• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초등학생

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Mathematical Reasoning Ability and Error Comparison through the Descriptive Evaluation of Mathematically Gifted Elementary Students and Non-Gifted Students (초등수학영재와 일반학생의 서술형 평가를 통한 수학적 추론 능력 및 오류 비교)

  • Kim, Dong Gwan;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.123-148
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to figure out the perceptional characteristics of mathematically gifted elementary students by comparing the mathematical reasoning ability and errors between mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students. This research has been targeted at 63 gifted students from 5 elementary schools and 63 non-gifted students from 4 elementary schools. The result of this research is as follows. First, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher inductive reasoning ability compared to non-gifted students. Mathematically gifted elementary students collected proper, accurate, systematic data. Second, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher inductive analogical ability compared to non-gifted students. Mathematically gifted elementary students figure out structural similarity and background better than non-gifted students. Third, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher deductive reasoning ability compared to non-gifted students. Zero error ratio was significantly low for both mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students in deductive reasoning, however, mathematically gifted elementary students presented more general and appropriate data compared to non-gifted students and less reasoning step was achieved. Also, thinking process was well delivered compared to non-gifted students. Fourth, mathematically gifted elementary students committed fewer errors in comparison with non-gifted students. Both mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students made the most mistakes in solving process, however, the number of the errors was less in mathematically gifted elementary students.

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초등학생의 간식 구매 빈도 및 관련 식생태적 요인 분석연구

  • 강석아;이정원;구재옥
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.1059-1059
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    • 2003
  • 최근 초등학생들은 간식은 물론 끼니를 위해서 스스로 식품이나 음식을 선택하고 구매하는 식생활 관리의 주체자가 되고 있다. 본 연구는 초등학생의 간식구매실태와 이에 영향을 미치는 식생태적 요인을 파악하고자, 서울과 충청남도의 대도시, 소도시 및 농촌의 4개 지역의 초등학생 4, 5, 6학년 총 431명(남 223, 여 208)과 그 학부모를 대상으로 간식섭취, PC와 TV 이용도, 학부모의 영양지식과 식태도, 간식구매빈도 등을 설문지 조사를 하였다. 조사대상 초등학생의 평균 신장과 체중은 교육부의 학생 신체검사 결과보다 약간 높거나 비슷하였으나, 조사대상의 30.6%가 저체중이고 10.8%가 비만이었다. 가정의 월 소득은 101-200만원이 가장 많았고(56.3%), 아버지는 대졸 이상이 59.7%, 어머니는 고졸 이상이 55.9%로 가장 많았으며, 어머니는 44.1%가 직업을 갖고 있었다. 학생의 월 용돈은 2,001-5,000원이 31.0%로 가장 많았으며 간식 비는 1일에 500원 미만이 46.0%로 가장 많았다. 간식섭취 빈도는 1일에 1번 섭취가 51.5%로 가장 많았고 간식 구매 시 고려사항은 맛, 가격, 영양가와 유통기한의 순 이었다. 조사대상의 46.9%가 PC통신 또는 인터넷을 사용하였고 사용시간은 1시간 미만이 53.8%로 가장 많았으며, 하루 평균 TV 시청시간은 2~4시간미만이 46.4%로 가장 많았다. 학부모의 평균 영양지식 점수는 13개 문항 중 8.16 $\pm$ 2.16으로서 평균 62.8%의 정답 율을 보였으며, 식 태도 점수는 총 50점 만점에 전체 평균이 43.22$\pm$4.04로서 비교적 양호하였다. 식품별 구매빈도를 보면 1주에 1회 이상으로 나타난 것은 우유, 과자류, 빙과류, 라면, 주스 및 껌의 순 이었고, 햄버거, 피자, 호떡은 한 달에 1회 또는 그 이하로서 가장 낮았다. 과자, 라면, 빙과류의 구매빈도는 가정수입과 아버지와 어머니의 교육수준과 음의 상관 관계를, 학생의 월 용돈, TV 시청시간 및 간식섭취 빈도가 높을수록 와는 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 라면과 탄산음료는 부모의 영양지식이나 식 태도와 음의 상관관계를 나타냈고, 햄버거 구매빈도는 가정수입과 아버지와 어머니의 교육수준이 높을수록 잦았다. 학생의 간식빈도가 높을수록 우유섭취빈도는 낮았으며, 과자, 빙과, 사탕, 닭 꼬치, 감자튀김, 돈까스, 튀김의 구매빈도가 증가하여 간식내용이 영양적으로 양호하지 않음을 알 수 있다. 또한 TV 시청시간이 길수록 간식빈도와 유사한 구매 양상을 나타냈다. PC이용시간이 길수록 과자와 빵의 구매빈도가 낮아지고 껌의 구매빈도가 높아져 흥미롭다. 결론적으로 조사대상 초등학생은 간식 구매시 영양가보다는 맛을 중요시하며, 우유를 제외하면 주로 탄수화물과 당류식품의 구매빈도가 높다. 또한 가정 소득, 부모 교육수준과 영양지식, TV시청시간, 학생의 간식 비와 간식빈도 등 환경요인들이 식품구매에 영향을 주었다. 따라서 영양사를 중심으로 간식 선택의 중요성과 식품 구매 원칙에 대한 체계적인 영양교육을 학생과 아울러 학부모에게도 실시하여 초등학생의 바른 간식 구매능력을 향상시켜야 할 것이다.

