• Title, Summary, Keyword: 크라우드펀딩

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Promoting the Masses' Investment through Crowdfunding Platform: Focusing on Lending based Crowdfunding Platform (크라우드펀딩 플랫폼을 통한 대중적 투자 활성화 방안 연구: 대출형 크라우드펀딩 플랫폼을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Ae Ri;Lee, Sang-Jong;Kim, Kyung Kyu;Kwon, Hyuk-Jun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.644-660
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    • 2016
  • With the development of Fintech industry, research interest in crowdfunding is growing. Crowdfunding, originated from crowdsourcing, involves the participation of many individuals' contributions to funding a new project. Specifically, lending based crowdfunding provides a platform for raising funds in the form of loans by connecting borrowers to funders(investors) via Internet, not through traditional financial institutions. Recently, lending based crowdfunding attracts much attention as a new investment alternative; however, there is a lack of research about lending based crowdfunding. This study aims to examine the factors influencing an investor's participation in lending based crowdfunding by focusing on platform features, investor features, and project features. Based on the findings, this study discusses theoretical and practical implications for promoting the crowd's investments through crowdfunding platforms.

A Study on the Current Status of Crowdfunding and Legislative Activities (크라우드펀딩의 국내·외 현황 및 입법 동향 분석)

  • Kwon, B.R.;Kim, J.S.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.174-183
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    • 2013
  • 최근 전 세계적으로 대중으로부터 십시일반 자금을 모으는 크라우드펀딩이 주목받고 있다. 특정한 프로젝트를 위해 다수의 개인들이 소액으로 후원을 하는 크라우드펀딩은 기존의 방식으로는 자금조달에 한계가 있는 다양한 분야와 목적의 자금 지원을 가능하게 하는데 그 의의가 있다. 특히 지분투자형 크라우드펀딩은 창의적인 아이디어나 기술을 가진 초기 단계의 스타트업과 창업자에게 새로운 자금조달 방식으로써 큰 기회가 되고 있다. 이에 따라 본고에서는 크라우드펀딩의 개념 및 특징과 국내 외 크라우드펀딩의 현황을 살펴보고자 한다. 특히 지분투자형 크라우드펀딩을 둘러싼 크라우드펀딩 사례, 입법 현황 및 법률적 쟁점을 파악하고 이를 바탕으로 향후 창업 촉진을 위한 정책적 시사점을 제시하고자 한다.

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국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 손실보전기대가 참여의도 및 무리행동에 미치는 영향: 조절효과분석을 중심으로

  • Hwang, Nak-Jin;Lee, So-Yeong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2020
  • 최근 계획된 행동이론을 바탕으로 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 참여의도와 무리행동에 관한 연구를 수행하였다. 연구 결과 계획된 행동이론의 주요변인 중 태도와 주관적 규범은 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 참여의도에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 그리고 간접효과 분석 결과 참여의도는 태도, 주관적 규범과 무리행동 사이에서 매개적 역할을 하는 것으로 확인되었다. 그러나 계획된 행동이론에서 행동의도의 주요 변인으로 제시된 지각된 행동통제는 참여의도에 미치는 영향이 통계적으로 비유의적인 것으로 나타났다. 대신 무리행동에는 직접적으로 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 한편 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자는 실제 투자행동을 할 때 플랫폼에서 제공되는 펀딩 진행정보를 일종의 신호로 보고 다수의 다른 투자자를 모방하여 무리행동을 한다는 것을 실증적으로 확인하였다. 본 연구는 종전 연구의 후속연구로서 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 손실보전기대가 참여의도 및 무리행동에 조절적 역할을 하는지 여부를 연구해 보고자 한다. 손실보전기대는 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자로 인해 투자자가 받게 되는 각종 혜택이나 투자조건에 따라 크라우드펀딩 투자로 인한 손실 일부 또는 전부를 보전하거나 손실 발생 가능성을 낮출 수 있다고 믿는 정도를 말한다. 본 연구를 통해 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자와 관련한 각종 혜택 및 투자조건 등이 투자자의 손실보전기대를 유발하여 투자자의 참여의도와 무리행동에 조절적 영향을 미치는지 여부를 실증적으로 확인함으로써 향후 크라우드펀딩 관계 당사자들의 동 제도 활성화 및 투자자 보호를 위한 각종 정책 및 사업계획 수립 등에 유의미한 결과로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.

