• Title, Summary, Keyword: 철근콘크리트 모멘트저항 골조

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Seismic Performance Evaluation and Economic Analysis of 5-Story RC Moment-Resisting Frames (5층 철근콘크리트 모멘트-저항골조 구조물의 내진성능 평가 및 공사원가 분석)

  • Kang, Suk-Bong;Kim, Sungdae;Park, Eu-Su;Oh, Sangmuk;Son, Kiyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.569-577
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    • 2015
  • Recently, the concept of seismic design has changed from prescriptive to performance based design. For the performance based design with the specified target performance of the structure, it is necessary to execute the inelastic structural analysis to predict precisely the actual behavior of the structure. To address this issue, the seismic performance of the 5-story RC moment-resisting frames designed in accordance with KBC2009 is evaluated through push-over analysis and economic analysis is conducted focused on the direct construction costs. The results show that the ordinary and the intermediate moment-resisting frame are evaluated to meet the required performance design criteria and that the direct construction costs of the two frames are similar. However, although the special moment-resisting frame designed with strong column-weak girder philosophy satisfies the required performance design criteria, the direct construction cost is uneconomical compared with other frames. Therefore, although the intermediate moment-resisting frame of design category D is prohibited in IBC2012, the ordinary and the intermediate moment-resisting frame are estimated to be more reasonable than the special moment-resisting frame for the design of 5-story RC moment-resisting frame.

Lateral Resisting Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall and Flat Plate Column (철근콘크리트 전단벽과 무량판 기둥의 횡저항 거동)

  • Kim, Tae-Wan;Min, Chan-Gi
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.14-17
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 국내에서 주상복합건물에 주로 건설되는 철근콘크리트 전단벽과 무량판 골조 기둥 시스템의 횡저항 거동을 조사, 분석하였다. 이 시스템의 내진설계 시 건물골조시스템을 적용하게 되는데 전단벽 설계는 큰 어려움이 없으나 골조의 경우 변형의 적합성을 고려해야 할 경우에 상세하고 명확한 지침이 마련되어 있지 않아 그 적용이 쉽지 않다. 이를 해결하기 위하여 예제 건물을 선정하여 기준에 따라 설계한 후 비선형정적 해석을 수행하여 철근콘크리트 전단벽과 무량판 골조 기둥의 비선형 거동을 조사하였다. 그 결과 무량판 골조 기둥의 거동은 전단벽에 종속되었고 변형의 적합성을 고려하기 위해 골조의 모멘트를 증폭하더라도 기둥의 단면 변화가 크지 않으므로 실무적으로 큰 어려움이 없는 것으로 나타났다. 다만 강도뿐만 아니라 변형 능력에 대해서도 추가적인 연구가 필요하다.

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Seismic Retrofit of Old Reinforced Concrete Buildings (노후 RC 건물의 내진 보강)

  • Huynh, Chanh Trung;Park, Jong-Yeol;Kim, Jin-Koo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.150-153
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 비내진 설계된 철근콘크리트 골조로 이루어진 저층의 노후공동주택의 내진성능을 향상시키기 위한 구조물의 보강방법에 대해 연구하였다. 이를 위하여 비선형 정적 해석과 시간 이력 해석을 수행하여 추가되는 철골 모멘트골조와 가새의 내진보강 효과를 검증하였다. 해석결과에 따르면 $H150{\times}150{\times}6{\times}8$로 구성된 철골 모멘트골조는 탄성구간에서는 하중의 약 1%, 구조물이 항복한 이후, 최대 3.5%까지 하중을 부담하여 자체적으로 지진하중에 대한 저항 성능은 크지 않았다. 그러나 철골 모멘트골조와 가새를 동시에 사용함으로써 접합부의 조기 파괴를 방지하고 구조물의 내진성능을 큰 폭으로 증진시킬 수 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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Seismic Performance Evaluation of 3 Story OMRCF Based on Scaled Model Testing (축소모델실험에 의한 철근콘크리트 3층 보통모멘트골조의 구조 성능 평가)

