• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회 노인

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The Effects of Meaning of Life and Depression on Health- Promoting Behaviors of the Elderly - Focusing on the Elderly Who Participated in Community Health Programs (노인의 우울, 생의 의미가 건강 증진 행위에 미치는 영향-지역사회 건강 프로그램 참여한 노인을 대상으로)

  • Park, Yoon-Jin;Kim, Gum-Jung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.411-417
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the effects of meaning of life and depression on the health-promoting behaviors of community-dwelling elderly people, as well as the effects of community programs on their depression, meaning of life, and health-promoting behaviors. Collected data were analyzed by ANOVA, paired t-test through SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. The demographic characteristics, depression, meaning of life, and health-promoting behaviors of the participants were analyzed using descriptive statistics that calculated real numbers and percentages. The participating in community programs resulted in a decrease in depression(t=2.379, p=.010) and significant increase in meaning of life(t=2.421, p=.009) and health-promoting behaviors(t=2.316, p=.012) and recognized the importance of community role for healthy old age. Based on this, we propose active participation of the community for the health of elderly people and development of programs suitable for the subjects.

Development of Predictive Model of Social Activity for the Elderly in Korea using CRT Algorithm (CRT 알고리즘을 이용한 우리나라 노인의 사회활동 영향요인 예측 모형 개발)

  • Byeon, Haewon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2018
  • The social activities of the elderly are important in successfully achieving aging by providing opportunities for social interaction to enhance life satisfaction. The purpose of this study is to identify the related factors of the elderly social activities and build a statistical classification model to predict social activities. Subjects were 1,864 elderly people (829 males, 1,035 females) who completed the community health survey in 2015. Outcome variables were defined as the experience of social activity during the past month(yes, no). The prediction model was constructed using decision tree model based on Classification and Regression Trees (CRT) algorithm. The results of this study were subjective health, frequency of meeting with neighbors, frequency of meeting with relatives, and living with spouse were significant variables of social participation. The most prevalent predictor was the subjective health level. In order to prepare for the successful aging of the super aged society based on the results of this study, social attention and support for the social activities of the elderly are required.

마을단위 농촌노인 활동 프로그램 개발에 관한 연구 -'노인생활지도마을' 중심으로-

  • 이진영;박공주;이정화;강경하;최윤지
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.161-161
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    • 2004
  • 현재 우리나라 노인복지정책은 도시노인 중심으로 집중되어 있어, 농촌지역 노인은 또 한번의 소외와 어려움에 직면해 있다. 이러한 농촌의 고령문제는 단순히 노인문제로 그치지 않고, 농촌의 존폐를 가르는 심각한 문제로 부각되고 있다. 이러한 침체된 농촌사회에 활력을 불어넣기 위한 사업으로 농촌진흥청은 지난 1993년부터 노인생활지도마을 육성사업을 실시하여, 농촌노인의 역할개발과 건강하고 보람 있는 노후생활을 보낼 수 있도록 하였다. (중략)

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The Need and Perception about Volunteer of Student from Department of Health Care for the Old in the Community : Focus on Ulsan City (보건계열 대학생의 봉사활동에 대한 지역사회 노인의 욕구 및 인식차이 조사 : 울산광역시 중심으로)

  • Hong, Eun-Kyoung;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2012
  • Objective : The objective of this research tried to know the differences about the perception of volunteering between the elderly group of seniors with experience of college's Department of Health Care Services and the elderly group of seniors without it. Method : We researched 79 people aged using the facilities for the elderly and the facilities for welfare for the aged from August 2010 to November 2010. Result : As a result of perception of the old according to whether to experience in services of students in the college of department of health care or not, the old (89%) of the whole person was positive. The perception of the volunteer of student in the department of health care was not a statistical difference between the old group with experience in volunteer service and the old group without it. The field that two groups want to be serviced was the highest in the department of rehabilitation. Conclusion : It is necessary for the university with the functions of social service to provide health and medical service to the old in the community through systematic training to meet their needs.

