• Title, Summary, Keyword: 체육교육

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Effects of 12-week Combined Exercise Program on Short Physical Performance Battery, Bone Mineral Density and Parathyroid Hormone in the Elderly Women (12주간 복합운동이 여성 노인의 신체수행능력, 골밀도 및 부갑상선호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Sook;Kim, Ji-Hyeon;Ha, Soo-Min;Hynn, Su-Jin;Yoon, Byeong-Kon;Kim, Do-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.519-531
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined exercise program on short physical performance battery, bone mineral density and parathyroid hormone levels in elderly women. This study subjects were 22 elderly female volunteers, aged 65-75 years and they divided into the combined exercise group(n=11) and the "no exercise" control group(n=11). The combined exercise included the line dance program performed twice per week for 60 minutes and the resistance exercise program performed once per week during 12 weeks. Exercise intensity was progressively increased from RPE "fairly light" to "slightly hard" (from 11 to 14). The findings of this study were as follows; Short physical performance battery(Balance test, gait speed, and rising from a chair five times) and bone mineral density (lumbar spine L2~L4 bone densities, and the T-score) were significantly increased after 12 weeks in the exercise group compared to the baseline. The PTH level was significantly decreased in the exercise group compared to the baseline. In conclusion, regular and continuous physical activity was effective for improving short physical performance and had a positive effect on bone mineral density and parathyroid hormone. With aging, women have decreased muscle strength and bone density and therefore, it is strongly recommended that women need to carry out continuous physical activity to prevent disease and ensure a healthy retirement.

Analysis of Distinction according to Athletics Class Teaching of Sport Activities Participation by Primary School Female Teachers (초등학교 여교사의 스포츠활동 참여 여부에 따른 체육수업의 차이분석)

  • Kim, Seong-Yong;Kim, Kyoung-Sik;Kim, Chae-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.366-376
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to analysis of distinction according to athletics class teaching of sport activities participation by primary school female teachers. The result showed that primary school female teachers who had participated in sports activities had higher average in athletic class recognition and athletic class teaching than those who had not participated in sports activities. The difference was statistically significant. Among participators to sports activities, teachers who participated in "indirect competition type sports" had higher average in athletic class teaching than those who had participated in "performance record type sports" or "aesthetic sports". The difference was statistically significant. Regarding degree of participation in sports activities, teachers who had participated in twice and more than twice a week had higher average in athletic class teaching than those who had participated in once or less than once a week. The difference was statistically significant. There was no significant difference among groups regarding participating time or participating period in sports activities. In conclusion, our research suggests that sports activities participation by primary school female teachers gives positive impact to athletic class teaching.

The Link between Health-related Physical Fitness Level and Cardiovascular Disease-related Risk Factors (건강체력 수준과 심혈관질환 관련 위험인자와의 관련성)

  • Ka, Sung-Soon;Kim, Jung-Soo;Lee, Mi-Young;Kim, Seok-Han;Jeong, Hae-Cheon;Lee, Min-Ki;Lee, Gyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the link between health-related physical fitness level and cardiovascular disease-related risk factors in adult male workers. Methods: We tested cardiovascular disease-related risk factors (waist circumference, SBP, DPB, fasting glucose, TC, HDL-C, TG, LDL-C) and health-related physical fitness ($VO_2max$, grip, Sit-up, Flexibility, Body fat) and divided health-related physical fitness level of the subjects into 3 groups - A (very good, n=56), B (good, n=59), and C (below-average, n=57) according to the criterion of the Health and Fitness counseling guidelines of KOSHA. The statistical techniques such as standard deviation, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression (p<.05) were used. Results: There were significant differences between group C and group B & A (p<.001) in waist circumference, DBP, Fasting glucose, HDL-C, TG, LDL-C. In TC/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, Group C was higher than group B and A. Conclusion: On the basis of these results, we identified that improvement of health-related physical fitness level positively effects on the decrease of cardiovascular disease-related risk factors.