  • Han Sang-Whan;Kwon Gun-Up
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.673-678
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    • 2005
  • ACI 318 (1999) defines three types of moment frames: Ordinary Moment Resisting Concrete Frame (OMRCF), Intermediate Moment Resisting Concrete Frame (IMRCF), and Special Moment Resisting Concrete Frame (SMRCF). OMRCF is the most popular type of moment frame in mild seismic zones that requires the least detail and design requirements. This study focuses on the seismic performance of Ordinary Moment Resisting Concrete Frames (OMRCF) designed only for gravity loads. For this purpose a 3-story OMRCF was designed in compliance with the minimum design requirements in ACI 318 (1999). An one third 3 story specimen was made and tested. For scaled model, the similitude law of true replica was applied. The specimen was loaded with quasi-static reversed cyclic lateral loading. The overall behavior of OMRCF is quite stable without abrupt strength degradation. It is found that tested frame has the base shear strength larger than the design base shear for seismic zone 1, 2A and 2B calculated using UBC 1997.

Correlation between Analysis and Experiment on Inelastic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Frame (철근콘크리트 골조의 비탄성 거동에 관한 실험 및 해석의 상관성)

  • 이한선;김상대;박철용
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.255-266
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    • 1997
  • 본 논문의 목적은 내진상세를 가진 철근콘크리트 골조의 비탄성 거동 예측에서 현재 사용되고 있는 해석적 방법이 가지는 신뢰성을 검토하고 실험에서 실측할 수 없었던 내부 힘의 분포 및 변화과정을 관찰하는 것이다. 이를 위하여 이미 실험이 수행된 2경간 2층 내진상세 모멘트-저항 철근콘크리트 평면골조(1)를 대상으로 ICARC 2D 프로그램(3)을 사용하여비탄성해석을 수행하였다. 해석결과가 실험결과에 최대한 일치하도록 관련 모델 변수들을 조절하였다. 이러한 해석결과가 실험결과와 어느 정도 일치하는 지 비교하였으며, 해석결과 얻어진 내부 힘의 발전과정을 관찰한결과 다음과 같은 결론에 도달하였다. (1)전체 횡력-횡변위 관계는 실험결과에 매우 유사하게 해석결과를 얻을 수 있다. (2)구조물의 힘의 분포 및 재분재 과정에 관련하여 해석은 구체적인 정보를 제사하였으며 실험결과 나타난 균열 및 변형결과와 대체로 일치한 소성힌지 발생과 파괴메카니즘을 나타내어 그 유용성을 입증하고 있다. (3)해석결과가 대체로 실험결가아 일치하나 국부거동과 관련하여 일부분 실제거동과 상당한 차이를 나타내어, 보다 정확한 모델을 개발할 필요성을 느낀다.

Evaluation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Based on Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 모멘트 골조구조의 비선형 지진응답 평가법의 검토)

  • 송호산;전대한
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the seismic performance of multistory building structures use an equivalent SDOF model to represent the resistance of the structure to deformation as it respond in its predominant mode. This paper presents a method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through perform nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. The hysteresis rules to be used an equivalent SDOF model is obtained from the pushover analysis. Comparing the peak inelastic response of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames and an equivalent SDOF model, the adequacy and the validity of the converting method is verified. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. The representative lateral displacement of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames is close to the height of the first modal participation vector \ulcorner$_1{\beta}$${_1{\mu}}=1$. It can be found that the hysteresis rule of an equivalent SDOF model have influence on the time history response. Therefore, it necessary for selecting hysteresis rules to consider hysteresis characteristics of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames.

Inelastic Dynamic Demands of a RC Special Moment Frame Building (철근 콘크리트 특수 모멘트 골조 건물의 비탄성 동적 요구값)

  • Kim, Tae-Wan
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2005
  • Seismic design of a building is usually performed by using the linear static procedure. However, the actual behavior of the building subjected to earthquake is inelastic and dynamic in nature. Therefore, inelastic dynamic analysis is required to evaluate the safety of the structure designed by the current design codes. For the validation, a RC special moment resisting frame building was chosen and designed by IBC 2003 representing new codes. Maximum plastic rotation and dissipated energy of some selected members were calculated for examining if the inelastic behavior of the building follows the intention of the code, and drift demand were calculated as well for checking if the building well satisfies the design drift limit. In addition, the effect of including internal moment resisting frames (non lateral resisting system) on analyses results was investigated. As a result of this study, the building designed by IBC 2003 showed the inelastic behavior intended in the code and satisfied the design drift limit. Furthermore, the internal moment resisting frames should be included in the analytical model as they affect the results of seismic analyses significantly.

