• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초등학생

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Sixth Graders' Inquiry Understanding for Scientific Evidence and Explanation (과학적 증거와 설명에 대한 초등학교 6학년 학생의 이해)

  • Jeong, Hei-Sawn;Oh, Eun-A
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.634-649
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    • 2003
  • The aim of this paper was to diagnose Korean sixth graders' understanding for scientific evidence and explanation. The instrument constructed by Jeong, Songer, and Lee (2002) was used to assess students' understanding for priority of scientific evidence, objectivity of data, relevance of evidence, data interpretation, coordination of theory and evidence, and repeated observation. Results showed that although many students recognized certain features of scientific inquiry such as objectivity of data, few of them understood why such features are valued and how to collect and use such data. In particular, students experienced difficulty in formulating explanation from evidence, not knowing, for example, that repeated observations are needed before making a general statement. The results of this study suggest that efforts to foster students' inquiry abilities need to be based on careful analyses of students existing inquiry skills and understanding.

A Study on self-esteem and clothing behavior of elementary school students (초등학생의 자아존중감과 의복행동에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo Ji-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to 1) examine the tendency of elementary school students' self-esteem and clothing behavior, 2) find out the difference in their clothing behavior in accordance with the demographic characteristics and the level of their self-esteem, and 3) analyze the relationship between self-esteem and clothing behavior. This process was to understand the clothing behavior of elementary school students and to provide basic data needed for a desirable clothing life education for them. The subjects of this study were 403male and female fifth and sixth graders from elementary schools located in Suwon, Gyeonggi-do. The results of this study were as follows : First, elementary school students' self-esteem and clothing behavior were found to be in the mid-level. The sub-factors of clothing behavior were indicated in the order of clothing independence, clothing comfort, clothing management, clothing interest and clothing conformity. Second, there were differences in clothing behavior in accordance with the demographic characteristics and the level of their self-esteem. Female students had higher level of clothing conformity, clothing interest and clothing management than male students, while males had higher clothing comfort than females. Fifth graders, compared to sixth graders, had higher clothing management and lower clothing independence. Students who received \20,000 or more allowance a month had higher clothing conformity and clothing interest, and lower clothing comfort. Higher clothing interest was found when students had jobless mothers. The higher the students' self-esteem was, the higher their clothing management level was. Finally, elementary school students' self-esteem was found to have a positive relationship with clothing management. In other words, elementary school students with higher self-esteem manage their clothes better.

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Comparative Study between Gifted Math Elementary Students and Non-Gifted Students in Emotional Intelligence and Creative Nature (초등수학영재와 일반학생의 정서지능과 창의적 성향 비교)

  • Lee, Eun Hee;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.181-199
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    • 2014
  • This study set out to analyze and compare gifted elementary students and non-gifted students in emotional intelligence and creative nature. To understand the characteristics of the former, and provide assistance for career education for both groups. For this purpose, the three following research questions were set: First, what kind of difference is there in emotional intelligence between gifted elementary students and non-gifted students? Second, what kind of difference is there in creative nature between gifted elementary students and non-gifted students? Third, what is the connection between emotional intelligence and creative nature in gifted elementary students and non-gifted students? For this study, 102 students from the gifted class and 132 students from non-gifted classes were selected. In total 234 questionnaires were distributed, and the results were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows. First, as a result of the independent sample T-test, there were noticeable differences in giftedness. Gifted students scored significantly higher than non-gifted students in creative nature. Second, as a result of the independent sample T-test, there were noticeable differences in the creative nature of gifted and non-gifted students. Gifted students scored significantly higher than non-gifted students in creative nature. Third, by analyzing the results found for emotional intelligence and creative nature with Pearson's product-moment correlation, there was a positive correlation between both emotional intelligence and creative nature in both groups of results.

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Analysis of Cause on Difference of ICT Literacy Level according to Region Scale in Elementary School (ICT 활용 습관에 따른 초등학생의 지역규모별 ICT 리터러시 수준 차이에 대한 원인 분석)

  • Ahn, Sunghun
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.595-605
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, I analyzed the cause on difference of ICT literacy level according to region scale in elementary school. According to precedent research, ICT literacy score of elementary student in 2016 were higher in order of big city, small city and rural area. To find the cause of difference by region scale, I compared ICT literacy score and ICT use habit. As a result, The cause for this is that students in large areas have more chances to use computers at home, learn more with computers, and have more information (computer) education than students in small areas appear. Therefore, Based on the results of this study, I proposed methods to reduce the regional ICT literacy score difference. The methods are to provide computers for low-income students, to guide learning methods using computers at home, and to provide more computer education opportunities.

Impact on Multi-cultural Acceptance of Child Rearing Behavior of Elementary School Students' Parents and Psychological Well-being (초등학생 부모의 양육행동과 심리적 안녕감이 다문화 수용성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Ki-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1355-1366
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of research is to find out the factors that affects multi cultural acceptance of parents' child rearing behavior of elementary school students and psychological well-being. In order to accomplish the purpose, survey was conducted on 328 elementary school students in the city of I. The results were first, parents' child rearing behavior of elementary school students, psychological well-being and multi-cultural acceptance didn't have difference by background variables. Second, significant relationship was present on parents' child rearing behavior of elementary school students, psychological well-being and multi cultural acceptance, Third, parents' child rearing behavior of elementary school students and psychological well-being have positive impact on multi-cultural acceptance. As seen in such results, in order to achieve effective acceptance on multi culture in regular household, the awareness and attitude on parents' child rearing behavior and feeling of psychological well-being need to change and that will have positive impact to live together for students from regular household and multi culture household as a member of multi culture society.