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건강 세상 엿보기 - 미래를 향하여! 건강을 향하여! 제2회 주니어 건강캠프 현장으로~

  • An, Gyeong-Eun
    • 건강소식
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.42-43
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    • 2012
  • 유독 무더운 여름이다. 신나는 여름방학이 얼마 남지 않은 7월, 초등학생들에게 이주 특별한 이벤트가 열렸다. '미래를 향하여! 건강을 향하여!'라는 슬로건과 함께 한국건강관리협회에서 개최한 주니어 건강캠프가 바로 그것. 올해로 두 번째를 맞이하는 이 행사는 지난 3 4월에 열린 '초등학생 대상 금연글짓기 공모'수상자중 4~5학년 학생 200여 명을 대상으로 진행되었으며, 작년에는 1회로 마쳤던 행사를 올해에는 초등학생들의 장거리 이동에 대한 문제점을 보완하여 중부권(1차)과 남부권(2차)로 나누어 진행했다.

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The Relationship between Elementary School Student's Judo Gym Training Program and Life Satisfaction: The Mediation Effect of Social Development (초등학생에 대한 유도체육관 프로그램 특성과 생활만족의 관계: 사회성 발달의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Hwa-Ryong;Lee, Do-Heui
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.312-323
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    • 2019
  • This purpose of study was to influence of elementary school student's Judo gym training program on social development and life satisfaction. This study aims at providing fundamental data and information on Judo participants by studying what effects of training program characteristic on social development and life satisfaction. The survey was done through 300 copies and excluding 15 copies ran an analysis on the remaining 285(90%) copies. After question investigating the data which is collected used IBM SPSS statistics 21 and IBM AMOS 21 program, frequency analysis, Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, discriminant validity, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, correlation analysis, path analysis through Structural Equation Model(SEM), mediation effect analysis by Sobel test. The result of this study were as follows. First, elementary school student's Judo gym training program showed (+) effects on social development. Second, elementary school student's Judo gym training program had no effects on life satisfaction. Third, social development showed (+) effects on life satisfaction. Forth, social development showed complete mediation effect on elementary school student's Judo gym training program and life satisfaction.

Development of Techer's Rating Scale of Elementary School Student's School Maladjustment (초등학생을 위한 학교부적응 척도 개발 및 타당화)

  • Jung, Jung-Soo;Oh, Ik-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.163-173
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    • 2010
  • This study was designed to develop a teacher's rating scale of elementary school student's school maladjustment. 50 behavior were drawn as elementary school student's school maladjustment behavior from the responses of elementary school teachers. To identify sub-factors of the scale, 60 teachers rated their 240 student's behavior and the collected data were analyzed by using factor analysis. 4 sub-factors were identified as the result : aggressive selfish behavior, misconduct of lesson and classroom rules, passive unsociable behavior and positive evasion of school activities. To identify the validity of the scale, the data from 120 students were analyzed through the concurrent validity between the scale and the teacher rating scale of school maladjustment for Student Problem Behavior Checklist for Elementary School students(Kim & Hwang, 2009). To examine the reliability of the scale, test-retest correlations were calculated by using the data from 120 students and internal consistency coefficients were calculated by using the data from 120 students. The results showed that Teacher's rating Scale of Elementary School Student's School Maladjustment was valid and reliable.

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Verification the Systems Thinking Factor Structure and Comparison of Systems Thinking Based on Preferred Subjects about Elementary School Students' (초등학생의 시스템 사고 요인 구조 검증과 선호 과목에 따른 시스템 사고 비교)

  • Lee, Hyonyong;Jeon, Jaedon;Lee, Hyundong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.161-171
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    • 2019
  • The purposes of this study are: 1) to verify the systems thinking factor structure of elementary school students and 2) to compare systems thinking according to their preferred subjects in order to get implications for following research. For the study, pre-tests analyze data from 732 elementary school students using the STMI (Systems Thinking Measuring Instrument) developed by Lee et al. (2013). And exploratory factor analysis was conducted to identify the factor structure of the students. Based on the results of the pre-test, the expert group council revised the STMI so that elementary school students could respond to the 5-factor structure that STMI intended. In the post-test, 503 data were analyzed by modified STMI and exploratory factor analysis was performed. The results of the study are as follows: First, in the pre-test, elementary school students responded to the STMI with a test paper consisting of two factors (personal internal factors and personal external factors). The total reliability of the instrument was .932 and the reliability of each factor was analyzed as .857 and .894. Second, for modified STMI, elementary school students responded a 4-factor instrument. Team learning, Shared Vision, and Personal Mastery were derived independent factors, and mental model and systems analysis were derived 1-factor. The total reliability of the instrument was .886 and the reliability of each factor was analyzed as .686 to .864. Finally, a comparison of systems thinking according to preferred subjects showed a significant difference between students who selected science (engineering) group and art (music and physical education). In conclusion, it was confirmed that statistically meaningful results could be obtained using STMI modified by term and sentence structure appropriate for elementary school students, and it is a necessary to study the relation of systems thinking with various student variables such as the preferred subjects.

