• Title, Summary, Keyword: 차량-궤도 상호작용

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Dynamic interaction analysis of KTX-Bridge using mode superposition Method (교량의 모드 중첩법을 이용한 3차원 KTX-교량의 동적상호작용 해석)

  • Kim, Moon-Young;Lee, Joon-Seok;Jung, Myung-Rag;Min, Dong-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 교량의 자유진동 모드의 중첩원리를 이용하여 KTX-교량의 동적상호작용 해석법을 제시한다. 이를 위하여 모드중첩법에 기초한 3차원 교량-차량의 에너지 식으로부터 에너지원리를 적용하여 교량과 차량의 상호작용을 고려할 수 있는 운동방정식을 유도한다. 이때 운동방정식의 해는 Newmark-${\beta}$ 방법을 사용한다. 그리고 궤도의 불규칙성은 FRA의 6등급 분류규정을 고려하여 각 등급별로 고속철도의 열차속도에 따르는 응답을 분석한다. 실제 고속철도에 사용되는 PSC 박스형 교량을 상용프로그램(MIDAS)를 이용하여 모델링하고 그로부터 각 모드별 형상을 얻어내어 본 논문에서 개발한 열차-교량 상호작용 프로그램에 입력하여 상호작용 해석을 수행한다.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL DYNAMIC ANALYSIS MODEL HIGH SPEED TRAIN-BRIDGE INTERACTION (철도 차량 - 교량 상호작용에 의한 3차원 동적 해석 모델 개발)

  • Dinh, Van Nguyen;Kim, Ki Du;Shim, Jae Soo;Choi, Eun Soo;Songsak, Suthasupradit
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.151-163
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    • 2008
  • A formulation of three-dimensional model of articulated train-b ridge dynamic interaction has been made for the Korean eXpress Train (KTX). Semi-periodic profiles of rail irregularities consisting of elevation, alignment, cross and gauge irregularities have also been proposed using FRA maximum tolerable rail deviations. The effects of rail joints and sleeper step were also included. The resulting system matrices of train and bridge are very spare, and thus, are stored in one-dimensional arrays, yielding a time-efficient solution. A numerical algorithm for computing bridge-train response including an iterative scheme is also formulated. A program simulating train-bridge interaction and solving this problem using the new algorithm is implemented as new modules for the f inite element analysis software named XFINAS. Computed results using the new program are then checked by that of the validated 2-D bridge-train interaction model. This new 3D analysis provides more detailed train responses such as swaying, bouncing, rolling, pitching and yawing accelerations, which are useful inevaluating passenger riding comfort. Train operation safety and derailment could also be directly investigated by relative wheel displacements computed from this program.

Development of a Numerical Analysis Method of Train/Track Interaction for Evaluation of Dynamic Track Design Load (궤도 설계 동하중 산정을 위한 차량/궤도 상호작용 해석기법 개발)

  • 양신추
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1094-1099
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, a numerical method for vehicle-track interaction analysis is developed to evaluate vertical dynamic force subjected to rail surface. A vehicle is modelled by lumped masses system and track by multi layered continuous beam system. The equation of motion of vehicle and track interaction system is derived by considering compatibility condition at the contact points between wheel and rail. The input vibration source is given by the empirical formula of power spectral density of track irregularity, which is suggested by FRA. Using this method, dynamic impact factors with the train speed are evaluated.

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The Improvement of Incompatible Sliding Contact Problem Using Mesh Refinement And Its Application to Railway Skewed Culvert Problem (요소 세분화를 이용한 비적합 미끄러지는 접촉문제의 개선과 철도 사각암거 문제에의 적용)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Yeo, In-Ho;Chung, Keun-Young;Lee, Gye-Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.435-444
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    • 2017
  • The vehicle-track structure dynamic interaction analysis problem can be treated as sliding contact problem, and it is assumed that vehicle run at a constant speed over a rail modeled as beam elements. Unfortunately, Salome-Meca can not satisfy the compatibility condition for the beam master elements, which are consist of the elements with higher order polynomial shape function, in sliding contact problem. In this study, it is suggested to use more finer beam master element mesh as the remedy for incompatibility in sliding contact problem, and the accuracy of the solution is secured. For this, the effect of beam element mesh refinement consisting runway is analysed through simple examples, and the applicability to the dynamic interaction analysis is evaluated. Finally, the dynamic interaction analysis of railway skewed culvert transition problem is carried out to evaluate the effect of supporting stiffness due to backfill pattern changes and track irregularity due to uneven subgrade settlement.

Evaluation of the Performance Test Load through the Estimation of Vertical Loads on Vibration-Proof Fastening Systems (방진체결장치에 작용하는 수직하중 평가를 통한 성능시험하중 평가)

  • Yang, Sin Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.777-784
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    • 2016
  • In this study, regulation of the performance test load of a vibration-proof fastening system used in urban railways was established through evaluation of the loads that it bears in the field. In order to investigate the range of the dynamic stiffness of the vibration-proof fastening system, dynamic stiffness tests were carried out for three types of vibration-proof fastening system that can be domestically supplied. Train and track interaction analyses in the frequency domain were carried out to evaluate the dynamic wheel loads. The track irregularity, which is a very important input factor in train and track interaction analysis, was considered as a PSD (Power Spectral Density) function, which was derived based on the measured data. The loads on the vibration-proof rail fastening system were evaluated considering various operating conditions in the urban railway. Regulation of the performance test load of the vibration-proof rail fastening system was established based on the evaluated loads.

