• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회 노인

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Moderating Effects of Interpersonal Relation and Social Network on the Relationship between Depression and Health Behavior in Elderly (노인의 우울과 건강증진행위와의 관계에서 대인관계와 사회적 지지의 조절효과)

  • Lee, Song-Heun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.397-406
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to identify moderating effects of interpersonal relation and social support on the relationship between depression and health promoting behaviors in the elderly. The participants were 286 elderly using two elderly welfare centers and one cultural center in D city. Data were collected from October 12th to 20th December, 2016, and were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression using SPSS 20.0. The result were as follows; The result were as follows; 1) Mean score of variables was Depression: 20.47, interpersonal relationship: 21.27 points, social support: 20.92 points, and health promotion behaviors: 111.69. 2) Depression had negative relationship with interpersonal relationship(r=-.283, p<.000), social network (r=-.391, p<.000), health promotion behaviors(r=-.611, p<.000), and interpersonal relationship had positive relationship with social support(r=.353, p<.000) and health promotion behaviors(r=.372, p<.000) significantly. 3) Social support had a moderating effect in the relationship between depression and health promoting behaviors(${\beta}=.448$, p=.011), while interpersonal relationship did not show moderation effect(${\beta}=.380$, p=.135). Based on these results, health program for elderly including social support is recommended to promote health behavior of the elderly in the community.

Mild Cognitive Impairment Prediction Model of Elderly in Korea Using Restricted Boltzmann Machine (제한된 볼츠만 기계학습 알고리즘을 이용한 우리나라 지역사회 노인의 경도인지장애 예측모형)

  • Byeon, Haewon
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.248-253
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    • 2019
  • Early diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can reduce the incidence of dementia. This study developed the MCI prediction model for the elderly in Korea. The subjects of this study were 3,240 elderly (1,502 men, 1,738 women) aged 65 and over who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Aging (KLoSA) in 2012. Outcome variables were defined as MCI prevalence. Explanatory variables were age, marital status, education level, income level, smoking, drinking, regular exercise more than once a week, average participation time of social activities, subjective health, hypertension, diabetes Respectively. The prediction model was developed using Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM) neural network. As a result, age, sex, final education, subjective health, marital status, income level, smoking, drinking, regular exercise were significant predictors of MCI prediction model of rural elderly people in Korea using RBM neural network. Based on these results, it is required to develop a customized dementia prevention program considering the characteristics of high risk group of MCI.

The Effect of Sleep Quality on Activity Participation in the Elderly Living in Community (지역사회 거주 노인의 수면의 질이 활동참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Deok-Gi;Kim, So-Yeon;Kim, Da-Hye
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2019
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to verify the effect of sleep quality on activity participation in the elderly living in the community. Methods : This study was conducted on 200 elderly people using welfare institutions located in Jeollabuk-do from August 21 to September 29, 2019. Data collection was performed using the Korean version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-K) and the Korean-Activity Card Sort (K-ACS). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and simple linear regression analysis. Results : The group with high quality of sleep showed significantly higher participation in instrumental activities, social activities and leisure activities than the group with low quality of sleep (p<.001). The quality of sleep was significantly correlated with instrumental activities, social activities and leisure activities (p<.01). The quality of sleep significantly affected the instrumental activities (R2=.224), social activities (R2=.142) and leisure activities (R2=.227) (p<.001). Conclusion : The quality of sleep needs to be approaches to promote the participation of elderly people living in the community, and development of an intervention program will be needed to improve quality of sleep.

A Study on the Social Environment of Elderly (노인의 사회적 환경에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2015
  • Objective : The purpose of the study is to find the factors affecting a social phenomena of the elderly and suggest a basic data for efficiency of a senior policy and type of the life in Korea. Methods : We refereed to sources from the Korean Statistical Information, the National Pension Service, and the Ministry of Health and Welfare. We also surveyed and analysed the depression and death anxiety among the elderly in 2014. Results : First, most of them were low educated people and family composing a couple. An annual income were average. Second, medical costs were increasing constantly in proportion to the increase of aging population. Third, they had high depression index resulting from negative thinking of the future and themselves. Fourth, the death anxiety level of them were more than moderate and that was about the death of themselves and the process of the death. Conclusion : It is needed to help physical, mental, and social health and improve the quality of the life in the elderly through social program established a variety of special fields like occupational therapy and family support program belonging to the government.

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Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Community Living Elderly in a Rural Area (일부 농촌지역 거주 노인들에 대한 포괄적 노인평가)

  • Rhee, Jung-Ae;Shin, Hee-Young;Chung, Eun-Kyung;Shin, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2002
  • The aim of this study was to analyse and conduct the comprehensive geriatric assessment for the elderly in rural area. The subjects were 388 older people aged 65 years or older living in the community. Data for comprehensive assessment such as physical, mental, functional, social and environmental conditions were collected from January to February, 2001 through a person-to-person interview. Of the total 388 olders, 169(43.6%) were men and 219(56.4%) were women. Mean ages of men and women were $73.5{\pm}6.4$ and $74.0{\pm}6.2$ years respectively. Three common diseases of the elderly were arthralgia(51.6%), chronic back pain(33.2%) and hypertension(18.6%), and higher in women than in men. Impairment rate of vision, hearing and bowel or bladder control was 59.0%, 20.1%, and 28.4% respectively. But that of lover extremities 3.4%. In terms of cognitive function, short term memory loss was found in 33.7% of males and 44.7% of females. The percentage of fully independent in the six ADL items was 72.2% in men and 58.9% in women. In the social supportive system, 49.5% of the elderly were living with spouse, and 22.9% living alone, 26.3% having care giver. These results will provide basic data for the development of community-based health program, which gives appropriate health service for the elderly living in the community.

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