• Title/Summary/Keyword: 체질량 지수

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Evaluation on Usefulness of BMI Application to Urological CT Examination (비뇨기계 CT 검사 시 체질량 지수 적용의 유용성 평가)

  • Kim, Hyeon-jin;Im, In-chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of BMI application to Urography CT by applying different tube voltages in accordance with body mass index. Group A (n = 38) with body mass index of lower than 25 was examined with tube voltage of 100 kVp while Group B (n = 45) with a BMI of 25 and higher was examined with tube voltage of 120 kVp. C group (n = 37) with body mass index (BMI) of lower than 25 was examined with tube voltage of 120kVp. Although the difference in average dose between group A (100 kVp) and group C (120 kVp) with low body mass index (BMI) of lower than 25 was $214.8mGy{\cdot}cm$, there was no significant difference in qualitative evaluation and, compared with patient group with body mass index of 25 and higher, results obtained were rather good. Therefore, this study verified that the tube voltage of lower than 100 kVp does not have adverse effect on the quality of image for patients with body mass index (BMI) of lower than 25.

Convergence factors among their physical state, function and activities influencing on the cognition of elderly residents in a community (지역사회 재가 노인의 인지수준에 영향을 미치는 신체상태와 기능 및 활동의 융합요인)

  • Park, Jin-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.153-162
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    • 2015
  • A descriptive research is studied to identify the physical factors affecting to cognitive function among elderly residents over 65 years old in a community. The data were collected from 352 participants as part of a health-related survey by home visits in Seoul in 2010-2012. Their cognitive function was measured using the Korean form of Hasegawa Dementia Scale(HDS-K) and the collected data were analyzed by using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. From the analysis, the prevalence rate of cognitive impairment was 13.6%. Elderly residents in a community showed different cognition levels by the status of age, change of weight, change of BMI, walking and flexibility exercise. Especially, the lowest cognition level was found in the normal BMI group with decreased BMI change by over 3. The factors influencing on cognition level of the elderly with normal BMI were age, change of weight, change of BMI, and walking exercise. The variance indicated 12.2% as their cognition level. Therefore, for preventing the cognitive impairment of the elderly that were rapidly decreased of BMI, we need the program to manage their nutrition and walking exercise.

Web based Body Change Monitoring System (웹 기반 신체 변화 모니터링 시스템)

  • Lee, Jong-Won;Go, Gyoung-Mo;Kang, Hee-Beom;Jung, Hoe-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.615-620
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    • 2016
  • Improved quality of life has increased in a population with a high BMI (Body Mass Index). Accordingly, the development of a system for prevention of obesity management is required. Because a requirement for the prevention of obesity management system. This system has been developed to solve this problem and it is done by measuring the user information of the individual's body. The purpose of this paper is to understand the changes in your own BMI over the course of usage of this application and store the BMI in the database. This BMI data is expressed as a graph to the user and based on the BMI graph, the user is suggested to the type of exercise required by his body. The most appropriate exercise equipment's are shown to the user based on the BMI and also recommendations based on the historical data of other users with similar BMI. This system also recommends chronic diseases depending on blood sugar, blood pressure.

Measuring Agreement of Modified MP3 and CVMS according to BMI Percentile (중지 중절골과 경추를 이용한 골령 평가의 체질량 지수에 따른 일치도)

  • Yi, Seoksoon;Lee, Daewoo;Yang, Yeonmi;Kim, Jaegon
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to examine measuring agreement between middle phalanx of the third finger and cervical vertebrae analysis for assessing skeletal maturity according to body mass index percentile. A retrospective chart view was used to select patients with body mass index data, hand - wrist radiographs and lateral cephalograms of same day. The patients were divided into 4 groups by body mass index percentile. The hand - wrist radiographs were analyzed using modified middle phalanx of the third finger method and the lateral cephalograms were categorized according to cervical vertebral maturation stage. The degree of agreement between the 2 methods of analyzing skeletal maturation was measured by calculating weighted kappa statistic according to body mass index percentile group. There was a good agreement between the 2 methods in the entire body mass index percentile group. According to the body mass index percentile group, the agreement was found to be different, and the pattern was different between boys and girls. Pediatric dentist should consider sex and weight status when evaluating growing children and adolescents because it can affect the agreement of 2 method of analyzing skeletal maturation.

