• Title, Summary, Keyword: 차량-궤도 상호작용

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Dynamic Interaction Evaluation of Maglev Vehicle and the Segmented Switching System (자기부상열차 차량과 분기기 동적상호작용 시험 평가)

  • Lee, Jong-Min;Han, Jong-Boo;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.576-582
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    • 2017
  • The switching system in a maglev train is an indispensable element for distributing train routes, and it should be designed to ensure safe operation. Unlike conventional wheels on rails, the switching track in EMS-type maglev is supported by a group of 3 to 4 steel girders. When the vehicle changes its route, the segmented track allows the girders to change from a straight position to a curved one with a small radius of curvature. Hence, the structural characteristics of the segmented switching system may affect the levitation stability of the maglev vehicle. This study experimentally evaluates the dynamic interaction between maglev vehicles and a segmented switching system. The results may be helpful for improving the switching system. The measured levitation and lateral air gaps were evaluated at a vehicle speed of 25 km/h, and the ride quality of the Maglev vehicle was determined to be "comfortable" according to the UIC 513 standard.

Dynamic Analysis of PSC Bridge for a High-Speed Railway Vehicle Using Improved 38-Degree of Freedom Model (개선된 38자유도 차량모델을 이용한 고속철 PSC교량의 동적거동해석)

  • Oh, Soon-Taek;Sim, Young-Woo;Lee, Dong-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.797-803
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    • 2010
  • A dynamic analysis procedure is developed to provide a better estimation of the dynamic responses of pre-stressed concrete (PSC) box girder bridges on the Korea high speed railway. Particularly, a three dimensional numerical model including the structural interaction between high speed vehicles, bridges and railway endures to analyze accurately and evaluate with in-depth parametric studies for dynamic responses of bridge due to the high speed railway vehicles. Three dimensional frame element is used to model the PSC box girder bridges, simply supported span lengths 40 m. The high-speed railway vehicles (K-TGV) including a locomotive are used as 38-degree of freedom system. Three displacements (vertical, lateral, and longitudinal) as well as three rotational components (pitching, rolling, and yawing) are considered in the 38-degree of freedom model. The dynamic analysis by Runge-Kutta method which are able to analyze considering the dynamic impact factors are compared and contrasted. It is proposed as an empirical formula that the impact factors damaged the bridge load-carrying capacities occurs to the bride due to high-speed vehicle.

Simulation of Vehicle-Track-Bridge Dynamic Interaction by Nonlinear Hertzian Contact Spring and Displacement Constraint Equations (비선형 헤르쯔 접촉스프링과 변위제한조건식의 적용에 의한 차량-궤도-교량 동적상호작용 수치해석기법)

  • Chung Keun-Young;Lee Sung-Uk;Min Kyung-Ju
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2005
  • In this study, to describe vehicle-track-bridge dynamic interaction phenomena with 1/4 vehicle model, nonlinear Hertzian contact spring and nonlinear contact damper are introduced. In this approach external loads acting on 1/4 vehicle model are self weight of vehicle and geometry information of running surface. The constraint equation on contact surface is implemented by Penalty method. Also, to improve the numerical stability and to maintain accuracy of solution, the artificial damper and the reaction from constraint violation are introduced. A nonlinear time integration method, in this study, Newmark method is adopted for both equations of vehicles and structure. And to reduce the error caused by inadequate time step size, adaptive time-stepping technique is partially introduced. As the nonlinear Hertzian contact spring has no resistance to tensile force, the bouncing phenomena of wheelset can be described. Thus, it is expected that more versatile dynamic interaction phenomena can be described by this approach and it can be applied to various railway dynamic problems.

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Study on the Levitation Stability of Maglev Vehicle considering the Vibration of Steel Switch Track (강재 분기기의 진동을 고려한 자기부상열차 부상안정성 연구)

  • Han, Jong-Boo;Park, Jinwoo;Han, Hyung-Suk;Lee, Jong-Min;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.175-185
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    • 2015
  • Generally, in the train area, switch tracks have required high reliability because this system is directly associated with derailment. Especially, switch tracks of Maglev vehicles must be moved in terms of the whole geometric characteristics, in which the bogies are encased in the switch track. For this reason, switch track was constructed with steel lighter than concrete girders. But, the steel switch track was weak because of structural vibration as well as structural deformation. Therefore, it is important to predict the levitation stability when a vehicle passes over flexible switch track. The aims of this paper are to develop a coupled dynamic model to describe the relationship between a Maglev vehicle and switch track and to predict the levitation stability. In order to develop the coupled dynamic model, a three dimensional vehicle model was developed based on multibody dynamics; a switch model was made using the modal superposition method. And, the developed model was verified using comparison measured data.

