• Title/Summary/Keyword: 체중조절

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The Concepts of Weight Control and Dietary Behavior in High School Seniors (고등학교 3학년생의 체중조절에 대한 인식과 관련 식행동 분석)

  • Chung, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Hae-Young
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.607-619
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the concepts of body image, weight control and food behavior in 520 Korean high school seniors from Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate body image, concern of weight control, experience of weight control, the first time to try weight control, plan for weight control, reasons of weight control and food behaviors related with weight control. Anthropometric parameters such as weight and height were measured. Finally, data from 497 high school seniors were used for statistical analysis. The results were as follows. Many subjects had misperceptions. Among the subjects who perceived themselves as 'fat', 57.8% were normal weight and 0.5% underweight. Among the subjects who perceived themselves as 'thin', 59.5% were normal weight, 0.9% overweight and 0.9% obese. Girls were more concerned about weight control than boys (4.20 vs. 3.66). Weight loss had been experienced by 61.5% of the subjects and weight gain by 12.8%. First weight control was attempted by 71.3% of the subject at high school and by 28.7% at middle school. The majority of subjects planned for weight control before their freshman year. The boys choose 'health' as the primary reason for weight control, whereas the girls chose 'good appearance'. The total score of food behaviors varied significantly according to BMI. Overweight and obese subjects had more desirable food behaviors than normal weight and underweight subjects (24.00, 24.06 vs. 21.92, 21.52). However, total scores of food behaviors showed no variation according to sex, weight control attempt and body image. In conclusion, the high school seniors had misconceptions about body image and weight control. They were exposed to a high risk of inappropriate weight control and food behaviors. Therefore, proper nutritional education programs need to be developed for high school seniors to prevent nutrition problems related to weight control and to maintain desirable food behaviors.

Subjectivity on Weight Control of College Women (여대생의 체중조절에 관한 주관성 연구)

  • Jung, Yeon-Sun;Kwon, Hae-Jin;Baek, Kyoung-Ah
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.544-554
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this research is to compare and contrast the structural types and the patterned characteristics on the weight management of female college students by making subjective and interpretative approaches based on Q methodology, which identifies the subjectivity regarding the weight management of female college students. Subjects are categorized into three different types after the forceful classification of the forty-one Q samples selected as P samples from the thirty-nine female college students. They are as follows: the first is 'the negative body image type that attempts compusive weight control, the second is 'the health-care-seeking type that maintains consistent weight management', and the third is 'the ego-certain type that can self-control weigh management'. As a result of this research, structural differences were found among the three different types, which can be utilized as basic resources for the behavior of desirable and righteous weight management.

Body Perception, Attitude on Weight-control and Self-Esteem according to the weight group of High School Students in Daegu (대구광역시 고등학생의 체중군에 따른 체형인식, 체중조절 태도와 자아 존중감의 비교)

  • Kim, Hae-Jeong;Jang, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2009
  • This study was to investigate of body perception, attitude on weight-control and self-esteem according to the weight group of high school students. Using the questionnaires taken by 777 first grade students in six high schools in Daegu, this study was conducted from August 20th to September 10th in 2007. Statistical data analysis were completed using the SPSS 12.0 program. The results of this study were as follows : First, girls are more interested in weight-control than boys, especially about obesity. As a result, they try to control their weight to lose weight in high school days with the right perception of weight. They also have good knowledge about weight-control and cut down the food intake. We need to study more about the reason why the self-esteem of girls' obesity group is high. Second, most of the boys controled weight for their health and they did exercise to lose weight and they are more satisfied with the result of weight-control and self-esteem than girls. About the body type, boys got affected by friends, and girls by TV. In boys' case, as the BMI is low and the difference between their present weight and ideal weight is small, they are more satisfied with the result of weight-control and prefer physical activities. In girls' case, as the BMI is low and their satisfaction with the weight-control result is high, they have good eating habit and high self-esteem. Third, compared with the weight group and their self-esteem, in boys' case, low-weight boys are high when they do physical activities more than 20 minutes, whereas when the normal-weights and over-weights are satisfied with their weight-control result, and the obese have good eating habit, it is high. In girls' case, the self-esteem is high when the normal-weights are satisfied with their weight-control result and over-weights prefer physical activities and the obese are interested in weight-control. Especially, the obese girls group show high self-esteem when they have interest in weight-control.

