• Title, Summary, Keyword: 축대칭 쉘

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dynamic Analysis of Ring-Stiffened Axisymmetric Shells (링보강 축대칭 쉘 구조물의 동적 해석)

  • 황철성
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2000
  • 자오방향 및 주변방향으로 피르스트레스트 하중이 작용된 축대칭 쉘 구조물을 기하학적으로 축대칭인 구조물의 특성을 최대한으로 이용할 수 있도록 회전 링요소로 모델화하였다 보강링 요소의 모델은 축대칭 쉘요소를 이용하였으며 본체 구조물과 절점에서 부착되있는 것으로 가정하여 이의 편심을 고려하였다 유체-구조물의 상호관계는 접촉면에서 구조물의 가속도에 비례한 부가질량으로 표현하였으며 부가질량은 유체를 비점성 비압축 및 비회전을 가정하여 유한요소법에 의해 구하였다 이에 대한 수치해석을 통하여 고유진동해석 및 지진하중을 주하중으로 한 동적해석을 실시하였다 프로그램을 통하여 해석한 결과를 프리스트레스 하중 하에서 고유진동수에 대한 정해와 비교한 결과 20개의 요소로 모델링한 경우에서도 정해와 근접한 해를 얻을 수 있었다 또한 내부유체가 있는 경우와 링보강을 한 경우에 대한 고유진동수를 문헌과 비교한 결과 근접한 해를 얻을 수 있었다.

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Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Thick Shells of Revolution (두꺼운 축대칭 회전쉘의 3차원적 진동해석)

  • 강재훈;양근혁;장경호
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.399-407
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    • 2002
  • A three-dimensional method of analysis is presented for determining the free vibration frequencies and mode shapes of hollow bodies of revolution (i.e., thick shells), not limited to straight line generators or constant thickness. The middle surface of the shell may have arbitrary curvatures, and the wall thickness may vary arbitrarily. Displacement components$U_\Phi, U_z, U_\theta$ in the meridional, normal and circumferential directions, respectively, are taken to be sinusoidal in time, periodic in$\theta$, and algebraic polynomials in the$\Phi$and z directions. Potential(strain) and kinetic energies of the entire body are formulated, and upper bound values of the frequencies are obtained by minimizing the frequencies. As the degrees of the polynomials are increased, frequencies converge to the exact values. Novel numerical results are presented for two types of thick conical shells and thick spherical shell segments having linear thickness variations. Convergence to four digit exactitude is demonstrated for the first five frequencies of both types of shells. The method is applicable to thin shells, as well as thick and very thick ones.

Static and Vibration Analysis of Axisymmetric Shells Using Mixed Finite Element (혼합 유한요소를 이용한 축대칭 쉘의 정.동적해석)

  • 김진곤;노병국
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2003
  • In this study, a new and efficient harmonic axisymmetric shell element for static and dynamic analysis Is proposed. The present element considering shear strain is based on a modified mixed variational principle in which the independent unknowns are only the Quantities prescribable at the shell edges. Unlike existing hybrid-mixed axisymmetric shell elements, the present element introduces additional nodeless degrees for displacement field Interpolation In order to enhance the numerical performance. The stress parameters are eliminated by the stationary condition and the nodeless degrees are condensed out by the Guyan reduction. Through several numerical examples, the hybrid-miked shell element with the additional nodeless degrees and the consistent stress parameters is shown to be efficient and yield very accurate results for static and vibration analysis.

Finite Element Vibration Analysis of Thick Cylindrical Shell with Structure-Fluid Interaction (구조물-유체 상호작용을 고려한 두꺼운 원통형 쉘의 유한요소 진동 해석)

  • 배수룡;신구균;함일배;이헌곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 1994
  • 두꺼운 원통형 쉘은 공학적인 문제에서 많이 사용된다. 쉘 내부에 임피던스가 큰 유체와 구조물이 있을 때 쉘을 포함한 진동해석은 이론적인 해석이 매우 어렵다. 쉘 내부에 있는 유체의 임피던스가 공기에 비하여 매우 클 경우 쉘과 유체, 내부의 구조물과 유체사이의 구조물-유체 상호작용(structure-fluid interaction)이 고려되어야 한다. 얇은 원통형 쉘에 대해서는 상용 유한요소 코드를 이용하여 구조물-유체 상호작용을 고려한 진동해석이 많이 수행되었으나 축대칭 두꺼운 원통형 쉘에 대해서는 연구가 수행되지 않고 있다. 본 연구에서는 NASTRAN, ANSYS 같은 상용 유한요소 코드에서 지원되지 않는 축대칭 두꺼운 원통형 쉘 내부에 유체와 강체요소가 있을 경우 이에 대한 유한요소 코드를 개발하고, 구조물-유체 상호작용을 고려하여 진동해석을 하였다.

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Vibration Analysis of Thick Hyperboloidal Shells of Revolution from a Three-Dimensional Analysis (두꺼운 축대칭 쌍곡형 쉘의 3차원 진동해석)

  • 심현주;강재훈
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.419-429
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    • 2003
  • A three-dimensional (3-D) method of analysis is presented for determining the free vibration frequencies of thick, hyperboloidal shells of revolution. Unlike conventional shell theories, which are mathematically two-dimensional (2-D), the present method is based upon the 3-D dynamic equations of elasticity. Displacement components u/sub r/, u/sub θ/, u/sub z/ in the radial, circumferential, and axial directions, respectively, we taken to be sinusoidal in time, periodic in θ, and algebraic polynomials in the r and z directions. Potential(strain) and kinetic energies of the hyperboloidal shells are formulated, and the Ritz method is used to solve the eigenvalue problem, thus yielding upper bound values of the frequencies by minimizing the frequencies. As the degree of the polynomials is increased, frequencies converge to the exact values. Convergence to four digit exactitude is demonstrated for the first five frequencies of the hyperboloidal shells of revolution. Numerical results are tabulated for eighteen configurations of completely free hyperboloidal shells of revolution having two different shell thickness ratios, three variant axis ratios, and three types of shell height ratios. Poisson's ratio (ν) is fixed at 0.3. Comparisons we made among the frequencies for these hyperboloidal shells and ones which ate cylindrical or nearly cylindrical( small meridional curvature. ) The method is applicable to thin hyperboloidal shells, as well as thick and very thick ones.

