• Title, Summary, Keyword: 탄닌

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Effects of Tannins from Astringent Persimmons in Alcohol Fermentation for Persimmon Vinegars (떫은감 탄닌성분이 감식초의 알콜발효에 미치는 영향)

  • 서지형;정용진;신승렬;김광수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.407-411
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    • 2000
  • 감식초를 제조할 때 떫은감에 함유된 탄닌성분이 알콜발효균주의 생육 및 알콜발효물의 품질에 미치는 영향에 대해 조사하였다. 알콜발효균주에 대한 생육저해는 녹숙감에서 분리된 탄닌에서 가장 뚜렷했으며 그 뒤로 완숙기, 연시 탄닌 순으로 나타났고, S cerevisiae YJK20에 비해 S, kluyveri DJ97이 생육저해를 적게 받았다. 알콜발효액의 단도는 첨가한 탄닌함량이 높을수록 서서히 감소하여 0.2%, 0.3%탄닌처리고(III, IV)는 발효 3일까지 그 감소가 현저하였으나, 발효6일에는 모든 처리구에서 5.8~6.0$^{\circ}$Brix로 일정수준을 보였다. 발효액의 알콜함량은 참가한 탄닌함량이 낮을수록 단기간에 높은 알콜함량을 나타내었으나, 각 처리구의 최고 알콜함량에서는 큰 차이가 없었다. 또한 첨가한 탄닌함량이 높을수록 발효액의 a값 증가가 뚜렷하여 최종 발효액에서 갈색도를 나타내는 a/b값이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 탁도도 발효 1일에 각처리구에서 거의 동일한 수준이었으나, 알콜\ulcorner량이 최고치를 나타내는 발효 4일에는 0.3% 탄닌처리구(IV)에서 가장 높았으며, 각 처리구의 총페놀성 물질 및 가용성 탄닌의 함량은 발효가 진행됨에 따라 감사하였다.

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Studies on the Mechanism of Nonastringency and Production of Tannin in Persimmon Fruits -Part IV. Microscopic Observation and Change of Tannin contents in Persimon Leaves during Growth- (감 과실(果實)의 탄닌 물질(物質) 생성(生成) 및 탈삽기구(脫澁機構) -제사보(第四報). 감 엽(葉)의 탄닌 함량(含量)의 변화(變化) 및 현미경적(顯微鏡的) 관찰(觀察)-)

  • Sohn, Tae-Hwa;Seong, Jong-Hwan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.201-205
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    • 1982
  • As a series of study on the removal of astringency and production of tannin substances, this experiment was conducted to investigate changes of tannin contents and microscopic observation on leaves of persimmon(Diospyros kaki L.). Changes of tannin contents of leaves and fruits in Daegu Bansi(astringent variety) were of similar tendency in content of total and soluble tannin during growth. It seemed therefore that tannin contents of leaves in astringent variety were closely concerned with tannin of fruits. But Fuyu(sweet variety) was different from each other during its growth. Histological form of leaves in microscopic observation had similar tendency between astringent and sweet varieties. It was observed that tannin substances were contained in epidermis cells of levels, that tannin substances were transfered in phloems of nerves system, and that tannin cell existed too in the vicinity of nerves system.

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Physiological Characteristics of Tannins isolated from Astringent Persimmon Fruits (떫은감에서 분리한 탄닌성분의 기능적 특성)

  • Seo, Ji-Hyung;Jeong, Yong-Jin;Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.212-217
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    • 2000
  • This study was determined protein reaction, antioxidative activity, nitrite scavening ability and antimicrobial activity of tannins isolated from astringent persimmon fruits. Tannins extracted from green persimmon fruits reacted highly with BSA(bovine serum albumin). Reactions between tannins and BSA were more active when contents of tannin were higher than that of BSA. Antioxidative abilities of green persimmon tannin were comparable to that of BHT(butylated hydroxytoluene). Green persimmon tannins exhibited remarkable nitrite-scavenging activity. Different antimicrobial activities of persimmon tannins were observed depending on the maturity. The growth of V. parahaemolyticus and E coil were highly inhibited by the addition of persimmon tannins. Tannins from soft persimmon did not have antimicrobial activities against B. subtilis and S. typhimurium.