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Weight Control Behaviors and Correlates in Korean Adolescents (한국 청소년의 체중조절행동 영향요인)

  • Oh, Doo-Nam;Kim, Eun-Man;Kim, Seonho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.218-228
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate and correlates of weight control behaviors among adolescents in Korea. We analyzed data on 37,472 adolescents aged 12-18 years from the 2011 7th Korea Youth Risk Behavior web-based Survey. The results of this study was as following. First, the prevalence rate of healthy, unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors was significantly higher in girls than in boys. Second, in both genders, healthy and unhealthy weight control behaviors were more common among obese adolescents than non-obese adolescents. But, use of diet pills were not prescription by doctor was more common in underweight boys and obese girls than others. Third, gender, school, family affluence scale, mother's education level, body shape perception(BSP), weight status predicted prevalence rate of healthy weight control behaviors. Gender, school, region, father's education level, BSP predicted prevalence rate of unhealthy weight control behaviors. Gender, school, BSP, weight status predicted prevalence rate of extreme weight control behaviors. These findings suggest the needs to design appropriate prevention program that can induce healthy weight control behaviors.

A Study on Weight Control Attitude and Food Behavior of High School Students in Sokcho (속초시 고등학생의 체중조절에 대한 태도와 식생활 항동에 관한 연구)

  • Park Young-Deck;Kim Bok-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.18 no.3 s.41
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    • pp.23-40
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine co-ed high school students' concern for appearance, weight control attitude and food behavior. The subjects were 405 students(boys 197, girls 208) in Sokcho area. Most of the students had much interest in appearance, and their perception of body type was significant differences between boys and girls(p<,00l). 22.8% of boys expressed satisfaction at their own body type. while just 9,6% of the girls were contented with their body type. In interest toward weight control. 43.7% of the boys and 79.8% of the girls had a regard for weight control. In relationship between weight control interest and the body type perception, there were significant differences among group of caring about weight control. moderate group and indifferent group(p<,00l), regardless of gender. As a whole, 41.3% of group that cared about weight control found themselves a little fat. Most of the boys who considered themselves thin(24,4%) were much concerned about weight control. where as girls who thought of themselves as thin were little interested in. Body type satisfaction was significant differences among interested group, moderate group and indifferent group(p<.00l). It appeared that they had breakfast very irregularly, But 86.9% of the total students had dinner, which indicated dinner was taken relatively on a regular basis. Among three meals, dinner was skipped the least, 23,5% (17.8% of the boys and 28,9% of the girls) went without breakfast everyday. For the reason, 65.1% of the overall students didn't eat breakfast due to time constraints, and lunch(39.8%) and dinner(31.3%) were skipped largely because eating them was troublesome. Less students went without meals to lose weight. and lunch(7.0%) was skipped more than breakfast(1.3%), and dinner(13,8%) was skipped more than lunch, This study suggested that nutrition education for high school students should be planned to provide nutrition information regarding desirable weight control as well as modifying diets and food behaviors.

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도시 지역 중년여성의 비만도에 따른 체형인식 및 체중조절태도 비교 연구

