• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초등학생

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Comparative Study on Perception of Native Local Foods in Elementary School Students in Gyeongsang-do and Jeolla-do (I) -Focus on Recognition and Preference- (경상도 지역과 전라도 지역 초등학생의 향토음식에 대한 인식 비교(I) -인지도와 선호도를 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Hye-In;Kim, Hyun-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.9
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    • pp.1439-1446
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze recognition and preference of native local foods in elementary school students in Gyeongsang-do and Jeolla-do, as well as compare regional differences in recognition and preference of native local foods between students in Gyeongsang-do and Jeolla-do. A survey was conducted on 300 elementary school students located in Gyeongsang-do and Jeolla-do. The results of this study were as follows. First, there was no significant difference in terms of recognition score of overall native local food between students in Gyeongsang (9.43 out of 20 dishes for 254 students) and students in Jeolla (9.13 out of 20 dishes for 261 students). The recognition levels (4.88 out of 10 dishes) of native local foods in students in Gyeongsang-do were significantly higher than those (4.40 out of 10 dishes) in Jeolla-do (P<0.001). Second, the preference level (2.91 points) for native local food in students in Gyeongsang-do was significantly higher than that (2.72 points) in students Jeolla-do (P<0.001) based on a 5-point Likert scale. The preference level (3.03 points) of students in Gyeongsang-do for native local food was significantly higher than that (2.80 points) of students in Jeolla-do (P<0.001) based on a 5-point Likert scale. In conclusion, students in Jeolla-do perceived native local foods in Jeolla-do and Gyeongsang-do impartially, whereas students in Gyeongsang-do perceived native local foods better. The overall sample of elementary school students preferred native local food in Gyeongsang-do to native local food in Jeolla-do. Thus, there were regional differences in terms of recognition and preference of native local foods in elementary school students. To enhance the recognition and preference of native local foods in Jeolla-do, food culture and dietary education should be carried out.

A Study of the Consciousness survey of information and Communication Ethics for Elementary School (초등학생의 정보통신윤리 의식에 관한 조사 연구)

  • Jung, Young-Min;Seol, Moon-Gyu
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2006
  • 우리가 살고 있는 시대는 정보화 사회이다. 앞으로 정보화 사회는 계속 될 것이다. 정보화 사회는 우리에게 많은 편리함을 가져다 주었다. 하지만 한편으로는 사회적으로 윤리적으로 많은 문제점을 안겨준 것도 사실이다. 이런 문제점은 초등학생에게도 많이 나타나고 있으며 그로 통하여 정보통신유리교육의 중요성이 증대하였다. 이러한 정보통신윤리교육이 잘 이루어지기 위해서는 교육계획의 기초가 되는 실태 파악이 잘 이루어져야 한다. 따라서 본 연구는 정보화 사회를 이끌어갈 초등학생들의 정보통신윤리의식의 실태를 설문지를 통한 조사와 분석으로 초등학생의 정보통신윤리의 기초자료를 제시하고자 하였다.

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Preference of Elementary School Students Compared by Dietitians' Perception in School Lunch Program (학교급식 음료 선호도에 대한 초등학생과 영양사의 인식 비교)

  • Bae, Moon-Hee;Seo, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.1083-1093
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference between students' beverage preference and dietitians' perception in elementary school lunch program. This study was conducted in three phases: (1) questionnaire development and survey administration to elementary school students (2) survey administration to dietitians who were in charge of the elementary school food service, and (3) comparison of beverage preferences between elementary school students and dietitians. In phase I, 703 elementary school students in Seoul were surveyed from July 11 to July 19. In Phase II, 100 school food service dietitians in Seoul participated by mail survey from September 15 to October 30, 2006. Based on the results, elementary school students tended to show a neutral milk preference (mean=3.04), whereas dietitians perceived that elementary school students had lower milk preference (mean=2.67). Also dietitians perceived higher yogurt preference (mean=4.27) than the real elementary school students' preference (mean=4.02). T-test results showed the gender difference on milk and yogurt preference. Male students had higher milk preference (t=4.912, p<0.001) and yogurt preference (t=3.621, p<0.001) than female students. Elementary school students showed high fruit juice preference (mean=4.34); however, dietitians perceived lower fruit juice preference of students (mean=3.92). There was no gender difference on fruit juice preference. Though elementary school students had higher fruit juice preference, the frequency of fruit juice served in school lunch was quite low. Over half of the dietitians reported that they served fruit juice less than once a semester. The results of this study indicated the existence of distinctive difference between students' fruit juice preference and school lunch menu offerings.

