• Title, Summary, Keyword: 체육교육

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The Leisure Activity and the Degree of Satisfaction for the Life by Aged persons in a Rural Area (일부(一部) 농촌노인(農村老人)의 여가활동(餘暇活動)과 생활만족도(生活滿足度)와 관련성(關聯性))

  • Kim, Jae-Soog;Park, Jong;Ryu, So-Yeon;Lee, Chul-Gab;Kim, Hak-Ryul;Kim, Yang-Ok
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 1999
  • This study was attempted to find the mutual relationship between leisure activities and life satisfaction by the aged persons in a rural area. The data was obtained by interview with questionnaire and the data from 209 persons aged over 65, residing in Dohwa-myeon and Podu-myeon, Koheung-kun, Chollanam-do were analysed. The survey was carried out from Feb. 16th to May 3rd in 1998 and the results are as follows: 1. The survey showed that the major leisure activities were TV watching followed by talking with friends, club activities, taking a walk, visiting friends' or relatives' home and breeding domestic animals. 2. The types of leisure activities were classified into 8 patterns as active self-enlightenment, passive self-enlightenment, temporal amusements, passive self-activities, cozy introspective activities, friend oriented activities, family oriented activities and religious activities. Among the above 8 patterns active self-enlightenment type contributed most to the life satisfaction. 3. The major factors affecting leisure activities were sex, age, average income, religion and educational status. And the major factors affecting life satisfaction were sex, age average income, educational status and a state of health. In conclusion the more the aged persons participated in leisure activities, the better they felt life satisfaction.

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Effects on cooperative spirit of a cohort by instruction types of Taekwondo (태권도 지도자의 지도유형이 집단응집력에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Chan-Sam
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.13
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    • pp.471-485
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    • 2007
  • This study is performed to find out what type instructions are produced to players by coaches and what effects are resulted in cooperative spirit of the concerned group. Furthermore the study has its aims at advancing instructors' skills by using finding of it. The study used 'SPSS 11.0 FOR WINDOW - Statistical Package' to analyze the collected samples and dealt with data of 174 individuals. Statistical analysis of the research for hypothesis verification was about frequency, trust level, mutual relationship, variables, and T-verification. The meaningful level for any result was ranged within 95%(p< .05), 99%(p<.01). The finding are as follows. Effects on pleasure, one of elements of team spirits taken by instructor's training style are analyzed as follows. It was proved to be meaningful in relation with a series of activities like training, democratic, social, compensatory aspects and showed also considerable relation with power based behaviors. That says, players are found to enjoy high pleasure when social and bureaucratic behaviors of instructors are very energetic. In addition to that, training, democratic, and compensatory activities didn't show any meaningful effect. Team spirit was found to play a main role between instructor's behaviors and training, democratic, social rewarding activities. Democratic and social acts influence on team spirit. Looking into the detailed aspects, team spirit was resulted very high in the individuals with low democratic mind and was shown high group spirit by groups with high sociable activities. Teamworks was found to be affected by relation between instructor's acts and training, democratic, social and compensatory aspects and it showed meaningful relations with training, social, bureaucratic behaviors. Low degree of training and bureaucratic activities are found to prefer for power team spirit, and high social activities led a strong teamworks. Group binding spirit was influenced by training, democratic, social compensatory, bureaucratic behaviors and it showed to give effects on democratic, social, and bureaucratic activities of instructors. Low degree of democratic and bureaucratic behaviors are found to produce strong team spirit. In contrast with that, strong social activities was found to be motive of powerful team spirit. Value of team spirit was found to play a main role between instructor's behaviors and training, democratic, social, rewarding activities. It didn't show any meaningful effect on behavior of instructors.

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JSAP1 Interacts with Kinesin Light Chain 1 through Conserved Binding Segments (JSAP1과 Kinesin Light Chain 1의 결합 및 결합부위 규명)

