• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회 노인

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Mediating Effects of Social Support on the Influential Relationship between Social Exclusion and Psychological Wellbeing in Elderly People (노인의 사회적 배제가 심리적복지감에 미치는 영향에서 사회적 지지의 매개효과)

  • Park, Sun-Ah;Jeong, Hyo-Mi;Cha, Myung-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.530-541
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the social exclusion factor of elderly people in a local community on their psychological wellbeing and whether or not social support would perform a mediating role in the relationship between social exclusion factor and psychological wellbeing. The subjects in this study were the elderly people who registered with a senior welfare center located in North Jeolla Province. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the social exclusion factor and social support factor of the elderly people were found to have exerted a statistically significant influence on psychological wellbeing. Second, the social support factor was found to have had partial mediating effects on the relationship between the social exclusion factor and psychological wellbeing. The findings of the study illustrated that the social support factor played a buffering role in the social exclusion factor that affected the psychological wellbeing of the elderly people.

The Life Experiences of the Deaf Elderly (농아노인의 생활 경험)

  • Park, Ina;Hwang, YoungHee;Kim, Hanho
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.525-540
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate what kind of experiences the deaf elderly would have in the course of life. It also aimed to promote the understanding of their living difficulties and culture among people with normal hearing and provide basic data to help them live with others as members of the community. Phenomenological qualitative research was conducted as part of the methodology. The subjects include seven deaf old people. Based on the results of in-depth interview and analysis, the life experiences of the deaf elderly were categorized into "unforgettable wounds," "life in the community," "life with the family," "marriage of the deaf elderly", and "living by adjusting to reality." First, the subcategories of "unforgettable wounds" include "receiving no treatment for fever," "damage by the Korean War," "alienation from the family," and "people's cold eyes." It turned out that the deaf elderly had led a life, suffering from the heart wounds that they could not forget. Second, the subcategories of "life in the community" include "inconvenience in life," "disadvantages in life," and "severed life." The deaf elderly were not only subjected to inconvenience and disadvantages in life, but also suffered loneliness, being cut off from the community. Third, the subcategories of "life with the family" include "not communicating with children," "being abandoned again," "being used by the family," "being lonely even with the family," and "wishing to live independently from the family." The deaf elderly were not supported by their families and were abandoned or used by them, leading a solitary life. Fourth, the subcategories of "marriage of the deaf elderly" include"send as a surrogate mother," "frequent remarriage and divorce," "lean on as a married couple." Deaf elderly form their own culture of the marriage and lean on each other. Finally, the subcategories of "living by adjusting to reality" include "getting help from neighbors," "behaving oneself right in life," "learning Hangul," "living by working," "living freely," "living by missing," and "controlling the impulse to end life," "resorting to religion." The deaf elderly made the most alienated and vulnerable group with no access to benefits due to their limitations as a linguistic and social minority, but they made efforts to form their own culture and adjust to reality for themselves. Based on those findings, the study made the following proposals: first, there is a need for practical approaches to heal the ineffaceable wounds in the hearts of deaf elderly. Second, there is a need for policies to help them experience no inconvenience and disadvantages as members of community and communicate with people with normal hearing. Third, there should be practical approaches to enable them to get recognition and support from their families and share love with them. Finally, there should be practical policy approaches to help people with normal hearing understand the culture of deaf elderly and assist the deaf elderly to receive supports from the community and live with others within the community.

The Effects of Health Promotion Programs for the Healthy Lifestyle in the Community Elderly: A Systematic Review (지역사회 노인의 건강한 라이프스타일을 위한 건강증진프로그램 중재효과에 대한 체계적 고찰)

  • Lee, Ji-Soo;Lee, Soo-Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.371-380
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    • 2020
  • This study is a systematic review study to confirm the effectiveness of the health promotion program for the elderly in the community. The research method was to search for published papers using the domestic databases RISS, KISS, DBpia, and KoreaMed, analyze a total of 10 studies, and code them for 2 researchers. As a result, the characteristics of intervention in the health promotion program were often applied to the frequency of intervention more than twice a week, and the intervention time of more than 12 weeks, approximately 60 minutes once. In the composition of intervention, the study that applied exercise and education together and the study that mixed the types of exercise were mainly. The outcome measurement variables were muscle strength, body mass index, depression, self-efficacy, health promotion lifestyle, and quality of life. Through this study, it is necessary to develop a sustainable health promotion program and verify effectiveness in the lives of the elderly in the community.