전산수치해석의 고속철도에의 활용

  • 이승원;양재성
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 1996
  • 시속 300km로 주행하는 고속철도 열차의 주행안정성 및 승차감을 확보하기 위해서는 열차하중을 고려한 정교한 정적, 동적해석 및 설계가 이루어져야 한다. 따라서 차량과 궤도의 동적상호작용 및 차량과 교량의 동적상호작용, 터널의 미기압 및 공기압, 대단면 터널굴착의 안정성평가, 열차주행에 의한 지반진동의 예측 등에 전산수치해석기법의 활용 및 개발이 현재 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 그러나 고속철도 보유국을 포함한 선진국들에 비하면은 이러한 전산수치해석분야에 있어서 아직도 더 많은 연구 및 개발이 본 공단을 포함하여 학계 및 연구소에서 이루어져야 하겠으며, 본 경부고속철도 건설사업으로 인하여 차량, 전기시설분야의 각종 첨단기술개발 및 발전과 더불어 하부 토목구조물의 건설 및 설계 해석분야에 많은 발전이 기대된다 하겠다.

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Evaluation of Dynamic Stability of Precast Floating Slab Track with Vehicle-Track Interaction Analysis (차량-궤도 상호작용 해석을 통한 사전 제작형 플로팅 슬래브 궤도의 동적 안정성 검토)

  • Jang, Dongdoo;Kim, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Se-Gon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.562-568
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    • 2017
  • A precast floating slab track with a 5m slab panel and installed with isolators is proposed to solve the noise and vibration problem at existing elevated railway stations. Thus, the construction can be carried out rapidly without interrupting the train operation. However, dynamic instability problems may be caused by repeated discontinuities in track due to the short slab panel length and excessive rail displacement due to the inherent operation mechanism of a floating system in reducing the vibration. Furthermore, the difference of the supporting stiffness at the transition between the floating track and ballast track may raise problems. In this study, the assessment factors to evaluate the dynamic stability of the precast floating slab track are presented and assessed with the vehicle-track interaction analysis. Through the analysis, all values relevant to the stability at the floating track section are found to be acceptable, and the slab panels at the transition section are designed to satisfy the stability.

Effects of Expansion of Sleeper Span at the Deck End of a Long Continuous Bridge on Train Safety and Track Stability (장대교량 신축부에서 침목간격 확대가 차량의 주행안전성 및 궤도의 구조안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.620-627
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    • 2015
  • Long continuous bridge deck can become contracted considerably as temperature drops, which can lead to a large expansion of sleeper span at the end of it. Since this huge sleeper span then can cause problems both with safety of train operation and structural stability of tracks, it is necessary to take the issue into consideration systematically in the designing process of the bridge. In this paper, an evaluation process through the analysis of train-track interaction was presented which can basically review the effects of the expansion of sleeper span at the end of long continuous bridge deck on the safety of the train and the structural stability of the track. The analyses of the interaction between the light rail train and tracks were carried out targeting the sleeper span as a main parameter. The safety of train operation and structural stability of tracks in a light rail system due to the expansion of the sleeper span were evaluated by comparing the numerical results with the related criteria.

The Fatigue Life Evaluation of CWR based on the Rail Grinding (레일연마를 고려한 장대레일의 피로수명 평가)

  • Kong, Sun-Young;Sung, Deok-Yong;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.1191-1198
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    • 2015
  • In this study, vehicle/track interaction analysis by the Saemaul powered vehicle was carried out. The prediction equation for the bending stress of rail was estimated using the rail bending stress by the rail surface irregularities at welds. Also, the fatigue analysis using a S-N curve of welds in the conventional railway was carried out. We estimated the fatigue life of CWR by the fracture probability. By the rail grinding, the fatigue life of CWR was evaluated in consideration to reduce the rail bending stress through removing the rail surface irregularities. Therefore, it presented the fatigue life of CWR according to the rail grinding execution plan in the conventional railway.

Train-Structure Dynamic Interaction Analysis of The Bridge Transition Considering Track Irregularity (궤도틀림을 고려한 교대접속부의 열차상호동적거동해석)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Kim, Hun-Ki;Chung, Keun-Young;Yang, Sang-Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2015
  • In this study, track dynamic interaction characteristics caused by the vehicle running through transitional section such as bridge abutments were studied using the finite element analysis program. The geometric condition of track was generated by trigonometric function and allowable maximum track irregularity is determined by KORAIL track maintenance criteria. The sub-infrastructure under rail fastener system was modelled by 3D solid elements. To reduce computational cost only half track line is numerically considered and the roller boundary condition was applied to each side of model. In this study, the vehicle-track dynamic interaction analysis was carried out for standard Korean transition section of concrete track and the dynamic behaviors were investigated. The dynamic characteristics considered are wheel load variation, vertical acceleration at body, and maximum Mises stress at each part of transitional section.