• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치과용 인상재

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치과용 인상재의 비교 응용

  • Kim, Cheol-Wi
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.199-203
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    • 1986
  • 치과용 인상재는 구강내에서 치아나 주위조직을 정확히 인기하여야 하며 조작이 간편하고 유동성이 충분하며 경화시간이 적당하고 값도 저렴해야 한다. 또 구강내에서 제거할 때 영구변형이나 파절되지 않는 충분한 강도와 크기의 정확성도 있어야 하며 자극이나 독성이 없고 인체에 안정성이 있고 모형재와 친화성이 있으며 보관중에도 변질해서는 안된다. 그러나 인상재는 서로 상이한 특성이 있고 장단점이 각각 다르므로 모든 조건에 일치하는 인상재는 거의 없다. 따라서 여러 인상재중에서 가장 적합한 인상재를 선택하는 것이 중요한 과정이다. 즉 인상재의 특성과 응용을 알고 선택할땐 보다 정밀한 모형을 얻을 수 있다. 기록에 의하면 18~19세기경에 최초로 인상용 왁스를 사용한 이래 19세기 중엽에 인상용 석고, 1925년에 agar, 1930년 ZOE, 1945년 앨지네이트, 1957년 실리콘, 1967년 polyether 및 1975년 부가중합형 실리콘이 사용되었으며 인상재가 유연성과 탄성이 있는가 경고하며 비탄성인가 또는 온도변화와 화학반응으로 경화되는 가에 따라서 ZOE paste, 인상용 석고, 인상용 왁스, 인상용 콤파운드, 수성콜로이드(agar, 앨지네이트), polysulfide, 실리콘(축중합형, 부가중합형) 및 polyether 인상재등 10여종으로 분류된다.

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The convergence study on the use of dental impression materials (치과용 인상재의 사용 실태에 대한 융합 연구)

  • Jang, Sun-Ok;Choi, Eun-Mi;Kang, Min-Kyung;Shim, Youn-Soo;Cho, Yoon-Jeong;Oh, Sang-Hwan;Choi, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the types and methods of dental impression materials used in dental clinics in south Korea, the questionnaire was surveyed by a self-administered method for one dentist in a one dental clinic, the collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 20. The most frequently used addition silicone impression materials were used in most dental treatment. It was confirmed that the method of taking impression materials having different flow properties(light body and heavy body) was most preferred at one time, also, the implant impression taking method was the most preferred for two rubber impression materials with different flow properties, both direct and indirect. There were statistically significant differences in age and clinical experience between the methods of impression taking of casting restorations and prosthetic according to general characteristics. These results are expected to be helpful for the development of theoretical and practical work based on the basic data for impression material development and research and the preference of impression materials required for dental professional in clinical practice.

Functional impression technique using temporary denture for rehabilitation of severely atrophic maxillary and mandibular ridges (심한 치조제 흡수를 보이는 무치악 환자에서 임시 의치를 사용한 기능 인상에 의한 총의치 수복 증례)

  • Suh, Young-Kyo;Bae, Jung-Yoon;Kim, Hyun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2019
  • Soft liner is used to functional impression technique when dental stone is immediately poured after taking impression because of viscoelasticity. In this case, a 78-year-old male visited for new dentures. Due to severe resorption of mandibular edentulous ridge, functional impression taking by closed mouth technique was planned. First of all, making maxillary and mandibular provisional dentures was done, and lined by soft liner to rehabilitate pressured maxillary and mandibular edentulous ridge. After this, Functional impression was taken by closed mouth technique using provisional dentures which are transformed to healed maxillary and mandibular edentulous ridge, and final denture were fabricated using maxillary provisional denture as a reference of artificial teeth arrangement. Consequently, restoring a complete edentulous patient with taking functional impression using provisional dentures resulted in recovering satisfying retention and function.