  • Kim, Sang-Jin;Lee, Chul-Hee;Park, Hye-Young;Yea, Sung-Su;Jang, Won-Hee;Lee, Sang-Kyeong;Park, Yeong-Hong;Cha, Ok-Soo;Moon, Il-Soo;Seog, Dae-Hyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.889-895
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    • 2007
  • A conventional kinesin, KIF5/kinesin-I, is composed of two kinesin heavy chains (KHCs) and two kinesin light chains (KLCs) and binds directly to microtubules. KIF5 motor mediates the transport of various membranous organelles, but the mechanism how they recognize and bind to a specific cargo has not yet been completely elucidated. Here, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify the neuronal protein(s) that interacts with the tetratricopeptide repeats (TRP) of KLCI and found a specific interaction with JNK/stress-activated protein kinase-associated protein 1 (JSAP1/JIPP3). The yeast two-hybrid assay demonstrated that the TRP 1,2 domain-containing region of KLCI mediated binding to the leucine zipper domain of JSAP1. JSAP1 also bound to the TRP region of lac2 but not to neuronal KIF5A, KIF5C and ubiquitous KIF5B in the yeast two-hybrid assay. In addition, these proteins showed specific interactions in the GST pull-down assay and by co-immunoprecipitation. KLCI and KIF5B interacted with GST-ISAP1 fusion proteins, but not with GST alone. An antibody to JSAPI specifically co-immunoprecipitated KIF5s associated with JSAP1 from mouse brain extracts. These results suggest that JSAP1, as KLC1 receptor, is involved in the KIF5 mediated transport.

Effects of a Weight Control Program on Anthropometric Measurements and Serum Lipid Profiles of Obese Elementary Students (초등학교 비만관리 프로그램이 비만 아동의 체구성 성분과 혈청 지질 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Jung-He
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 12 week weight control program, which included nutrition education and regular physical fitness, on body weight, degree of obesity, BMI, and lowering of blood lipids in 16 obese male elementary school students. Changes in waist and hip circumferences and their ratios were measured at the conclusion of the 12 week program conducted from September 9 to November 25, 2005. Body weight after 12 weeks on the program slightly reduced from 55.4${\pm}$10.9 kg to 54.4${\pm}$9.7 kg. Degree of obesity and BMI decreased from 121.3${\pm}$8.1%, and 25.9${\pm}$3.3 to 120.0${\pm}$8.2% and, 25.6${\pm}$2.7, respectively. Body fat percentage decreased slightly from 38.3${\pm}$4.7% to 37.9${\pm}$5.2%. Waist to hip ratio did not change after 12 weeks. There were slight changes in weight of body fat and lean body mass from 22.12${\pm}$6.53 kg and 34.56${\pm}$4.75 kg to 21.68${\pm}$6.05 kg and 34.70${\pm}$4.54 kg, respectively. Also, after 12 weeks on the weight control program, body, waist, and hip circumferences decreased. However, there were no significant differences among the blood lipid components, including triglycerides, total cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol. Finally, body weight, degree of obesity, BMI, and body fat showed more significant correlations to waist, hip circumference and their ratio than to blood lipid levels.

Relationship between Broca Index of Late School-Aged Children and Their Mothers' Eating, Cooking, and Exercise Habit (어머니의 식습관, 요리습관 및 운동습관과 학령기 후기 아동의 Broca 체질량지수와의 상관관계 연구)

  • Lee, Hyerim;Lee, Kyoung-Eun;Ko, Kwang Suk;Hong, Eunah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.1488-1496
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    • 2016
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze mothers' eating, cooking, and exercise habits based on their demographic characteristics and to examine the relationship between those habits and their late school-aged children's Broca index. A total of 393 questionnaires were mailed to the mothers of late school-aged children who registered at four elementary schools in the Seoul area, of which 159 participants (40.0%) completed questionnaires. Statistical data analyses were performed using SPSS/Win 21.0 for descriptive statistics, t-test ANOVA, and Pearson's regression coefficient. There was a statistically significant difference in mothers' cooking habit (F=3.920, P=0.022) and exercise habit (F=3.211, P=0.043) according to their educational level. Interestingly, 82.4% of mothers had a Broca index of less than 90% of normal body mass level. A significant positive correlation of Broca index between mothers and their late school-aged children (r=0.345, P<0.001) indicated that children whose mothers had a low body mass level also tended to have a low body mass level. In this study, late school-aged children's Broca index was not significantly related with mother's eating (r=-0.072, P=0.367) or exercise habits (r=-0.010, P=0.897) but was significantly related with their mother's cooking habits (r=-0.157, P=0.048). Considering there are few studies examining the impacts of mother's cooking habits on their children's appropriate body mass, the results suggest that developing an effective educational program to cultivate mothers' healthy cooking habits to improve school-aged children's health status is very important. The findings of this study provide important data that could be used when developing health education programs tailored to the multi-dimensional impacts of mothers' life habits on their last school-aged children's developmental health status.