전제의 해석 유형이 아동의 수학적 추론 결과에 미치는 영향 분석

  • Jeon, Pyeong-Guk;Jeong, Jae-Suk
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 초등학생들이 자신의 전제 해석 유형에 따라 일정한 추론 결과를 내는가를 알아봄으로서, 초등학생들이 일정한 법칙에 따라 사고하는가를 알아보고자 하는데 있다. 지필 검사와 면담을 통해 24명의 대상아동 중 20명(83%)이 자신의 전제 해석 유형에 따라 일정한 추론 결과를 내고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 이를 통해 초등학생의 추론 과정은 일정한 법칙을 따르고 있다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 산발적이라고 생각되는 초등학생의 답일지라도 면밀히 관찰해 보면 그들 나름의 일정한 법칙에 의해 산출한 답이었다. 이러한 사실은 사고의 결과 뿐 아니라 사고의 과정에 대한 깊은 관심이 필요하다는 것을 시사한다.

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A Study of the Refractive Errors Comparition between City and Rural Elementary School Children (도시와 농촌지역 초등학생들의 굴절상태 비교에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, In Suk;Jang, Jung Un
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was designed to be used as the basic visual function data after analyzing and investigating the refractive errors variation between city and rural elementary school children. Methods: To compare with city and rural areas, 2501 elementary school children who lived in Mokpo, Yeongam, Muan, Hampyeong were participated. Objective refraction, Subjective refraction and binocular function examinations were measured. Results: Mean of refractive error of rural areas was -1.47 D in 2012 years, -1.52 D in 2013 years, and -1.40 D in 2014 years. However average of refractive error was -1.65 D in 2012 years, -1.76 D in 2013 years and -1.75 D in 2014 years who lives in city areas. Average myopia was showed higher who lives in rural areas elementary school children than city areas elementary school children. There were significant differences between rural areas and city areas elementary school children (p = 0.03), but there were no significant differences by averagre hyperopia (p = 0.32). Average myopia was showed the tendency of increase as the students get older by analysis compare with rural and city areas elementary school children. It also showed high prevalence of myopia who lives in city areas elementary school children compare with lives in rural areas elementary school children. Conclusions: It is the very important to performed regular visual acuity test and correction during the largest refractive change period and it is necessary to have experts in the visual acuity test.

A Study on the Levels of Leptin, Insulin and Serum Lipids of Primary School Boys Depending on %Fat (초등학교 남학생의 체지방률에 따른 렙틴, 인슐린 및 혈청지질에 관한 연구)

  • 서국은
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the researcher classified primary school boys with obesity into light(% fat : 20∼24.9%), moderate(25∼29.9%) and heavy(30% or more) obese group and then analyzed and evaluated their own levels of insulin, leptin and lipids in blood. The level of insulin was significantly high in primary school students with heavy obese rather than in the other two groups. While that of leptin, significantly high in those children with moderate and heavy obese rather than in the other group of light obese. The level of T-C was significantly high in primary school students with light obese rather than in those students with heavy obese. HDL-C tended to increase as %fat went up, but there was no significant difference. The level of TG was significantly high in the group of heavy obese compared to the other groups. LDL-C tended to increase gradually as %fat became high. Thus, depending on %fat, primary school students with obesity were significantly different with each other in insulin, leptin T-C and TG levels. This suggests the urgent necessity of developing systematic and separate programs to treat such obese children.

The Relationship between Ego-Resilience, Mattering and School Life Adjustments of Elementary Students Participating in Physical Activity after School (방과 후 체육활동 참여 초등학생들의 자아탄력성과 또래존재감 및 학교생활적응의 관계)

  • Cho, Gun-Sang;Choi, Young-Jun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.477-487
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the relationship between ego-resilience, mattering and school life adjustments of elementary students participating in physical activity after school. The number of subjects for this study were 429 who were participating in the physical activity after school in Gyeonggi-do. The reliability and validity test of the questionnaire and descriptive analysis, factor analysis, correlation were conducted by using SPSS 20.0 and structural equation model was conducted by using AMOS 20.0 program. The results are as follows; First, ego-resilience of elementary students participating in physical activity after school affects their mattering. Second, mattering of elementary students participating in physical activity after school affects their school life adjustments. Third, ego-resilience of elementary students participating in physical activity after school affects their school life adjustments. Lastly there is a causal relationship between ego-resilience, mattering and school life adjustments of elementary students participating in physical activity after school.