Social and Psychological Characteristics of the Oldest Old in Longevity Belt in Korea (우리나라 장수지역 초고령 노인의 사회적 및 심리적 특성)

  • 최성재
    • Proceedings of the KGS Conference
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    • pp.30-30
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 우리나라에서 85세 이상(초고령 노인) 비율이 65세 이상(노인인구) 비율 가운데 가장 높은 장수지역이라 할 수 있는 전라도 4군의 남녀 각각 60명 총 120명을 직접 방문하여 면접 조사한 것이다. 본 조사연구는 전반적으로 초고령 노인의 특성을 발견하는 것과 더불어 성별간 차이 및 장수요인을 규명하는 것을 목적으로 시행되었다. 조사분석에서 발견된 초고령 노인의 주요특성과 성별차이 및 장수요인은 다음과 같다. (중략)

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Elderly's Suicide Differentials and Their Factors: Focusing on 16 Metropolises and Provinces in Korea (우리나라 노인자살률의 지역적 편차와 요인에 관한 연구 - 16개 광역시·도를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Soo;Kim, Sin-Hayng
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.215-224
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    • 2014
  • It is hardly surprising for the current elder generation to choose extreme measure, that is to commit suicide, because of various social or health problems caused by financial difficulties and diseases, for neither individuals nor the nation had not prepared for their later lives. Therefore, the number of elder suicide is rapidly increasing, so that it is becoming a big social issue. Research in various fields related to elderly suicide has been done due to recent huge interest, but most of them focused on microscopic factors and it is likely that most are in national level or individual level, so research about elderly suicide by regional areas is insufficient. Due to the nature of Korean administration system which is operated by each local government, study on elderly suicide by regional areas is acutely required. The purpose of this study is to draw policy suggestions of preventing suicide by analyzing current state of suicide rates in terms of sex(male elder vs female elder) and age(young old vs old old) in each 16 regions for 9years(from 2003 to 2011) and then analyzing interrelationships between the suicide rates and socio-economic factors.

The Influence of Elderly Social Activity and Depression on Elderly Well Being (노인들의 사회활동 참여와 우울이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 -광주시와 전남지역 노인들을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Nam-hyeon;Jung, Min-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.496-506
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the elderly well being, which is the most important issue, or life satisfaction. When the elderly's life satisfaction get better, Our society can be integrated as we pursuit. The research aimed to find out whether elderly social activity affect on their well being including meditating effect of elderly depression. The result will guide the practical implication in the field. For the analysis, the participants consisted of elders from Gwangju City. The results are following. First, social activity showed negative effect on depression, but positive effect on the elderly well being. When the higher elderly social activity level, lower depression as well as higher well being level. Thus, this study strongly proposes for construction of elderly social activity programs in a social welfare field to achieve their successful elderly life well being.

Senior Center Based Diabetes Self-management Program: An Action Research Approach (노인복지관 당뇨병 자기관리 프로그램의 과정과 평가: 실행연구방법)

  • Ko, Hana;Song, Misoon
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.169-185
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study examined the feasibility and efficacy of a senior center-based diabetes self-management program applying action research approach. The cyclical action research method was applied for this study: plan, act, evaluate, and reflect in delivering three waves of the intervention program. Three waves of a 12 weeks-length small group diabetes self-management program were offered during the period of 15 months in a senior center in Seoul. Planning of $2^{nd}$ and $3^{rd}$ wave program were based on reflection of $1^{st}$ and $2^{nd}$ program evaluation respectively. Among the 46 participants, 93.48% (N=43) completed the program. The quantitative evaluation showed statistically significant improvement in HbA1C(p<.001), fasting plasma glucose(p<.001), BMI(p=.016), waist circumference(p=.001), systolic blood pressure(p=.036), diabetes self-management behavior(p<.001) and health knowledge(p=.008). Qualitative data revealed that individual management was very helpful in empowering and adhering for own diabetes care for the participants. Participants reported high satisfaction towards the program with mean satisfaction score of 65.12. Application of the Diabetes Self-management program with action study strategy was successful in community setting for improving participants' subjective and objective outcomes. Action research method guides the practitioner to tailor the program to respond for the participants and field needs.

Relationship between Social Support, Social Participation and Physical Functioning in Older Adult : on case study of community senior centers (지역사회 노인의 사회적지지, 사회참여와 신체기능과의 관계 : 복지관 이용자 중심으로 연구)

  • Bae, Yunjo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.380-390
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the relationship between social support, social participation and physical functioning among older adults in community senior centers. The subjects of this study were 194 persons aged 60 years or older who participated in the senior center in K province and D city, from June 16 to June 30, 2016. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, T-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and structural model analysis using IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 and IBM AMOS 21.0. The result showed that the social support and physical functioning of the elderly in the community were above normal, and social participation was somewhat low. Interestingly, an analysis of the physical functioning between social support, social participation and depression revealed significant correlations. The factors affecting the physical health were 23.4% of the respondents who had a significant influence on social support and leisure activities. In addition, the result of structural model analysis showed that social support had a significant influence on the social participation, depression and physical functioning. Therefore, the results suggests that the development of educational programs and an age-friendly environment should be actively provided to older adults in the community by strengthening the physical function through social support for active ageing.