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크라우드펀딩을 통한 자금유치 성공법: 자코토 교육법을 중심으로

  • Lee, Jeong-Hun;Sim, Gyu-Jin
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.77-81
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    • 2018
  • 자본시장법 개정과 벤처 창업 활성화를 위해 크라우드펀딩(Crowdfunding)의 역할이 매우 중요해지고 있다. 크라우드펀딩은 자금 수요자가 자신의 사업이나 자금조달 목적을 홍보하여 불특정 대중(crowd)으로부터 자금공급 여부에 대한 집단지성(collectiveintelligence)을 이끌어내고, 온라인상의 전문중개기관(intermediation)을 통해 소액의 자금을 조달(funding)하는 행위이다(김세련, 2017). 본 연구는 2017년 4월부터 약 1년간의 질적연구로 주식 및 채권 발행을 통한 증권형 크라우드펀딩을 준비하여 성공한 기업 5곳의 면담 자료와 실제 현장에서 강사로 교육을 하면서 관찰한 참여관찰일지를 전사 및 코딩하였다. 이를 기반으로 첫째, 크라우드펀딩에 성공한 기업들의 특징을 밝혀내고 둘째, 크라우드펀딩에 관한 사전교육이 성공에 영향을 미치는지 확인하였다. 본 연구결과를 바탕으로 궁극적으로는 크라우드펀딩을 통해 성공적으로 자금 유치를 하기 위한 교육법을 밝혀내고자 하였다. 기존 교육방식에 자코토 교육철학을 접목시켜 자코토 교육법이 크라우드펀딩을 통한 자금유치 성공에 긍정적인 영향을 준다는 것을 밝혀낸다. 자코토의 교육법은 어떤 '설명'도 하지 않고 프랑스어를 완벽하게 배우도록 한 자코토의 실험이 누구나 알려는 의지를 갖는다면 새로운 것을 배울 수 있다는 지능의 동일성에 근거하여 학생들에게 알려는 의지를 불러일으키고 빠져나갈 수 없는 고리를 강제하여 스스로 앎을 얻도록 한 것을 말한다.

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A Comparative Study on the Regulatory Framework of Crowdfunding (크라우드펀딩 법제에 관한 비교연구)

  • De Moor, Lieven;Kim, Hyonsu
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2016
  • The whole world enters into the financial revolution called crowdfunding. The United States, Italy, the United Kingdom and Japan have already legally allowed equity crowdfunding. South Korea also enacted equity crowdfunding in July 2015 for the purpose of efficient financing for startups and SMEs. This study reviews their crowdfunding regulations in terms of offering and investment limitations, requirements for intermediaries and requirements for issuers. And then, we raise several points about Korean crowdfunding and suggest amendment of regulations to promote fund raising through crowdfunding.

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A Study on the Activation of Crowdfunding for e-Commerce Trade Start-ups Investment (전자상거래 무역창업 투자를 위한 크라우드펀딩 활성화방안에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jong Hyun
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.3-26
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    • 2016
  • Crowdfunding is growing up SNS spread, raising funds from numerous people which are offering necessary funding of private and enterprise using the internet-based platforms. The function of crowdfunding uses innovative financing in being business and start-ups having difficulty in financing. Crowdfunding in our domestic is concentrated on culture and arts in the early adoption phase, and is numerous projects with public features. However, the investment case of crowdfundig in e-commerce trade start-ups is rarely in spite of a increased attention for crowdfunding.. The purpose of this study examined the factors to be considered when using successfully crowdfunding on e-commerce trade start-ups. This study is understanding the legal and policy of crowdfunding market status and other countries, and suggests the activation of the direction of government policy, legal system, and participation of financing suppliers and investors as activating the law and policy system related the crowdfunding on a domestic in terms of e-commerce trade start-ups investment.