  • 정인경;권성옥;이일하
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • 2003.11a
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    • pp.1076-1076
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    • 2003
  • 최근 소득수준의 향상 및 식생활 습관의 서구화로 비만 유병율이 증가하면서 체중조절에 대한 관심이 급증하였다. 그러나 신체적 매력 중에서 날씬함을 너무 강조하는 사회적 분위기 등의 영향으로 자신의 체형을 왜곡되게 인식함으로써 이에 따른 신체에 대한 불만족은 무분별한 체중조절을 시도하도록 자극하는 요인이 되고 있으며 이러한 무리한 체중조절은 신체적·심리적 장애를 초래하는 것으로 알려지고 있다. 그러나 체형인식 및 체중조절에 대한 연구는 주로 젊은 여성들을 대상으로 한 것이 대부분으로 중년여성을 대상으로 한 연구는 거의 없는 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 자기체형에 대한 관심이 점차 높아지고 있는 중년여성들을 대상으로 비만도에 따른 체형인식 경향을 파악하고 체중조절에 영향을 미치는 요인들을 알아보고자 하였다. 조사대상은 도시지역에 거주하는 40세 이상 중년여성 249명으로 일반사항, 체형인식 및 체중조절태도, 이상식행동 등에 대하여 설문조사를 실시하였다. 모든 자료는 SAS program을 이용하여 분석하였다. 조사대상자의 평균 연령은 48.5세였으며 평균 비만도(BMI)는 22.7로서 정상범위에 속하였다. 비만도에 따른 체중군별 분포는 정상체중군이 72.9%로 가장 많았으며, 저체중군이 6.7%, 과체중군이 20.4%이었다. 자기 체형에 대한 인식도를 체중군별로 비교해본 결과, 정상체중군의 40.1%만이 자신의 체형을 ‘표준체형’으로 올바르게 인식하고 있을 뿐, 8.1%는 ‘마른 체형’으로, 51.7%는 ‘살찐 체형’으로 잘못 인식하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 특히, 저체중군의 37.5%는 자신의 체형이 ‘표준체형’이라고 인식하고 있었다. 이상적으로 생각하는 체형에 대하여 조사대상자의 80.9%가 ‘표준체형’이라고 응답하였으며, 8.7%는 ‘마른 체형’을, 10.4%는 ‘살찐 체형’을 선호하는 것으로 나타났다. 자기 체형에 대해 조사대상자의 55.8%가 ‘불만족하다’ 고 응답한 반면 ‘만족하다’ 고 응답한 경우는 11.1%에 불과하였다. 그러나 체중조절에 대한 관심도는 체중군별로 비교해 보았을 때, 과체중군이 저체중이나 정상체중군에 비해 유의하게 높았다. 지난 1년 동안의 체중 감량 경험 여부를 조사해본 결과, 과체중군의 77.1%, 정상체중군의 65.3%, 저체중군의 62.5%가 체중감량 경험이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 체중감량 이유를 묻는 문항에 과체중군과 정상체중군의 경우 ‘건강을 위해서’라고 응답한 경우가 가장 많은 반면 저체중군의 경우 ‘체중이 증가되었기 때문에’라고 응답한 경우가 가장 많아 체중군별로 유의적인 차이를 나타냈다. 조사대상자의 53.8%가 체중감량을 하는 중 부작용을 경험한 적이 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 유의적인 차이는 없었으나 저체중군이 과체중이나 정상체중군에 비해 체중감량에 따른 부작용 경험자의 비율이 높았다. 이상식행동을 측정한 결과, 과체중이나 저체중군이 정상체중군에 비해 이상식행동 점수가 유의적으로 높았다. 세부요인별로 비교해 보았을 때, 체중조절에 대한 집착과 식이조절점수는 과체중군이 가장 높았으나, 섭식통제 관련 식행동 점수는 저체중군이 가장 높았다. 이상의 결과를 종합해 볼 때, 중년여성들의 경우 대부분이 자신의 실제 체형에 대하여 그릇된 인식을 갖고 있었으며, 체중을 감량하기 위해 지속적으로 노력하는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 저체중군의 경우 건강보다는 외모 때문에 무리한 체중감량을 시도하고 있었으며 이상식습관과 관련된 식행동 점수가 높은 경향을 보여 영양 및 건강 상태에 문제가 발생될 수 있을 것으로 생각된다. 따라서 중년여성들에게 자신의 체형과 이상체형에 대한 올바른 인식을 갖고 표준 체중을 유지할 수 있도록 지속적인 영양교육이 이루어져야 할 것으로 생각된다.

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Study on the Apparel Shopping Behavior of Obese Women in Relation to Interest in Weight Control (성인비만여성의 체중조절행동에 따른 의복구매행동에 관한 연구)

  • 최영순;권순기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.51 no.7
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    • pp.135-145
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    • 2001
  • 현대사회에서는 시각적 이미지를 표현수단으로 하는 대중매체의 등장으로 자기 신체에 대한 미의식이 고조되어 있으며 체형의 불균형으로 인한 신체적 불만족을 보상하기 위해 여성복은 이미 여성의 신체를 사회적 이상에 맞게 수단으로 이용되어 과거 어떤 시기보다도 신체이미지를 바꾸기 위해 옷을 사용하고 있다. 이에 반해 비만체형의 소비자들은 자신의 외모를 향상시킬 수 있는 의복구입에 어려움을 겪고 있으며 그들에게 잘 맞는 의복을 선택할 기회를 제공받지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구의 목적은 여성의류시장에서 소외되어온 비만 체형 소비자를 대상으로 첫째. 체중조절행동과 의복쇼핑행동간의 상관성을 규명하고 둘째, 인구통계학적 특성에 따른 쇼핑행동의 차이를 파악하고자 한다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 체중조절 행동에 따른 쇼핑행동 요인과의 관계에서 다이어트 경험의 유무, 자기지각체형, 체중조절 관심정도, 체중조절 동기에 있어서 부분적으로 유의적인 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 한편 인구통계학적 특성에 따른 쇼핑행동의 차이를 파악해 본 결과 연령, 결혼여부, 학력, 직업, 가계수입에서 모두 유의적인 차이가 나타났다. 본 연구결과의 시사점은 관련업계에 잠재된 중요한 여성복 시장임을 인식시킬 수 있는 계기를 제공함과 아울러 침체된 패션산업의 새로운 틈새시장으로서의 여성복 시장 개발을 위한 기초자료를 제공할 수 있다.

