• Title, Summary, Keyword: 집단소속감

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The Relation between Social Networking Sites and Depression by Gender: Mediating effects of Collective Identity, Perceived Social Support, and Negative Comparison (성별에 따른 SNS사용유형이 우울감에 미치는 영향연구: 집단소속감, 지각된 사회지지, 부정적 사회비교의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Seunguk;Choi, Younyoung;Lee, Hyunwoo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.205-215
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study aimed to investigate the gender differences in the mediating effects of perceived social support and negative comparison in the relation between social networking sites and depression. For this analysis, 483 samples were collected and conducted by multi-group structural equation model. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) Collective identity was observed both in Facebook and in Internet Cafe activities. (2) Collective identity was positively related to perceived social support, but perceived social support was negatively related to depression. Also, negative comparison was positively related to depression. (3) In terms of gender differences, the Facebook activities were negatively related to depression for male while the internet cafe activities were positively related to depression for female. Lastly, (4) The collective identity was positively related to negative comparison for female.

Teacher's Perception towards Collective Teacher Efficacy and Barriers in the Integrative Education by Teaching Levels and Gifted Education Experiences (소속 학교급과 영재교육 경험에 따른 집단적 교수효능감 및 융합교육 장애요인에 대한 교사인식)

  • Lee, Mi-Soon;Lee, Gwang-Ho
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2015
  • The study explored teacher's perception towards collective teacher efficacy and barriers in the integrative education by teaching levels and gifted education experiences. A total of 241 teachers answered the collective teacher efficacy scale and survey of teachers' perceptions towards barriers in the integrative education, which responses were analyzed by teaching levels (elementary/secondary level) and gifted education experiences (yes/no) in using the ANOVAs and Pearson correlation. Results indicated that there was no differences in collective teaching efficacy by teachers levels and gifted education experiences. On the other hands, there were significant differences in teacher's perceptions towards barriers in the integrative education by teaching levels and gifted education experiences. For these results, this study analyzed the possibile reasons, which based on the specific characteristics of educational fields and suggested the supportive ways in promoting for the successful application and settlement of the integrative education.

Path Analysis on Adolescent's Suicidal Ideation -A Comparison of Adolescent Suicide Attempters and Non-attempters- (자살시도 청소년과 자살 비시도 청소년의 자살생각에 영향을 미치는 경로 비교분석 -짐이 되는 느낌과 좌절된 소속감의 직접효과와 매개효과-)

  • Hong, Na-mi;Chung, Young-soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.40
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    • pp.255-283
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the pathways of factors that influence adolescent's suicidal ideation of suicide attempters and non-attempters and to compare path coefficients between the two groups. Results from simultaneous analysis of multiple populations suggest that the path model was appropriate for both groups. However, significant differences in path coefficients were found. Parental abuse and peer victimization had direct effects on adolescent's suicidal ideation only among the adolescent suicide non-attempters. Burdensomeness and hopelessness had direct effects on adolescent's suicidal ideation, whereas thwarted belongingness did not have direct effects for both groups. Peer victimization appear to have an indirect effect through burdensomeness for both groups of adolescents. Only among the adolescent suicide non-attempters, parental abuse had an indirect effect on suicidal ideation through burdensomeness, and burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness had indirect effects on suicidal ideation through hopelessness. The results indicate that differentiated approaches are required to prevent suicidal ideation for adolescent suicide attempters and non-attempters.

Lifestyels, community experiences, and immersion in online game world (온라인 라이프스타일에 따른 공동체 활동과 게임 몰입에 대한 탐색)