A Comparison study on the relationship between the Self-reported Voice Problem and Body Mass Index (자가 음성평가와 체질량지수의 특성 비교)

  • Lee, Inae;Hwang, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1330-1334
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between self-reported voice problem and body mass index. Data were collected from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2010) from 5,811 subjects(2,503 men and 3,308 women) aged 19 years and olders. chi-square, t-test and multi-nominal logistic regression analysis were used that to compare self-reported voice problem and variable(age, sex, hight, weight, waist measurement, body mass index). body mass index(OR=1.028, 95% CI: 1.003-1.056) was independently associated with self-reported voice problem(p<0.031). also over weight-two step obesity (OR=1.765, 95% CI: 1.036-3.006) were independently associated with self-reported voice problem(p<0.036). The results of comparison verified that body mass index are valuable self-reported voice problem of risk factor. when the evaluation were conducted, what was considered body mass index is needed.

Analysis of Body Mass Index on Set Up Errors Rectal Cancer in Radiotherapy (방사선치료 시 체질량지수와 직장암 환자의 자세 오차 분석)

  • Shim, Jae-Goo;Jung, Hong-Ryang;Seo, Jung-Min;Park, Byong-Suk;Jang, Joon-Young;Lim, Cheong-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.412-418
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    • 2013
  • To study the positioning error according to the use of belly board and body mass index (BMI) for rectal cancer radiotherapy, a retrospective study was conducted on 114 patients from January 2012 to March 2013. The median age of the patients was 58 (29-83 years), mean BMI was $23.35kg/m^2$ ($16.55-31.15kg/m^2$), 31 patients used belly board and 83 did not use belly board. There were a total of 527 AP & LAT images of treatment (EPID), and the mean and standard deviation of each X, Y, Z axis were $1.66{\pm}1.55mm$, $1.64{\pm}1.56mm$, and $1.99{\pm}1.75mm$, respectively. Based on the BMI of 24 or higher, error occurrence risk of higher or equal to 2mm on Z axis was 4.8 times higher compared to BMI of 24 or lower (p<0.001), and when BMI was 24 or higher in case the belly board was not used, the error occurrence risk of higher or equal to 2mm on the z-axis was 3.6 times higher (p<0.011). Radiation therapy for rectal cancer patients, using Belly Board for both the ones wearing fistula and with high BMI may be effective in decreasing the positioning errors.

Relationship Analysis of Osteoporosis and Body Mass Index(BMI) in the Middle-Aged Women (중년여성 골다공증과 체질량지수와의 관계 분석)

  • Lim, Jong-Duek;Jung, Jae-Eun;Park, Cheol-Woo;Dong, Kyung-Rae;Kim, Ho-Sung;Kim, Sun-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.363-367
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    • 2011
  • Generally, the osteoporosis of a middle-aged women have been reported that was a high risk in underweight, but the obese women have feasible osteoporosis. Therefor, the subjects were 120 middle-aged women that were diagnosed with osteoporosis in the bone mineral densitometer (BMD), this study was done for the purpose of analyzing the relationship between osteoporosis and body mass index (BMI) of the middle-aged women. We were determined BMI which was less than 18.5 underweight, 18.5 to 22.9 normal, 23.0 to 24.9 overweight, 25.0 to 29.9 obesity and extremely obesity were more than 30. When we examined the BMI distribution of the subjects, it was 2 women (1.7%) for underweight, 18 women (15.0%) for normal, 19 women (15.8%) for overweight, 75 women (62.5%) for obesity and 6 women (5.0%) for extremely obesity. Also, the relationship between osteoporosis and BMI of the subjects, it was the osteoporosis in 13 cases out of 18 (72.2%) with normal, in 14 case out of 19 (73.7%) with overweight, in 63 case out of 75 (84%) with obesity, in 5 case out of 6 (83.3%) with extremely obesity, besides, the osteoporosis usually marks the highest in a BMI with obesity. In conclusion, the result of analyzing the relationship between osteoporosis and BMI, we found out that the osteoporosis of the middle-aged women was high risk with obesity, and that was mostly higher the osteopenia rather than osteoporosis.

