• Title/Summary/Keyword: 질문

Search Result 2,376, Processing Time 0.073 seconds

Analysis of Question Patterns Appearing in Teaching Demonstrations Which Applied Science Teachings Model Prepared by a Pre-service Biology Teacher (생물 예비교사의 과학수업모형을 적용한 수업 시연에 나타난 질문 유형 분석)

  • Jo, In Hee;Son, Yeon-A;Kim, Dong Ryeul
    • Journal of Science Education
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.167-185
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study aimed at finding points of improvement in teaching expertise by analyzing the question patterns that appeared during teaching demonstrations which applied science teaching models prepared by a pre-service biology teacher. The question analysis frame for analyzing question types were categorized largely into the question types of Category 1 (questions in cognitive domain, questions with research function, questions in affective domain), Category 2 (repeated questions, questions for narrowing the range, practice questions), and Category 3 (questions on student activity progress, memory questions, and thinking questions). The results of analyzing question patterns from five different science teaching models revealed a high frequency of questions in the fields of cognition and memory. For the circular learning model, questions from the cognitive field appeared the most often, while, student activity progressive questions in particular were used mostly in the 'preliminary concept introduction stage' of the circular learning model and the 'secondary exploratory stage', in which experiments were conducted, and displayed the characteristics of these stages. The discovery learning model combined the courses of observation, measurement, classification and generalization, but, during teaching demonstrations, memory questions turned up the most, while the portion of inquisitive function questions was low. There were many questions from the inquisitive learning model, and, compared to other learning models, many exploratory function questions turned up during the 'experiment planning stage' and 'experiment stage'. Definitional questions and thought questions for the STS learning model turned up more than other learning models. During the change of concept learning model, the five concepts of students were stimulated and the modification of scientific concepts was very much aided by using many memory questions.

  • PDF

Question Retrieval using Deep Semantic Matching for Community Question Answering (심층적 의미 매칭을 이용한 cQA 시스템 질문 검색)

  • Kim, Seon-Hoon;Jang, Heon-Seok;Kang, In-Ho
    • 한국어정보학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.116-121
    • /
    • 2017
  • cQA(Community-based Question Answering) 시스템은 온라인 커뮤니티를 통해 사용자들이 질문을 남기고 답변을 작성할 수 있도록 만들어진 시스템이다. 신규 질문이 인입되면, 기존에 축적된 cQA 저장소에서 해당 질문과 가장 유사한 질문을 검색하고, 그 질문에 대한 답변을 신규 질문에 대한 답변으로 대체할 수 있다. 하지만, 키워드 매칭을 사용하는 전통적인 검색 방식으로는 문장에 내재된 의미들을 이용할 수 없다는 한계가 있다. 이를 극복하기 위해서는 의미적으로 동일한 문장들로 학습이 되어야 하지만, 이러한 데이터를 대량으로 확보하기에는 어려움이 있다. 본 논문에서는 질문이 제목과 내용으로 분리되어 있는 대량의 cQA 셋에서, 질문 제목과 내용을 의미 벡터 공간으로 사상하고 두 벡터의 상대적 거리가 가깝게 되도록 학습함으로써 의사(pseudo) 유사 의미의 성질을 내재화 하였다. 또한, 질문 제목과 내용의 의미 벡터 표현(representation)을 위하여, semi-training word embedding과 CNN(Convolutional Neural Network)을 이용한 딥러닝 기법을 제안하였다. 유사 질문 검색 실험 결과, 제안 모델을 이용한 검색이 키워드 매칭 기반 검색보다 좋은 성능을 보였다.

  • PDF

Korean Kindergarten Teachers' Verbal Questions and Children's Verbal Responses during Group Time (그룹시간에 있어서의 한국 유치원 교사들의 질문양식과 유치원 아동들의 반응양식에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Hae Jean
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.241-249
    • /
    • 1992
  • 본 연구는 그룹시간 동안의 한국 유치원 교사들의 질문양식과 유치원 아동들의 반응양식을 조사한 것이다. 본 연구를 위해서 12명의 유치원 교사와 중산층 가정에서 온 아동들이 12집단(남아 : 211명, 여아 : 176명) 참가했다. 비디오를 통해서 12명의 교사들의 질문양식과 각 집단의 아동들의 반응양식이 각각 3번씩 그룹시간의 처음 15분 동안 녹음되었다. 본 연구의 측정도구로서는 Aschner-Gallagher의 분류법이 사용되었고 통계분석방법은 Chi-square tests가 사용되었다. 또 교사들과 아동들의 연령 및 정보 등을 조사하기 위해서 교사들에게 질문지가 주어졌다. 본 연구의 결과는 교사들 사이에서 사용된 질문의 수준은 차이가 있었다는 것을 보여 주었다. (1) 교사들의 Congnitive Memory 질문을 가장 많이 사용했고 Evaluative 질문을 가장 적게 사용했다. (2) Congnitive Memory 질문을 가장 많이 사용한 교사들이 있는 반면에 Routine 질문을 가장 많이 사용한 교사들이 있었다. (3) Convergent 질문을 많이 사용한 교사들과 거의 사용하지 않은 교사들이 있었다. (4) Evaluative 질문 또는 Divergent 질문을 전혀 사용하지 않은 교사들이 있었다.

  • PDF

개선된 양적속성의 무관질문모형

  • 이기성
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.403-410
    • /
    • 1998
  • Mangat(1994)는 Mangat-Singh(1990)이 제안한 2단계 관련질문모형의 사용 절차를 좀 더 단순화시킨 개선된 관련질문모형을 제안하여 민감한 질적 속성을 추정하였다. 본 논문에서는 Mangat의 개선된 관련질문모형을 양적속성의 무관질문모형으로 확장하고자 한다. 또한, 제안한 모형이 Greenberg et al.의 양적속성의 무관질문모형이나 최경호(1996)가 제안한 2단계 양적속성의 무관질문모형보다 효율적이 되는 조건을 제시하였다.