초등학생의 e-스포츠 참가가 게임중독 및 공격성에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Kyong-bum
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.607-609
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 초등학생의 e스포츠참가가 게임중독 및 공격성에 미치는 영향을 규명하고자 한다. 이를 위해 이 연구는 서울소재 초등학교에 재학중인 5, 6학년 남학생을 대상으로 유의표집법을 활용하여 5학년 90명, 6학년 90명 등 총 180명을 추출하였다. 통계분석은 SPSSWIN 17.0을 이용하여 신뢰도분석과 회귀분석을 활용하였다. 이상과 같은 연구방법 및 절차를 통해 도출한 결론은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 초등학생의 e-스포츠참가는 게임중독에 영향을 미친다. 즉, 참가정도가 높을수록 게임중독은 심해진다. 둘째, 초등학생의 e-스포츠참가는 공격성에 영향을 미친다. 즉, 참가정도가 높을수록 공격성은 강화된다. 셋째, e-스포츠참가 초등학생의 게임중독은 공격성에 영향을 미친다. 즉, 게임중독이 심할수록 공격성은 강화된다.

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Analysis of the Emotional Effects of Agricultural Experience Program Based on Social Emotional Learning Theory in Elementary School Students (사회정서학습이론을 기반으로 한 농업체험 프로그램이 초등학생의 정서적 건강에 미치는 효과 분석)

  • Oh, Yun-Ah;Kim, Dae-Sik;Park, Sin-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구는 방과 후 농업 체험활동 프로그램이 초등학생의 정서지능과 회복탄력성 향상 및 우울감 감소에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 실시하였다. 서울시 초등학교에 재학 중인 4-6학년(11-13세) 초등학생 총 30명이 본 연구에 참여하였다. 참여에 동의한 30명의 학생 중 농업체험 프로그램에 참여를 희망한 18명은 실험군으로, 농업체험 프로그램에 참여를 희망하지 않은 학생 12명은 대조군으로 집단화 하였다. 실험군은 2018년 4월부터 7월까지, 총 12주간(주 1회, 회기당 60분)의 방과 후 활동으로 본 프로그램에 참여하였다. 초등학생의 정서적 건강 증진을 위해 사회정서학습 이론에 기반한 농업체험 프로그램을 설계하였다. 프로그램 실시 전과 후에 자기보고식 설문지를 이용해 정서지능, 우울, 회복탄력성을 측정하였다. 그 결과, 농업 체험활동 프로그램에 참여한 초등학생의 정서지능이 향상되었고(P=0.031), 우울감이 감소된(P=0.011) 반면 대조군에서는 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았다(P>0.05). 회복탄력성은 실험군과 대조군에서 모두 실험 전후 유의한 차이가 없었다(P>0.05). 본 농업체험 프로그램에 참여한 아동들은 프로그램에 대해 높은 만족감을 보고하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서 사회 정서학습이론을 적용한 농업체험 프로그램이 초등학교 고학년 학생의 정서지능 향상과 우울감 감소에 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 추후, 표본수를 확대하여 농업 체험활동 프로그램의 효과 검증 연구가 추가적으로 필요할 것이라 생각되며, 다양한 지역의 초등학생들에게 확대 적용하는 연구도 필요할 것이다.

Analysis of Research Trends on Robot Education of Young Children and Elementary Students for the Development of Hands-on Robot Program for Young Children (유아 교구로봇 프로그램 개발을 위한 유아와 초등학생 로봇교육의 연구동향 분석)

  • Kim, Sang-Hee;Kim, Sang-Un
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.859-868
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the research trend of robot education for young children and elementary students as a basic study for the development of hands-on robot program for young children. Trends by year, research contents, and effectiveness of 155 dissertations and journal papers from 2006 to May 2016 related to robot education for young children and elementary students were analyzed. The results were as follows. In the research subject, research was conducted in the order of integrated education, attitudes and awareness research, and response research for young children and programming education, design development research, and integrated education for elementary students. In the research method, observational research and development research were the most common in young children and elementary students, respectively. In the effectiveness validation, research on social and emotional interaction and research on creativity were the most common in young children and elementary students, respectively. Based on the results of this study, the analysis provided basic data for the development of programs for young children's hands-on robot activities and suggested the direction and implications of robot education in connection with SW education of young children and elementary students.