  • Whang, Leo Sang-Min;Kim, Jee-Yeon
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.770-779
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    • 2006
  • 한국 사회에서 사이버 공간, 특히 온라인 게임 세계가 사용자들에게 단순한 게임이나 가상 공간이 아닌 다양한 활동을 통해 현실과는 다른 방식의 또 다른 인생을 살아가는 새로운 생활공간으로 기능하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 온라인 게임 공간에서의 라이프스타일 유형을 확인하고, 리니지 2 와 메이플스 토리라는 두 가지 MMORPG 게임에서 이 유형이 어떻게 나타나는지를 확인하였다. 온라인 게임 '리니지'에서 구분된 온라인 라이프스타일은 '싱글 플레이어', '공동체지향 게이머', '탈사회적 게이머'였다.'리니지 2'를 대상으로 연구 결과, 온라인 게임 공간에서의 공동체 활동은 크게 공동목표, 집단유대감, 집단존중감, 집단영향력의 요인들로 구성되어있는 것으로 확인되었다. 온라인게임 사용자들은 온라인 게임에서 현실감, 조작용이성, 성취감, 친밀감, 소속감, 일탈적 행위를 통한 카타르시스를 통해 재미를 느끼는 것으로 확인되었다. 하지만, 이런 성향은 메이플스토리라는 저 연령층의 게임에서는 비교적 다르게 나타났다. 혈맹 또는 길드의 가입 비율은 비슷한 수준이었지만, 활동방식은 라이프스타일에 따라 다르게 나타났다. 게임세계에서의 라이프스타일은 연령이나 게임 사용기간에서는 큰 차이가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 공동체 활동과 온라인 게임에서 얻는 재미의 하위 요인들에서는 분명한 차이가 있는 것으로 확인되었다. 공동체 활동과 재미를 느끼는 측면에서의 차이로 인해 결국 온라인 게임에 몰입하는 정도도 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 사이버 공간에서의 사람들의 심리적, 행동적 특성, 특히 온라인 게임에서의 사람들의 공동체 활동과 재미의 요소들을 탐색하였다는 측면에서 의의가 있다. 사람들이 온라인 게임 세계에 몰입하도록 만드는 요인들을 구체적으로 확인할 수 있었다는 측면에서 향후 사이버 공간을 기획하는 사람들에게 구체적인 시사점을 제시할 것이다.

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The Effects of Melodic Percussion Playing Group Program on Team Cohesion and Team Efficacy of Youth Soccer Players (선율타악기 연주중심 집단프로그램이 유소년 축구선수의 팀응집력과 팀효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Heejin;Moon, Soyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.558-566
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to fine out whether melodic percussion playing group program affects the team cohesion and team efficacy of youth soccer players. In this study fifty seven middle school soccer players were participated. The participants were assigned to either a melodic percussion playing group or a control group. In order to identify the effectiveness of music program, assessments were conducted using the team cohesion and team efficacy scales before and after the program. The results of comparison analysis through t-test are as follows. First, in the posttest of team cohesion between groups, the experimental group showed a significant difference over the control group. In the pretest and posttest examinations within a experimental group, the group also showed a significant difference. Second, in the posttest of team efficacy between groups, the experimental group showed a significant difference over the control group. In the pretest and posttest examinations within a experimental group, the group also showed a significant difference. These results of this study suggest that melodic percussion playing group program may be an effective intervention tool to improve team cohesion and team efficacy of youth soccer players.

A Study on the Stages in the Development of Geographic Concept: The Conception of 'Place' (지리개념의 발달단계에 대한 연구: '장소' 개념을 중심으로)

  • Seo, Tae-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.699-715
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    • 1996
  • This paper examines the cross-sectional development of children's conception of place. Previous research by Piaget and Weil, Jahoda, Daggs has questioned how young children develop the ablity to comprehend place. Oral interview and graphic test were made vy the children at the age of 5-14, in order to attain information on their knowledge, understanding and feeling about place. These data were used ti indentify developmental stages through cluster analysis. The results suggest that young children's conception of place develops with an identifiable 4 stages. There is no significant difference in development of conception of place between the 2nd year of kindergarten and the 1st year of elementary school, or the between the 5th, 6th year of elementary school and 1st, 2nd year of middle school. Rather, the 4th year of elementary school is an important and crucial truning point in the development of children's conception of place. It is concluded that children's conception of place develops in line with Piaget's general cognitive developmental theory in which the pre-conceptual stage ends at age 7 and the concrete-operation stage starts at age 11 to 12.

