• Title, Summary, Keyword: 차량-궤도 상호작용

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Study of the Interaction between Tracked Vehicle and Terrain (궤도차량과 토양의 상호작용에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Cheon-Seo;Lee, Seung-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.140-150
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    • 2002
  • The planar tracked vehicle model used in this investigation consists of two kinematically decoupled subsystems, i.e., the chassis subsystem and the track subsystem. The chassis subsystem includes the chassis frame, sprocket, idler and rollers, while the track subsystem is represented as a closed kinematic chain consisting of rigid links interconnected by revolute joints. In this study, the recursive kinematic and dynamic formulation of the tracked vehicle is used to find the vertical terce and the distance of an arbitrary track moved in the driving direction along the track. These distances and vertical forces obtained are used to get the deformation and sinkage of a terrain. The FEM(Finite Element Method) is adopted to analyze the interaction between tracked vehicle and terrain. The terrain is represented by a system of elements wish specified constitutive relationships and considered as a piecewise linear elastic, plastic and isotropic material. When the tracked vehicle is moving with different speeds on the terrain, the elastic and plastic deformations and the maximum sinkage for the four different types of isotropic soils are simulated.

Dynamic Response Analysis of Bridge-AGT Vehicle Interaction System (교량-AGT 차량 상호작용에 의한 교량의 동적응답)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ho;Rha, Sang-Ju;Song, Jae-Pil
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.561-568
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    • 2006
  • Dynamic equations of motion for the interaction system of bridge and vehicle are derived to investigate the dynamic responses of bridge and vehicles induced by moving automated guide-way transit(AGT) vehicle and surface roughness of bridge. The vehicle model for ACT vehicle is idealized as 11 DOF including yawing, lateral translation and steering of wheels, and the bridges are modeled with finite element method. The AGT vehicle model was verified by experimental study. Parametric studies are carried out to investigate the effect of vehicle speed, surface roughness, stiffness and damping of the suspension system, AGT vehicles and dynamic wheel loads of the AGT vehicles. From the parametric study it can be seen that the dynamic incremental factor of the bridge and dynamic responses of vehicles have a tendency to increase with vehicle speeds, surface roughness and the stiffness of AGT vehicle suspension system. On the other hand those dynamic wheel loads have tendencies to decrease in according to increase of damping of the suspension system.

A Study on Prediction Method of Derailment Behaviors due to Cross-wind Considering Dynamic Effects of Wheel-rail Interaction (차륜-레일의 동적효과를 고려한 측풍 원인 탈선 예측방법 연구)

  • Kim, Myung Su;Koo, Jeong Seo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.699-709
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    • 2014
  • This paper proposes a new method for predicting the derailment of a running train under cross-wind conditions, using the single wheelset derailment theory. The conventional theories used for predicting the derailment due to cross-winds were developed under the assumption that derailment will always be of the roll-over type, thus neglecting other possible types such as wheel-climbing, which may occur under special driving conditions. In addition, these theories do not consider running conditions such as dynamic wheel-rail interactions and friction effects. The new method considers the effects of dynamic wheel-rail interaction as well as those of lateral acceleration, rail cant, and cross-winds. The results of this method were compared and verified with those of the conventional methods and numerical simulations.

Dynamic Change of Stresses in Subsoil under Concrete Slab Track Subjected to Increasing Train Speeds (열차 증속에 따른 콘크리트 궤도 노반의 동적 응력 변화)

  • Lee, Tae-Hee;Choi, Chan-Yong;Nsabimana, Ernest;Jung, Young-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2013
  • Societal interest on a faster transportation demands an increase of the train speed exceeding current operation speed of 350 km/h. To trace the pattern of variations in displacements and subsoil stresses in the concrete slab track system, finite element simulations were conducted. For a simple track-vehicle modeling, a mass-point system representing the moving train load was developed. Dynamic responses with various train speeds from 100 to 700 km/h were investigated. As train speeds increase the displacement at rail and subsoil increases nonlinearly, whereas significant dynamic amplification at the critical velocity has not been found. At low train speed, the velocity of elastic wave carrying elastic energy is faster than the train speed. At high train speed exceeding 400 km/h, however, the train speed is approximately identical to the elastic wave velocity. Nonlinearity in the stress history in subsoil is amplified with increasing train speeds, which may cause significant plastic strains in path-dependent subsoil materials.

Investigation of the Maintenance Criteria for the Rail Surface Defects in High-Speed Railways (고속철도 레일 표면 결함 관리기준에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu;Jang, Seung-Yup
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.535-544
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    • 2011
  • The rail surface defects can cause the high impact load on the track and lead to the progress of the rail fatigue damage and the rail break. In case of the rail break, there is a great deal of risk for derailment, and thus the maintenance criteria for the rail surface defects are of great importance. In this study, using the dynamic train-track interaction analysis program, the impact wheel loads and rail bending stresses according to the depths of the surface defects have been calculated with the input data of the rail surface irregularities measured at 43 spots with surface defects in the ballasted track of high-speed railway. Considering the irregularity of track geometry, the allowable limits of wheel load and rail bending stress have been set, and the maintenance criteria for the rail surface defects was suggested by analyzing the relationship of the maximum values of wheel load and rail bending stress versus depth and width of rail surface defect. The analysis results suggest that the allowable depth of the surface defect is determined approximately 0.2mm from the limit of the impact wheel load.