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Evaluation of Weight Control Program for Obese Female College Students (비만 여대생에 대한 체중조절 프로그램의 적용 효과)

  • Seo, Ji-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.1381-1387
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    • 2005
  • This study was intended to evaluate the weight control program for 18 obese female college students during 9 weeks. The weight control program was composed of periodical counsel for self-control of dietary attitude and exercise with personal/group program. The female college students were average 21.3 years old and average 161.8 cm of height. The subjects were classified into 2 groups based on BMI: overweight group $25\le{BMI}<27$, obese group BMI$\ge$27. The subjects were average 71.56 kg of weight and $27.25 kg/m^2$ of BMI before they joined the program. The prompt of joining was less self-confidence for appearance. After 9 weeks, the overweight group lost their weight about 3.28 kg and also reduced 1.61 percentage of body fat. The obese group also lost their weight about 3.0 kg but reduced only 0.8 percentage of body fat. The serum levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol dropped significantly (p<0.05) in the overweight group. The $VO_2$ max inclosed 2.71 mL/kg/min in the overweight group. The obese group reduced caloric intakes from $109.2\%\;to\;86.5\%$ of RDA. The scores of dietary attitude such as eating speed, snack frequency, watching TV or reading during the eating were significantly increased (p<0.05) in obese group. These overall results suggest this program would be effective in self-weight control of overweight people. But the obese group assumed negative attitude in self-exercise program. So it is necessary to manage weight control programs, as considering obesity degree of subjects.

Influence on in-dorm university students' body-shape perception, obesity, and weight control toward Obesity stress (기숙사 남녀 대학생의 주관적 체형인식, 비만도, 체중조절 행태가 비만스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.573-583
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    • 2013
  • Targeting in-dorm university students, this study is to check body-shape perception, obesity, weight control, and obesity stress, and to figure out the effect level of each variables toward obesity stress. Data were collected by self-evaluation questionnaire from 305 respondents in dorms of a university, and the survey was conducted from May 27 to June 7 of the year 2013. As a result of the survey, both male and female students did not properly perceive their own body-shape. Female students felt that they were fat more than male students did; on the other hand, male students felt that they were skinny even though they were in standard. Females felt more obesity stress than males, and for both male and female students, more obesity resulted in deeper obesity stress. For female students, when the actual body shape is not similar to the body shape that they believe to be, they feel more obesity stress; however for male students, the result was reversed. The group that tried weight control felt more obesity stress than the other group, for both males and females. In addition, for both male and female, the group that has more will toward weight control felt more obesity stress. The effect factors that were checked through multi-variable analysis is like the following: for male students, as they feel fat and as they pay more attention to weight control, the obesity stress increased, and for female students, as they pay more attention to weight control, the obesity stress increased. Focusing on higher obesity stress groups that are distinguished through applying factors to influence on decreasing obesity stress based on the analysis result, and especially for male university students, running exercise programs at the same time for skinny bodies to gain fat would be more effective to decrease obesity stress.

A Study on Weight Control Attitude, Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Behavior by Weight Control Attempt of High School Female Students in Wonju Area (원주지역 여고생의 체중감량 시도 여부에 따른 체중조절 태도, 영양지식 및 식행동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Won;Kim, Bok-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to conduct a questionnaire survey for total 503 high school female students in Wonju area, Kangwon province, and thereby determine any potential effectiveness of their trials to reduce weight in their satisfaction with their own figure, daily living practices related to weight control, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors. Out of all respondents, it was found that 284 girl students(58.4%) ever tried to reduce weight, and both trial group(trying to reduce weight) and no-trial group were much interested in weight control(94.7% vs. 60.7%). But 85.2% of trial group and 50.3% of no-trial group were dissatisfied at their figure. It was found that the percentage of trial group practicing regular exercise was higher than that of no-trial group doing so(21.8% vs. 5.5%). Subjects scored 14.3 out of 20 on a nutrition knowledge scale, but trial group scored significantly higher points(14.5) than no-trial group(13.9)(p<0.01). In particular, it was notable that trial group showed higher rate of correct answer in certain items such as balanced diet and knowledge about weight control. It was found that our all respondents showed moderate dietary behaviors, which is demonstrated by their mean score of 31.3 in dietary behaviors(possible score: $15{\sim}45$). Notably, it was found that there were problems exposed in their dietary velocity, intake of various diets and intake frequency for each food group(dairy products, marine plants and vegetative oil and fat). And it was found that the percentage of trial group taking diet with vegetative oil was higher than that of no-trial group.

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