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A Study on the Antioxidative Activities of Korean Soybeans (국산 대두의 항산화 효과)

  • Bae, Eun-A;Moon, Gap-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the antioxidative effect of Korean soybeans, four kinds of soybeans(yellow, brown, black and small black bean) were selected and determined their antioxidative activities in vitro by POV method. Dark colored soybeans such as brown, black and small black soybean showed stronger antioxidative effect than pale yellow one. When compared the antioxidative effect of these soybeans in hull and dehulled condition, in dehulled soybeans, they showed the same antioxidative effect in each soybeans, but in soybean hull, dark colored soybeans showed stronger antioxidative effect than yellow soybean hull, which means the pigments of soybeans play important roles in their antioxidative activities. To separate the main components showing antioxidative effect in soybeans, these soybeans were extracted with hexane, methanol and water. The methanol extract showed the strongest antioxidative effect among them, which means the major antioxidative effect materials contained in methanol extract.

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Comparison of Physicochemical Properties between Organic and Conventional Soybean by Steaming Treatment (증자 처리한 일반콩과 유기콩의 이화학적 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Sook;Park, Soo-Jin;Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Moon, Eun-Young;Kang, Myung-Hwa
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.963-968
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    • 2010
  • The differences between organic and conventional soybean were studied based on their physicochemical properties by steaming treatment. There was no difference between the two kinds of soybean regarding crude protein, crude fat and crude ash contents. Reduction in sugar content was higher in raw organic soybean than raw conventional soybean. However, there was no difference between the two soybeans after steaming. Amino nitrogen content was higher in organic than conventional soybean. Further, there was no difference between the two soybeans after steaming. Regarding pH, acidity and salinity, there was no differences between the two soybean after steaming. Organic soybean was more bright than conventional soybean after steaming. The yeafercontent and number of bacteria in raw soybean were not different between the two soybean types. The number of fungi was higher in organic than conventional soybean. Upon steaming, the yeast number was different between two kinds of soybean. Further, the number of bacteria was higher in organic than conventional soybean. The number of fungi was not different between the two soybeans.

콩 및 콩제품중의 isoflavone 특성

  • Kim, Seong-Ran
    • Bulletin of Food Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 1999
  • 콩의 isoflavone은 항상화, 항암활성 및 에스트로겐 유사활성을 지녀 골다공증, 심혈관질환 예방 등에 효과적이라는 연구결과가 발표되면서 isoflavone 함량 증가가 중요한 과제로 대두되고 있다. 따라서 콩이용식품인 두유, 두부, 콩나물, 된장 등의 섭취를 늘리는 한편 소비자들이 보다 간편하게 콩의 우수한 생리활성 성분을 섭취할 수 있도록 기호성이 우수한 콩 가공제품을 개발하고 다양한 식품소재로 활용하는 연구가 필요하다. 본 고에서는 고품질 콩 육성 및 콩 가공제품 개발에 활용하고자 국내산 콩과 콩제품에 함유되어 있는 isoflavone의 함량과 조성 및 그 특성을 비교하였으며 일본의 간식용 콩제품 개발 동향을 조사하였다.

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Change of Lipoxygenase Activity during Seed Germination in Soybean (콩 발아중의 Lipoxygenase 활성 변화)

  • Son Beom-Young;Lee Yeong-Ho;Lee Suk-Ha
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2006
  • Three lipoxygenase isozymes in soybean seeds are thought to be a major contributor to lipid peroxidation and generation of free radicals which may result in seed deterioration. This study was conducted to get the basic information for changing lipoxygenase activity during seed germination in lipoxygenase-lacking soybeans. Fresh weight of soybean seedling of Jinpumkong 2 and Taekwangkong increased more rapidly than that of Jinpumkong. Hypocotyls of Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 were longer and thicker than that of Taekwangkong. Type I lipoxygenase activity (pH 9.0) in cotyledon of Jinpumkong lacking lipoxygenase-2, 3 showed higher than that of Taekwangkong, and Type I lipoxygenase activity of two cultivars decreased continually. On the other hand, Type II lipoxygenase activity of Taekwangkong began to increase continually two days after germination, reached to the maximum between 4 days and 5 days, and began to decrease continually five days after germination. Type I and II lipoxygenase activity in hypocotyls was not detected in all soybean cultivars.