Vibration Isolation of Wave Barriers Constructed Near a Shallow Tunnel (저심도 터널과 인접한 방진벽의 지반진동 저감효과)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.567-577
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents an assessment method of the ground vibration level with a combination of measured data and an analytic method. The basic concept of the method is similar to that in FRA(Federal Railway Administration) manual for detailed vibration analyses. However, going into detail, the assessment method was modified for a feasible evaluation of the vibration reduction effects of diverse types of wave barriers. The force density was evaluated in a vehicle-track interaction analysis and the transfer mobility of vibration was analyzed through a 2-D ground vibration analysis. The calculated 2-D transfer mobility was corrected to incorporate transfer characteristics of actual ground vibration by comparing the previously measured data and analysis results. Nine types of vibration reduction effects of wave barriers were analyzed on a shallow tunnel section of an urban railway where numerous civil complaints had actually been filed.

Train/Track/Bridge Interaction Analysis Using 2-Dimensional Articulated High-Speed Train Model (2차원 관절형 고속열차 모델을 이용한 차량/궤도/교량 상호작용해석)

  • 김만철;양신추;이종득
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.414-421
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, the simplified method for 2-dimensional train/track/bridge interaction analysis is utilized in the analysis of dynamic behavior of bridges in which the eccentricity of axle loads and the effect of the toriosnal forces acting on the bridge are included for the more accurate train/track/bridge interaction analysis. Inverstigations mainly into the influence of vehicle speed on train/track/bridge interactions are carried out for the two cases. The first case is that only train and bridge are considered in the modelling and the other case is that train, track and bridge are considered.

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Dynamic Characteristics of the Noise and Vibration of High-speed Train's Wheelset using Time-varying Frequency Analysis (시간-주파수 분석을 이용한 고속철도차량 윤축에서 발생하는 소음과 진동의 동적 특성)

  • Lee, Jun-Seok;Choi, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Sang-Soo;Park, Choon-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.465-471
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, a relationship between the noise and vibration of a high-speed train's wheelset is examined by using time-varying frequency analysis with random data analysis which together contributes to a reduction in the number of experimental running. The noise and vibration of the wheelset is mainly caused by an interaction between the wheel and railway which shows in non-stationary characteristics. For the analysis, they are measured by some microphones and accelerometers, and those signals are post-processed by time-varying frequency analysis with random data analysis. From the analysis, their methods are useful for analyzing the noise and vibration of high-speed train's wheelset.

A Dynamic Analysis of PSC Box Bridge Varying Span Lengths for Increased Speeds of KTX (고속철 속도변화에 대한 PSC박스 교량의 경간길이 별 동적해석)

  • Oh, Soon Taek;Lee, Dong Jun;Shim, Young Woo;Yun, Jun Kwan
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.204-211
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    • 2011
  • A dynamic analysis procedure is developed to provide a better estimation of the dynamic responses of bridge during the passage of high speed railway vehicles. Particularly, a three dimensional numerical model including the structural interaction between high speed vehicles, bridges and railway endures to analyse accurately and evaluate with in-depth parametric studies for dynamic responses of various bridge span lengths running KTX railway locomotive up to increasing maximum speed(450km/h). Three dimensional frame element is used to model the simply supported pre-stressed concrete (PSC) box bridges for four span lengths(40~25m). Track irregularity employed as a stationary random process from the given spectral density functions and irregularities of both sides of the track are assumed to have high correlation. The high-speed railway vehicle (KTX) is used as 38-degree of freedom system. Three displacements (Vertical, lateral, and longitudinal) as well as three rotational components (Pitching, rolling, and yawing) are considered in the 38-degree of freedom model. The dynamic amplification factors are evaluated by the developed procedure under various traveling conditions, such as track irregularity camber, train speed and ballast. The dynamic analysis such as Newmark-${\beta}$ and Runge-Kutta methods which are able to analyse considering the dynamic impact factors are compared and contrasted.

Vehicle-Bridge Interaction Analysis of Railway Bridges by Using Conventional Trains (기존선 철도차량을 이용한 철도교의 상호작용해석)

  • Cho, Eun Sang;Kim, Hee Ju;Hwang, Won Sup
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.29 no.1A
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the numerical method is presented, which can consider the various train types and can solve the equations of motion for a vehicle-bridge interaction analysis by non-iteration procedure through formulating the coupled equations of motion. The coupled equations of motion for the vehicle-bridge interaction are solved by the Newmark ${\beta}$ of a direct integration method, and by composing the effective stiffness matrix and the effective force vector according to a analysis step, those can be solved with the same manner of the solving procedure of equilibrium equations in static analysis. Also, the effective stiffness matrix is reconstructed by the Skyline method for increasing the analysis effectiveness. The Cholesky's matrix decomposition scheme is applied to the analysis procedure for minimizing the numerical errors that can be generated in directly calculating the inverse matrix. The equations of motion for the conventional trains are derived, and the numerical models of the conventional trains are idealized by a set of linear springs and dashpots with 16 degrees of freedom. The bridge models are simplified by the 3 dimensional space frame element which is based on the Euler-Bernoulli theory. The rail irregularities of vertical and lateral directions are generated by the PSD functions of the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The results of the vehicle-bridge interaction analysis are verified by the experimental results for the railway plate girder bridges of a span length with 12 m, 18 m, and the experimental and analytical data are applied to the low pass filtering scheme, and the basis frequency of the filtering is a 2 times of the 1st fundamental frequency of a bridge bending.

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