor market since the economic crisis in 1997, and are faced with hard conditions due to the vulnerable welfare system. Especially the workers who engage in irregular jobs were increased by restructure of labor market. Besides they are in unstable employment terms such as low payment, low-skill and exclusion from welfare-benefit. Many small independent businessmen are also in danger of poverty for enterprises trend to move abroad by globalization. Poverty policy in our country was focused on the absolute poor class that has relation with old age, unemployment, disable, disease etc, so they were the object of welfare policy. The poverties, however, are increasing rapidly after the economic crisis, and they work so hard but are still poor, that is, participation in labor market doesn't become an element to escape poverty. Thus the emergence of new poverties whose core consists of the working poor becomes to need new poverty policy. The study is to survey change of their economic conditions, their welfare conditions, their experiences and responses of social dangers after the economic crisis, then to explore the policy to escape poverty. As the result of the study, it shows that the working poor experienced many kinds of social dangers like unemployment, decrease of income etc. In their welfare conditions as their responses to the social dangers, the benefit of social insurance, enterprise welfare like legal retirement pay and paid leave and private welfare such as private pension and insurance are low. The working poor are faced with social dangers, moreover, they don't have skill or education for adapting themselves to information society. The study says that it needs variable policies for the working poor to escape poverty, and suggests payment & tax policies as stable income policy, occupational discipline and skill-education for promoting the quality of employment, moreover, social insurance as expansion of social welfare policy and housing & education policies whose objects are the working poor.

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Labor Transition of Middle-aged and Elderly and the Effects of Perceived Job Stability on Poverty Exit (중·고령층 고용변화 추이와 고용안정성이 탈빈곤에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Sung-Ho;Jo, Joon-Yong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.231-242
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    • 2016
  • This study analyses labor transition of middle-aged and elderly in Korea utilizing Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA). Then it estimates the effects of perceived job stability for the middle-aged and elderly on poverty exit based on the age group simulation. The outcomes suggest that mid-50s and over are highly vulnerable to early retirement and they suffer from unstable employment and low possibility of re-employment. The logit analysis that simulates the effects of perceived job stability on poverty exit shows that mid-50s are more likely to get off the poverty than 65 and over when they have stable jobs. These implies that labor market policies should be designed in a tailor-made manner in consideration of the age group and its characteristics. This study also suggests the introduction of progressive labor policy measures that extends retirement age, that provides with job opportunities to middle-age and elderly, and that links employment and welfare under the umbrella of income security plan for the middle-aged and elderly.

The Impact of TANF on Income and Poverty : analyses by sub-component (미국 TANF정책이 소득 및 빈곤에 미친 영향: 하부조항별 분석)

  • Yoo, Ji-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.111-136
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    • 2007
  • The National Basic Livelihood Security(NBLS) System implemented from October 2000 has expanded cash assistance to cover the poor who are able to work in our country. Although the cash assistance for them has positive aspects of providing basic livelihood security for all people, but many scholars have also pointed out its negative aspects such as a decrease in labor supply among the poor. In order to provide policy implications for the cash assistance program of our country as well as the US, this paper examines the impact of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families(TANF) on poverty among single mothers and their families using data from March Current Population Survey of $1991{\sim}2002$. TANF imposes strong work requirements and time limits to recipients as conditions for cash assistance, which are major sub-components of TANF. Therefore, this paper analyzes TANF by looking at work requirements and time limits separately, not by looking at TANF as a single policy. The research findings show that work requirements significantly decreased income and increased poverty among single mothers. Although time limits show income increasing effects and poverty decreasing effects, it seems further studies on time limits are needed at this point. The research findings of this paper provide important lessons for welfare to work cash assistance of our country as well as the US.

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빈곤대책(貧困對策)의 재조명(再照明) : 협동조합(協同組合)을 통한 탈빈곤운동(脫貧困運動)의 활성화(活性化)를 중심으로

  • Gwon, Sun-Won
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.65-87
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    • 1993
  • 본고(本稿)는 빈곤문제(貧困問題)를 둘러싼 새로운 시각(視角)을 설명하고 빈곤대책(貧困對策)의 방향전환을 촉구하기 위해서 집필되었다. 복지차원(福祉次元)의 부조(扶助)에 의존하기보다는 스스로의 노동(勞動)에 의해 자립(自立)할 수 있도록 도와주는 것이 최선(最善)의 빈곤대책(貧困對策)이라고 보는 시각(視角)인 것이다. 세계은행(世界銀行) 둥이 빈곤대책(貧困對策)을 보더라도 가능한 한 자신의 노력(努力)과 노동(勞動)에 의해 자립(自立)할 수 있어야 하며 또한 그러한 기회가 최대한 보장되어야 한다는 점이 부각되고 있다. 사회부조(社會扶助)의 대상자들인 빈민(貧民)들이 개인적(個人的)으로나 자발적(自發的)인 조직화에 의해 시장경제(市場經濟)에 참여하여 적극적인 삶의 추구를 도모할 때 이는 취업증가를 통한 소득증가(所得增加), 나아가서 지역개발(地域開發) 및 국가경제성장(國家經濟成長)에도 기여하게 될 것이다. 더불어 사회적(社會的) 안정(安定) 및 정치적(政治的) 기반형성(基盤形成) 등 바람직한 외부효과(外部效果)를 창출할 가능성이 높게 된다. 본고(本稿)는 태동되기 시작한 빈민들의 생산협동조합운동(生産協同組合運動)에 초점을 맞추어 지역사회에 근거를 둔 경제공동체사업(經濟共同體事業)의 활성화를 강조하고 있다. 이로써 취업기회(就業機會)가 확충되고 지역개발(地域開發)이 촉진되며 그들의 소득증가(所得增加)를 통하여 탈빈곤(脫貧困)에도 도움을 줄 수 있을 것이므로 빈곤대책(貧困對策)의 우선순위(優先順位)가 여기에 두어져야 할 것이라고 제안하고 있다. 조금이라도 일할 수 있는 능력(能力)이 있다면 빈민(貧民)들은 협동조합(協同組合)을 결성하여 자립(自立)할 수 있도록 스스로 노력해 나가야 할 것인바, 이에 대하여 정부는 새마을금고(金庫) 등을 통한 금융지원(金融支援)과 조세감면(租稅減免)을 통하여 조직화를 지원하는 방향으로 인센티브를 제공해야 할 것이다.

