• Title/Summary/Keyword: 지역유형

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아까시나무(Robinia pseudo-acacia)종자 단백질의 전기 영동 변이

  • 김창호;이호준;김용옥
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.515-526
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    • 1993
  • In order to study the ecotypic variation of Rohinia pseudo-acacia L. distributed in southern area of Korean peninsula, 15 local populations(Daejin, Sokcho, Kangneung, Mt. Surak, Hongcheon, Kwangneung, Namhansanseong, Chungju, Yesan, Andong, Jeonju, Dalseong, Changweon, Mokpo and Wando), located from $34^{\circ}18'N\;to\;38^{\circ}36'N$, were selected based on the latitudes and geographical distances. Seeds of these populations were collected and protein contents of seeds and their band patterns were investigated. The seed proteins of all populations were electrophoresed on SDS-polyacrylamide gel. Total number of protein bands were 35, whose molecular weights ranged from 17, 258 daltons to 142, 232 daltons. The number of bands of seed proteins was 23 in Dalseong and Hongcheon and was 32 in Daejin and Sokcho, showing an increasing tendency in the number of bands as the latitude goes high. The local populations were classified into 3 local types based on protein analysis: the middle north east coastal type(Daejin, Sokcho. Kangneung), the central type (Mt. Surak, Hongcheon, Kwangneung, Namhansanseong, Chungju) and the southern type(Yesan, Andong, Jeonju, Dalseong, Changweon, Mokpo, Wando). According to the results of cluster analysis by UPGMA based on the similarity index(c0efficient of Jaccard) of the patterns, 3 local types were subdivided further into 6 types: the middle north east coastal type(Sokcho, Kangneung), the north central type I (Mt. Surak, Hongcheon), the north central type II (Narnhansanseong, Chungju, Daejin), the north central type III (Kwangneung), the south central type (Yesan, Dalseong, Jeonju) and the southern type(Andong, Changweon, Mokpo, Dalseong, Wando). The No. 12 band of the separated seed proteins showed the highest colored density in the preparations from all the populations. The No. 11~13 and No. 23~28 bands also showed high densities. As a whole, southern type populations (Changweon, Mokpo, Wando) showed high protein contents and high colored density. Total protein contents of the seeds in each population were variable from 9. 68mg / g (Mt. Surak) to 17.30mg/g (Jeonju), showing an increasing trends toward low latitudes.

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Geochemistry of Geothermal Waters in Korea: Environmental Isotope and Hydrochemical Characteristics II. Jungwon and Munkyeong Areas (한반도 지열수의 지화학적 연구: 환경동위원소 및 수문화학적 특성 II. 중원 및 문경 지역)

  • Yun, Seong-Taek;Koh, Yong-Kwon;Choi, Hyen-Su;Youm, Seung-Jun;So, Chil-Sup
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.201-213
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    • 1998
  • From the Jungwon and Munkyeong areas which are among the famous producers of the carbonate-type groundwaters in Korea, various kinds of natural waters (deep groundwater, shallow groundwater and surface water) were collected between 1996 and 1997 and were studied for hydrogeochemical and environmental isotope (${\delta}^{34}S_{so4}$, ${\delta}^{18}O$, ${\delta}D$)systematics. Two types of deep groundwaters (carbonate type and alkali type) occur together in the two areas, and each shows distinct hydrogeochemical and environmental isotope characteristics. The carbonate type waters show the hydrochemical feature of the 'calcium(-sodium)-bicarbonate(-sulfate) type', whereas the alkali type water of the 'sodium-bicarbonate type'. The former type waters are characterized by lower pH, higher Eh, and higher amounts of dissolved ions (especialJy, $Ca^{2+}$, $Na^{+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, $HCO_3{^-}$ and $SO_4{^{2-}}$). Two types of deep groundwaters are all saturated or supersaturated with respect to calcite. Two types of deep groundwaters were both derived from pre-thermonuclear (about more than 40 years old) meteoric waters (with lighter 0 and H isotope data than younger waters, i.e., shallow cold groundwaters and surface waters) which evolved through prolonged water-rock interaction. Based on the geologic setting, water chemistry, and environmental isotope data, however, each of these two different types of deep groundwaters represents distinct hydrologic and hydrogeochemical evolution at depths. The carbonate type groundwaters were formed through mixing with acidic waters that were derived from dissolution of pyrites in hydrothermal vein ores (for the Jungwon area water) or in anthracite coal beds (for the Munkyeong area water). If the deeply percolating meteoric waters did not meet pyrites during the circulation, only the alkali type groundwaters would form. This hydrologic and hydrogeochemical model may be successfully applied to the other carbonate type groundwaters in Korea.

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An analytic Study on long-term increasing and decreasing Type of Elementary School Students in Busan (부산광역시 초등학교 학생수 증감 추세 유형 특성 연구)

  • Yoon, Yong-Gi
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a basis for determining when a school established long term school plans accepted by analyzing the trend of increase or decrease elementary school students 30 years to target of following city, 323 elementary schools in Busan - 16 administration zone for this purpose. Results of this study are as follows: First, type 5 occupies 55.4% of the total, followed by the second most, type 10, 21.4%> type 11> type 13> type 15, which is the most urgent object of the student placement plan Can be. Second, the results of the Conflict Model I and Conflict Model II showed that Type1 and Type7 were not needed to be adopted. Third, we can see through the case analysis that the effect of excessive school opening on the decrease of the number of students in the nearby school is serious. Fourth, as a result of analyzing the current number of students in Busan, the number of schools with less than 150 students accounted for 12.4% of the total 323 elementary schools, 30.0% for schools with less than 300 students, and 60.4% for students with less than 600 students. Fifth, when the elementary school student induction rate of urban redevelopment area in Busan was examined, the average induction rate was 0.37.