Relationship between Low Back Pain and Lumbar Paraspinal Muscles Fat Change in MRI (편측 요통을 호소하는 환자에 있어서 척추 주위 근육의 지방량과 통증과의 관계)

  • Kim, Ha-Neul;Kim, Kyoung-Hun;Kim, Joo-Won;Jin, Eun-Seok;Ha, In-Hyuk;Koh, Dong-Hyun;Hong, Soon-Sung;Kwon, Hyeok-Joon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Low back pain(LBP) is a common disabling disease in clinical practice and loss of working hours due to this condition is huge. The aim of this study was to determine if there was an association between fat deposit of paraspinal muscles as observed on MRI scans in patients presenting with unilateral LBP. Methods : 24 patients who visiting our hospital with a clinical presentation of unilateral LBP were recruited to the study. Patients were between 20 and 30 years and had a history of unilateral LBP within 12 months. After MRI scaning, the images were saved in DICOM file format for Picture Archiving and Communication System(PACS). The percentage of fat infiltrated area was measured using a pseudocoloring technique. Data were analyzed comparing the fat deposits of the muscles on the symptomatic and asymptomatic sides. Paired t-test was used to find the difference between the measurements of fat tissue in individual patients. Results : The amount of fat in the symptomatic side was $7.6{\pm}4.51%$, asymptomatic side was $6.7{\pm}4.29%$. There were increases, statistically significant, in the fat changes of the paraspinal muscles at the L4-5 disc level(P <0.05). Also, men were likely than women to have more fat deposit in symptomatic side(men $8.5{\pm}5.1%$, women $6.5{\pm}3.6%$). Conclusions : The amount of fat in the symptomatic side shows significantly increased than asymptomatic side in the paraspinal muscles at the L4-5 disc level. It suggested that fat infiltration in the muscles associated with LBP. Further studies will be needed to confirm the relationship between the muscle fatty changes and LBP in the large sample size. In addition, the correlation of pain severity with fat infiltration needs to be addressed.

A Study on the Current Status of Health Screening and the Health Type(Physical Activity, and etc) of the Disabled by Using the Statistics of Health Insurance Corporation (건강보험공단 통계를 이용한 장애인의 건강검진 현황 및 건강형태(신체활동 등)에 대한 소고)

  • Kim, Seck-Jin;Jung, Jin-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.433-444
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to examine the screening rate of health screening of the disabled by screening the data of disability and health statistics of the National Health Insurance Corporation, to suggest the problems of health examination and the future improvement measures, and also to review the type of health management of the disabled based on the results of health examination interview. As people with limited daily life or social life for a long time because of their physical/psychological disabilities in accordance with the Article2 of , out of 2,479,080 registered people with disabilities on the basis of December 31st 2015, the research subjects were limited to people with disabilities who participated in the health screening and health type for presenting the opinions about policies. In conclusion, regarding the health screening for the disabled, first, it would be necessary to collect the opinions from people with disabilities in order to prepare the health screening service suitable for them. Second, it would be needed to develop the health screening items for each type of disability and severity. Third, it would be necessary to consider the medical equipments and amenities of health examination for the disabled. Fourth, there should be the securement of manpower and education for service providers. Fifth, the mobility right of the disabled should be secured. Regarding the health type of the disabled, first, the expert consultative group in each area should be composed for the health enhancement of the disabled. Second, it would be necessary to screening the current status of health enhancement programs for the disabled and operating facilities. Third, the Central Health Medical Center for the Disabled, shown in the law on the securement of health rights & medical accessibility of the disabled should develop the standardized health enhancement programs for each disability type and severity. After examining the contents of health examination and health type of the disabled, the opinions about policies were suggested. Thus, in the future, there should be more detailed researches based on the tasks suggested by this study, and also the causal relations between health of the disabled and relevant programs should be continuously revealed.

A Study on Analysis of Facility Design in Recreation Forest - With a Special Reference to Chonbuk Province - (자연휴양림(自然休養林)의 시설설계(施設設計)의 분석(分析) - 전북지역(全北地域)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Lee, Chang-Heon;Park, Chong-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.85 no.2
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    • pp.158-171
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    • 1996
  • In Korea, 80,616 ha in 139 places have been designated as recreation forests by the end of 1994. Among these places, 64,547 ha in 76 places were designated in the national forest, 9,937 ha in 25 places were designated in the public forest, and 6,132 ha in 38 places were designated in private forest. Designs of 10 places and plans of 6 places in 14 places of recreation forest in Chonbuk province were compared and analyzed. The results are as follows: 1. Sixty four types of convenient facilities, 15 types of athletic facilities, 13 types of sanitation facilities, 22 types of education facilities were designed in 10 places of the recreation forest. 2. The material cost was the highest in construction costs in Waryong recreation forest. However, the labor cost was the highest one in construction costs in 5 places of recreation forest ; Dokyu-san, Hoimoon-san, Saesim, Seongsu, and Sokgeum-san And the total construction cost was much higher in private recreation forest than in both of national and public recreation forest. 3. Hoimoon-san was the only recreation forest which makes profit among 14 recreation forests in Chonbuk province. The uses of this recreation forest are increasing, and seasonal uses significantly fluctuate. 4. There are several problems for the public in enjoying these recreation forest places. The access to these places by public transportations is inconvenient. The time required for construction of many places are too long after they are designated as recreation forest, and the management of the established recreation forest is poor. 5. To improve the method of facility design in recreation forest, easy access to nature should be promoted such as recreation forest places and understanding of public concerning nature are needed. Recreation forest places themselves need to offer good facilities, and convenient access. And to make frequent use of recreation forest places, a system of information and excellent service to the public are strongly recommended.