A Study on ICT Literacy Education Goal Attainment of Elementary School Students (초등학생들의 ICT 소양교육목표 달성 정도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Yun-Hee;Jun, Woo-Chun
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2005
  • 현대 사회에서 정보는 학생들의 생활에 큰 영향을 주고 있으며, 정보화 사회의 주역이 될 학생들에게 정보화 교육은 절실하게 필요하다. 2003년 이후로 초등학교에서 정보통신기술이 전면적으로 실시된 이후 여러 방면에서 활발한 논의가 이루어지고 있지만, 교육 목표에 대한 학생들의 학업 성취 수준을 평가하는 것은 간과되어 왔다. 본 논문에서는 초등학교 2, 4, 6학년 학생들의 정보통신기술교육에 대한 학습 목표 성취도를 살펴보고, 학생들의 학습 경로와 교육목표 성취도 간의 관계를 분석하여 더 나은 ICT 교육의 방향을 제시해 보고자 한다. 먼저, 단계별 학습 영역에 따른 학습 내용을 추출하고 평가 기준을 세운 후 해당 학생들의 학습 정도와 학습 내용의 습득 경로를 평가지를 통하여 조사하였다. 조사 내용을 영역별로 분석한 결과 컴퓨터 교육의 인지적인 부분이 기능적인 부분보다 상대적으로 교육목표 성취도가 낮으며, 학습 경로를 분석한 결과 수업 시간보다는 집에서 가족에게 배우거나 스스로 익히는 경우가 더 많은 것으로 조사되었다.

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The Current Status and Affecting Factors of Elementary Students' Internet Addiction in Comparison with Secondary Students (중.고등학생과 비교한 초등학생의 인터넷 중독 실태와 영향 요인)

  • Jo, Mi-Heon
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2006
  • As teenagers' Internet use increases and Internet takes an important part in their everyday lives, many people become concerned with Internet addiction. In this study, I attempt to analyze the current status of teenagers' Internet addiction using an evaluation tool developed for students, and to compare elementary students' Internet addiction level with secondary students. Also I analyze factors affecting Internet addiction. For the analysis, 18 variables are selected from the areas such as demographic background, the experience of Internet use, family-related traits and social activities. A survey was conducted to 1,155 elementary students and 1,822 secondary students selected from nationwide schools. The main finding of this study is that among the elementary students 5.0% of the sample students are in the stage of serious addiction, and 19.7% in the stage of early addiction. In addition, the level of elementary students' Internet addiction is significantly higher than the level of secondary students. Also, the degree of elementary students' Internet addiction is significantly affected by some factors such as gender, surfing time, surfing purpose, satisfaction with parental relationship, parents' interference in Internet use, conversation frequency among family members, and satisfaction with school life.

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Differences in the Effect of Feedback Providers on Elementary Students' Science Achievement and the Students Responses to the Feedback (피드백 제공자에 따른 초등학생들의 과학 학업 성취도 차이 및 피드백에 대한 반응)

  • Kim Chan-Jong;Oh Phil Seok;Jeon Jin Ku
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2005
  • The goal of this study was to investigate the differences in the effect of feedback from different providers on elementary school students' science achievement and to examine the responses of the students regarding the feedback. Three 6th grade classes were chosen to be assigned as experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group, respectively. In experimental group 1, the teacher provided feedback with students concerning the formative evaluations which were conducted periodically. Experimental group 2 was the one in which students were organized into small groups to compose and exchange feedback with one another. No feedback was of offered to students in the control group. The results of the science achievement test indicated ,that the provision of feedback by the teacher resulted in more gains in student academic achievement. The interviews with students revealed that the learners made positive responses to the feedback provided by the teacher while they showed negative attitudes toward the feedback exchange among students. There were also differences in student responses to feedback between high and low achievers in science. Implications for science lessons and science education research were presented and discussed.

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Effects of Life Skill of Elementary Students through the Training of "Kumdo" (초등학생의 검도수련에 따른 라이프스킬의 특성)

  • Kang, Tae-Sung;Seong, Chang-Hoon;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Jang, Dong-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.219-229
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the changes of life skills of elementary school students who practice kumdo. For this, 579 elementary school students were studied, and exploratory factor analysis, reliability test, and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. After that, we conceptualized the life skills of elementary school students who practice kumdo. Based on these results, one-way MANOVA was conducted to analyze the difference in life skills perceived by elementary school students according to sex and career. The results are as follows. First, the elementary school students' life skill developed through the kumdo training showed four factors: personality, social skills, problem solving skills, and health care. Second, there was no gender difference of life skill according to the kumdo training, and there were differences in social skill and health care depending on the experience of kumdo training. In addition, life skill factors influencing daily life satisfaction of elementary school students practicing kumdo were social skills, problem solving skills, and character.