An Evaluation of Progressive Collapse Resisting Capacity of RC Structure Using Static and Dynamic Analysis (정적 및 동적 해석을 이용한 철근콘크리트 건물의 연쇄붕괴 저항성능 평가)

  • Seo, Dae-Won;Kim, Hae-Jin;Shin, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.238-245
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    • 2010
  • Progressive collapse is defined as a collapse caused by sectional destruction of a structural member which links to other surrounding structures. Currently the design guidelines for the prevention of progressive collapse is not available in Korea. So, structural engineers have a difficulty in evaluating progressive collapse. In this study, the static and dynamic analysis to evaluate the methods and procedures are conducted using commercial analysis program for RC moment resisting frames. According to the study, DCR value of RC moment resisting frame system based on code in Korea is over 2 and it shows that it can't provide alternate load paths due to the progressive collapse. And additional reinforcement should be considered for the progressive collapse resistance. As a result of vertical deflection and DCR value of linear static analysis and linear dynamic analysis, the results of dynamic analysis were underestimated more than the result of static analysis. Thus, the dynamic coefficient value of 2 provides conservative estimation.

Seismic Evaluation of Beam-Column Joint Specimens of RC Special Moment Frames (철근콘크리트 특수모멘트골조의 보-기둥 접합부 실험체의 내진성능평가)

  • Lee, Ki-Hak;Seok, Keun-Yung;Jung, Chan-Woo;Shin, Young-Shik;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2008
  • This study summarizes the results of a research project aimed at investigating the inelastic rotation capacity of beam-column joints of reinforced concrete special moment frames. All of the test specimens were classified as special moment frame (SMF), based on the design and detailing requirements of the ACI 318-02 provisions. The acceptance criteria, originally defined for steel moment frame connections in the 1997 edition of the AISC Seismic provisions, were used to evaluate the beam-column joints of the reinforced concrete moment frames. A total of 39 test specimens were examined in detail. Most of the joints that satisfy the design requirements for special moment frame structures were found to be ductile up to a plastic rotation of 3% without any major degradation in strength. This is mainly due to the stringent ACI 318-02 requirements for special moment frame joints. The presence of transverse beams increases confinement and shear resistance of joints, which results in better performance than for joints without transverse beams. All of the SMF connections that satisfy the ACI 318-02 limitations on joint shear stress turned out to meet the acceptance criteria.

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Economic Analysis of a 5-Story RC OMRF Retrofitted with Modified Epoxy Mortar for Improving Seismic Performance (변성에폭시 모르터로 내진보강한 5층 철근콘크리트 보통모멘트골조의 경제성 분석)

  • Kang, Suk-Bong;Kwak, Jongman;Shin, Dongwoo;Son, Kiyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.207-215
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    • 2014
  • As a reinforcement material for RC members, the modified epoxy mortar has been reported one of the superior materials since the material can improve the load capacity and the seismic performance of the RC members. However, there were few experimental studies and analytical research for improving seismic performance with the material. This study is to propose an effective reinforcement plan for RC Ordinary Moment Resisting Frame (OMRF) with the evaluation of seismic performance and economic analysis. For the objective, first, the load-deflection curve of a simple beam specimen was compared with the analytical results. Second, a 5-story RC OMRF structure was designed only for gravity load and the alternatives for seismic reinforcement were suggested. Third, pushover analysis was executed for evaluation of design coefficients and seismic performance of the structures. Finally, an effective reinforcement plan was suggested based on the results of quantity take-off and economic analysis. The findings of this study can be utilized as the basic data when the modified epoxy mortar is applied to practice for improving the seismic performance of RC members.