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Research Trends of Crowd-funding (크라우드펀딩 분야의 국내외 연구동향 분석)

  • Kwak, Hyun;Lee, Ho-Geun
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 2014
  • Crowd-funding platforms, which enable to collect funds from individuals, have recently gained growing interests around the world. This study intends to provide future research directions for the crowd-funding by reviewing past research works. For this purpose, two research themes are selected - (1) motivations to participate in crowd-funding and (2) critical success factors for the project funding. The motivations are analyzed from both perspectives of fund demanders and suppliers. The critical success factors are investigated by using four dimensions: fund demanders, fund suppliers, relationships between demanders and suppliers, and project characteristics. Using the implications found from the past research, this paper offers future research issues necessary for the growth of crowd-funding platforms.

Creative Project and Reward Based Crowdfunding:Determinants of Success (창의적 프로젝트와 후원형 크라우드펀딩: 성공요인)

  • Chun, Hesuk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.560-569
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    • 2015
  • Crowd funding is the method of raising money for a project, companies from a large group of people via the Internet, in return for future products or equity. Kickstarter is the largest and most successful crowdfunding site where creative projects raise reward based funding. Drawing on dataset of 80,267 projects with combined funding over $1.3b from 8.1m people, this paper suggest that backer select project based on their preference on the project, instead profitability of the project. It suggests that well-established platform and big size of network increases the chance of success of the project due to a ripple effect and blockbuster effects. Clear communication about the project's idea and goal is highly correlated with success. Regular communication on the project site, such as by constant progress updates, helps the success of the project. Equity-based crowdfunding is emerging as an innovative means of raising capital for businesses, so it has been receiving a lot of attention and expectation from the government and the market. The findings of this paper and others will help to get some understanding and insight into equity-based crowdfunding. However, Kickstarter differs from equity-based crowdfunding in the goals of the backers. Kickstarter's backers are not investors, they are contributors. To understand equity-based crowdfunding, the subject will need further study.

Effect of Perceived Risk, Perceived Benefit, and Korea Wave to Crowdfunding Participation in China (중국 소비자의 크라우드 펀딩 참여에 있어 지각된 위험, 지각된 이익, 한류문화콘텐츠의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Han-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.204-213
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    • 2016
  • Crowd funding can be understood that consumers are participated in production process before real commercialization. These days there are some expectancy and worry about foreign capital influence to Korea Wave. This study is to find out the possibility that Korea Wave can lead to investment to make new cultural contents and find possibility as new investment funding source. Expecially this research did survey at Gwangjou in China with 20s and find their possibility to invest money for crowd funding related to Korea Wave and we evaluate consumer's Korea Wave preference. The results showed that with more preference of Korea Wave decrease consumer's perceived risk and increase consumer's perceived benefit. With this research we can find some possibility of motive for consumer's direct investment to Korea Wave project in Korea.

Successful Crowdfunding: Focusing on Social Interaction and Goal Achievement Motivations (크라우드펀딩 성공요인: 사회적 상호작용과 목표 달성 동기요인을 중심으로)

  • Oh, Sehwan;Baek, Hyunmi
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.141-161
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    • 2016
  • Purpose As crowdfunding is a relatively recent phenomenon, determinants of successful crowdfunding with empirical data have been under-researched. Consequently, we examine the role of information- and behavior-based social interaction on the performance of crowdfunding projects, while investigating the motivational factor of goal achievement. Design/methodology/approach From February to August 2016, we collected panel data on 154 crowdfunding projects, which completed fundraising successfully on Tumblbug, a reward-based crowdfunding platform in Korea. In this study, we examine the roles of information-based social interaction (e.g., sharing information on a crowdfunding project) and behavior-based social interaction (e.g., following other investors' behavior) on successful crowdfunding. Additionally, we investigate whether the motivation of goal achievement moderates the relationship between social interaction and performance of crowdfunding projects or not. Findings We find that the number of times a crowdfunding project is shared has a positive influence on its performance, as does the number of project backers. Furthermore, we confirm that goal achievement motivation moderates the effects of information- and behavior-based social interaction on the performance of crowdfunding projects.