Analysis of Image Quality According to BMI of Digital Chest Radiography: Focusing on Bureau of Radiological Health Evaluation (디지털 흉부 방사선 영상의 체질량지수에 따른 영상품질 분석: 미국 방사선 안전국 규정 평가표 중심으로)

  • Jin, Seong-jin;Im, In-Chul;Cho, Ji-Hwan
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2017
  • Visual evaluation of chest radiograph images is the most practical and effective method. This study compared the Body Mass Index, waist circumference, and mAs with chest radiographs of 351 women. The Bureau of Radiological Health method was used to evaluate the image quality of chest X-ray images by anatomical and physical methods. The average age of the subjects was $30.17{\pm}4.73$ and the average waist circumference was $66.91{\pm}4.67cm$. The mean Body Mass Index value was $20.21{\pm}2.23$, the mean value of mAs was $3.04{\pm}0.78$, and the mean value of Bureau of Radiological Health was $79.83{\pm}8.45$. When the Body Mass Index value increased, waist circumference and mAs mean value increased. The mean value of Body Mass Index was statistically significant(p<0.05) in Group 4 compared to Groups 1 and 2, with increasing Body Mass Index. Exposure control of the automatic exposure control system is considered to be well performed according to body thickness or Body Mass Index at the time of chest radiography. As the Body Mass Index increases, the thickness of the body increases and the breast thickness of the woman also increases. Therefore, it is considered that the exposure amount is changed by the automatic exposure control device to affect the image quality.

A Comparative Study on Bone Mineral Density and Serum Lipid Levels in Obese Postmenopausal Women (폐경 후 비만 여성에서 골밀도 및 혈청지질 양상 비교연구)

  • 김은영;승정자
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • 2003.05a
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    • pp.125-125
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    • 2003
  • 비만인구의 증가는 전 세계적인 문제이며, 우리나라도 비만인구의 증가와 함께 인구 전반의 체질량지수가 증가하고 있다. 여성의 경우 폐경을 맞이하면서 호르몬의 변화 등으로 비만 발생율이 높아지는데, 폐경 후 비만은 만성퇴행성질환 등 여러 질병의 원인이 될 수 있으나, 골밀도에 있어서는 체질량지수와 양의 상관관계를 보인다는 결과와, 어느 수준 이상의 체질량지수 증가는 골밀도에 좋지 못한 영향을 미친다는 상반된 결과들이 제시되고 있다. (중략)

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BMI, Depression, and Fluid Deficit in Hospitalized Elders (입원 노인의 체질량 지수와 우울에 따른 수분섭취 부족)

  • Shin, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the differences in the fluid volume deficit according to levels of depression and BMI. The results of this study will provide fundamental information for developing nursing interventions for hydration management. Method: The participants were 51 hospitalized elderly people in K province. Data were collected from September 4 to 30, in 2006. A structured questionnaire was used for the data collection. Frequencies, Percentages, Means, Standard Deviation, t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal-Wallis test were used with the SPSS Program to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in the fluid volume deficit between elders in the depressed and normal groups. Participants who had a BMI of less than $21kg/m^2$ had the highest fluid volume deficit. Conclusion: Water is an essential part of the human body although it is least studied in elderly people. Health care providers need to increase awareness of the importance of hydration status among hospitalized elderly people with chronic illnesses.

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