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Changes in Pattern of Tannin Isolated from Astringent Persimmon Fruits (떫은감에서 분리한 탄닌성분의 패턴 변화)

  • 서지형;정용진;신승렬;김주남;김광수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.328-332
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    • 1999
  • This study was investigated pattern changes of tannin isolated from astringent persimmon fruits. The contents of total phenolics and soluble tannins decreased as the maturing and softening of persimmon fruits proceeded. Green and mature persimmon tannins reacted with acetaldehyde. The more contents of tannin increased, the more reactions became. And the reaction of green Persimmon tannin was more active than mature persimmon tannins. But tannin from soft persimmon fruits did not react with acetaldehyde. Tannins were more polymerized during maturing and softening of fruits. So there was a little difference in chromatography of persimmon tannins. Also green and mature persimmon tannins obtained 4 bands respectively after thin layer chromatography analysis. But there was only 2 bands in soft persimmon tannin. As softening of persimmon fruits proceeded, most of tannins reacted with acetaldehyde, so coagulated. Also the component of soluble tannins was changed during softening of persimmon fruits.

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Gel Permeation Chromatography of Douglas-fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii(Mirb.) Franco) Bark Condensed Tannins (미송(美松) 수피(樹皮)탄닌의 젤 침투 크로마토그래피)

  • Bae, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 1990
  • 아세틸화(化) 고분자(高分子) 축합(縮合)탄닌의 젤침투 크로마토그래피 분석(分析)을 위해 일반적(一般的)으로 사용(使用)되고 있는 폴리스타이렌 표준물질(標準物質)은 부정확(不正確)한 교정(矯正)값을 준다. 한편 유도체화 하지않은 축합탄닌의 젤침투 크로마토그래피는 폴리스타이렌 디비닐벤젠 코폴리머 컬럼과 디메틸 포름아미드를 용매(溶媒)로 사용(使用)하여 매우 만족스럽게 분석(分析)될 수 있었다. 그 컬럼의 교정은 유도처리 되지않은 고분자(高分子) 축합(縮合)탄닌을 이용(利用)하여 수행되었으며 고분자 탄닌을 유도처리 할 필요가 없으므로 탄닌의 신속한 분자량(分子量) 결정(決定)이 가능하고 컬럼 크로마토그래피로 분리(分離)되어지는 탄닌을 연속적으로 분석(分析)할 수 있는 장점(長點)을 가진다.

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Studies on the Mechanism of Nonastringency and Production of Tannin in Persimmon Fruits -II. Microscopic Observation of Tannin Cells in Persimmon Fruits during Growth- (감과실(果實)의 탄닌물질(物質)의 생성(生成) 및 탈삽기구(脫澁機構)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -제2보 : 탄닌 세포(細胞)의 현미경적 관찰-)

  • Sohn, Tae-Hwa;Seong, Jong-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 1981
  • In order to clarify the removal of astringency in persimmon fruits (Diospyros koki L.) and its mechanism, a comparative histology of tannin cells in tile cultivars of astringent persimmon fruits (Sangju Dungsi. Daegu Bansi. Cheongdo Bansi) and a sweet persimmon fruit (Fuyu) was observed. Tannin cells were widespread in all fruits tissue expert for tissue of ovule before full blossom. The epidermal cells of ovary. flower and calyx consist of tannin cell. Arrangement of tannin cells has radiated type toward the upper directions in the calyx. The major part of seed coat consisted of tannin cells. The epidermal cells of persimmon fruits were consisted of small tannin cells, and the inner part of epicarp of the astringent persimmon was consisted of stone cells, but the sweet persimmon was consisted of parenchymatous cells. It was suggested that differantiation of tannin cell In persimmon fruits occured until about the middle of August. Some tannin cells of matured astringent persimmon fruits was coagulated and wall of tannin cell produced protuberance, and most of tannin cells of matured sweet persimmon fruits was coagulated or ruptured.