A Simple Analysis of the Cylindrical Shell Subjected to a Nonaxisymmetric Load (비축대칭 하중을 받는 원통형 쉘의 단순화 해석)

  • 남문희;이관희
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 2000
  • When one considers the property of the axisymmetry, an analysis of an axisymmetric shell subjected to unaxisymmetric loading can be employed to save time and computer memory space. If one considers the Fourier series of the circumference direction of loads and displacements, an axisymmetric tank subjected to a nonaxisymmetric load can be treated as a frame element. Using the Fourier series, the authors derived the stiffness matrix of the cylindrical shell subjected to unaxisymmetric loading by the usual finite element method, and converted the stiffness matrix of a frame element into a transfer matrix by rearranging the stiffness matrix to apply the transfer matrix method. Here the most significant purpose of this paper is to achieve the fewest number of simultaneous equations for analysing an axisymmetric shell subjected to a nonaxisymmetric load. The results of the proposed method of the analysis of the cylindrical shell subjected to a wind load and a water load show no differences when compared to the other methods.

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Shape Design Sensitivity Analysis and Optimization of Axisymmetric Shell Structures (축대칭 쉘 구조물의 형상 설계민감도해석 및 최적설계)

  • 김인용;곽병만
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 1994
  • A method for shape design sensitivity analysis for axisymmetric shells of general shapes is developed. The basic approach is to divide the structures into many segments : For each of the segments, the formula for a shallow arch or shell can be applied and the results assembled. To interconnect those segments, the existing sensitivity formula, obtained for a variation only in the direction perpendicular to the plane on which the structure is mapped, has been extended to include a variation normal to the middle surface. The method follows the adjoint variable approach based on the material derivative concept as established in the literature. Numerical examples are taken to illustrate the method and the applicability to practical design problems.

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An Analysis of Axisymmetric Cylindrical Shell by the Leading Matrix Method (인도행렬에 의한 축대칭 원통형 쉘의 해석)

  • 이관희;박준용;김우중
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.193-201
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    • 2004
  • The aim of this study is focused on getting an almost exact solution which is the simplicity and exactness of an axisymmetrically loaded cylindrical shell. This method replaces the finite element method which is a very powerful tool for analysis of any kind of structure which has an arbitrary shape, but is still a numerical analysis. Instead, this study uses the method of distribution of end actions which is a kind of iteration technique to implement the leading matrix method. The distribution and carry-over factors of a cylinder are calculated by the theory of a differential equation of a beam on an elastic foundation. The results are satisfactory when this method is applied to a cylinder that is subjected to a concentrated load and hydrostatic pressure when compared with the BEF analogy separately.

Dynamic Analysis of Prestressed Liquid Storage Tanks Considering Fluid Effect (유체의 영향을 고려한 프리스트레스트 액체저장 탱크의 동적해석)

  • 황철성;백인열
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 1999
  • An axisymmetric shell element which includes the effects of the meridional and circumferential cable prestresses is developed. The fluid-structure interaction is expressed as added mass effect which is in proportion to the acceleration of the structure in interface surface. The added mass is obtained by using finite element method under the assumption that the fluid is invicid, incompressible and irrotational. It is coded for personal computer by the maximum use of axisymmetic properties and the dynamic analysis are performed under seismic exitations. A ring element makes the characteristics of the axisymmetric shell to be fully utilized. The elgenvalue solutons under the initial prestresses and the internal fluid are well agreed with the exact solutions and references by using under 20 elements. The eigenvalues are decreased along the increasing the height of internal fluid and these effects are dominant under the lower wave numbers. The results of the seismic analysis show that the radial deflection under the meridional prestress is a little larger than that under the circumferential prestress.

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Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Solid and Hollow Hemispheres Having Varying Thickness (변두께를 갖는 두꺼운 반구형 쉘과 반구헝체의 3차원적 진동해석)

  • 심현주;장경호;강재훈
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2003
  • A three-dimensional (3-D) method of analysis is presented for determining the free vibration frequencies and mode shapes of solid and hollow hemispherical shells of revolution of arbitrary wall thickness having arbitrary constraints on their boundaries. Unlike conventional shell theories, which are mathematically two-dimensional (2-D), the present method is based upon the 3-D dynamic equations of elasticity. Displacement components μ/sub Φ/, μ/sub z/, and μ/sub θ/ in the meridional, normal, and circumferential directions, respectively, are taken to be sinusoidal in time, periodic in θ, and algebraic polynomials in the Φ and z directions. Potential (strain) and kinetic energies of the hemispherical shells are formulated, and the Ritz method is used to solve the eigenvalue problem, thus yielding upper bound values of the frequencies obtained by minimizing the frequencies. As the degree of the polynomials is increased, frequencies converge to the exact values. Novel numerical results are presented for solid and hollow hemispheres with linear thickness variation. The effect on frequencies of a small axial conical hole is also discussed. Comparisons are made for the frequencies of completely free, thick hemispherical shells with uniform thickness from the present 3-D Ritz solutions and other 3-D finite element ones.