  • PDF

Question Classification Based on Word Association for Question and Answer Archives (질문대답 아카이브에서 어휘 연관성을 이용한 질문 분류)

  • Jin, Xueying;Lee, Kyung-Soon
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
    • /
    • v.17B no.4
    • /
    • pp.327-332
    • /
    • 2010
  • Word mismatch is the most significant problem that causes low performance in question classification, whose questions consist of only two or three words that expressed in many different ways. So, it is necessary to apply word association in question classification. In this paper, we propose question classification method using translation-based language model, which use word translation probabilities for question-question pair that is learned in the same category. In the experiment, we prove that translation probabilities of question-question pairs in the same category is more effective than question-answer pairs in total collection.

An Analysis of Bloom's Cognitive Domain Questions in the Home Economics area of the "Technology.Home Economics" Textbooks (중학교 "기술.가정" 교과서의 가정영역에 나타난 Bloom의 인지적 영역 질문 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Hee;Park, Mi-Jeong;Chae, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.97-115
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency, level, and location of Bloom's cognitive domain questions in the middle school home economics(HE) text books applied to the 7th curriculum. Analyzed textbooks were selected 15 textbooks per a grade produced from 5 publishing firms. The result of this study followed: First, the biggest number of questions belonged to Bloom's cognitive domain in HE: text was in 1st grade (36.9%), following 2nd(33.6%) and 3th(29.5%). Most questions the HE textbooks according to Bloom's cognitive domain consisted of those about the understanding(28.9%), application(28.3%) and knowledge(21.8%). Second, in case of the location of questions, the subcategory of Questions after Reading occupied 49.2% of all in Bloom's cognitive questions, the case of Questions During Reading was 36.7%, and the subcategory of Questions Before Reading was 14.1%. The rate of understanding questions was the highest as 43.2% in the Bloom's cognitive domain, and the application questions' rate were 28.4%. Analyzed the questions located in questions, the result showed that application-level questions in textbooks were the highest with 36.7%, Regarding to the questions located after Reading, the knowledge question occupied the highest with 33.4%, and next was the understanding questions(26.8%), following the application questions(21,7%).

  • PDF

The Analysis of Statistics and Scientific Inquiries Types in Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute Q&A Service (한국천문연구원 질문상자의 통계 및 과학탐구 질문유형 분석)

  • Yim In Sung;Sung Hyun Il;Sohn Sangmo;Ahn Young Sook;Kim Bong Gyu;Choe Seung-Urn
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.551-559
    • /
    • 2005
  • The Q&A service of the official Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) webpage was installed in 2000 and have been actively used since then. In this paper, we analyze the questions asked through the Q&A service and the number of inquiries with the aid of statistical methods. We also study the contents of the questions. Specifically, we have created statistics of questions and inquiries that go monthly and yearly, and have developed categories to analyze the characteristics of questions in regards to their cognitive aspects. Each question is categorized into two elements based on their recognitive aspect: science knowledge or science study. Each element also has sub-categories that help readers understand the characteristics of the questions. For the analysis, we used a sample consisted of questions from July to December, 2004. Through this study, we achieved a better understanding of the questions asked by the Q&A service. We are planning to improve the quality of the Q&A service by extending the size of the FAQ(frequently asked questions). Throughout this study, we find that the number of questions are increasing with time, and the overall quality of the questions is improving. As we expect the number of people using our Q&A service to increase and the questions to get more difficult to answer, development of improved content is required.

Comparing the Performance of Internet Search Engines according to the Query Types (질문 유형에 따른 인터넷 검색엔진의 성능 비교)

  • 이재윤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Information Management Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.185-192
    • /
    • 2003
  • 국내 인터넷 검색엔진의 성능을 질문의 유형별로 비교해보았다. 실험에는 30명의 대학생이 참여하여 탐색질문을 작성하고 직접 탐색하여 검색결과의 적합성을 판정하였다. 실험참가자마다 탐색어 1개, 2개, 3개짜리 질문을 하나씩 작성하도록 한 결과 총 90개의 질문이 실험에 사용되었다. 질문의 유형은 질문의 길이 이외에 주제의 최신성 여부와 고유명사의 포함 여부를 기준으로 나누었다. 실험 결과 전체적인 성능은 구글이 가장 뛰어났으나, 고유명사를 포함한 최신주제 질문에 대해서는 네이트와 엠파스가 구글보다 좋은 성능을 보였다.

  • PDF

The Relationship among Questions Level, Questions Process, and Hesitation Factor of Questions of University Students (대학생의 질문수준, 질문과정 및 질문저해요인)

  • Woo, Chung-hee;Yoo, Jae Yong;Park, Ju-young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.15 no.12
    • /
    • pp.336-346
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relations among questions level, questions process, and hesitation factor of questions. Data were collected from 174 students at a university in D city using structured questionnaire from September 9 to April 10 2015. It was analyzed with frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation analysis. As a result, the learners' questions are made from cognitive confusion, these questions led the students to ask a question actually. Also, this study confirmed that the learners' internal hesitation factors had negative correlation when the students asked a question in real situation. In order to improve the asking question we'll need to be generating a lot of questions to the student's inside and outside. We also need to develop appropriate teaching methods so that this can be perceived connection of cognitive confusion-having questions-asking questions.