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Effect of tannin content in sorghum on digestive enzymes (수수의 탄닌 함량이 소화효소에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jeong-Suk;Ko, Hee-Sun;Choi, Hong-Jib;Lee, Ji-Yun;Kim, Se-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.738-745
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    • 2016
  • We evaluated the distribution pattern of tannin in 164 sorghum breeding lines and the inhibition rates of amylase, protease, and lipase in sorghum lines with different tannin concentrations. Tannin was existed in the testa of sorghum grain. The tannin content in whole grain of Nampungchal sorghum was 11.54 mg/g, and that in grain (milling rate 73%) and bran fractions was 4.57 mg/g and 28.71 mg/g, respectively. The inhibition rate of ${\alpha}$-amylase, ${\alpha}$-glucosidase, and ${\beta}$-glucosidase in sorghum lines with tannin was higher than that in sorghum lines without tannin. The inhibition rate of ${\alpha}$-glucosidase was greater than 97% in sorghum lines with tannin. The inhibition rate of protease ranged from 20% to 70% in the sorghum lines, showing no discernable trends in tannin content. Lipase inhibition was either very low or not observed and did not seem to correlate with tannin concentration.

Surface Modification and Medical Formulation Technology Using Adhesion of Plant Tannic Acid (식물 유래 탄닌산의 접착능을 이용한 표면 개질 및 의료용 제형 기술 동향)

  • Park, Eunsook;Shin, Mikyung;Lee, Haeshin
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.71-75
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    • 2019
  • Tannic acid is one of the most commonly found polyphenols in the vegetable field. Initially, research on tannins concentrated on physiological functions such as antioxidants. Recently, however, tannic acid has attracted much interest as a molecular glue as it has been found to interact virtually all bio-macromolecules such as proteins and DNA. The various properties of tannic acid are expected to control the wettability of the surface, contribute to energy storage and generation, and show potential as a medical agent. Here, tannic acid will be discussed about the interaction of with bio-macromolecules as a molecular glue, surface modification, and utilization of itself as biomaterials.

Effect of Wastewater Treatment with Tannins from Peel of Astringent Persimmon Fruits (떫은감 껍질로부터 분리한 탄닌을 이용한 폐수처리 효과)

  • Cho Young-Je;Chun Sung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 2005
  • The two major tannins were separated by Sephadex LH-20 and MCI-gel CHP-20 from peel of astringent persimmon fruits. Purified tannins were identified to (+)-catechin and (+)-gallocatechin by NMR, IR spectrum and FAB-mass spectrum. The removal rate of turbidity, T-N, T-P and CODcr in wastewater with lime and (+)-gallocatechin was higher than those of (+)-catechin because (+)-gallocatechin has more hydroxyl groups. As increasing concentration of tannins from peel of astringent persimmon fruits, the removal rate of turbidity, T-N, T-P and CODcr were increased. Synergistic activity by mixed tannins(catechin+gallocatechin) was also observed.

Patterns of Tannin Accumulation in Leaves of C-4 Euphorbia maculata (C-4 Euphorbia maculata 엽육조직 내 탄닌물질의 축적 양상)

  • Kim, In-Sun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2003
  • Patterns of tannin accumulation in leaves of C-4 Euphorbia maculata have been examined using electron microscopy. Tannins, which are secondary metabolite phenolic compounds, were found to be deposited conspicuously in vacuoles of certain tissues regardless of their stage in development. However, patterns of deposit accumulation were distinguishable by their cell type during leaf differentiation. The deposits appeared most concentrated in the concentric bundle sheath cells enclosing veins, while little or no density was detected mostly in the mesophyll cells close to the epidermis. An ultrastructural study revealed that the deposits were restricted to the vacuoles at an early stage of leaf development; during which the vacuoles were almost completely filled with the tanniferous substances. The deposits themselves took different forms ranging from granules to huge globules while expanding leaf blade. As the leaf matured, the deposits accumulated either centripetally adjacent to the inner tangential tonoplast or by penetration into the cytoplasm amongst various cellular organelles, resulting in an extremely dense cytoplasm. Electron micrographs frequently showed the delineation of each organelle by the presence of dense deposits within the cytoplasm. Some large depository vacuoles filled with tannins had a corrugated appearance on the sectioned surface. The pattern and potential role of the deposits have been discussed.