Comparison of wettability and setting time of dental impression materials (치과용 인상재의 젖음성 및 경화시간 비교)

  • Kim, Byung-Jin;Song, Kun-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Rae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.36
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare wettability and setting time of twelve polyvinylsiloxane impression pastes. For comparing the wettability, the contact angle of a water drop on the impression materials was measured. It is important for impression materials to have higher wettability when trying to make impressions of interproximal spaces and gingival crevices. The higher wettability the better the material will flow into these spaces and the more accurate the impression. An ideal impression material will have adequate working time but a fast intraoral setting time. The clinician needs time to inject material into the sulcus, place the impression material into the tray and position it in the mouth, but the material should set rapidly to reduce time in the patient's mouth. It is considered that the results obtained in this study will provide guideline information for the manufacturing of impression materials and for selecting appropriate impression materials.

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Comparison of shear rate and viscosity of the commercial dental impression materials (치과진료용 인상재의 전단율과 점도의 비교)

  • Jin, Myoung-Hoon;Lee, Kwang-Rae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.34
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    • pp.11-14
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    • 2014
  • Viscosity and shear stress of the dental impression materials on commercial market(Imprint Garant LB(3M, U.S.A), EXAMIXFINE IT(GC, Japan), Vonflex S LB(Vericom, Korea), S-Silicone LB(Shinwon, Korea)) were measured with increasing shear rate from 50(1/sec) to 100(1/sec). The viscosity of EXAMIXFINE IT was decreased from 20,542(cP) to 14,684(cP), which is the shear thinning property of pseudoplastic as non-Newtonian fluid. Since the pseudoplastic property makes the impression material shear thinning and softly injected from cartridge, EXAMIXFINE IT might be popularly used in dentistry.

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Effects of Silicone Polymer Blends on Physical Properties of Dental Polyvinylsiloxane Impression Materials (실리콘폴리머의 혼합사용이 폴리비닐실록산 치과용 인상재의 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Chang-Ha;Kim, Min-Kang;Kim, Young-Chul;Park, Nam-Cook;Song, Ho-Jun;Park, Yeong-Joon
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined use of several types of silicone polymers on the physical properties of the dental polyvinylsiloxane impression materials (PVS). Four types of silicone prepolymers having different molecular weight and vinyl group position, and two types of cross-linkers having differently located silyl hydride functional groups were used in various combinations for the formulation. The samples containing bimodal or trimodal prepolymers showed higher tensile strength, elongation at break, and elastic deformation than those containing only one type of prepolymer. The samples using CR210 cross-linker which has side- and terminal-silyl hydride groups showed higher elastic deformation and elongation at break than those using CR101 cross-liker which has side-only silyl hydride group. High vinyl content prepolymer having side vinyl group delayed setting even though it enhanced tensile strength. Further studies are needed to clarify the specific role of this component on setting time and to find appropriate controlling methods for making improved PVS with optimum workability.

치과용 석고의 사용에 따른 물성 변화

  • 차성수
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 2008
  • 1. 석고를 보관할 때는 건조한 곳에 밀봉하여 보관해야 한다. 따라서 용기 포장을 일단 개봉하면 밀봉용기에 담아 보관하는 것이 바람직하다. 2. 혼수비는 석고의 기계적 성질에 영향을 주기 때문에 정상적인 혼수비를 지켜야 하며, 모형은 경화된 후에도 물과 닿지 않도록 주의한다. 3. rubber인상재의 경우 비눗물을 붓이나 스프레이타입으로 뿌려준 후 흐르는 물에 씻고, 물기를 제거한 후 석고를 주입하면 기포 발생을 줄일 수 있다. 4. 석고를 인상체내에 너무 높이 올려쌓아도 무게로 인해 변형 된다. 5. 석고가 tray밖으로 흘러나가도 변형된다. (공기와 접촉되어 경화된 석고가 아직 경화되지 않은 석고를 잡아당김.) 6. 인상체에서 분리한 모형은 요오드 스프레이를 제조자 설명서에 따라 뿌려 소독한다. 7. 교합기에 모형 부착 시 base끼리 bar나 성냥개비등 다른 고정장치로 고정 시켜야하고, 교합기를 위에서 눌러주어야 한다. 그렇지 않을시 교합관계가 높아질 수 있다. 8. 재료를 구입시 물리적 특성이 많이 기재되어 있는 제품을 선택한다.

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