A Study on Optimum Design for Railway Alignment in Curve (곡선부 최적 선형 설계기법에 관한 연구)

  • Um, Ju-Hwan;Yang, Sin-Chu;Kim, Eun-Kyum
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.597-603
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    • 2009
  • In this study, Based on the optimization developed in Um et al. (2009), optimum design method of the alignment when building new lines and renewing existing ones is presented. The object function used for optimization is passenger comfort ($P_{CT}$) which was proposed in BSI (2006). Other aspects of track/vehicle interaction will be treated in boundary conditions. And track/vehicle interaction analysis is peformed using KTX-II model. From the analysis results, it was found that the optimum alignments are affected by the angle (I) between adjacent straight lines and $R-L_t$ combinations. Also the dynamic analysis confirms well the results from the simplified analysis. However, In the most cases, the $P_{CT}$ values in the dynamic analysis are higher than the simplified $P_{CT}$ values. If both methods are used when optimizing the alignment, it will be possible to design the alignments more rapidly and reliably.

Simulation and Experimental Study on the Impact of Light Railway Train Bridge Due to Concrete Rail Prominence (주행면 단차에 의한 경량전철 교량의 충격 시뮬레이션 및 실험)

  • Jeon, Jun-Tai;Song, Jae-Pil
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.30 no.1A
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2010
  • This study pointed on the dynamic impact of AGT (Automated Guide-way Transit) bridge, due to concrete rail prominence. An experiment was done with 30 m P.S.C. bridge in AGT test line in Kyungsan. An artificial prominence with 10 mm hight, was installed at the mid span of concrete rail. And computer simulation was executed for the artificial prominence. As an experiment result, in the case of with prominence, bridge acceleration responses are increased 50% at the speed range of 20 km/h-60 km/h, and bridge displacement responses increased slightly. With these results, the prominence of concrete rail can be induce excess impact and vibration. And the computer program simulated much the same as experiments. So this program can be used for AGT bridge design and formulate the standard of concrete rail management.

Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Vehicle-Bridge Interaction considering the Hertzian Contact Spring and Rail Irregularities (헤르쯔 접촉스프링과 레일 요철을 고려한 차량-교량 동적상호작용 비선형 해석)

  • Kang, Young-Jong;Neuyen, Van-Ban;Kim, Jung-Hun;Kang, Yoon-Suk
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1478-1485
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, the nonlinear dynamic response of Vehicle-Bridge interaction with the coupled equations of motion including nonlinear Hertzian contact is presented. The moving train model is chosen to have 10 degrees of freedom (DOF). The bridge is modeled as 2D Euler-Bernoulli beam element with 4 DOF for each element, two for rotations and another two for translations. The nonlinear Hertzian contact is used to simulate the interaction between vehicle and bridge. Base on the relationship of wheel displacement of the vehicle and the vertical displacement of the bridge in Hertzian contact, the coupled equations of motion of the whole system is derived. The convenient formulation was encoded into a computer program. The contact forces, contact area and stress of the rail surface were also computed. The accuracy and efficiency of the proposed program are verified and compared with exact analytical solution and other previous studies. Various numerical examples and parametric studies have demonstrated the versatility and applicability of the proposed program.

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Study on the Behavior of Curved Track in Honam High-Speed Line considering the Running Performanace for HEMU 430-X (HEMU 430-X 주행특성을 고려한 호남고속철도 곡선궤도구조의 거동연구)

  • Kang, Yun-Suk;Um, Ki-Young;Kim, Seog-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4068-4076
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    • 2013
  • The wheel-rail interaction forces are influenced by the velocity of vehicle, wheel load, alignment (curve radius, cant etc). For the safety of track structure, it is required to evaluate the influences for track and influential factors. Recently, the HEMU 430-X, which was developed by Next Generation High-Speed Rail Development R&D Project, achieved 421.4km/h in a test run of Daegu.Busan section of the Gyeongbu high speed rail on March in 2013. In the case of additional speed-up test on Test-Bed Section(Gongju.Jeongeup: KP 100~128km Osong starting point), the analysis of track forces is required for outer rail by the increase of dynamic force and centrifugal force of vehicle. In this paper, the vehicle speed variation on HSL line is evaluated by TPS analysis considering the tractive effort of HEMU 430-X, tested running resistance and alignment of Honam HSR. And the track forces are evaluated by centrifugal force and impact factor on curved track.

A Long-Term Friction Test of Bridge Bearings Considering Running Speed of Next Generation Train (차세대 고속철 주행속도를 대비한 교량받침의 장기마찰시험법)

  • Oh, Soon-Taek;Lee, Dong-Jun;Jun, Sung-Min;Jeong, Shin-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2016
  • Structural behaviour of PSC box bridge, on which KTX train runs, is analysed up to 500 km/h speed considering 12 stages track irregularity and interaction between bridge and vehicle. To evaluate wheel forces and rotations of vehicle, lateral wheel forces, derail factor and offload factor calculated on the track combining the bridge and 170 m normal track are compared with existing allowed limits. Maximum longitudinal displacement and accumulated sliding distance of the brige bearings for simply supported and 2 span continuous PSC bridges are presented by each running speeds. Long-term friction tests based on EN-1337-2 are conducted between PTFE and DP-mate plates. Finally, the long-term friction tests are proposed to consider the increasing speed of next generation high-speed train.