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A Study of Community Awareness in Local Residents after the Restoration of Seongnaecheon (성내천 복원 후 지역주민의 커뮤니티 의식에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Su;Lee, In-Hwan;Kim, Yong-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.74-82
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    • 2011
  • During the industrialization and urbanization of the country, urban rivers have been covered over and developed without forethought and thus became estranged from spaces utilized by area residents in everyday life. Recently, an influx of people and uses have increased largely because accessibility improved through restoration projects which have transformed these river areas into pleasant environments. It thus appears that these projects have an impact on community consciousness for area residents who live near the restored rivers to some extent. The purpose of this study was to determine via questionnaire the effects and influences of urban river restoration on area residents targeting visitors to Seongnaecheon(stream), Songpa-gu, Seoul, which has been restored recently. Factors in the questionnaire analysis included such items as the use status of Seongnaecheon, community consciousness(feeling of belonging, solidarity, feeling settled), and a before and after comparison of the restoration(change of consciousness, regional effects), etc. According to the results of analysis, visitors who have utilized the stream more than 1~2 times per week after the restoration project accounted for the greatest portion. The main purposes of these visits were to 'rest' and 'exercise' while the ratio of using it as a 'meeting space with neighbors and strangers' was low. Community consciousness of area residents using Seongnaecheon was generally high. As a result of an analysis of consciousness differences between groups after dividing visitors into 3 groups according to the frequency of visits, there were significant differences in the consciousness level between groups with high community consciousness levels in visitors who visited frequently. In consideration of these results, the provision of programs along with proper facilities that can be used is deemed important for area residents so as to inspire community consciousness of the area by means of activating both community activities and the progressive use of the restored river.

The Relationship between Social Connectedness and Depressive Symptom: A Comparison between The Rural and Urban Elderly (사회적 연결감과 우울의 관계: 도시노인과 농촌노인의 비교)

  • Park, Kyungsoon;Park, Yeong-Ran;Son, Duksoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.667-677
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to investigate the effects of social connectedness on depressive symptom focusing on the comparison between the rural and urban elderly. Data from 'Korean Social Life, Health and Aging Project: KSHAP' was used for analyzing. The analysis included 948 rural elderly and 982 urban elderly. The results showed that urban elderly's depressive symptom level was higher than rural elderly's. Depending on the subcomponent of social connectedness, there were differences in the influence on the urban and rural elderly's depressive symptom. It has been confirmed that only loneliness has affected urban elderly people, and that appraisal social support and loneliness have affected rural elderly people, and that belongingness social support has not been significant in both groups. Findings from this research have some implications for intervention endeavors in reducing depressive symptom of older people.

Uses of Music by People with Adventitious Visual Impairments (중도시각장애인의 음악 활용)

  • Yang, Ji Hye;Park, Hye Young
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.41-60
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated how people who became blind midway through life used music and how these uses differed according to individual factors. Sixty-one late-blind adults aged 40 to 60 years attending six welfare centers for the blind in Seoul and Gyeonggi region participated in this research. Participants were asked to complete a 25-question survey in Braille on music utilization and preference, as well as the purpose of music utilization. The response rate was 87.1%. The results were as follows. First, with regard to listening preference, they reported preferring to listen to upbeat popular music on the radio when resting at home. They liked to sing along to lyrics reminiscent of personal memories. String instruments were preferred when playing an instrument. With regard to the reason for using music, inducing mood change was found to be the biggest reason, followed by seeking enjoyment, comfort, sense of achievement, and sense of belonging. Third, for people with adventitious visual impairments, individual factors, such as gender, level of disability, and period without eyesight, did not reveal any significant differences. Last, participants were found to obtain a higher sense of belonging through music compared to those having low vision. Regarding time without eyesight, it appeared that the shorter the period, the higher the sense of belonging participants had from utilizing music, and vice versa. This study provides fundamental information for organizing an effective music program that can meet the needs and demands of people with adventitious visual impairments.

Study on Development of Perception Arts Action Group Counseling Program Focused on Popcorn Brain Phenomenon (팝콘브레인 현상에 대한 지각예술작용 집단상담 프로그램 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Seung-Young;Jeong, Hyang
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.517-526
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    • 2013
  • This thesis revolves around dual sensory therapy techniques using perception arts group counseling program focused on Popcorn Brain phenomenon. The program emphasizes intrinsic motivations for changes by activating the brain's dual sensory such as a sense of smell, tactile sensation and vision to deal with brain issues caused by digital devices addiction. Perception arts group counseling program is based on voluntary satisfaction of relationship desires, which can lead to a sense of accomplishment and belonging. Expression methods using dual sensory were presented as an alternative to resolving digital devices addiction by blending cognitive-behavioral counseling technique and group art therapy technique. The blending method offers an environment that can maintain a change to a senseless and lackluster brian due to excessive uses of digital devices, the main cause of Popcorn Brain, by emphasizing "thoughts${\rightarrow}$emotions${\rightarrow}$behavior" with a structural expression approach. If perception arts group counseling program is established in more systematic fashion and used strategically to offer such environment, it may be used as a treatment for brain issues described above. In addition, the program can be used a basis for encouraging voluntary treatment to satisfy relationship desires.