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What Hinders the Transition from Benefits Recipiency to Labor Market in the Korean Social Assistance Program? : In the case of working-age recipients (근로연령대 수급자의 탈빈곤 : 노동시장통합 결정 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Jiyeun;Lee, Hyonjoo;Cheon, Byungyou
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.3
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    • pp.185-208
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    • 2014
  • This study is to identify the factors deterring or precipitating the exit from welfare recipiency to labor market in the Korean social assistance program. The results from the empirical analyses of the Korea Welfare Panel Study(KOWEPS) show that the duration dependency is not due to increasing welfare dependency with duration, but to the fact that longer stayers have many vulnerable conditions to escape from poverty. Particularly, the main factors determining the transition from recipiency to labor market are not individual or household characteristics such as human or social capital. Those having adolescents of secondary education in their households or participating in some effective labor market program such as job placement service tend to have significant effects on the exit rates from recipiency. That means that the institution-related factors such as the education and health supports combined with benefits and the effective labor market programs are important in the translation from recipiency to labor market of working-age recipients in the Korean social assistance scheme.

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A Study on Community Governance of Public Sector and Service Agencies : Focusing Differences of Perceptions Between Local Officials and Workers in Social Service Agencies Working for Poor Female-headed Households (빈곤여성가장을 위한 서비스 제공에 대한 민-관 인식 차이에 관한 연구: 지역사회 거버넌스 실현의 현실적 간격을 중심으로)

  • Song, Da-Young;Kim, Yu-Na
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.177-200
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    • 2008
  • The study is to investigate the extent to which public sector and private sector have established local governance at the community level. Also, it examines similarity and dissimilarity in the perception of unmet needs in the community service delivery system among local officials and workers in social service agencies for poor female-headed households, using survey questionnaire. It finally aims to propose more effective way of local governance between officials and workers in service agencies, and to improve living conditions for poor female headed households. Results show that first, about 70% of survey participant assess community governance and network system do not work well. Second, the more positive people evaluate their outreach efforts and the network level among community service agencies, the more they perceive that unmet needs are satisfied and recipients are well benefited. Third, the perceptions are significantly different in the extent of service delivery and the unmet needs between local officials and service workers who implement direct social service to female-headed households, after controlling for other related factors. In conclusion, suggestions are given to develope more effective service delivery system for poor female-headed households.

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Welfare Dynamics in Korea Determinants of Welfare Exit (국민기초생활보장제도 수급동태의 특성 및 수급탈출의 결정요인 분석)

  • Lee, Won-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.5-29
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    • 2010
  • This study examines the welfare dynamics in Korea under the scheme of National Basic Livelihood Protection Program(NBLP). Data are drawn from Korean Welfare Panel study 2005~2007. Main findings are summarized as follows. First, the exit probabilities show a declining tendency with time on welfare increases. If the exit probabilities indeed decline over time, the earlier years on welfare deserve more interest in the policy perspective. Moreover, the vast majority of recipients are long-termers. Further efforts are needed to increase self-sufficiency through providing genuine opportunity and necessary support for recipients. Second, out-of-poverty exit and out-of-system exit are quite different in their properties. The results from the multivariate analysis confirm that the dropouts through out-of-system exit are virtually the same with those who remain on welfare. These results imply that the government should not resort to the negative policy proposals such as time limit and strengthening sanctions. Third, several explanatory variables have anticipated effect on welfare exit probabilities. Age, education, health, marital status, the presence of children, employment status have a certain level of impact on exit, with the only exception of gender. Since the identification of the determinants can facilitate sensible targeting on the potential leavers, these results have some implications on policy proposals.

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An Analysis of the Job Sequences of the Working Poor (근로빈곤층의 직업력 분석 -비빈곤층과의 비교를 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Ok-Geum
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.55-77
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    • 2008
  • After the economic crisis of Korea, the character of Korean Poverty has changed. Most notably, many people are working but poor. Therefore it is important to understand the characteristics of the working poor, especially the unstable work experiences of the working poor since one of the causes of poverty is that. Prior research about the working poor has not fully proven this issue. This study is to examine the job sequences of the working poor. Thus I utilized the KLIPS(Korea Labor and Income Study), and analyzed it by event sequence analysis and optimal matching methods. The job sequences are divided as follows: total years of working in the labor market, the number of gaps and the length of gaps in their careers, and the characteristics of experienced jobs since they have entered the labor market from age 15. As a result, there are no statistically significant in the total years of working in the labor market. And the number of gaps and the length of gaps in their careers, and the characteristics of experienced jobs show that working poor have been experiencing more unstable than non-poor. Thus, almost all of the male working poor has unstable jobs their whole lives, and the female working poor's job sequences show distinct features according to women's life course. These results can give political implications to the anti-poverty policy in Korea.

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