Selection and Quality Evaluation of Sprout Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] Variety for Environment-Friendly Cultivation in Southern Paddy Field (남부지역 친환경 논 재배를 위한 나물콩 품종 선발 및 품질 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Jin;Lee, Kwang-Won;Cho, Sang-Kyun;Oh, Young-Jin;Shin, Sang-Ouk;Paik, Chae-Hoon;Kim, Kyong-Ho;Kim, Tae-Soo;Kim, Ki-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.357-372
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    • 2011
  • We carried out the experiment to select the suitable sprout soybean varieties for environment-friendly cultivation in paddy field of southern part area, compares of excess moisture injury degree and yield ability among 29 sprout soybean varieties. Plant growth of sprout soybean was generally low in beginning and recovered after flowering due to rainfall. In paddy field cultivation, number of pod per individual and number of seed per individual were less in difference than upland cultivation, and maturing date was delayed 5-14 days than upland cultivation in most species. When environment-friendly cultivation, pest injury was not caused major problem for the growth during the vegetative period of soybean due to ground spider as natural enemy to insect pest. However, damage of stink bugs showed severe during grain filling period, and Dawonkong, Anpyeongkong, Dachaekong and Wonhwangkong showed susceptible to sting bug. SMV infection was weak and showed some necrosis symptoms in Sokangkong, but black root rot was not infected at all. Bacterial pustule began to be infected slowly from pod enlargement stage in most species, displayed severe symptoms in Dawonkong, Pungsannamulkong, Seonamkong and Sobaeknamulkong. The symptoms of pod anthracnose, pod blight and purple spot were greatly appeared after flowering. Disease resistance varieties was Paldokong, Kwangankong, Doremikong, Somyeongkong, Pungsannamulkong, Iksa-namulkong, Seonamkong, Sojinkong, Pureunkong, Bosugkong, Namhaekong and Sorokkong. Lodging index showed 3 in Saebyeolkong, and other species displayed slight lodging in 0-3 degree. 100-seed weight is 9.8-17.2g extent and increased 0.1-3.7g than upland cultivation in most species, but decreased in some species. Government purchase standard, species correspond to small-seed-size namulkong (Sizing screen diameter 4.0-5.6 mm) was Dawonkong, Dachaekong, Bosugkong, Seonamkong, Sokangkong, Hannamkong, Somyeongkong and Wonhwangkong. Species which seed yield was higher than Pungsannamulkong (266kg/10a) were Sorokkong, Hannamkong, Bosugkong and Sowonkong. Considering sprout soybean species, disease endurance, insect resistance, lodging resistance, 100-seed weight, yield ability and excess moisture tolerances synthetically, Seonamkong, Hannamkong, Doremikong, Bosugkong, Pungwonkong, Kwangankong, Sowonkong, Dagikong, Paldokong, Eunhakong and Pungsannamulkong were promising for environment-friendly cultivation in paddy field.

Comparison Study of Germination and Cooking Rate of Several Soybean Varieties (콩 품종에 따른 발아속도와 익힘속도의 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Choi, Hee-Sook;Kim, Woo-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.94-98
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    • 1990
  • Seven varieties of soybeans (Paldal, Danyeob, Jangbaek, Baegun, Jangyeobkong and 2 cultivars of Local 1 and Local 2) were investigated to compare the germination properties and cooking rate. The growth rate of soybean sprout roots was slower for larger size of soybeans. A 100% of germination was obtained for Danyeobkong and Paldalkong. Local 1 and Local 2 were lowest, 47% and 31%, respectively in germination ratio. The hardness of cooked soybeans measured by the maximum cutting force of cotyledon showed that Local 2 was softer and Danyeobkong was harder than other varieties.

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Physicochemical Characteristics of Lipoxygenase - Deficient Soybeans (Lipoxygenase 결핍 콩의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Soo-Hee;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.751-758
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    • 1998
  • Lipoxygenase-deficient soybeans, Jinpumkong (lipoxygenase-2, 3 lacking) and Jinpumkong 2 (lipoxygenase-1, 2, 3 lacking), were breeded for the improvement of beany flavor problem. The objectives of this study were to characterize and to examine the storage stability of two lipoxygenase-deficient soybeans by comparing with Hwangkeumkong having high lipoxygenase activity. The crude protein and crude lipid content of Jinpumkong 2 were lower than those of Hwkangkeumkong and Jimpumkong. All soybean samples were middle-sized and yellow-coated seeds. The rate of water uptake and trypsin inhibitor activity of Jinpumkong were greater than those of others. The cooking rate of Hwangkeumkong was the highest among all. The lipoxygenase activity of Hwangkeumkong was decreased when the soybeans were stored at $40^{\circ}C$ for 96hrs at 90% RH which is the condition of accelerated aging. After accelerated aging, the germination ratio of Hwangkeumkong was not changed but the ratio and speed of germination dropped rapidly in Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2.

