• Title, Summary, Keyword: 콘크리트궤도

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The Fatigue Life Evaluation of Rail on the Concrete Track of High Speed Railway by Analysis of the Vehicle/Track Interaction (차량/궤도 상호작용해석을 통한 고속철도 콘크리트궤도 레일의 피로수명 예측)

  • Lim, Hyoung-Jun;Sung, Deok-Yong;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.6D
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    • pp.663-671
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    • 2012
  • The demand of CWR is rapidly increasing because of the adaptation of concrete track, the need for rapid and comfortable ride, and the reduction of maintenance cost. Because of short applying period of the concrete track, there is not a case of CWR fracture in Korea caused by repeated load of the train, which makes it difficult to calculate replacement period of rail based on rail fatigue life using an actual field data. This study thus inspected the bending stress at rail bottom through analyzing the vehicle/track interaction, performed multiple regression analysis on the data, deducted the bending stress prediction equations by the speed and the surface irregularity. Finally, the fatigue life of CWR on the concrete track was predicted based on the prediction equations for bending stress at rail bottom.

Characteristics of Vibration of Track and Vehicle Body According to Type of Track in Tunnel of High-Speed Railway Lines (고속철도 터널에서의 궤도 형식에 따른 궤도와 차체의 진동 특성)

  • Kim, Man Cheol;Jang, Seung Yup
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.1D
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2006
  • In the present study, in order to elucidate the vibration characteristics of track and train body according to the type of track in tunnel, the vibration accelerations of the track and the KTX train body have been measured in tunnels of Kyong-Bu high-speed railway(HSR) lines, and the frequency analysis of the measured data has been performed. From this, the vibration characteristics of the track components such as rail, sleeper, ballast and slab, the tunnel lining and the vehicle body according to the type of track are investigated and their relation is analyzed. The test results show that the vibration of rail and vehicle body rapidly increases at 80Hz in tunnel, and that is much higher in the tunnel on which the concrete slab track is placed. According to the results of the present study, rail supporting stiffness can variate the vibration characteristics of the total system including the vehicle, and therefore the correlation between the vibration of vehicle should be taken into account to determine the supporting stiffness of the slab track.

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Numerical Evaluation of Pile Installation Effects as Settlement Reducers for Concrete Tracks (수치해석을 통한 콘크리트궤도 침하감소 목적의 말뚝기초 설치효과 평가)

  • Lee Su-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 2005
  • Recently, foundation designs based on piled raft concept have been increasing, where the piles are required not to ensure the overall stability of the foundation but to act as settlement reducer. When a concrete track is constructed on soft ground, excessive settlements may occur, while it rarely has bearing capacity problems. In this case, the settlement of the concrete track may be effectively reduced by arranging a small number of small-diameter piles beneath the track. This paper presents the effect of pile installation on the reduction of concrete track's settlement. A 3D finite difference method was employed to model the piled concrete tracks. A parametric study was carried out to assess the effect of varying soil condition and pile arrangements. From the analysis results, it is verified that the effect of the pile installation is significant to effectively reduce the settlement of concrete track. Optimal number of pile rows and pile spacings was proposed for the economical design of a piled concrete track. The bearing mechanism of piles was also investigated by analyzing load sharing characteristics of pile according to soil conditions and pile arrangements.

Long-term Settlement Prediction of Railway Concrete Track Based on Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) (순환신경망을 활용한 콘크리트궤도의 장기 침하 거동 예측)

  • Kim, Joonyoung;Lee, Su-Hyung;Choi, Yeong-Tae;Woo, Sang Inn
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 2020
  • The railway concrete track has been increasingly adopted for high-speed train such as KTX due to its high running stability, improved ride quality for the passengers, and low maintenance cost. However, excessive settlement of the railway concrete track has been monitored at embankment sections of the ◯◯ High-speed Line, resulting in the concerns on the safety of railway operation. In order to establish an effective maintenance plan for the concrete track railway exceeding the allowable residual settlement, it is essential to reasonably predict their long-term settlement behavior during the public period. In this study, we developed a model for predicting the long-term settlement behavior of concrete track using recurrent neural network (RNN) and examined the applicability of the developed model.