An Introverted Elementary Student's Construction of Epistemic Affect During Modeling Participation Patterns (모형 구성 참여 양상에서 나타나는 내성적인 초등학생의 인식적 감정 구성)

  • Han, Moonhyun;Kim, Heui-Baik
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.171-186
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    • 2018
  • Recent research has shown that elementary school students can experience epistemic affect -emotions and feelings experienced within epistemic practices, such as the enjoyment of having a wonderful idea or uncomfortable feeling of at a cognitive dissonance- during modeling process. This study explores how an introverted elementary student could participate in the modeling process by constructing an epistemic affect. Based on the theory of constructed emotion, we analyzed one elementary student's constructed epistemic affect using data resources such as emotion diaries, video recordings, and post interviews. We selected one introverted student (a fifth grader), showing peripheral and full participation during modeling. Specifically, we explored which emotions were constructed when she participated in modeling peripherally -and which epistemic affect was constructed when she participated fully- during the construction, evaluation, and revision processes. The research results showed, first, that the introverted elementary student came to participate in the model construction process by constructing the epistemic affect called aha. Second, the results showed that she came to participate in the model revision process by constructing the epistemic affect called feeling that the reasoning was wrong when confronting the rebuttals of the other student. Finally, she came to participate in the model evaluation process by constructing the epistemic affect called dislike of another student's idea. Through our exploration of the constructed epistemic affect of the introverted elementary student, we deduced that it is important to help each student to construct an epistemic affect that facilitates his or her participation in modeling. Also, we discussed that it is important to understand the impact of the emotional load that can occur for each student, depending on the constructed past, present, and future emotions.

Influence of Interpersonal Stress and Attitude toward Help on Happiness in Elementary School Students (초등학생의 대인관계 스트레스와 도움추구태도가 행복에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Min-Jung;Jeong, Goo-Churl
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.492-503
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elementary school students' interpersonal stress and attitudes toward help on happiness. The subjects were 171 elementary school students. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of the study are as follows. First, there was a significant negative correlation between interpersonal stress and happiness. Attitudes toward help had a significant positive correlation with happiness. Second, parents and peer relationship stress had significant negative influence on happiness. Third, help seeking attitude toward parents and teacher among the sub-factors of help seeking attitude had a significant positive influence on happiness. Fourth, the relationship between parental stress and happiness showed a significant mediating effect on parents and teacher attitude toward help. The relationship between teacher stress and happiness showed a significant mediating effect on teacher attitude toward help. The relationship between peer relationship stress and happiness had no mediating effect of attitude toward help. Based on these results, we discussed the importance of attitude toward help in the relationship between stress and elementary school students' happiness.

Analysis of Affective Factors in Mathematics Learning of Elementary School Students (초등학생의 수학 학습에 대한 정의(情意)적 특성 분석)

  • Do, Joowon;Paik, Suckyoon
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.287-303
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    • 2017
  • In order to understand the characteristics of affect of elementary school students in this study, we used a questionnaire developed by Hannula (2012) to measure elementary students' beliefs and affective factors about mathematics based on the emotional, cognitive, and motivational dimensions of the affect of personal level. Statistical analysis and one-way ANOVA were conducted to identify the characteristics of elementary school students' beliefs and affective factors about mathematics according to mathematics achievement level, grade level, and gender. Regression analysis was performed to analyze the correlation between the factors. The results of this study are compared with the results of the previous study which used comparative study of elementary school students in Finland and Chile using the questionnaire used in this study.

Relations of Internet Game Intoxication and the Personality of Elementary Students in Geoje City (초등학생의 인터넷 게임 중독 실태와 인성과의 관계 -거제시를 중심으로-)

  • Kang, Soon-Ho;Lee, Jae-Inn
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2011
  • Addiction to online games has been causing many problems for elementary school students such as school life, humanity, scholarship and physique. Considering the increase in children being addicted to internet games, there are growing needs for attention and countermeasures toward the children. Nevertheless, it leaves something to be desired. Especially, studies and counterplans for the children who live in the metropolitan are not suited with the circumstances of each regional child. Therefore, it's necessary to work out new research by regional student groups. That is why this study understands fundamental facts about the usage of the internet of elementary school students living in Geoje, Gyeongnam and figures out the effects of online game addiction on the formation of character. Also, it suggests the right direction of internet use to parents and teachers, as rousing the public interest about computer game addiction.

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Analysis of smoking experience and their smoking attitude among elementary schoolers (초등학교 학생들의 흡연 경험과 흡연에 대한 태도 분석)

  • Kim, Jungae
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the smoking experience and attitude including affect factors to smoking for elementary schoolers. The cross-sectional descriptive study design was used. We selected 810 students from 14 elementary school located in Chungchung-do and Gangwon-do by convenience random sampling and received IRB from Y Univ. 810 students were included in the final analysis using generalized linear model. Among 810 students, 7.3% of students reported to have smoking experience. The result of analyzing the smoking affect factors for smoking students who were having friends who had smoking experience, unable to smoking suggestion and those who were male, had significantly more smoking experience. According to the results of this study, there should be an intensive tailed smoking related program development for male elementary students, especially for smokers who have smoking friend and including smoking refusing program. And the school system services of elementary school should be strengthened to protect the elementary students from further the critical situation caused by smoking experience.