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The Changes of Nutritional Status and Dietary Behaviors for the Elderly (8년간 점심급식에 참여한 저소득층 노인들의 영양상태와 식행동 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 손숙미;오주현
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.147-147
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    • 2003
  • 우리나라의 경우 경제발전과 더불어 국민소득이 향상되면서 노인들의 수명은 늘어났으나 저소득층 노인들은 균형 잡힌 식사에 대한 무지, 경제적 빈곤, 소외감 등으로 인해 건강ㆍ영양상태가 불량한 것으로 조사되었다. 1994년에 시행된 조사에서 저소득층 남자 노인의 16-18%, 여자 노인의 20-25%가 빈혈로 판정되었으며 고중성지방혈증을 보인 노인이 12%였던 반면 저 콜레스테롤 혈증인 노인도 남자 10.2%, 여자 9.1%로 나타났다. (중략)

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The Relationship between Sense of Loss and Suicidal Ideation among Rural Elders use Primary Health Care Post's Services : Mediating Effect of Depression (보건진료소를 이용하는 농촌노인의 상실감과 자살생각과의 관계: 우울의 매개효과)

  • Bong, Eun Ju
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of depression on relationship between sense of loss and suicidal ideation among Rural Elders use Primary Health Care Post's Services. Methods: This study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. Participants were 345 rural elders use Primary Health Care Post's Services in Jeollanam-do. Data were collected from August 1 to 31, 2017 using self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, hierarchical regression and Sobel test with SPSS 21.0. Results: There were significant positive correlations between sense of loss, depression and suicidal ideation. It was found that physical loss is very high and significantly different only subjective health status on suicidal ideation. Also, Depression partially mediated the relationship between sense of loss and suicidal ideation of Rural Elders. Addtionally, The results show that depression plays a key role in suicidal ideation of Rural Elders. Conclusions: Based on the present findings, nursing interventions should be developed to decrease depression, with additional consideration towards sense of loss, specially physical loss, in order to prevent suicidal ideation among Rural Elders use Primary Health Care Post's Services.

Exploring the Intention to Use of Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Training System for the Elderly Residing in Community Based on Extended Technology Acceptance Model (확장된 기술수용모델을 활용한 지역사회노인의 가상현실 기반 인지훈련시스템 사용의도 탐색)

  • Choi, Moon-Jong;Choi, Jae-Sung;Choun, Seung-Ho;Ha, Yeongmi;Yang, Seung-Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.347-356
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the intention to use of virtual reality-based cognitive training system for the elderly residing in community based on extended technology acceptance model. The data were collected 100 elderly residing in community from January 2 to January 31, 2020. As a result, the influence the intent to use a virtual reality-based cognitive training system for the elderly is social influence, perceived usefulness, perceived enjoyment, age. The explaining 54.4% of the variance, it is considered that technology development these factors will be necessary for elderly in the community to promote the intent to use of virtual reality-based cognitive training systems. This study is meaningful in that it has identified the degree of intent to use and influencing factors of virtual reality devices for the elderly in the community. This study could be used as basic data for the development of technologies for virtual reality-based cognitive training systems in the future.

The Effects of Socioeconomic Position and Health Behavior on Geriatric Depressive Symptom (노인우울증에 대한 사회경제적 지위요인과 건강행태요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Joo;Kahng, Sang-Kyoung;Lee, Jun-Young
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1129-1145
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    • 2008
  • In order to develop practical implications for depression among the elderly, this study examines socioeconomic and health-behavioral risk factors of geriatric depression diagnosis. Sample consists of 964 elders aged 65 and over, living in an urban community. Using the Short-form Geriatric Depression Scale(SGDS), study subjects were screened for geriatric depression to those who presented 10 points and over in SGDS. Descriptive statistics shows that about 22.2% elders are estimated to suffer from geriatric depression. Predictors of geriatric depression diagnosis were examined through logistic regression. Results show that elders who live with family, who have medical insurance, who have higher education, who don't smoke, and who do more physical activities were less likely to suffer from geriatric depression. These findings indicate that socioeconomic position such as health insurance, education and health behaviors such as smoking, physical activities are closely related to geriatric depression, suggesting that interventions on socioeconomic position and health behaviors may be effective to reduce depression among the elderly.