The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

3D Dynamic Finite Element Analysis and Corresponding Vibration of Asphalt Track Considering Material Characteristics and Design Thickness of Asphalt Concrete Roadbed Under Moving Load (아스팔트 콘크리트 설계두께 및 재료특성을 반영한 아스팔트 콘크리트 궤도 3차원 이동하중 동적해석 및 진동특성)

  • Lee, SeongHyeok;Seo, HyunSu;Jung, WooYoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2016
  • The asphalt-concrete trackbed system has many advantages in terms of maintenance and economics. However, methods to investigate practical use corresponding to the development of the trackbed system must be developed. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the dynamic performance of the asphalt system in accordance with both the elastic and viscoelastic material characteristics and design thickness of the asphalt trackbed. More specifically, in order to reduce the uncertainty error of the Finite Element(FE) model, a three-dimensional full scale FE model was developed and then the infinite foundation model was considered. Finally, to compare the condition of viscoelastic materials, performance evaluation of the asphalt-concrete trackbed system was used to deal with the dynamic amplification factors; numerical results using isotropic-elastic materials in the FE analysis are presented.

Determination of Upper Limit of Rail Pad Stiffness for Ballasted and Concrete Track of High-Speed Railway Considering Running Safety (주행 안전을 고려한 고속철도 자갈궤도 및 콘크리트궤도 레일패드의 강성 상한 결정)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu;Jang, Seung-Yup;Kim, Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.526-534
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    • 2011
  • In this study, proposed is the methodology to determine the upper limit for stiffness of rail pad for the ballasted and concrete track in high-speed railway in the viewpoint of running safety, considering the dynamic characteristics of train and track and the operation environment. For the track irregularity, one of the most important input parameters for traintrack interaction analysis, the reference vertical track irregularity PSDs(power spectral densities) for the ballasted and concrete track in a wide range of frequencies were proposed based on those presented in France and Germany and that obtained from the measured data at Kyeong-Bu 1st phase high-speed railway line. Using these reference PSD models, the input data for the vertical track irregularity data were regenerated by random generation process, and then, the wheel load reduction rates according to the stiffness of the rail pads have been calculated by the train-track interaction analysis technique. Finally, by comparing the wheel load reduction rates calculated with the derailment criteria prescribed in the Korean standards for railway vehicle safety criteria, the upper limits for the stiffness of rail pad have been proposed.

A Study on the Compaction Characteristics of Crushed Rock-soil Mixture for Railway Subgrade (암버럭-토사 혼합성토재 철도노반의 다짐특성 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Sang;Park, Seong-Yong;Song, Jong-Woo;Kim, Soo-Il;Song, Jae-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 2009
  • The track structure of Gyungbu High Speed Railway line from Daegu to Busan is concrete track. It has a very strict specification for residual settlement because of its rigid type structural characteristics. The residual settlement of it comes from the residual settlement of the subgrade and the ground. The residual settlement of railway subgrade composed of crushed rock and soil might be major parts of total residual settlement depending on the field compaction qualities. Therefore, it is a key to minimize the residual settlement of the subgrade for a successful concrete track construction. In this paper, total 31 large scale compaction tests were performed to understand the compaction behaviors of the crushed rock-soil mixture. The test specimens were constituted with soil, crushed shale and mudstone taken from two sites under construction. The compaction tests were performed with the variations of rock types, #4 sieve passing contents, maximum particle size, and moisture contents. The influence of those factors on maximum dry unit weights of crushed rock-soil mixture was evaluated.

The Experimental Study on the Effect of Track System on the Integral Behavior of Railway Bridge (궤도시스템이 철도교량의 정.동적거동에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Sung, Deok-Yong;Park, Yong-Gul;Choi, Jung-Youl;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.186-193
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    • 2010
  • Track system and periodic live load are characteristics of railway bridges. In the design and construction of railway bridge, periodic live load increases the importance of dynamic behavior. And It is well known that behavior of railway bridge may be affected by track system in real bridge. Through experimental study, static and dynamic behaviors were investigated. Deflection and stress due to bending moment were measured, the location of neutral axis of each section, natural frequency, damping ratio were analyzed for each three track systems - girder only, installed ballast track system and installed concrete slab track system. According to measured values for the each type of track system, concrete track system increases the stiffness of bridge by 50%, and ballast system does by 7%, dynamic responses of structure change linearly with the magnitude of load and location of neutral axis of each sections varies with each track system. Damping ratio is almost equal without and with track. Therefore, the effects of track system on the integral behaviors of railway bridge can not be ignored in the design of bridge, especially in the case of concrete slab track system. So study of the quantitative analysis method for effects of track system must be performed.