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Effect of Exercise Training on Aging Atrophyin Rat Skeletal Muscle III. Effect of Short Term Exercise Training for Senile Rat (흰쥐 골격근의 노화성 위축에 대한 운동훈련의 영향 III.노화 흰쥐에 적용한 단기간의 운동훈련의 영향)

  • 박승한;박원학;정형재
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.91-108
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    • 1996
  • The present study was designed to examine effect of short term treadmill and weight-training on aging arophy in the rat skeletal muscle. Male rats of 24 months old were used. Each groups included control, treadmill and weight-training for 4 weeks by using treadmill apparatus and body press apparatus. The histo and cytochemical, ultrastructural and stereological changes in senile skeletal muscles of the rat were observed in the present study. During the training period the body weight and muscular weight in all groups remained constant. The volume density of muscle fiber type IIC and IIB were increased, that of type IIA was decreased, but type I remained constant in treadmill-training group. In weight-training rat, the density of type IIA and IIB were increased, both those of type IIC was decreased. But, all changes of muscle fiber type is not significant. Senile control group some usual formation of mild contraction band, liposuscin pigment and muscular splitting were observed. After treadmill-training, histological and ultrastructural changes occurred in the muscle fiber, such as irregularity of the sarcolemma, interfibrillar vacuolization, longitudinal splitting, and widened I-bond. After weight-training, the changes occurred in the trained muscle fiber, such as appearances of many lysosomes and autophagic vacuoles, severe contraction band, and breakup of myofibrils. Histo and cytochemical studies showed that the activities of succinic dehydrogenase and acid phosphatase remained constant, activities of $Mg^{++}$-ATPase decrease with training. Stereological changes were not observed in the volume and numerical density of all subject component, but the surface density of mitochondrial inner membrane was increased with treadmill-training. These experimental results suggested that endurance training during short-term may result in the adaptible response in senile skeletal muscles. On the other side, weight-training is bad for senile skeletal muscle.

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Anthropometric Measurements of the Upper and Lower Body Balance and Exercise Habit among Female College Students in Some Parts of the Gyeongnam (경남 일부 지역 여자 대학생의 상하체 균형 계측치와 운동 습관)

  • Kim, Young-Sik;Yoon, Im-Sil;Lee, Won-Joon;Nam, Jeong-Su;Yoon, Joong-Soo;Youn, Ryea-Min;Jung, Han-Na;Ko, Jae-Shik;Choi, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.535-542
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to examine anthropometric parameters and related habits in female college students. Mean age, height, and body weight of the subjects in total (n=212) were 20.7 yrs, 161.8 cm, and 53.5 kg, respectively. Anthropometric parameters were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Mean degree of obesity, body mass index (BMI), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were 98.4%, $20.6\;kg/m^2$, and 0.80 respectively. Surprisingly, 63.7% of the subjects showed unbalanced weak upper bodies compared to their lower bodies. Therefore, they were divided into two groups: unbalanced weak upper body group (UU, n=135) and balanced upper body groups (BU, n=77). Bodyweight, degree of obesity, BMI, and WHR in the UU group were significantly lower than those in the BU group. Amounts of body protein, body fat, and body mineral in the UU group were also significantly lower than those of the BU group. Mid-arm muscle circumference of the UU group ($18.5{\pm}0.8\;cm$) was significantly lower than those of BU group ($20.4{\pm}1.2\;cm$), although mid-arm circumference of the UU group was not significantly different compared to those of the BU group. On a questionnaire on exercise habits, 1.5% of the UU group and 7.8% of the BU group answered that they exercised regularly, and 55.5% of the UU group and 31.2% of the BU group reported that they never exercised (p<0.01). Even in the subjects who exercised, the duration of the exercise was not sufficient because 38.4% of the UU group and 35.8% of the BU group answered that they exercised for less than 30 min. In conclusion, interventions in exercise habits may be needed for female college students who have unbalanced weak upper bodies.