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Effects of Planting Date and Accelerated Aging on Seed Germination-related Traits of Lipoxygenase-Lacking Soybean (Lipoxygenase가 결여된 콩의 파종기 및 노화처리에 따른 종실특성과 발아력)

  • 손범영;이영호;김수희;이홍석;이석하
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.196-200
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    • 2002
  • Lower field germination was observed in lipoxygenase- lacking soybean genotypes. This study was performed to understand seed-related traits after accelerated aging in response to planting date of soybeans. Two soybean cultivars, Jinpumkong (null lipoxygenase-2,3) and Jinpumkong 2 (lacking lipoxygenase-1, 2, 3) were evaluated for germination, and were compared with the cultivar, Taekwangkong containing lipoxygenase-1,2,3 isozymes. Greater seed coat cracking was shown in Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 than Taekwangkong. Regardless of soybean genotypes, earlier planting resulted in greater seed coat cracking. After accelerated aging, seed fracturability and hardness of Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 were lower than those of Taekwangkong. There was significant difference in germination percentage among soybean genotypes in response to planting date. Seeds obtained from late planting showed better germination ability. Accelerated aging resulted in lower germination percentages of Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 than that of Taekwangkong, and showed higher electric conductivity in Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 than Taekwangkong. After accelerated aging at 4$0^{\circ}C$ for thirty five days, germination percentages of Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 were lower than that of Taekwangkong. Electric conductivity was increased continually as accelerated aging time became longer, and Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 showed higher electric conductivity than Taekwangkong. Even though there were significant genotype differences in seed traits, further studies are needed to determine whether seed lipoxygenase ability is associated with germination ability.

Effects of Reciprocal Grafting between Varieties on Growth and Yield in Soybeans (콩 품종간의 상호접목이 생육과 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • 정승근;손석용;허성수
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.339-346
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    • 1992
  • Self-and reciprocal-graftings were made between soybean varieties(cv.Hwangkeumkong, Paldalkong, Bokwangkong and Jangkyongkong) to assertain the relative role of shoot and root in soybean growth and yield determination. The influence of grafting per se on plant height and leaf number on main stem were negligible as evidenced by the insignificant differences between self-and reciprocal-graftings. The effect of grafting on flowering was different between different set of varieties grafted reciprocally. Self grafting delayed flowering 2 days and reciprocal grafting delayed another 2 days, in general. The effects of grafting on dry weights of different plant parts except pod were also insignificant. Reciprocal grafting increased pod dry weight in Hwangkeumkong and Paldalkong regardless whether they were used as scion or stock. Reciporcal grafting also influenced dry weights of Bokwangkong and Jangkyongkong significantly, but the response was different from those of Hwangkeumkong or Paldalkong. Jangkyongkong, when used as stock, decreased total dry weight of Bokwangkong significantly through the reduction of pod and stem dry weights. Stem diameter was increased by grafting, however, grafting decreased number of branches in all varieties. The average yields of self-and reciprocal-grafting were decreased by 11% and 24%, respectively, comparing to that of non-grafting, while average yield of reciprocal grafting was 14% lower than that of self grafting. Stem weight of grafted soybeans was decreased by 29-32% comparing to that of non-grafted soybeans, but the difference between self and reciprocal graftings was negligible. The genetic characteristics of scion was found to be more important than those of stock in determination of yield and stem weight. It was also indicated that varieties and characteristics are different in response to grafting.

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(소립 내병 다수성) 콩나물콩 신품종 '은하콩'

  • 신두철;박창기;조은기;성진기;장순덕;정근식;서형수
    • 두채산업
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.14-17
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    • 1989
  • 콩나물 콩으로 새로 개발된 '은하콩'이 영남 작물시험장에서 85년, 86년 2개년간에 걸쳐 시험 재배한 결과 표준품종인 방사콩보다 수확기가 빠르고, 제반 질병에 강하고, 16$\%$가 증수되는 다수성 품종으로 콩나물 재배용 콩으로 가장 우수한 콩으로 밝혀졌다.

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